Wilhelm Furtwängler

Biography

Born: January 25, 1886   Died: November 30, 1954   Country: Germany  
Although born in Berlin, conductor Wilhelm Furtwängler spent his childhood in Munich, where his father was a professor. After his talents were recognized at an early age, he was removed from school and educated privately. Furtwängler's teachers included the composer Joseph Rheinberger and the conductor Felix Mottl. By the age of 17, the young musician had written numerous works and had his conducting debut three years later with the Kaim Read more Orchestra, where he directed the opening Largo from his own first symphony, Beethoven's overture Die Weihe des Hauses, and Bruckner's Ninth Symphony. The ambivalent response to his music and the financial instability that composition offered caused him to focus his energies on conducting.

Furtwängler's first position was at the Breslau Stadttheater in 1906 and 1907. He went to Zurich the next season, followed by an apprenticeship at the Munich Court Opera under the auspices of his teacher Mottl. From 1911 to 1921, Furtwängler served as music director of various ensembles in Lübeck, Mannheim, Frankfurt, and Vienna. From 1920 to 1922, he served as conductor of the Berlin Staatskapelle. At the age of 35, the conductor took the baton at the celebrated Berlin Philharmonic and concurrently held the same position at the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra, where he remained until 1928. Furtwängler led the New York Philharmonic from 1927 to 1929, but eventually declined an offer to remain there. It was during those years that Furtwängler was appointed music director of the Vienna Philharmonic. As the 1920s drew to a close, he held positions throughout Europe, including those at the Bayreuth and Salzburg festivals (1931-1932) and the Berlin State Opera (1933). In 1932, he was awarded the Goethe Gold Medal.

When the Nazis came into power in 1933, Furtwängler strongly and publicly opposed the Nazi agenda, despite pride in his German heritage, and refused to give the Nazi salute, even in Hitler's presence. In 1934, when Hindemith's Mathis de Maler was banned by the Nazi party, Furtwängler unilaterally resigned from all of his posts, aided numerous Jewish musicians under Nazi persecution, and refused to conduct in Nazi-occupied areas. Furtwängler eventually fled to Switzerland at the suggestion of Albert Speer. When, in 1936, the New York Philharmonic offered him the position of music director, he was dissuaded from accepting the position by anti-Nazi sentiment. After the war's conclusion, the Allied command cleared Furtwängler of charges of being a Nazi sympathizer, although the American government did not "denazify" Furtwängler until 1946. In 1949, the Chicago Symphony Orchestra courted the German conductor, but its board of directors quickly withdrew its offer under the heavy and largely unjustified criticism from the orchestra's musicians.

Always welcomed in Europe, Furtwängler enjoyed continued success throughout the region. While uninterested in recording live performances, citing the impossibility for technology to capture a mood or aesthetic, he was responsible for countless recordings, most of which were made after the war. His dedication to the works of Beethoven was unsurpassed, and his enthusiasm towards the contemporary compositions of the time impressive, evidenced by his aggressive programming. Furtwängler's idiosyncratic approach to the repertoire and spontaneous interpretations were unique to say the least. Furtwängler remained a popular artist and kept a busy schedule conducting throughout Europe until his death in Baden-Baden in 1954. According to his second wife Elisabeth Ackermann, he died a darkened and melancholy man, troubled by the atrocious history his beloved Germany had written. Read less
Wagner: Der Ring Des Nibelungen / Furtwängler, La Scala
Release Date: 02/26/2008   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1501   Number of Discs: 12
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Biography

