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Bach: Christmas Oratorio / Giebel, Wolf-Matthaus, Krebs, Hauck, Ristenpart

Bach / Ristenpart / Rias Kammerchor
Release Date: 10/29/2013 
Label:  Audite   Catalog #: 21421   Spars Code: DDD 
Number of Discs: 3 
Recorded in: Stereo 
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Notes and Editorial Reviews



BACH Christmas Oratorio Karl Ristenpart, cond; Agnes Giebel (sop); Charlotte Wolf-Matthäus (alt); Helmut Krebs (ten); Walter Hauck (bs); RAIS C Ch; RAIS Boys Ch; RAIS CO AUDITE 21.421, analog (3 CDs: 155:55 Text and Translation)


My first Karl Ristenpart review appeared way back in Fanfare 2:5, actually before the magazine adopted its current method of identifying back issues. It was of a Nonesuch recording of Haydn’s Read more “Morning,” “Noon,” and “Evening” symphonies (Nos. 6, 7, and 8), for which I paid the late Sam Goody, rest his soul, the munificent sum of $1.49—not necessarily the best buck and a half I’ve ever spent, but close. For you nostalgia trippers who have been with us long enough to remember, it was also my very first Classical Hall of Fame nomination. A decade or so later I welcomed Ristenpart’s Brandenburg Concertos to CD. Ristenpart’s Brandenburg s, on two Nonesuch LPs, had been my first stereo version—my third overall—some years before. I’m sure that price was a factor in that transaction, too, but I have no documentation of it. The Nonesuch LPs served me well, but by the time they were transformed into two Accord CDs the period-instruments movement was in full sway, and the Ristenpart versions had lost a little of their luster.


Ristenpart was a player in the transition from the traditional reverential and monumental Bach that held sway during the late 19th and early 20th centuries to the tighter, lighter, and brighter idiom that prevails today. Case in point: He sang through the fermatas that mark the ends of phrases in Bach’s chorales. Rather than “interpreting” chorales as if they were miniature tone poems, he treated them more in the manner of congregational singing. His choruses, too, shed some of their massiveness. This Christmas Oratorio is, in a sense, an historical document. One can sense a change from the opening chorus of the first cantata to the later ones. Audite’s notes cast a revealing light on the situation. The recording was made in 1950, just five years after the end of the War. The RIAS (Radio in the American Sector) Chamber Chorus of Berlin was a relatively new organization, so Ristenpart started the sessions cautiously, gradually picking up his tempos as his singers became more comfortable with them. Another hint of things to come is Ristenpart’s reading of the famous pastoral Sinfonia in Cantata 2. It would be a surprise to me if Reinhard Goebel were to adopt Ristenpart’s breathless tempo. The soloists were among the best of their time; I was especially impressed by alto Charlotte Wolf-Matthäus, but all were excellent. I can’t recommend this set as a first Christmas Oratorio , but it’s a valuable document, worth preserving, and rewarding on its own terms.


Ristenpart did benefit from the innovative marketing efforts of the then new and active minor labels. Caught between the older traditions and changes yet to come, he isn’t well remembered today. He deserves better.


FANFARE: George Chien
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Sound Samples

Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part I: Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf, preiset die Tage (Chorus)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part I: Recitative: Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit (Evangelist)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part I: Recitative: Nun wird mein liebster Brautigam (Alto)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part I: Aria: Bereite dich, Zion, mit zartlichen Trieben (Alto)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part I: Chorale: Wie soll ich dich empfangen (Chorus)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part I: Recitative: Und sie gebar ihren ersten Sohn (Evangelist) - Chorale: Er ist auf Erden kommen arm (Children's Choir) - Recitative: Wer will die Liebe recht erhohn (Bass)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part I: Aria: Grosser Herr, o starker Konig (Bass)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part I: Chorale: Ach, mein herzliebes Jesulein (Chorus)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part II: Sinfonia
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part II: Und es waren Hirten in derselben Gegend (Evangelist)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part II: Chorale: Brich an, o schones Morgenlicht (Chorus)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part II: Und der Engel sprach zu ihnen, Furchtet euch nicht (Evangelist)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part II: Recitative: Was Gott dem Abraham verheissen (Bass)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part II: Aria: Frohe Hirten, eilt, ach eilet (Tenor)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part II: Und das habt zum Zeichen (Evangelist)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part II: Chorale: Schaut hin, dort liegt im finstern Stall (Chorus)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part II: Recitative: So geht denn hin, ihr Hirten, geht (Bass)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part II: Aria: Schlafe, mein Liebster, geniesse der Ruh (Alto)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part II: Und alsobald war da bei dem Engel (Evangelist)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part II: Ehre sei Gott in der Hohe (Chorus)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part II: Recitative: So recht, ihr Engel, jauchzt und singet (Bass)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part II: Chorale: Wir singen dir in deinem Heer (Chorus)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part III: Herrscher des Himmels, erhore das Lallen (Chorus)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part III: Und da die Engel von ihnen gen Himmel fuhren (Evangelist) - Lasset uns nun gehen gen Bethlehem (Chorus) - Recitative: Er hat sein Volk getrost (Bass)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part III: Chorale: Dies hat er alles uns getan (Chorus)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part III: Aria (Duet): Herr, dein Mitleid, dein Erbarmen (Soprano, Bass)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part III: Und sie kamen eilend (Evangelist)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part III: Aria: Schliesse, mein Herze, dies selige Wunder (Alto)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part III: Recitative: Ja, ja, mein Herz soll es bewahren (Alto)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part III: Choral: Ich will dich mit Fleiss bewahren (Chrous)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part III: Und die Hirten kehrten wieder um (Evangelist)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part III: Choral: Seid froh dieweil, dass euer Heil (Chorus)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part III: Chorus: Herrscher des Himmels, erhore das Lallen (Chorus)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part IV: Fallt mit Danken, fallt mit Loben (Chorus)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part IV: Und da acht Tage um waren (Evangelist)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part IV: Recitative with Chorale: Immanuel, o susses Wort (Bass, Soprano)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part IV: Aria: Flosst, mein Heiland, flosst dein Namen (Soprano)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part IV: Recitative with Chorale: Wohlan, dein Name soll allein (Bass, Soprano)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part IV: Aria: Ich will nur dir zu Ehren leben (Tenor)
Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: Part IV: Chorale: Jesus richte mein Beginnen (Chorus)

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