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The Verdi Tenor / Carlo Bergonzi


Release Date: 08/12/2014 
Label:  Decca   Catalog #: 002089202   Spars Code: DDD 
Composer:  Giuseppe VerdiFrancesco CilèaUmberto GiordanoGiacomo Meyerbeer,   ... 
Performer:  Giulietta SimionatoCornell MacNeilCarlo BergonziPiero de Palma,   ... 
Conductor:  Herbert von KarajanSir Georg SoltiJohn PritchardRafael Kubelik,   ... 
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic OrchestraVienna Friends of Music SocietySanta Cecilia Academy Rome Chorus,   ... 
Number of Discs: 17 
Recorded in: Stereo 
In Stock: Usually ships in 24 hours.  

Notes and Editorial Reviews

Carlo Bergonzi, the tenor who died in July at the age of 90, undoubtedly was one of the great tenors of the last half of the 20th century. He began his career as a baritone, debuting in 1948 as Figaro in Il barbiere di Siviglia, but within two years he realized that his voice was actually more comfortable higher; he re-trained and in 1951 he re-debuted, this time as the eponymous hero in Andrea Chenier. His voice was for all intents and purposes that of a lyric tenor, but he had true spinto resources.

His debut at the Met in 1956 was as Puccini’s Rodolfo, but he became best known for the music of Verdi, and he sang at the Met (and elsewhere) for the next 32 years. His voice had authority and appeal, and he rarely resorted to
Read more sobs, tricks, or the type of almost-Sprechstimme that tenors are prone to when making big, explosive statements. While never possessing the glamour and squillo of, say, Franco Corelli, or the sheer power of Richard Tucker (to name just two of his contemporaries), he invariably won the day for his instinctively musical phrasing, handsome timbre, impeccable sense of legato and portamento, and sheer elegance. If by the 1970s he tended to come in slightly under the notes above high A, it didn’t happen often enough to ever spoil a performance.

He was a dreadful actor–“stand and deliver”–but his vocal acting and spotless diction, which is all we need be concerned with here, make invaluable this huge collection (17 CDs), comprising six full operas and dozens of arias (covering the tenor parts in almost every Verdi opera). There’s not a poor or disinterested performance here.

The 1959 Aida under Karajan finds Bergonzi a glorious, impassioned Radames to the oddly, sometimes stressed (for so early in her career) Renata Tebaldi, and a match for Simionato’s Amneris. Karajan’s conducting is thrilling but the recording favors the brass over the singers–you occasionally have to work to hear the soloists. But Bergonzi sounds young and hearty and never forces. Riccardo (or Gustavo) in Ballo, recorded the following year (he recorded his part after all the others were completed–Jussi Björling and Georg Solti could not get along and Björling left during the recording sessions), is an amazingly congenial role. There’s invariably a smile in Bergonzi’s voice in the opera’s first act, and his two arias in the fortune-telling scene are perfectly sung and characterized. He has all the commitment and style for the big duet with Nilsson’s Amelia, but brilliant though the soprano is, she’s not quite right for the role, and she sings with little portamento. Bergonzi’s last act is heartbreaking.

In the complete Traviata with the young, exquisite (if un-insightful) Joan Sutherland, Bergonzi is singing Alfredo for the first time, but he is utterly inside the character, and he’s in glorious voice, letting loose with a great high-C at the end of his second-act cabaletta and caressing every note in the last act.

The Trovatore recorded in 1962 got little attention at the time. Antonietta Stella, who always sang in the shadow of both Callas and Tebaldi, is good enough as Leonora, but she’s not memorable, nor are Ettore Bastianini and Fiorenza Cossotto. But Bergonzi is magnificent, with both high Cs in “Di quella pira” spot on, and otherwise displaying beautiful, elegant singing, proving that this role need not be shouted.

The odd Rigoletto recording, with Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau in the title role singing one of his rare Italian roles intelligently and touchingly but not quite with the right mahogany-brown Verdian sound, offers an oddly bland Duke from Bergonzi, who has trouble above the staff. Renata Scotto is the fine Gilda, but Bergonzi can’t quite keep up with her in the second-act duet. Turning to the Don Carlo recording under Solti, we get perfection–this troublesome role never has been better filled (except, perhaps, years later by José Carreras). Bergonzi’s sincerity, melting legato, ringing high notes, outrage during the Auto-da-fe, all add up to a glorious interpretation. Tebaldi is slightly below her best, Bumbry is right on the mark, Fischer-Dieskau is noble and mellifluous, and the scene between the Inquisitor of Martti Talvela and the Philip of Nicolai Ghiaurov is hair raising.

