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Universi Populi / Discantus


Release Date: 12/31/2007 
Label:  Zig Zag   Catalog #: 60601  
Composer:  Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
Number of Discs: 1 
Recorded in: Stereo 
Low Stock: Currently 3 or fewer in stock. Usually ships in 24 hours, unless stock becomes depleted.  

Notes and Editorial Reviews

This is rare and rarified music of great beauty and regional historical significance. It represents the beginning of a collaboration between the label, Zig-Zag Territoires, and the early music group, Discantus with its director, Brigitte Lesne. It reflects the work of a substantial new research project lead by musicologist Marie-Noël Colette under the auspices of the Institut Français de Prague and the Sablé Festival. The project has unearthed new antiphoners, processionals and tropers from St George's Basilica in Prague that date from the thirteenth to the fifteenth centuries. It is these which are performed with great style, enthusiasm and sophistication on this excellent (though somewhat hard to track down) CD: Read more persevering in obtaining a copy is worth it; it's lovely music and expertly sung.

After these new chants (nova cantica) emerged – along with early motets – in Aquitaine in the twelfth century, Bohemia, interestingly enough, was among the first lands to adopt their usage. This is explained by the stay Machaut made in Prague in the fourteenth century. Indeed what we hear on Universi Populi is testament to a fairly widespread, though perhaps unrecognized, 'cultural exchange' across Europe in the late middle ages: contact between sovereigns; the Crusades; the reforms of Gregory VII; and substantial migration of farmers and merchants explain this. Perhaps as a result, this music is more florid, more luxuriant and in some ways richer to the modern ear than that of Machaut. More like the world of Hildegard. Indeed, more cosmopolitan, extrovert. It is remarkable that the earliest liturgical manuscript from St Vitus' (he of the dance) cathedral in Prague contains twelfth century chants of the Ordinary (Sanctus) which were written in the Limousin and known to have been circulating outside Prague only in France and Catalonia.

This CD uses representative music to trace the developments in the Bohemian liturgy from the twelfth to the fifteenth centuries; most significant was the continuity which obtained once the initial impact of the new chants had been felt: works in honor of Virgin Mary and two patron saints, Ludmilla and Wenceslas, who were responsible for important innovations in Bohemian worship.

There is, though, no sense of the performances on this CD being cultish. Nor are they dry. Discantus (between five and ten women depending on what's right for each piece) presents the music as fresh, but not novel; exciting, but not histrionic; and devotional but not excluding. There is the same kind of ecstasy (in Castus mente corpore/Preclaris, for example) as one expects from Hildegard. But the singing is a trifle more subdued, and appropriately so. If you enjoy early a cappella singing (though minimum tuned percussion is used in places) performed to a high standard, a very high standard, and of considerable historical significance, then you should certainly look into this CD. Its booklet is clear and informative, written mainly by Colette; and you get the full texts. The recording itself is excellent, having been made in the beautiful twelfth century Cistercian Abbaye de Sylvanès between Montpellier and Toulouse. It's not a collection obviously devised to convey holiness or accentuate the innovation (or conservatism) of any one composer; nor really to act as exemplum for the local musical changes described. Yes, it's of its own kind. But the delivery by Discantus was clearly designed – and equally clearly emerges – as a delightful, flowing recital. Recommended.

Mark Sealey, Classical Net
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Works on This Recording

1.
Universi populi simul iam gaudete by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
2.
Rorate caeli desuper by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
Period: Medieval 
Written: Scotland 
3.
Salve virgo gloriosa by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
4.
Hac nube irrorante by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
5.
Natus est by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
Period: Medieval 
Written: 13th Century; France 
6.
Festivali melodia te laudamus o Maria by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
7.
Virga Jesse by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
Period: Medieval 
8.
Nobis est natus by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
9.
Salve pater optime by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
10.
Ad honorem sempiterni regis by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
11.
Lux vera lucis radium by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
12.
Sanctus Deus rerum principium by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
13.
Deus omnipotens a morte resurgens by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
14.
O Deus pater ingenite by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
15.
Surrexit Christus by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
Period: Medieval 
16.
Sequencia sancti evangelii by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
17.
Nostra iucunda curia by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
18.
Sanctus by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
Period: Medieval 
19.
Wenceslaus, dux gracie by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
20.
Castus mente corpore by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
21.
Imperatrix angelorum by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
22.
Jesus dulcis mater bona by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
23.
O florens rosa by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble
24.
O Regina, Lux Divina by Anonymous
Conductor:  Brigitte Lesne
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Discantus Ensemble

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