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Vivaldi: Gloria; Handel: Dixit Dominus / Gardiner, Et Al


Release Date: 11/13/2001 
Label:  Philips   Catalog #: 462597   Spars Code: DDD 
Composer:  Antonio VivaldiGeorge Frideric Handel
Performer:  Gillian RossJulian ClarksonRobert BurtAngela Kazimierczuk,   ... 
Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Baroque SoloistsMonteverdi Choir
Number of Discs: 1 
Recorded in: Stereo 
Length: 1 Hours 18 Mins. 

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Notes and Editorial Reviews

There has been a lot of hubris about this "recently discovered" work by Händel, the Gloria in Excelsis Deo (HWV deest; deest being Latin for missing, since this work is not included in the standard catalogue of Händel's works). The manuscript of this work, which was in the library of the Royal Academy of Music in London, was part of a larger manuscript containing arias from Händel's operas. Long known, yet considered to be "dubious", no one had examined the work for a very long time, even though the manuscript of the Gloria bore the name "Händel" underlined twice by a copyist. Professor Hans Joachim Marx, of Hamburg, Germany, shortly after visiting the library in 2000, claimed that Read more Händel indeed wrote the Gloria, and his authentication has been unanimously accepted by Händel scholars and musicologists. "The music is very virtuosic, very expressive and full of effects," Professor Marx said. "I realised its significance immediately."

This is a small-scale work. It was composed for soprano, 2-part violin, and basso continuo, and lasts just over 16 minutes in this recording. (Some initial press reports claimed it was a choral work, but this is not the case.) It seems to have been composed in Händel's early years, either during his last years in Hamburg or his first few years in Italy, 1706 - 1708. This has been determined by melodic and stylistic similarities with other works of the period.

The work is a musically demanding one for the soprano soloist. It is suggested that it might have been written for a castrato, or a very capable soprano. Michael Talbot, Professor of Music at the University of Liverpool, said, "The quality of the work is so high that it will surely join the ranks of Händel's most loved music. It has great melodic distinction. The vocal lines are complex and flowing, yet never degenerate to empty virtuosity. It is a wonderful piece. It's going to make a big splash."

Händel scholar Donald Burrows said: "This is a very exciting piece. There's no doubt of its authenticity, particularly because the musical content includes various melodies and fragments we also know from other contexts of Händel's music."

John Eliot Gardiner was unfortunate to not be able to release the world premiere recording of the Handel Gloria. This was done by Bis in July, with a fine performance by Emma Kirkby as soprano [review]. Given the media attention to this work, there is no way I could avoid comparing the two. Oddly enough, there is little musical difference between the two performances. The tempi are almost exactly the same - the timings are within a few seconds for each movement. The main difference is in the voices of Emma Kirkby and Gillian Keith. Kirkby clearly has this work down pat - she will be the reference singer for this work for many years. Keith just doesn’t have the tone and expressiveness that Kirkby has. She has the agility, especially in the first movement, the Gloria in excelsis Deo. The soprano has a demanding score, and there is a wonderful interplay with a solo violin weaving in and out of her melody. This is the kind of music that might make some hum along, and others tap their feet - this is music that expresses great joy and happiness. But Gillian Keith does not have the same power in her voice as Kirkby does.

The centrepiece of the work is the Qui tollis…, the longest movement of the piece. This version is about 20 seconds longer than the Kirkby recording. But, again, Emma shines much more than Gillian Keith, even though Keith is truly in her element here.

(Note: one can wonder why Gillian Keith, the soloist for this piece, is not mentioned on the CD cover. Her name is mentioned on the back, and in the notes, naturally, but, since the main selling point of this disc is the Handel Gloria, her absence on the cover stands out.)

The remainder of this recording is indeed excellent - an exuberant Gloria by Vivaldi, and a brilliant Dixit Dominus by Handel, with some excellent choral work. If you are looking for the Handel Gloria alone, go for the Bis recording. But this disc has the advantage of offering much more music - almost a half-hour more - with the Vivaldi Gloria. Gillian Keith is not a bad singer, quite the contrary. This recording is excellent, and should delight most listeners.

-- Kirk McElhearn, MusicWeb International
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Works on This Recording

1.
Dixit Dominus, HWV 232 by George Frideric Handel
Performer:  Gillian Ross (Soprano), Julian Clarkson (Bass), Robert Burt (Tenor),
Angela Kazimierczuk (Soprano), Donna Deam (Soprano), Katherine Fuge (Soprano),
Charles Humphries (Countertenor), Richard Roberts (Countertenor), Rory O'Connor (Tenor)
Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Baroque Soloists,  Monteverdi Choir
Period: Baroque 
Written: 1707; Italy 
Date of Recording: 11/1998 
Venue:  All Hallows Church, Gospel Oak, London 
Length: 33 Minutes 44 Secs. 
Language: Latin 
2.
Gloria by George Frideric Handel
Performer:  Gillian Keith (Soprano)
Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Baroque Soloists
Period: Baroque 
Written: circa 1707; ?Italy 
Date of Recording: 06/2001 
Venue:  All Hallows Church, Gospel Oak, London 
Length: 16 Minutes 29 Secs. 
Language: Latin 
3.
Gloria in D major, RV 589 by Antonio Vivaldi
Performer:  Lucy Ballard (Mezzo Soprano), Margaret Cameron (Mezzo Soprano), Elinor Carter (Alto),
Katherine Fuge (Soprano)
Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Baroque Soloists,  Monteverdi Choir
Period: Baroque 
Written: Venice, Italy 

Sound Samples

Gloria: Gloria in excelsis Deo
Gloria, R. 589: Et in terra pax hominibus
Gloria: Laudamus te
Gloria: Gratias agimus tibi
Gloria: Domine Deus, Rex coelestis
Gloria: Domine Fili unigenite
Gloria: Domine Deus, Agnus Dei
Gloria: Qui tollis peccata mundi
Gloria: Qui sedes ad dexteram Patris
Gloria: Quoniam tu solus sanctus
Gloria: Cum Sancto Spiritu
Gloria in Excelsis Deo: Gloria in excelsis Deo
Gloria in Excelsis Deo: Et in terra pax
Gloria in Excelsis Deo: Laudamus te...gratius agimus
Gloria in Excelsis Deo: Domine Deus
Gloria in Excelsis Deo: Qui tollis peccata mundi
Gloria in Excelsis Deo: Quoniam...cum Sancto Spiritu
Dixit Dominus, HWV 232: Dixit Dominus
Dixit Dominus, HWV 232: Virgam virtutis tuae
Dixit Dominus, HWV 232: Tecum principium in die virtutis
Dixit Dominus, HWV 232: Juravit Dominus
Dixit Dominus, HWV 232: Tu es sacerdos in aeternum
Dixit Dominus, HWV 232: Dominus a dextris tuis
Dixit Dominus, HWV 232: Judicabit in nationibus
Dixit Dominus, HWV 232: Conquassabit
Dixit Dominus, HWV 232: Die Torrente in via bibet
Dixit Dominus, HWV 232: Gloria Patri, et Filio

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