Walter Gieseking

Biography

Born: November 5, 1895; Lyons, France   Died: October 26, 1956; London, England  
It was with the repertoire of French masters that the German pianist Walter Gieseking became most famous. The impressionistic piano writing of Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel required the most sensitive touch and attention to color and nuance, and Gieseking's finger acuity, imaginative pedaling, and above all, preternaturally alert ear made him an ideal interpreter of this music. Nevertheless, his own repertoire ranged widely across eras and Read more national boundaries.

Largely self-taught as a pianist, Gieseking was born in Lyon, France, on November 5, 1895; with his family (his father was a distinguished doctor and entomologist), he traveled in France and Italy until he enrolled at the Hannover Conservatory, where he came under the tutelage of Karl Leimer, making his debut in 1915.

Gieseking was drafted into the German army a year after his first public performance but escaped combat by performing in his regimental band. After the war, he undertook the the life of a working musician, accompanying singers and instrumentalists, playing in chamber music ensembles, and working as an opera coach. He could hardly avoid the heady artistic atmosphere of postwar Germany, and he became an advocate of new music, playing works by Schoenberg, Busoni, Hindemith, Szymanowski, and Pfitzner, whose Piano Concerto he premiered under Fritz Busch in 1923. Subsequent debuts in London (1923), the United States (1926, Aeolian Hall, New York), and Paris (1928) were highly acclaimed, with audiences and critics responding enthusiastically to Gieseking's subtle shadings and contrapuntal clarity.

The Second World War brought controversy to Gieseking: like many other artists who remained in Germany during hostilities, he was accused of collaborating with the Nazis. His 1949 Carnegie Hall engagements caused such an uproar that they had to be cancelled; but he was eventually cleared of all charges by an Allied court in Germany. His concert career resumed with the success it had formerly enjoyed. To this activity he added a heavy schedule of recording, committing to disc the complete solo piano music of Mozart and the Beethoven concertos, as well as complete sets of Debussy's and Ravel's piano works. At the time of his death in London (October 26, 1956), Gieseking was engaged on a project to record all the Beethoven piano sonatas. His recordings of Debussy and Ravel are regarded as benchmarks for every subsequent performer.

Gieseking's autobiography, So wurde ich Pianist, was published posthumously in 1963; it seems never to have been translated into English. Read less

