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Mahler: Symphonies No 1 & 8 / Klaus Tennstedt

Mahler / Cso / Lpo / Tennstedt
Release Date: 10/03/2006 
Label:  Warner Classics   Catalog #: 67743  
Composer:  Gustav Mahler
Performer:  Kenneth RiegelSusan BullockJane EaglenJulia Varády,   ... 
Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony OrchestraLondon Philharmonic Orchestra
Number of Discs: 2 
Recorded in: Stereo 
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Notes and Editorial Reviews

MAHLER Symphonies: No. 1; No. 8, “Symphony of a Thousand” 1 Klaus Tennstedt, cond; Chicago SO; Julia Varady ( Magna peccatrix ); 1 Jane Eaglen ( Gretchen ); 1 Susan Bullock ( Mater gloriosa ); 1 Read more Trudeliese Schmidt ( Mulier Samaritana ); 1 Jadwiga Rappé ( Maria Aegyptiaca ); 1 Kenneth Riegel ( Doctor Marianus ); 1 Eike Wilm Schulte ( Pater ecstaticus ); 1 Hans Sotin ( Pater profundus ); 1 Eton College Ch (Ralph Allwood, dir); 1 London S Ch (Richard Hickox, dir); 1 London PO & Ch 1 EMI 67743 (2 DVDs: 150:13) Live: Chicago 5/31–6/4/1990; London 1/27–28/1991 1

Klaus Tennstedt recorded the Mahler Eighth in 1986 for EMI as the capstone to his cycle of the symphonies, and that performance has been justly celebrated as one of the more successful studio accounts of this colossal piece (it has recently been reissued in EMI’s “Great Recordings of the Century” series, paired with the Fourth Symphony). Only two of the soloists from that recording—Trudeliese Schmidt and Hans Sotin—repeat their roles in this concert recording, but for the most part, there is no loss of star power, and at least one definite improvement: the splendid Doctor Marianus of Kenneth Riegel. In fact, the soloists are quite well matched and form a formidable septet for the first movement.

The voices are very prominent in the sound mix, with the orchestra all but inaudible during some of the passages for the entire ensemble. The sound is much less congested on the 1987 CD, where the forces are more naturally balanced (voices behind the orchestra) and the sense of acoustic space is truer. It is possible that the number of voices for the 1991 concert was considerably larger: two choruses (besides the boys’) are credited, where only the LPO Choir, however augmented, participated in the studio recording.

The two performances—CD and DVD—have in common an unerring sense of momentum in the first part and of architectonic drama in the second. Watching the performers, one is convinced that Tennstedt elicited their full attention, producing committed and energized performances whose cumulative power is manifest: the passage sung by the Chorus Mysticus begins in near silence, then gains in intensity as the soloists join in; the final measures are truly awesome. The ovation that follows is entirely justified, and the producers have retained the “curtain calls.”

The video production is unfussy and effective, with views of instrumentalists and choruses alternating with views of the entire ensemble and those of the conductor. There is even a shot of Susan Bullock far above the stage, radiant as Mater gloriosa.

The recording of the First Symphony that initiated the EMI Mahler symphony cycle was made with the London Philharmonic in 1977; this newer performance in Chicago was released on CD as a sort of “one-off” in 1990. The richness of the sound of this orchestra, and the impressive digital recording (replicated on this DVD), were attractive to listeners who were dissatisfied with the earlier version, particularly with the less than stellar sonic image (though that has been much improved in the recent re-mastering, paired with the “Resurrection” Symphony on an EMI double CD reissue).

For me, this was one of the less impressive Tennstedt performances, partly due to the expansive, overly languid tempos—there is geniality aplenty, but not enough vigor in this performance. The second movement fares far better than the first, with nicely judged tempos and real energy. The quick-march theme in the third movement suffers from the same sort of over-deliberateness as the first movement, but the Gesellen song theme is lovely, and the klezmer-style music is quite jaunty. The finale erupts just as the last note of the preceding march is fading, and Tennstedt’s look of determination is met with playing of impressive weight and power; once again, though, the orchestra is held back just when one wants it to break loose and really scream.

The video production for this concert is plagued by ghosts in the video image, making for a very indistinct picture; there is also a sort of glare that produces a very “hot” image, and the color is washed out, with the skin tones on the distinctly pasty side.

For those unfortunates among us who never saw Klaus Tennstedt in concert, this video release is essential: however undisciplined his baton technique and ungainly his podium movements, there is no doubting the efficacy of his leadership, producing music of power and emotional impact, particularly in Mahler, whose symphonies he continued to conduct and refine in concerts and in several alternate recorded versions.

One aspect of this release cannot go unremarked: annotator John Willan, who served as Tennstedt’s producer (not for these two recordings, though) and subsequently as managing director of the LPO, confesses that he was somewhat skeptical of Tennstedt’s talents because, “After all, Mahler can’t be that hard with a good orchestra: not like Haydn or Mozart. All you need is to start it off and then it’s just one enormous romantic wallow.” This is such errant nonsense that I could almost be convinced that Willan writes with tongue in cheek, except that he ends the story with the observation that it was only when Tennstedt tackled Prokofiev’s Lt. Kije Suite that he “never doubted him again.” This from the producer of most of the Tennstedt Mahler symphony cycle! No wonder the sound production for the EMI set is one of its least attractive aspects.

FANFARE: Christopher Abbot
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Works on This Recording

Symphony no 1 in D major "Titan" by Gustav Mahler
Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1888/1896 
Symphony no 8 in E flat major "Symphony of A Thousand" by Gustav Mahler
Performer:  Kenneth Riegel (Tenor), Susan Bullock (Soprano), Jane Eaglen (Soprano),
Julia Varády (Soprano), Trudeliese Schmidt (Mezzo Soprano), Jadwiga Rappé (Alto),
Eike Wilm Schulte (Baritone), Hans Sotin (Bass)
Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1906; Vienna, Austria 

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