CDs 14-16 are devoted to 31 arias from almost all of the operas, recorded, with an exception or two, in 1974. I refer readers to Victor Carr Jr’s review of the original release of that set, with which I agree entirely. The artistry is still in full bloom, with the intelligence and musicality that assure the listener from the start of a phrase that it will find its way to its conclusion without shortness of breath or pushing. The voice in general is a bit dryer than earlier, but since “ping” was never what made Bergonzi famous or special, this is hardly an issue. What we hear is a less hardy sound–save in the Otello arias, for which Bergonzi uses darker colors and great exclamation–and a more lyrical approach to what we’ve heard in the complete operas. Mostly, the voice still has its honey.

A stunning, quiet, high B-flat ends “Celeste Aida” for the first time, but one can’t disregard the propensity to sing slightly flat elsewhere and scoop up to high notes, say, in the Ballo and Forza arias. And the attempt to sing Fenton’s aria, meant to be sung by a young tenorino, is valiant. Still, can we think of another tenor who can keep our interest for so long? Domingo also recorded all of the Verdi arias, but his uniform approach is far less interesting, and the top of his voice, though he always gets to the notes, is not a lovely thing to behold.

The final CD takes us back to a recital made in 1958. In addition to finely sung arias by Puccini, Cilea, Giordano, and Meyerbeer, Bergonzi sings “Ah si ben mio” from Trovatore with exquisite grace and a fine trill, along with Alvaro’s aria from Forza with tone coloring and portamento that carry the listener away, and Rodolfo’s “Quando le sere al placido”, which is ravishing. It’s true–Bergonzi hadn’t the visceral appeal of Corelli, the power of a Caruso or Tucker, the brilliant sunshine of Pavarotti–but his singing was instinctively attuned to the moment and to the desire of the composer. He represented the music with honesty and taste. This is quite the collection.

-- Robert Levine, ClassicsToday.com
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Works on This Recording

