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Chants Des Trois Eveches

Scola Metensis / Demolliere
Release Date: 08/09/2011 
Label:  Ligia   Catalog #: 202224   Spars Code: DDD 
Composer:  AnonymousNotker Balbulus
Performer:  Marie-Reine DemolliereAnnick HoernerYvain Demolliere
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scola Metensis
Number of Discs: 1 
Recorded in: Stereo 
Length: 1 Hours 5 Mins. 

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Notes and Editorial Reviews



CHANTS DES TROIS ÉVÊCHÉS Marie-Reine Demollière, dir; Scola Metensis LIGIA 0202224-11 (65:44 Text and Translation)


The first CD that this chant schola recorded did not arrive for review and I had to purchase it after a considerable search. I did so because its title, When Gregorian Chant Was Called Messine Chant , duplicated the title of an obscure article written some years earlier by one of the members of the ensemble. That Read more program demonstrated by examples the corde-mère theory of Dom Jean Claire, which claimed that before the formulation of the octoechos (the system of eight modes) by Frankish theorists, there were only the modes based on do and mi (of Roman origin) and the mode based on re (of Gallican origin). Until that disc and its scholarly notes appeared, Dom Claire’s theory had been either accepted or ignored without much discussion, a point that the late lamented László Dobszay made at a Cantus Planus conference. The disc title referred to the early Frankish chant center at Metz, where this schola is based. (“Messine” and “Metensis” are both adjectives referring to the city in Lorraine.)


All this relates to the new disc because once again the schola from Metz has focused attention on its local history. Metz was the capital of Austrasia in Merovingian times when its bishop was Arnulf. His son (he was a widower when he became bishop) married the daughter of Pepin of Heristal, the mayor of the palace, and from their offspring the Carolingian dynasty arose. In Charlemagne’s time the first Frankish school of Roman chant was established there. Charlemagne’s empire was divided among his grandsons in 843, and a century later, in 959, the middle kingdom, Lotharingia, was further divided into Upper and Lower Lorraine. Even as late as 1552, when France separated it from the Empire, Upper Lorraine was still called the Three Dioceses, comprising Metz, Toul, and Verdun. Metz was the most important, but Toul saw its bishop Bruno become Pope Leo IX in 1049.


The chants sung here are connected with the three dioceses. Laon 239, one of the earliest and most important chant manuscripts, is written in Messine notation, a nuance-rich series of adiastematic neumes (that is, without indication of pitch, like all the earliest manuscripts). Three other early manuscripts still preserved in Metz are also used here. Trier, Diocesan Archive MS 521, is the source of an Office of St. Gorgon written by Bruno, the future pope, for the abbey of Gorze, near Metz. Toul is represented by Verdun, B.M. 759, a 13th-century Missal with staff notation that serves to make Laon 239 legible; it was published in facsimile in 1994.


Like many chant scholas, this one is more interested in determining how one or another manuscript version of chant can be interpreted than in the broader results of modern scholarship that are published in liturgical editions, Schola Hungarica being the most prolific of such scholas. Their efforts are most useful when they reveal forgotten repertoire not otherwise heard on records. This disc contains several such chants (such as the St. Gorgon Office), but more than half of the contents give us such familiar chants (in unfamiliar versions) as the Palm Sunday hymn, Gloria laus . It is not always clear how a single source for such a widely used chant is more useful than an edition prepared after exhaustive comparison of a very broad collection of sources.


On their own terms, this schola is very accomplished, discovering subtleties of interpretation in the manuscripts and rendering them effectively, even to the use of organum. The notes are informative. Chant specialists will certainly want to study both of the schola’s discs.


FANFARE: J. F. Weber
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Works on This Recording

1. Ex more docti mistico, hymn by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scola Metensis
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 1 Minutes 48 Secs. 
2. Angelis Suis, gradual in mode 2 by Anonymous
Performer:  Marie-Reine Demolliere (Voice)
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Written: Europe 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 5 Minutes 8 Secs. 
3. Videns Dominus by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 1 Minutes 9 Secs. 
4. Ante sex dies, antiphon by Anonymous
Performer:  Annick Hoerner (Voice)
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Written: Europe 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 2 Minutes 27 Secs. 
5. Cum audisset populus, antiphon by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Written: Europe 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 4 Minutes 55 Secs. 
6. Ceperunt omnes turbe, antiphon by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 1 Minutes 18 Secs. 
7. Gloria laus et honor by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 4 Minutes 54 Secs. 
8. Martyr Dei, hymn by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 2 Minutes 18 Secs. 
9. Christiana devotio, antiphon by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 1 Minutes 13 Secs. 
10. Primus imperatorii, antiphon by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 0 Minutes 37 Secs. 
11. Occulto tyrocinio, antiphon by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 0 Minutes 40 Secs. 
12. Christi miles Gorgonius, repsponsory by Anonymous
Performer:  Yvain Demolliere (Voice)
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 2 Minutes 58 Secs. 
13. Suspensus athleta Dei, responsory by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 2 Minutes 26 Secs. 
14. Gloria et honore, offertory by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 2 Minutes 22 Secs. 
15. Gloria in excelsis by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 3 Minutes 41 Secs. 
16. Gloriosa sanctissimi, antiphon by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 1 Minutes 34 Secs. 
17. Gregorius ortus Rome, antiphon by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 0 Minutes 54 Secs. 
18. Vineam sui generis, antiphon by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 0 Minutes 40 Secs. 
19. Fulgebat in venerando, responsory by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 2 Minutes 34 Secs. 
20. Videns Rome vir beatus by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 3 Minutes 3 Secs. 
21. Fidelis Servus by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 2 Minutes 12 Secs. 
22. Congaudent angelorum, sequence by Notker Balbulus
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 4 Minutes 6 Secs. 
23. Qui timent, alleluia by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 2 Minutes 46 Secs. 
24. Beatus vir qui inventus, offertory by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 2 Minutes 19 Secs. 
25. Collaudabunt multi, communion by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 2 Minutes 9 Secs. 
26. Ave mundi spes Maria by Anonymous
Conductor:  Marie-Reine Demolliere
Period: Medieval 
Written: Europe 
Date of Recording: 08/2010 
Venue:  Église Ste-Brigide de Plappeville, Mosel 
Length: 5 Minutes 17 Secs. 

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