Born: January 25, 1886   Died: November 30, 1954   Country: Germany  
Although born in Berlin, conductor Wilhelm Furtwängler spent his childhood in Munich, where his father was a professor. After his talents were recognized at an early age, he was removed from school and educated privately. Furtwängler's teachers included the composer Joseph Rheinberger and the conductor Felix Mottl. By the age of 17, the young musician had written numerous works and had his conducting debut three years later with the Kaim Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
II. Molto vivace
III. Adagio molto e cantabile - Andante moderato
IV. Finale: Presto - Allegro assai
I. Bewegt, nicht zu schnell
II. Andante quasi allegretto
III. Scherzo: Bewegt
IV. Finale: Bewegt, doch nicht zu schnell
I. Adagio - Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Scherzo: Molto vivace
IV. Finale: Adagio - Allegro moderato
I. Allegro moderato
II. Adagio. Sehr feierlich und sehr langsam
III. Scherzo: Sehr schnell
IV. Finale: Bewegt, doch nicht schnell
I. Allegro moderato
II. Scherzo: Allegro moderato
III. Adagio
IV. Finale: Feierlich, nicht schnell
I. Feierlich, misterioso
II. Scherzo: Bewegt, lebhaft
III. Adagio: Langsam feierlich
I. Allegro con brio
II. Marcia funebre: Adagio assai
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace
IV. Finale: Allegro molto
I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante con moto
III. Allegro
IV. Allegro
I. Awakening of Cheerful Feelings Upon Arrival in the Country: Allegro ma non troppo
II. Scene by the Brook: Andante molto mosso
III. Merry Gathering of Country Folk: Allegro
IV. Thunderstorm: Allegro
V. Shepherd's Song: Happy and Thankful Feelings after the Storm: Allegretto
I. Adagio - Allegro vivace
II. Adagio
III. Menuetto: Allegro vivace
IV. Allegro ma non troppo
I. Poco sostenuto - Vivace
II. Allegretto
III. Presto, assai meno presto
IV. Allegro con brio
I. Allegro ma non troppo - Un poco maestoso
II. Molto vivace - Presto - Molto vivace
III. Adagio molto e cantabile - Andante moderato
IV. Finale: Presto - Allegro assai - Andante maestoso - Prestissimo
I. Allegro ma non troppo
II. Larghetto
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante
III. Rondo: Vivace
I. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
II. Molto vivace
III. Adagio molto e cantabile - Andante moderato
IV. Presto -
I. Assai moderato
II. Andante semplice
III. Allegro - Moderato - Allegro
IV. Langsam - Moderato andante - Allegro molto - Moderato - Langsam - Moderato - Presto
IV. Adagio - Allegro molto
Hans Muller-Kray talks to Wilhelm Furtwangler
Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, K.550 (1998 Digital Remaster): I. Molto allegro
Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, K.550 (1998 Digital Remaster): II. Andante
Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, K.550 (1998 Digital Remaster): III. Menuetto (Allegretto) & Trio
Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, K.550 (1998 Digital Remaster): IV. Finale (Allegro assai)
Symphony No. 94 in G, 'Surprise': I. Adagio Vivace assai
Symphony No. 94 in G, 'Surprise': II. Andante
Symphony No. 94 in G, 'Surprise': III. Menuetto (Allegro molto) & Trio
Symphony No. 94 in G, 'Surprise': IV. Allegro di molto
Symphony No. 8 in B Minor, D.759 'Unfinished' (1998 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro moderato
Symphony No. 8 in B Minor, D.759 'Unfinished' (1998 Digital Remaster): II. Andante con moto
I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante con moto
III. Allegro
IV. Allegro
Act I: Prelude
Act III: Isolde's Liebestod
I. Awakening of Cheerful Feelings Upon Arrival in the Country: Allegro ma non troppo
II. Scene by the Brook: Andante con moto
III. Merry Gathering of Country Folk: Allegro
IV. Thunderstorm: Allegro
V. Shepherd's Song: Happy and Thankful Feelings after the Storm: Allegretto
I. Adagio - Allegro
II. Andante
III. Menuetto
IV. Allegro
Schumann: Symphony No.4 In D Minor, Op.120 - 1. Ziemlich langsam - Lebhaft
Schumann: Symphony No.4 In D Minor, Op.120 - 2. Romanze (Ziemlich langsam)
Schumann: Symphony No.4 In D Minor, Op.120 - 3. Scherzo
Schumann: Symphony No.4 In D Minor, Op.120 - 4. Langsam - Lebhaft - Schneller - Presto
Haydn: Symphony In G, H.I No.88 - 1. Adagio - Allegro
Haydn: Symphony In G, H.I No.88 - 2. Largo
Haydn: Symphony In G, H.I No.88 - 3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
Haydn: Symphony In G, H.I No.88 - 4. Finale (Allegro con spirito)
I. Adagio molto - Allegro con brio
II. Andante cantabile con moto
III. Menuetto - Allegro molto e vivace
IV. Adagio - Allegro molto
I. Allegro con brio
