Willem Mengelberg

Biography

Born: March 28, 1871; Utrecht, The Netherlands   Died: March 21, 1951; Chur, Switzerland  
Dutch conductor Willem Mengelberg was born March 28, 1871, in Utrecht. His early education was in his native city where he studied under the tutelage of Richard Hol, Henri Wilhelm Pertri, and Anton Averkamp. Mengelberg continued his studies with Franz Wullner and Adolf Jensen in Cologne where he earned prizes as a pianist, violinist, and conductor. In 1891, Mengelberg assumed the directorship of the Lucerne City conservatory. It would not take Read more long for the young conductor to garner an excellent reputation, and in 1895 became the music director of the prestigious Concertgebouw Orchestra, where he would serve until 1945. Concurrently, Mengelberg served as chief conductor of the Amsterdam Toonkunst Choir, an ensemble he found invaluable, marshaling his resources to perform such choral masterpieces as Bach's St. Matthew Passion.

In 1902, Mengelberg met and befriended the great Gustav Mahler, and consequently became a devoted champion of the legendary Austrian composer's music. During his time, Mengelberg was widely respected as a foremost interpreter of Mahler's scores. In 1920, in celebration of the Concertgebouw's 25th season, he led the orchestra in a cycle that presented all of Mahler's symphonies. From 1907-1920, Mengelberg served as the director of the Frankfurt Museum concerts, and in 1921 became the conductor of the New York International Symphony Orchestra, which he would conduct until 1929. From 1922-1930, Mengelberg was the principal conductor of the New York Philharmonic, and for the 1928-1929 season shared the podium with Arturo Toscanini, a relationship that was strained and led to Mengelberg's return to Amsterdam. He was an avid supporter of contemporary music, and conducted the premieres of many notable works by such influential composers as Zoltan Kodaly, Darius Milhaud, Henk Badings, Paul Hindemith, Bela Bartok, Max Reger, and Ottorino Respighi.

Mengelberg's discography is extensive, and is represented by a host of renowned orchestras including the BBC Orchestra, Berlin Radio Orchestra, Paris Radio Orchestra, New York Philharmonic, and of course the Concertgebouw Orchestra. The conductor's popularity was widespread, and was exemplified by Richard Strauss' dedication of his Ein Heldenleben, to the Dutch conductor. In an unfortunate incident, Mengelberg was deemed a Nazi sympathizer, and was eventually exiled to Switzerland for six years. Consequent to his exile, his tenure at the Concertgebouw Orchestra was revoked, and the Gold Medal of Arts and Sciences he had been awarded was withdrawn and reclaimed by Queen Wilhelmina. While Mengelberg was banned from his native Holland, he did receive requests to conduct elsewhere, including the Soviet Union. The conductor could not accept such offers however, as his passport had been surrendered to the Dutch government. Willem Mengelberg undoubtedly was an important figure in music. His dedication to the work of Mahler and advocacy for the artistic output of his contemporaries solidified his reputation and established his career as one of the most influential of his time. Read less

