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The Cult Of Mary Magdalene In The Early 16th Century


Release Date: 06/30/2009 
Label:  Glossa   Catalog #: 32104   Spars Code: n/a 
Composer:  Alexander AgricolaNicolas ChampionAnonymousPierre Blondeau,   ... 
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Number of Discs: 1 
Recorded in: Stereo 
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Notes and Editorial Reviews



LA MAGDALENA Björn Schmelzer, cond; Grandelavoix (period instruments) GLOSSA 32104 (76:27 Text and Translation)


CHAMPION Missa de Sancta Maria Magdalena. BLONDEAU La Magdalena. SERMISY Joyssance vous donneray. ANON O waerde mont. Maugré danger pompera Read more Magdalene. Se j’ayme mon amy. Tous nobles cueurs, venez voir Magdalena


The program focuses on devotion to Mary Magdalen in 16th-century France, beginning with the Ordinary and Proper of a Mass for her feast, followed by six songs of the same period. The Mass Ordinary is by Nicolas Champion (c. 1475–1533), one of two Mass settings that are extant among a handful of his works. This must be his first appearance on records. The Propers are mostly chant, including the generic “Gaudeamus omnes” with the name of the saint inserted, but in this case the introit has the verse set in Alexander Agricola’s polyphony (found in a Segovia source). The chants are sung in a manner reminiscent of Mary Berry’s dissertation on chant performance of the period, slow and florid. The usual Propers are augmented with a sequence, “Mane prima sabbati.”


Schmelzer continues his intellectual approach to programming that has been so evident from the beginning (30:1, 31:1, 32:2). The underlying theme of this disc is a thesis of 1518 that defined the three individuals in the gospels who had been celebrated in the Latin Church as St. Mary Magdalen (July 22) since the time of Pope Gregory the Great. While this is true enough, too little is made of the testimony of the early Greek Fathers of the Church, who regarded Magdalen, the sister of Lazarus, and the anonymous footwashing woman of Luke 7 as three separate individuals. It may also be noted that since 1970 all references to the other two women have been removed from the Mass and Office of St. Mary Magdalen, implicitly accepting the Eastern hagiography. (Unfortunately, that means that there is now no liturgical commemoration of Mary of Bethany, of whom Our Lord said that “she has chosen the better part,” but St. Martha, her impatient sister, continues to be celebrated on July 29.) Schmelzer shows that this 1518 thesis must underlie Champion’s Mass setting, which uses cantus firmi taken from seven antiphons of the Parisian liturgy of St. Mary Magdalen, one that had already been replaced in 1515. But Schmelzer sees the seven antiphons (which refer to all three different gospel women as Mary Magdalen) as related to the revisionist proposition that they are indeed distinct. Hence he sees the Mass setting as a theological (or rather hagiographical) document. He also sees Champion as a composer undeservedly forgotten, noting that Josquin’s De profundis has now been attributed to him.


Schmelzer is becoming one of the most interesting program makers in the field of early music. Once you discover what he is doing, you will not want to miss one of his recordings. Start here, and then go back to the earlier ones, if you have missed them.


FANFARE: J. F. Weber
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Works on This Recording

1.
Gaudeamus omnes in Domino by Alexander Agricola
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Date of Recording: 12/2008 
Venue:  Sint-Pauluskerk, Antwerp (Belgium) 
Length: 5 Minutes 2 Secs. 
2.
Missa de Sancta Maria Magdalena: Kyrie by Nicolas Champion
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Date of Recording: 12/2008 
Venue:  Sint-Pauluskerk, Antwerp (Belgium) 
Length: 3 Minutes 55 Secs. 
3.
Missa de Sancta Maria Magdalena: Gloria by Nicolas Champion
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Date of Recording: 12/2008 
Venue:  Sint-Pauluskerk, Antwerp (Belgium) 
Length: 5 Minutes 30 Secs. 
4.
Propter Veritatem, gradual by Anonymous
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Period: Medieval 
Written: Europe 
Date of Recording: 12/2008 
Venue:  Sint-Pauluskerk, Antwerp (Belgium) 
Length: 2 Minutes 40 Secs. 
5.
Surrexit Dominus vere, alleluia. Venite, exultemus Dominuo (Psalm 94) by Anonymous
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 12/2008 
Venue:  Sint-Pauluskerk, Antwerp (Belgium) 
Length: 3 Minutes 15 Secs. 
6.
Mane Prima Sabbati, monodic hymn by Anonymous
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Date of Recording: 12/2008 
Venue:  Sint-Pauluskerk, Antwerp (Belgium) 
Length: 7 Minutes 23 Secs. 
7.
Missa de Sancta Maria Magdalena: Credo by Nicolas Champion
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Date of Recording: 12/2008 
Venue:  Sint-Pauluskerk, Antwerp (Belgium) 
Length: 7 Minutes 57 Secs. 
8.
Angeli Domini by Anonymous
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Period: Medieval 
Written: Europe 
Date of Recording: 12/2008 
Venue:  Sint-Pauluskerk, Antwerp (Belgium) 
Length: 2 Minutes 2 Secs. 
9.
Missa de Sancta Maria Magdalena: Sanctus by Nicolas Champion
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Date of Recording: 12/2008 
Venue:  Sint-Pauluskerk, Antwerp (Belgium) 
Length: 7 Minutes 6 Secs. 
10.
Missa de Sancta Maria Magdalena: Agnus Dei by Nicolas Champion
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Date of Recording: 12/2008 
Venue:  Sint-Pauluskerk, Antwerp (Belgium) 
Length: 4 Minutes 40 Secs. 
11.
Diffusa est, communion by Anonymous
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 12/2008 
Venue:  Sint-Pauluskerk, Antwerp (Belgium) 
Length: 1 Minutes 24 Secs. 
12.
O waerde mont by Anonymous
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Period: Renaissance 
Date of Recording: 12/2008 
Venue:  Sint-Pauluskerk, Antwerp (Belgium) 
Length: 5 Minutes 59 Secs. 
13.
La Magdalena, Recoupe & Tourdion by Pierre Blondeau
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Date of Recording: 12/2008 
Venue:  Sint-Pauluskerk, Antwerp (Belgium) 
Length: 3 Minutes 38 Secs. 
14.
Maugré danger pompera Magdalene by Anonymous
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Date of Recording: 12/2008 
Venue:  Sint-Pauluskerk, Antwerp (Belgium) 
Length: 3 Minutes 31 Secs. 
15.
Jouyssance vous donneray by Claude de Sermisy
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Period: Renaissance 
Written: 16th Century; France 
Date of Recording: 12/2008 
Venue:  Sint-Pauluskerk, Antwerp (Belgium) 
Length: 6 Minutes 16 Secs. 
16.
J'aimeray mon amy by Anonymous
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Period: Renaissance 
Written: 16th Century; France 
Date of Recording: 12/2008 
Venue:  Sint-Pauluskerk, Antwerp (Belgium) 
Length: 1 Minutes 44 Secs. 
17.
Tous nobles cueurs, venez veoir Magdalene by Anonymous
Conductor:  Björn Schmelzer
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graindelavoix
Date of Recording: 12/2008 
Venue:  Sint-Pauluskerk, Antwerp (Belgium) 
Length: 4 Minutes 15 Secs. 

Featured Sound Samples

Gaudeamus omnes in Domino a 2 (Agricola)
Missa de Sancta Maria Magdalena (Champion): Gloria

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