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Vaughan Williams, Tchaikovsky, Mussorgsky / Koussevitzky, BSO

Release Date: 09/18/2007 
Label:  Guild   Catalog #: 2324   Spars Code: ADD 
Composer:  Ralph Vaughan WilliamsModest MussorgskyPeter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Conductor:  Serge Koussevitzky
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
Number of Discs: 1 
Recorded in: Mono 
Length: 1 Hours 18 Mins. 

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Notes and Editorial Reviews

Another reminder of how formidable was the partnership between Koussevitzky and the orchestra he led with such distinction for a quarter of a century.

Russian music was one of the specialities of Serge Koussevitzky. He is, perhaps, less celebrated as a champion of British music. However, in the interesting note accompanying this CD Robert Matthew-Walker points out that the maestro led the American première of Walton’s Belshazzar’s Feast in 1932 – I’ll bet that was exciting – and commissioned both Peter Grimes and Spring Symphony from Benjamin Britten. During his tenure of the Boston podium he conducted symphonies by Bax and Vaughan Williams. Nonetheless, I was surprised to find him leading RVW’s Fifth for,
Read more superficially, I’d have expected him to be more attuned to the more volatile Fourth or Sixth.

However, on receiving this CD for review I couldn’t help but play first Francesca da Rimini. This is one of my favourite Tchaikovsky scores and I’ve heard some notable recordings of it down the years, including readings by Barbirolli and Stokowski. This urgent, incandescent reading by Koussevitzky will become another personal favourite, I’m sure, despite the inevitable sonic limitations. Koussevitzky generates tremendous excitement in the turbulent outer sections of the work. In between, the great central love melody has wonderful sweep and passion. This is a virtuoso performance by a virtuoso conductor and it’s thrilling. Unfortunately the sound is cut off with an almost brutal abruptness after the last chord – something which afflicts all the recordings on this disc. It comes as quite a shock to have the ambience ended in this way. I wonder if this is a feature of the original sources with which the Guild transfer engineers had to work?

The Mussorgsky pieces also fare very well in Koussevitzky’s hands. He generates demonic energy in the first few minutes of A Night on the Bare Mountain. The Boston heavy brass and percussion play with great power and the high woodwinds screech away. In the visceral excitement a few momentary imprecisions are of little consequence. After the chimes of the dawn bell [7:06] there’s an uneasy calm about the performance. The principal clarinet contributes a doleful solo – I wonder if it’s the same player who made a notable showing in the central section of Francesca? I should say that surface noise is quite intrusive in the last few minutes of this piece.

The Khovanshchina Prelude is another success. Here Koussevitzky distils excellent atmosphere and the BSO playing is highly concentrated, not least in the fine oboe solo. The hushed ending, starting with a pianissimo clarinet solo, is really well managed; it’s just a shame that the Boston audience make such a bronchial contribution to the proceedings.

But, since Russian music was very much Koussevitzky’s métier, I suspect that for many collectors the prime interest in this release will lie, as it did for me, in the reading of the Vaughan Williams symphony. This, we are told, is one of two performances of the work that Koussevitzky gave in the 1946/7 season. One thing that it’s important to note is that this performance was given within four years of the first unveiling of the work in public so Koussevitzky’s reading is, at best, lightly influenced by precedent. To me it felt very idiomatic.

The first movement has breadth but the music is also invested with the requisite flow. Perhaps there isn’t quite the degree of gentle rubato, an easing here and there, that we’ve become used to by hearing conductors like Boult unfold the work but it still sounds pretty convincing to me. The BSO strings sound radiant, even through the elderly recording. When, in the passage between 4:45 and 6:20 in this performance, the music becomes appreciably faster there’s admirable urgency and tautness in the playing. The main climax (from 7:24) is noble but, very rightly, Koussevitzky maintains forward impetus.

The gossamer lightness that’s essential to a successful rendition of the scherzo is splendidly realised here. The luminous string chords that usher in the glorious slow movement are weighted to perfection. The playing in this third movement is wonderful all round – the wind soloists are particularly distinguished – not for nothing is the BSO regarded as the aristocrat of American orchestras. The climax of the movement, around 8:30 is majestic and then the music ends as serenely as it began. Once again, I’m afraid, the coughers in the audience do their best to distract us.

The finale is quite fleet and there’s an urgency to the performance that I like very much and find refreshing. I admire Koussevitzky’s approach to this movement, which reminds us that even in his seventies RVW and his music still possessed great vigour. Eventually, conductor and orchestra give us a serene survey of the closing pages of the symphony (from 5:40 and, even more, from 6:18). The strings phrase generously and the very end of the work glows beautifully. Overall this is a very convincing performance of the symphony. I don’t know if it has circulated on unofficial labels in the past but I’m only sorry that it’s taken sixty years for this reading to become generally available.

Guild offer us here an excellent collection of Koussevitzky performances. It’s no surprise to find him in his element in Russian repertoire but it’s marvellous to find him equally effective in a quintessentially English score. The sound isn’t ideal but, given its age and that these are not studio recordings, it’s perfectly adequate. The excellence and excitement of these performances, which I presume were all given in Symphony Hall, Boston come across very well. This valuable collection gives us another reminder of how formidable was the partnership between Serge Koussevitzky and the orchestra he led with such distinction for a quarter of a century.

-- John Quinn, MusicWeb International
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Works on This Recording

Symphony no 5 in D major by Ralph Vaughan Williams
Conductor:  Serge Koussevitzky
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1938-1943; England 
Date of Recording: 03/04/1947 
Venue:  Live  Symphony Hall, Boston, MA 
Notes: This selection is a mono recording. 
Night on the Bare Mountain by Modest Mussorgsky
Conductor:  Serge Koussevitzky
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1866; Russia 
Khovanshchina: Act 1 Prelude "Dawn on the Moscow River" by Modest Mussorgsky
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1872-1880; Russia 
Francesca da Rimini, Op. 32 by Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Conductor:  Serge Koussevitzky
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1876; Russia 

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