Notes and Editorial Reviews
String Symphony No.10.
String Sonata No.6
CHALLENGE CC72368 (59:13)
The disc’s title is
Young Hearts on Fire
and its subject is the youthful brilliance of the three chosen composers. Rossini’s string sonata and Mendelssohn’s string symphony were both written
in the first quarter of the 19th century, while Korngold’s String Sextet was written in the first quarter of the 20th, 1914 to be precise. This may seem to set up symmetries of time and youth, but it’s as true to say that the program is a sufficiently varied one on its own terms.
The Caméléon Ensemble is a Dutch group seven strong—two violins, two violas, two cellos, and a double bass. Thus the sound they make, which varies cleverly among the three works, is rather different from a full-sized chamber orchestra, which is more commonly encountered in the Mendelssohn. They play it with considerable feeling and sensitivity, rightly locating a poignant depth in the opening
section then moving onto a light and textually aerated
Their performance offers the alternative of a string septet-sized clarity of articulation and precisely calibrated weight.
Such considerations also apply to the Rossini, a work of spirited brilliance deserving its popularity. Here the ensemble intriguingly opts for a
approach, presumably wishing to distinguish late Classical Rossini from Romantic Mendelssohn. The historical questions thus raised may be contentious, but I rather like to hear this approach once in a while. The effect is rather like a consort of viols. Pizzicati are pert, and there’s a real sense of fun, drama and wit.
Korngold’s String Sextet is coming more and more into its own, and there is a pleasing number of competitive recordings from which to choose. Into this market, the Caméléon Ensemble steps boldly. They play with the richest tonal responses here, of course, responding adeptly to the music’s expressive depth, its lyric freedom, and in the first movement, at least, its questing and complex sense of harmony. There’s poignant breadth in the slow movement, and a touchingly played passage of reminiscence and nostalgia in the finale that is conveyed with great sensitivity. For those who want a ripe, ultra-virtuosic approach, Concertante on Kleos Classics offers an alternative, though the sonics are unsympathetic. More recommendable are the augmented Flesch Quartet on ASV and the Raphael Ensemble on Hyperion.
Fortunately the recording quality here is extremely good, close enough for detail, just distant enough for a burnished unison string tone (when employed). These ingenious performances are well worth hearing, and admiring.
FANFARE: Jonathan Woolf
Given the dramatic title
Young Hearts on Fire, this programme presents the work of three child prodigies, and very impressive it is. Mendelssohn’s ‘String Symphonies’ are more commonly played by string orchestras, and the rich sound of the
Sinfonia No.10 in B minor as played by the English String Orchestra under William Boughton in the resonant acoustic in which they appear for the Nimbus label (NI5142) is fairly typical in its weight of multiple strings. Ensemble Caméléon’s lighter, chamber-music sound is highly effective in its clarity, and their judicious use of vibrato is also a marvellous feature of all of their performances here. The opening
Adagio sets up an emotional scene reminiscent of late Schubert, and the light pizzicato of the double bass is highly atmospheric. The
Allegro second movement has plenty of drama, but the lyrical charm of the music is very much brought to the fore, and the dynamic layering of melodic line and Mendelssohn’s imaginative accompaniments are done perfectly.
Less well known than the other works here, Erich Korngold’s
String sextet Op.10 in D major is a highly approachable work in four movements. Playful moods in the opening
Satz are contrasted with a dark
Adagio, which opens with a Mahlerian major/minor gesture. The two first movements are substantial at over 10 minutes each, but the final two, a wistful
Intermezzo and virtuosic
Finale don’t see this piece running out of inventive steam. The only other recording of this work I could come up with as a reference is on the Pan Classics label (PC10120), played by the Vienna String Sextet. This ensemble is more emphatically ‘romantic’ and heart-on-sleeve than Ensemble Caméléon, and their intonation is less reliable, so I’m glad to stick with this release from Challenge Classics. I much prefer the Caméléon’s directness of expression, more literal to the text of the music than literary, affecting what might be perceived as the mood of the times. They play with a great deal of deeply felt expression, but allow the subtle little touches of outside influence and prescient imagination shine through, setting the brain spinning with associations both directly felt and barely perceived.
Rossini’s ‘String Sonatas’ are again more often heard through a full string orchestra, and the sparing, vibrato-free, almost in the manner of an ‘historically informed’ early music ensemble opening of the
Sonata a quattro No.6 is something of a shock when placed next to the Korngold, but we are after all only just into the19th century with this piece, and the Mozartean influence is most clearly felt here. Ensemble Caméléon clearly enjoy the ‘retro’ nature of this music, but also revel in Rossini’s genius for uplifting melody and rollicking sense of good humour. Even the slower central
Andante assai is more ‘up’ than anything else in its harmonic language and melodic gestures.
This is popular music, and is frequently to be found in sets of all six sonatas. All perfectly good in their own way, the Hungarian Virtuosi on Naxos 8.554419 and the New Berlin Chamber Orchestra on Capriccio C10630 as a pair of examples sound pretty tubby in comparison with Ensemble Caméléon, as will any full orchestra against fleet, expertly placed single voices. The best of the string orchestra versions still include the classic Decca version with the Academy of St. Martin in the Fields with Sir Neville Marriner, but this Ensemble Caméléon recording sounds anything but thin by comparison, the voicing of the parts all in proportion, and filled with joyous lightness and air. The character of the individual players seems to bring this work in particular to vivid life, heightening the little conversations between parts and imparting the music with unusual drive and sparkling energy.
Very nicely recorded, my only complaints with this disc are that it could have been just a tad longer, and the booklet notes inform us about the young composers but tell us precious little about the actual music. Other than those minor quibbles I’ve enjoyed these pieces hugely in this context.
-- Dominy Clements, MusicWeb Internationl
Works on This Recording
Symphony for Strings no 10 in B minor by Felix Mendelssohn
Written: 1823; Germany
Sextet for Strings in D major, Op. 10 by Erich Wolfgang Korngold
Period: 20th Century
Written: 1914; Vienna, Austria
Sonata a quattro no 6 in D major by Gioachino Rossini
Written: circa 1804; Italy
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