1.
Aida by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Giulietta Simionato (Mezzo Soprano), Cornell MacNeil (Baritone), Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor),
Piero de Palma (Tenor), Arnold Van Mill (Bass), Fernando Corena (Bass),
Eugenia Ratti (Soprano), Renata Tebaldi (Soprano)
Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Friends of Music Society
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1871; Italy 
Date of Recording: 09/1959 
Venue:  Sofiensaal, Vienna 
Length: 150 Minutes 0 Secs. 
Language: Italian 
2.
Un ballo in maschera by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Tom Krause (Baritone), Cornell MacNeil (Baritone), Birgit Nilsson (Soprano),
Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor), Giulietta Simionato (Mezzo Soprano)
Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Chorus,  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1859; Italy 
Language: Italian 
3.
La traviata by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Dame Joan Sutherland (Soprano), Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor), Robert Merrill (Baritone),
Piero de Palma (Tenor), Giovanni Foiani (Bass), Angelo Mercuriali (Tenor),
Tereno Meridionale (Baritone), Mario Frosini (Bass), Paolo Pedani (Bass)
Conductor:  John Pritchard
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Florence Maggio Musicale Orchestra,  Florence Maggio Musicale Chorus
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1853; Italy 
Date of Recording: 1961 
Length: 152 Minutes 0 Secs. 
Language: Italian 
4.
Don Carlos by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Martti Talvela (Bass), Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor), Renata Tebaldi (Soprano),
John Wakefield (Tenor), Nicolai Ghiaurov (Bass), Tugomir Franc (Bass),
Joan Carlyle (Soprano), Grace Bumbry (Mezzo Soprano), Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (Baritone),
Jeanette Sinclair (Soprano), Kenneth MacDonald (Tenor)
Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1867/1886 
Date of Recording: 07/1965 
Venue:  London Opera Center 
Length: 198 Minutes 2 Secs. 
Language: Italian 
5.
Rigoletto by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor), Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (Baritone), Renata Scotto (Soprano),
Ivo Vinco (Bass), Fiorenza Cossotto (Mezzo Soprano)
Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Chorus
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1851; Italy 
Date of Recording: 07/1964 
Venue:  Teatro Alla Scala, Milan, Italy 
Length: 122 Minutes 52 Secs. 
Language: Italian 
6.
Il trovatore by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Armanda Bonato (Mezzo Soprano), Ivo Vinco (Bass), Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor),
Ettore Bastianini (Baritone), Giuseppe Morresi (Bass Baritone), Franco Ricciardi (Tenor),
Antonietta Stella (Soprano), Fiorenza Cossotto (Mezzo Soprano), Angelo Mercuriali (Tenor)
Conductor:  Tullio Serafin
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Chorus
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1853; Italy 
Date of Recording: 1963 
Venue:  Teatro Alla Scala, Milan, Italy 
Language: Italian 
7.
Oberto: Ciel, che feci! by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1839; Italy 
8.
Un giorno di regno: Pietoso al lungo pianto by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1840; Italy 
9.
I lombardi: La mia letizia infondere...Come poteva un angelo by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1843; Italy 
10.
Ernani: Mercè, diletti amici...Come rugiada al cospite by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1844; Italy 
11.
I due Foscari: Notte! Perpetua notte che qui regni by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1844; Italy 
12.
I due Foscari: Non maledirmi, o prode by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1844; Italy 
13.
Giovanna d'Arco: Sotto una quercia...Pondo è letal, martiró by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ambrosian Singers,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1845; Italy 
14.
Alzira: Miserandi avanzi by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ambrosian Singers,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1845; Italy 
15.
Alzira: Irne lungi ancor dovrei by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ambrosian Singers,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1845; Italy 
16.
Attila: Qui, qui sostiamo by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Lamberto Gardelli
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1846; Italy 
17.
Attila: Ella in poter del barbaro...Cara patria by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Lamberto Gardelli
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1846; Italy 
18.
Attila: Che non avrebbe by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Lamberto Gardelli
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1846; Italy 
19.
Macbeth: Ah, la paterna mano by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1847/1865; Italy 
20.
I masnadieri: Quando io leggo in Plutarco by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Lamberto Gardelli
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1847; Italy 
21.
I masnadieri: O mio castel paterno by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Lamberto Gardelli
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1847; Italy 
22.
I masnadieri: Ecco un foglio...Nell'argilla maledetta by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Lamberto Gardelli
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1847; Italy 
23.
I masnadieri: Di ladroni attornïato by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Lamberto Gardelli
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1847; Italy 
24.
Il corsaro: Eccomi prigioniero by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1848; Italy 
25.
La battaglia di Legnano: O magnanima e prima...La pia materna mano by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1849; Italy 
26.
Luisa Miller: Quando le sere al placido by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1849; Italy 
27.
Rigoletto: Questa o quella by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1851; Italy 
28.
Rigoletto: Parmi veder le lagrime...Possente amor mi chiama by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Written: 1851 
29.
Rigoletto: La donna è mobile by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1851; Italy 
30.
Il trovatore: Ah si, ben mio by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1853; Italy 
31.
Il trovatore: Di quella pira by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1853; Italy 
32.
La traviata: De' miei bollenti spiriti by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1853; Italy 
33.
I vespri siciliani: Giorno di pianto, di fier dolor by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1855; Italy 
34.
Simon Boccanegra: O inferno! Amelia qui!...Sento avvampar... by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1857; Italy 
35.
Aroldo: Sotto il sol di Siria ardente by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1857; Italy 
36.
Un ballo in maschera: Di' tu se fedele by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1859; Italy 
37.
Un ballo in maschera: Forse la soglia attinse by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1859; Italy 
38.
Un ballo in maschera: Ma se m' è forza perderti by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1859; Italy 
39.
La forza del destino: O, tu che in seno agli angeli by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1862/1869; Italy 
40.
Don Carlos: Io la vidi by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1867/1884; Italy 
41.
Aida: Celeste Aida by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1871; Italy 
42.
Otello: Dio, mi potevi scagliar tutti i mali by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1887; Italy 
43.
Otello: Niun mi tema (Death of Otello) by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1887; Italy 
44.
Falstaff: Dal labbro il canto estasiato vola by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Nello Santi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1893; Italy 
45.
Adriana Lecouvreur: L'anima ho stanca by Francesco Cilèa
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Gianandrea Gavazzeni
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1902; Italy 
Language: Italian 
46.
Adriana Lecouvreur: La dolcissima effigie by Francesco Cilèa
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Gianandrea Gavazzeni
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1902; Italy 
Language: Italian 
47.
Andrea Chénier: Come un bel dì di maggio by Umberto Giordano
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Gianandrea Gavazzeni
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1896; Italy 
Language: Italian 
48.
L'Africaine: O paradis sorti de l'onde by Giacomo Meyerbeer
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Gianandrea Gavazzeni
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1865; Germany 
Language: Italian 
49.
Manon Lescaut: Donna non vidi mai by Giacomo Puccini
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Gianandrea Gavazzeni
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1893; Italy 
Language: Italian 
50.
Tosca: Recondita armonia by Giacomo Puccini
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Gianandrea Gavazzeni
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1900; Italy 
Language: Italian 
51.
Tosca: E lucevan le stelle by Giacomo Puccini
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Gianandrea Gavazzeni
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1900; Italy 
Language: Italian 
52.
Aida: Celeste Aida by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Gianandrea Gavazzeni
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1871; Italy 
Language: Italian 
53.
Don Carlos: Io la vidi by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Gianandrea Gavazzeni
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1867/1884; Italy 
Language: Italian 
54.
Un ballo in maschera: Ma se m' è forza perderti by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Gianandrea Gavazzeni
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1859; Italy 
Language: Italian 
55.
Luisa Miller: Quando le sere al placido by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Gianandrea Gavazzeni
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1849; Italy 
Language: Italian 
56.
La forza del destino: O, tu che in seno agli angeli by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Gianandrea Gavazzeni
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1862/1869; Italy 
Language: Italian 
57.
Il trovatore: Ah si, ben mio by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Carlo Bergonzi (Tenor)
Conductor:  Gianandrea Gavazzeni
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1853; Italy 
Language: Italian 

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