Vincenzo Bellini

Biography

Born: 1801   Died: 1835   Country: Italy   Period: Romantic
Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini was one of the most important composers of Italian opera in his time. He was born in 1801 in Catanina, Sicily, to a family already steeped in music; his father and grandfather were both career musicians. He began composing before receiving any formal music education. Bellini developed a reputation for fine craftsmanship, particularly in the way he forged an intricate relationship between the music and Read more the libretto. To perform one of his operas, singers required extremely agile voices. His abilities and talent earned him the admiration of other composers, including Berlioz, Chopin, and even Wagner, and his flowing, exquisitely sculpted vocal lines represent the epitome of the bel canto ideal.

Bellini entered the Royal College of Music of San Sebastiano, now the Naples Conservatory, in 1819. Although he started off in elementary classes, he progressed rapidly and was granted free tuition by 1820. He soon developed into a teacher, becoming a primo maestrino in 1824. Bellini's first opera, Adelson e Salvini, was chosen to be performed by the conservatory's students. After the initial performance in February 1825, it was performed repeatedly throughout the year. This particular work was never performed outside of the conservatory, but it did serve as a source of material for at least five other operas Bellini composed. Shortly thereafter, Domenico Barbaja of the San Carlo Opera offered Bellini his first commission for an opera, which resulted in Bianca e Gernando (1826). That first commission was followed by a second from Barbaja, Il pirata (1827), and led to a long-term collaboration between Bellini and librettist Felice Romani. The premiere of Il pirata on October 27, 1827, at La Scala, Milan, established Bellini as an internationally acclaimed opera composer.

As Bellini gained experience and recognition, he settled into a working method that stressed quality instead of quantity. He composed fewer operas, for which he commanded higher prices. He was not, however, immune to the pressures of production. His opera Zaira (1829), written with Romani for the inauguration of the Teatro Ducale at Parma, was hurriedly completed; the opera was a notable failure and was never produced again. He rebounded, though, with I Capuleti e i Montecchi (based on Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet) in 1830.

The year 1831 proved most successful for Bellini as two of his most famous operas, La sonnambula and Norma, were produced. Although Norma was unenthusiastically received, many critics and Bellini himself believed it to be his finest work. Its aria "Casta diva" is one of the evergreens of the classical vocal repertory. These two operas were followed by a less successful composition, Beatrice di Tenda. This opera was premiered at La Fenice, Venice, on March 16, 1833, a month later than scheduled; the failure led to the falling out of Bellini and Romani.

Bellini spent the summer of 1833 in London directing performances of his operas. He then moved to Paris, where he composed and produced his last opera, I puritani, which premiered on January 24, 1835. The libretto for this particular opera was written by the exiled Italian poet Count Carlo Pepoli. Unlike Bellini's previous two operas, I puritani was enthusiastically received. At the height of his career and only 33 years old, Bellini died of a chronic intestinal ailment on September 23, 1835, in a small town near near Paris. Read less
Bellini: Il Pirata / Aliberti, Frontali, Neill, Viotti
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94688   Number of Discs: 2
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Wind Concertos - Albinoni, Bellini, Crusell, Krommer
Release Date: 06/28/2011   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94100   Number of Discs: 10
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Bellini: Beatrice Di Tenda /   Luisi,   Aliberti, Capasso, Gavanelli
Release Date: 07/30/2013   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94679   Number of Discs: 2
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Bellini:  I Capuleti E I Montecchi / Didonato, Cabell, Pirgu, Frizza [blu-ray]
Release Date: 10/28/2014   Label: Euroarts  
Catalog: 59664   Number of Discs: 1
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Bellini: I Capuleti E I Montecchi / Didonato, Cabell, Pirgu, Frizza
Release Date: 10/28/2014   Label: Euroarts  
Catalog: 59668   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Norma: Casta diva

 

About This Work
"...The music of Norma is laden with all of the conventions of Italian opera in the first half of the nineteenth century, including solo vocal arias and duets, some of which follow the prototypical Rossinian crescendo into full-fledged Read more end-of-act choruses...Norma's famed cavatina, "Casta diva," a prayer to the moon goddess, is introduced by a silvery flute solo over undulating violin arpeggios."

