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American Masters - Pioneers Of Electronic Music

Release Date: 04/25/2006 
Label:  New World Records   Catalog #: 80644   Spars Code: ADD 
Composer:  Vladimir UssachevskyOtto LueningPril SmileyBülent Arel,   ... 
Performer:  Raymond Des RochesDonald MarconeRichard FitzHoward Van Hyning
Conductor:  Harvey Sollberger
Number of Discs: 1 
Recorded in: Stereo 
Length: 1 Hours 15 Mins. 

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Notes and Editorial Reviews

In 1950, the Columbia University Music Department requisitioned a tape recorder to use in teaching and for recording concerts. In 1951, the first tape recorder arrived, an Ampex 400, and Vladimir Ussachevsky, then a junior faculty member, was assigned a job that no one else wanted: the care of the tape recorder. This job was to have important consequences for Ussachevsky and the medium he developed. Electronic music was born.

Over the next ten years, Ussachevsky and his collaborators established the Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center, which Ussachevsky directed for twenty years. It was the first large electronic music center in the United States, thanks to the path-breaking support of the Rockefeller Foundation and
Read more encouragement from two of the country’s leading universities. The Center became one of the best-known and most prolific sources of electronic music in the world. All of the music on this historic reissue (originally released on CRI) is the result of the pioneering work of the Center and its composers.

The guest composers and Columbia-associated composers who have produced pieces at the Center include Bülent Arel, Luciano Berio, Mario Davidovsky, Jacob Druckman, Arthur Kreiger, Daria Semegen, Pril Smiley, and Edgard Varèse. Ussachevsky’s own students at the Center included Jon Appleton, Wendy Carlos, Charles Dodge, Robert Moog, Alice Shields, Harvey Sollberger, and Charles Wuorinen. Of the seven composers most closely associated with the Center from its early years, six are present on this disc.

Vladimir Ussachevsky: Sonic Contours (1952), Piece for Tape Recorder (1956), Computer Piece No. 1 (1968), Two Sketches for a Computer Piece (1971); Otto Luening: Low Speed (1952), Invention in Twelve Notes (1952), Fantasy in Space (1952), Moonflight (1968); Otto Luening–Vladimir Ussachevsky, Incantation (1953); Pril Smiley: Kolyosa (1970); Bülent Arel: Stereo Electronic Music No. 2 (1970); Mario Davidovsky: Synchronisms No. 5 (1969); Alice Shields: The Transformation of Ani (1970)
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Works on This Recording

Sonic Contours by Vladimir Ussachevsky
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1952 
Length: 7 Minutes 19 Secs. 
Notes: Created at the home of Henry Cowell, Woodstock, New York. 
Low Speed by Otto Luening
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1952; USA 
Length: 3 Minutes 41 Secs. 
Notes: Created at the home of Henry Cowell, Woodstock, New York. 
Invention in Twelve Tones by Otto Luening
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1952 
Length: 3 Minutes 42 Secs. 
Notes: Created at the home of Henry Cowell, Woodstock, New York. 
Fantasy in Space by Otto Luening
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1952; USA 
Length: 2 Minutes 51 Secs. 
Notes: Created at the home of Henry Cowell, Woodstock, New York. 
Incantation by Otto Luening
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1953 
Length: 2 Minutes 32 Secs. 
Notes: Co-composed with Vladimir Ussachevksy. Created at the home of Vladimir
Moonflight by Otto Luening
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1968 
Length: 2 Minutes 55 Secs. 
Notes: Created at the Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center. 
Piece for Tape Recorder by Vladimir Ussachevsky
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1956 
Length: 5 Minutes 38 Secs. 
Kolyosa by Pril Smiley
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1970 
Length: 6 Minutes 37 Secs. 
Stereo Electronic Music no 2 by Bülent Arel
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1970 
Length: 14 Minutes 18 Secs. 
Computer Piece no 1 by Vladimir Ussachevsky
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1968 
Length: 3 Minutes 42 Secs. 
Sketches (2) for a Computer Piece by Vladimir Ussachevsky
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1971 
Length: 3 Minutes 6 Secs. 
Synchronisms no 5 for Percussion and Tape by Mario Davidovsky
Performer:  Raymond Des Roches (Percussion), Donald Marcone (Percussion), Richard Fitz (Percussion),
Howard Van Hyning (Percussion)
Conductor:  Harvey Sollberger
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1969; USA 
Length: 8 Minutes 32 Secs. 
The Transformation of Ani by Alice Shields
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1970; USA 
Length: 9 Minutes 4 Secs. 

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