Biography

Born: March 28, 1871; Utrecht, The Netherlands   Died: March 21, 1951; Chur, Switzerland  
Dutch conductor Willem Mengelberg was born March 28, 1871, in Utrecht. His early education was in his native city where he studied under the tutelage of Richard Hol, Henri Wilhelm Pertri, and Anton Averkamp. Mengelberg continued his studies with Franz Wullner and Adolf Jensen in Cologne where he earned prizes as a pianist, violinist, and conductor. In 1891, Mengelberg assumed the directorship of the Lucerne City conservatory. It would not take Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Andante - Allegro ma non troppo
II. Andante con moto
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace
IV. Finale: Allegro vivace
I. Allegro moderato
II. Adagio
III. Allegretto
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante con moto
I. Allegro affettuoso
II. Intermezzo: Andantino grazioso
III. Allegro vivace
I. Andante ma non troppo
II. Lento e molto espressivo
I. Moderato
II. Adagio sostenuto
III. Allegro scherzando
I. Allegro ma non troppo
II. Intermezzo
III. Finale
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.1 Chorus I/II: "Kommt, ihr Töchter, helft mir klagen"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.2 Evangelist, Jesus: "Da Jesus diese Rede vollendet hatte"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.3 Choral: "Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.4a Evangelist: "Da versammelten sich die Hohenpriester"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.4b Chorus I/II: "Ja nicht auf das Fest"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.4c Evangelist: "Da nun Jesus war zu Bethanien"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.4d Chorus I: "Wozu dienet dieser Unrat"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.4e Evangelist, Jesus: "Da das Jesus merkete"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.5 Recitative (Alto): "Du lieber Heiland du"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.6 Aria (Alto): "Buss und Reu"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.7 Evangelist, Judas: "Da ging hin der Zwölfen einer"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.8 Aria (Soprano): "Blute nur, du liebes Herz"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.9a Evangelist: "Aber am ersten Tage der süssen Brot"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.9b Chorus I: "Wo willst du, dass wir dir bereiten"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.9c Evangelist, Jesus: "Er sprach: Gehet hin in die Stadt" - No.9d Evangelist: "Und sie wurden sehr betrübt" - No.9e Chorus I: "Herr, bin ich's"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.10 Choral: "Ich bin's, ich sollte büssen"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.11 Evangelist, Jesus, Judas: "Er antwortete und sprach"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.12 Recitative (Soprano): "Wiewohl mein Herz in Tränen schwimmt"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.13 Aria (Soprano): "Ich will dir mein Herz schenken"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.14 Evangelist, Jesus: "Und da sie den Lobgesang gesprochen hatten"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.15 Choral: "Erkenne mich, mein Hüter"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.16 Evangelist, Jesus, Petrus: "Petrus aber antwortete"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.18 Evangelist, Jesus: "Da kam Jesus mit ihnen zu einem Hofe"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.19 Recitative (Tenor, Chorus II): "O Schmerz! hier zittert das gequälte Herz"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.20 Aria (Tenor, Chorus II): "Ich will bei meinem Jesu wachen"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.21 Evangelist, Jesus: "Und ging hin ein wenig"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.24 Evangelist, Jesus: "Und er kam zu seinen Jüngern"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 / Part One - No.25 Choral: "Was mein Gott will, das g'scheh allzeit"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.26 Evangelist, Jesus, Judas: "Und er kam und fand sie aber schlafend"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.27 Aria (Soprano, Alto, Chorus II): "So ist mein Jesus nun gefangen" - Chorus I/II: "Sind Blitze, sind Donner"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.28 Evangelist, Jesus: "Und siehe, einer aus denen"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part One - No.29 Choral: "O Mensch, bewein dein Sünde groß"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.30 Aria (Alto, Chorus II): "Ach nun ist mein Jesu hin"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.31 Evangelist: "Die aber Jesum gegriffen hatten"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.33 Evangelist, Pontifex: "Und der Hohepriester stand auf"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.34 Recitative (Tenor): "Mein Jesus schweigt zu falschen Lügen stille"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.36a Evangelist, Pontifex, Jesus: "Und der Hohepriester antwortete" - No.36b Chorus I/II: "Er ist des Todes schuldig"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.36c Evangelist: "Da speieten sie aus in sein Angesicht" - No.36d Chorus I/II: "Weissage uns, Christe"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.38a Evangelist, Ancilla I/II, Petrus: "Petrus aber sass draussen im Palast"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.38b Chorus II: "Wahrlich, du bist auch einer von denen" - No.38c Evangelist, Petrus: "Da hub er an, sich zu verflugen"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.39 Aria (Alto): "Erbarme dich"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.41a Evangelist, Judas: "Des Morgens aber hielten alle Hohepriester"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.45 Evangelist, Pilatus, Uxor Pilati, Chorus I/II: "Auf das Fest aber hatte der Landpfleger Gewohnheit"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.47 Evangelist, Pilatus: "Der Landpfleger sagte"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.48 Recitative (Soprano): "Er hat uns allen wohlgetan"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.49 Aria (Soprano): "Aus Liebe will mein Heiland Sterben"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.50 Evangelist, Chorus I/II, Pilatus: "Sie schrieen aber noch mehr"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.51 Recitative (Alto): "Erbarm es Gott"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.53 Evangelist, Chorus I/II: "Da nahmen die Kriegsknechte"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.54 Choral: "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.55 Evangelist: "Und da sie ihn verspotten hatten"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.58 Evangelist, Chorus I/II: "Und da wurden zween Mörder"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.58e Evangelist: "Desgleichen schmäheten ihn auch die Mörder"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.59 Recitative (Alto): "Ach Golgatha"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.61 Evangelist, Jesus, Chorus I/II: "Und von der sechsten Stunde an"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.62 Choral: "Wenn ich einmal soll scheiden"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.63 Evangelist, Chorus I/II: "Und siehe da, der Vorhang im Tempel zerriss"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.64 Recitative (Bass): "Am Abend, da es kühle war"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.66a Evangelist: "Und Joseph nahm den Leib"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.67 Recitative (Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass, Chorus II): "Nun ist der Herr zur Ruh gebracht"
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.68 Chorus I/II: "Wir setzen uns mit Tränen nieder"


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