II. Marcia funebre: Adagio assai
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace
IV. Finale: Allegro molto
I. Poco sostenuto - Vivace
II. Allegretto
III. Presto, assai meno presto
IV. Allegro con brio
I. Adagio - Allegro vivace
II. Adagio
III. Menuetto: Allegro vivace
IV. Allegro ma non troppo
I. Allegro vivace e con brio
II. Allegretto scherzando
III. Tempo di menuetto
IV. Allegro vivace
I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante con moto
III. Allegro
IV. Allegro
I. Awakening of Cheerful Feelings Upon Arrival in the Country: Allegro ma non troppo
II. Scene by the Brook: Andante molto mosso
III. Merry Gathering of Country Folk: Allegro
IV. Thunderstorm: Allegro
V. Shepherd's Song: Happy and Thankful Feelings after the Storm: Allegretto
I. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
II. Molto vivace
III. Adagio molto e cantabile - Andante moderato
IV. Finale: Presto - Allegro assai
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante con moto
I. Andante - Allegro ma non troppo
II. Andante con moto
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace
IV. Allegro vivace
I. Bewegt, nicht zu schnell
II. Andante quasi allegretto
III. Scherzo: Bewegt
IV. Finale: Bewegt, doch nicht zu schnell
I. Adagio - Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Scherzo: Molto vivace
IV. Finale: Adagio - Allegro moderato
I. Allegro molto vivace
II. Adagio: sehr feierlich und sehr langsam
III. Scherzo: sehr schnell
IV. Finale: Bewegt, doch nicht schnell
II. Adagio: sehr feierlich
III. Scherzo: Nicht schnell - Trio: Langsam
IV. Finale: Bewegt, doch nicht zu schnell
I. Feierlich, misterioso
II. Scherzo: Bewegt; lebhaft - Trio: Schnell, Scherzo da capo
III. Adagio: Langsam, feierlich
I. Allegro moderato
II. Scherzo. Allegro moderato
III. Adagio: Sehr feierlich, langsam, doch nicht schleppend
IV. Finale: Feierlich, nicht schnell
I. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
II. Molto vivace
III. Adagio molto e cantabile - Andante moderato - Adagio
IV. Finale: Presto - Allegro assai
Symphony No. 40 in G minor K550 (2006 Digital Remaster): I. Molto allegro
Symphony No. 40 in G minor K550 (2006 Digital Remaster): II. Andante
Symphony No. 40 in G minor K550 (2006 Digital Remaster): III. Menuetto & Trio
Symphony No. 40 in G minor K550 (2006 Digital Remaster): IV. Allegro assai
Concerto for Keyboard and Orchestra No. 20 K466 (1996 Digital Remaster): Allegro
Concerto for Keyboard and Orchestra No. 20 K466 (1996 Digital Remaster): Romanze
Concerto for Keyboard and Orchestra No. 20 K466 (1996 Digital Remaster): Allegro assai
Serenade No. 13 in G, 'Eine kleine Nachtmusik' K525 (2006 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro
Serenade No. 13 in G, 'Eine kleine Nachtmusik' K525 (2006 Digital Remaster): II. Romanze (Andante)
Serenade No. 13 in G, 'Eine kleine Nachtmusik' K525 (2006 Digital Remaster): III. Menuetto (Allegretto)
Serenade No. 13 in G, 'Eine kleine Nachtmusik' K525 (2006 Digital Remaster): IV. Rondo (Allegro)
Serenade No. 10 in B flat, 'Gran Partita' K361/K370a (2006 Digital Remaster): I. Largo - Molto allegro
Serenade No. 10 in B flat, 'Gran Partita' K361/K370a (2006 Digital Remaster): II. Menuetto & Trios I & II
Serenade No. 10 in B flat, 'Gran Partita' K361/K370a (2006 Digital Remaster): III. Adagio
Serenade No. 10 in B flat, 'Gran Partita' K361/K370a (2006 Digital Remaster): IV. Menuetto (Allegretto) & Trios I & II
Serenade No. 10 in B flat, 'Gran Partita' K361/K370a (2006 Digital Remaster): V. Romanza (Adagio - Allegretto - Adagio)
Serenade No. 10 in B flat, 'Gran Partita' K361/K370a (2006 Digital Remaster): VI. Tema (Andante) con variazioni
Serenade No. 10 in B flat, 'Gran Partita' K361/K370a (2006 Digital Remaster): VII. Finale (Molto allegro)
Symphony No. 5 in C minor Op. 67 (2000 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro con brio
Symphony No. 5 in C minor Op. 67 (2000 Digital Remaster): II. Andante con moto
Symphony No. 5 in C minor Op. 67 (2000 Digital Remaster): III. Allegro
Symphony No. 5 in C minor Op. 67 (2000 Digital Remaster): IV. Allegro - Presto
Symphony No. 7 in A Op. 92 (2000 Digital Remaster): I. Poco sostenuto - Vivace
Symphony No. 7 in A Op. 92 (2000 Digital Remaster): II. Allegretto
Symphony No. 7 in A Op. 92 (2000 Digital Remaster): III. Presto - Assai meno presto
Symphony No. 7 in A Op. 92 (2000 Digital Remaster): IV. Allegro con brio
1. (Adagio) - Allegro
2. Presto
3. Largo
4. Menuet
5. Allegro
1. Allegro
2. Romance (Andante)
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Rondo (Allegro)
Allegro moderato
Allegro moderato


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