-- Jennifer Hambrick, All Music Guide Read less

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Performers

Vincenzo Bellini


WORKS
Sinfonia
Introduzione: Ite sul colle, o Druidi
Svanir le voci!
Meco all'altar di Venere
Me protegge, me difende
Norma viene
Sediziose voci, voci di guerra
Casta Diva
Fine al rito
Ah! bello a me ritorna
Sgombra è la sacra
Deh! proteggimi, o Dio!
Eccola! va, mi lascia, ragion non odo
Va, crudele, al Dio spietato
Vanne, e li cela entrambi
Adalgisa!
Oh! rimembranza!
Ah! si, fa core, abbracciami
Ma di', l'amato quale fra noi si noma?
Oh non tremare
Oh! di qual sei tu vittima
Oh! qual traspare orribile
Norma! de'tuoi rimproveri
Perfido!
Vanne, si: mi lascia, indegno
Scena - Introduzione
Dormono entrambi
Mi chiami, o Norma!
Deh! con te, con te li prendi
Mira, o Norma
Si, fino all'ore estreme
Non parti?
Guerrieri! a voi venirne
Ei tornerà
Squilla il bronzo del Dio!
Guerra, guerra!
Nè compi il rito, o Norma?
In mia man alfin tu sei
Già mi pasco ne'tuoi sguardi
Dammi quel ferro
Qual cor tradisti, qual cor perdesti
Norma! deh! Norma, scolpati
Deh! non volerli vittime
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster): Sinfonia
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena prima: All'erte! All'erta! (Bruno/Coro)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena prima: O di Cromvel guerrieri (Bruno/Elvira/Arturo/Riccardo/Giorgio/Coro)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena prima: A festa! (Coro)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena prima: Or dove fuggo io mai? (Riccardo/Bruno)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena prima: Ah! per sempre io ti perdei (Riccardo)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena prima: Bel sogno beato (Bruno/Riccardo)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena secondo: O amato zio, o mio secondo padre! (Elvira/Giorgio)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena secondo: Sai com'arde in petto mio ... (Elvira/Giorgio)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena secondo: Odi ... Qual suon si desta? (Elvira/Giorgio/Coro)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena terza: Ad Arturo onore (Coro)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena terza: A te, o cara, amor talora (Arturo/Elvira/Giorgio/Gualtiero/Coro)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena terza: Il rito augusto si compia senza mei! (Gualtiero/Enrichetta/Arturo/Giorgio)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena terza: Com'io, vi unisca (Gualtiero/Enrichetta/Arturo)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena terza: Son vergin vezzosa (Elvira/Enrichetta/Arturo/Giorgio/Valton/Coro)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena terza: Sulla verginea testa (Enrichetta/Arturo)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena terza: Ferma. Invan rapir pretendi ... (Riccardo/Arturo/Enrichetta/Elvira/Bruno/Giorgio/Coro)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena terza: E già al ponte - passa il forte (Riccardo/Elvira/Giorgio/Gualtiero/Coro/Bruno)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena terza: Ah, vieni al tempio ... fedele Arturo (Elvira/Bruno/Coro/Riccardo/Giorgio)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO PRIMO, Scena terza: Ma tu già mi fuggi? (Elvira/Bruno/Riccardo/Giorgio/Coro)
I Puritani (1997 Digital Remaster), ATTO TERZO: Suon d'araldi? (Riccardo/Giorgio/Coro/Elvira/Arturo)
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Viva! viva! viva! viva! Amina!
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Tutto è gioia, tutto è festa
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Viva Amina!
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Care compagne, e voi, tenere amici
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Sopra il sen la man mi posa
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Io più di tutti, o Amona
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Perdona, o mia diletta, i breve indugio
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Prendi: l'anel ti dono
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Domani, appena aggiorni
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Vi ravviso, o luoghi ameni
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Contezza del paese avete voi, signor?
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - A fosco cielo, a notte bruna
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Basta così
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Son geloso del zefiro errante
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Davver, non mi dispiace d'essermi qui fermato
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Che veggio?
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Oh ciel! che tento?
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Osservate! L'uscio è aperto
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - E menzonga
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - D'un pensiero e d'un accento
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 1 - Non più nozze
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 2 - Qui la selva è più folta ed ombrosa
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 2 - Reggimi, o buona madre
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 2 - Vedi, o madre, è afflitto e mesto
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 2 - Viva il Conte!
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 2 - Ah! perchè non posso odiarti
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 2 - Lasciami: aver compreso assai dovresti
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 2 - De'lieti auguri a voi son grata
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 2 - E fia pur vero, Elvino
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 2 - Lisa mendace anch'essa!
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 2 - Signor, che creder deggio?
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 2 - Oh! se una volta sol rivederlo io potessi
Bellini: La Sonnambula / Act 2 - Ah! non giunge uman pensiero


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