Biography

Born: November 5, 1895; Lyons, France   Died: October 26, 1956; London, England  
It was with the repertoire of French masters that the German pianist Walter Gieseking became most famous. The impressionistic piano writing of Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel required the most sensitive touch and attention to color and nuance, and Gieseking's finger acuity, imaginative pedaling, and above all, preternaturally alert ear made him an ideal interpreter of this music. Nevertheless, his own repertoire ranged widely across eras and Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
Piano Sonata No. 8 in C Minor, Op.13 'Pathétique' (1990 Digital Remaster): I. Grave - Allegro di molto e con brio
Piano Sonata No. 8 in C minor 'Pathétique' Op. 13 (1990 Digital Remaster): II. Adagio cantabile
Piano Sonata No. 8 in C Minor, Op.13 'Pathétique' (1990 Digital Remaster): III. Rondo (Allegro)
Préludes, Book I (2000 Digital Remaster): I. Danseuses de Delphes (Lent et Grave)
Préludes, Book I (2000 Digital Remaster): II. Voiles (Modéré)
Préludes, Book I (2000 Digital Remaster): III. Le vent dans la plaine (Animé)
Préludes, Book I (2000 Digital Remaster): IV. 'Les sons et les parfums tournent dans I'air du soir' (Modéré)
Préludes, Book I (2000 Digital Remaster): V. Les collines d'Anacapri (Très modéré)
Préludes, Book I (2000 Digital Remaster): VI. Des pas sur la neige (Triste et Lent)
Préludes, Book I (2000 Digital Remaster): VII. Ce qu'a vu le vent d'ouest (Animé et tumultueux)
Préludes, Book I (2000 Digital Remaster): VIII. La fille aux cheveux de lin (Très calme et doucement expressif)
Préludes, Book I (2000 Digital Remaster): IX. La sérénade interrompue (Modérément animé)
Préludes, Book I (2000 Digital Remaster): X. La cathédrale engloutie (Profondément calme)
Préludes, Book I (2000 Digital Remaster): XI. La danse de Puck (Capricieux et léger)
Préludes, Book I (2000 Digital Remaster): XII. Minstrels (Modéré)
Préludes, Book II (2000 Digital Remaster), BOOK 2: I. Brouillards
Préludes, Book II (2000 Digital Remaster), BOOK 2: II. Feuilles mortes
Préludes, Book II (2000 Digital Remaster), BOOK 2: III. La Puerta del Vino
Préludes, Book II (2000 Digital Remaster), BOOK 2: IV. 'Les fées sont d'exquises danseuses'
Préludes, Book II (2000 Digital Remaster), BOOK 2: V. Bruyères
Préludes, Book II (2000 Digital Remaster), BOOK 2: VI. 'General Lavine' - excentric
Préludes, Book II (2000 Digital Remaster), BOOK 2: VII. La terrasse des audiences du clair de lune
Préludes, Book II (2000 Digital Remaster), BOOK 2: VIII. Ondine
Préludes, Book II (2000 Digital Remaster), BOOK 2: IX. Hommage à S. Pickwick, Esq., P.P.M.P.C.
Préludes, Book II (2000 Digital Remaster), BOOK 2: X. Canope
Préludes, Book II (2000 Digital Remaster), BOOK 2: XI. Les tierces alternées
Préludes, Book II (2000 Digital Remaster), BOOK 2: XII. Feux d'artifice
Sonata for Keyboard No. 11 in A K331/K300i (1990 Digital Remaster): I. Tema con variazoni
Sonata for Keyboard No. 11 in A K331/K300i (1990 Digital Remaster): II. Menuetto
Sonata for Keyboard No. 11 in A K331/K300i (1990 Digital Remaster): III. Rondo alla turca
Sonata for Keyboard No. 12 in F K332/K300k (1990 Digital Remaster): Allegro
Sonata for Keyboard No. 12 in F K332/K300k (1990 Digital Remaster): Adagio
Sonata for Keyboard No. 12 in F K332/K300k (1990 Digital Remaster): Allegro assai
Sonata for Keyboard No. 13 in B flat K333/315c (1990 Digital Remaster): Allegro
Sonata for Keyboard No. 13 in B flat K333/315c (1990 Digital Remaster): Andante cantabile
Sonata for Keyboard No. 13 in B flat K333/315c (1990 Digital Remaster): Allegretto grazioso
Piano Concerto No. 23 in A, K.488 (1990 - Remaster): I. Allegro - Cadenza (Gieseking) - Tempo I
Piano Concerto No. 23 in A, K.488 (1990 - Remaster): II. Adagio
Piano Concerto No. 23 in A, K.488 (1990 - Remaster): III. Allegro assai
Quintet for Piano and Wind in E flat K452 (1990 Digital Remaster): I. Largo - Allegro moderato
Quintet for Piano and Wind in E flat K452 (1990 Digital Remaster): II. Larghetto
Quintet for Piano and Wind in E flat K452 (1990 Digital Remaster): III. Rondo (Allegro)
Piano Sonata No. 8 in C Minor, Op.13 'Pathétique' (1990 Digital Remaster): I. Grave - Allegro di molto e con brio
Piano Sonata No. 8 in C minor 'Pathétique' Op. 13 (1990 Digital Remaster): II. Adagio cantabile
Piano Sonata No. 8 in C Minor, Op.13 'Pathétique' (1990 Digital Remaster): III. Rondo (Allegro)
Piano Sonata No. 9 in E major Op. 14 No. 1 (1990 Digital Remaster): Allegro
Piano Sonata No. 9 in E major Op. 14 No. 1 (1990 Digital Remaster): Allegretto
Piano Sonata No. 9 in E major Op. 14 No. 1 (1990 Digital Remaster): Rondo (Allegro comodo)
Piano Sonata No. 10 in G major Op. 14 No. 2 (1990 Digital Remaster): Allegro
Piano Sonata No. 10 in G major Op. 14 No. 2 (1990 Digital Remaster): Andante
Piano Sonata No. 10 in G major Op. 14 No. 2 (1990 Digital Remaster): Scherzo (Allegro assai)
Piano Sonata No. 13 in E flat Major Op. 27 No. 1 (1990 Digital Remaster): I. Andante - Allegro
Piano Sonata No. 13 in E flat Major Op. 27 No. 1 (1990 Digital Remaster): II. Allegro molto e vivace
Piano Sonata No. 13 in E flat Major Op. 27 No. 1 (1990 Digital Remaster): III. Adagio con espressione - Allegro vivace
Piano Sonata No. 14 in C sharp minor 'Moonlight' Op. 27 No. 2 (1990 Digital Remaster): I. Adagio sostenuto
Piano Sonata No. 14 in C sharp minor 'Moonlight' Op. 27 No. 2 (1990 Digital Remaster): II. Allegretto
Piano Sonata No. 14 in C sharp minor 'Moonlight' Op. 27 No. 2 (1990 Digital Remaster): III. Presto agitato
Piano Concerto No. 4 in G, Op.58 (1998 - Remaster): I. Allegro moderato
Piano Concerto No. 4 in G, Op.58 (1998 - Remaster): II. Andante con moto
Piano Concerto No. 4 in G, Op.58 (1998 - Remaster): III. Rondo (Vivace)
Piano Concerto No. 5 in E Flat, Op.73 'Emperor' (1998 - Remaster): I. Allegro
Piano Concerto No. 5 in E Flat, Op.73 'Emperor' (1998 - Remaster): II. Adagio un poco mosso
Piano Concerto No. 5 in E Flat, Op.73 'Emperor' (1998 - Remaster): III. Rondo
Piano Concerto in A Minor, Op.54 (1998 - Remaster): I. Allegro affettuoso - Andante espressivo - Tempo 1 - Cadenza - Allegro molto
Piano Concerto in A Minor, Op.54 (1998 - Remaster): II. Intermezzo (Andantino grazioso)
Piano Concerto in A Minor, Op.54 (1998 - Remaster): III. Allegro vivace
Piano Concerto in A Minor, Op.16 (1998 - Remaster): I. Allegro molto moderato
Piano Concerto in A Minor, Op.16 (1998 - Remaster): II. Adagio
Piano Concerto in A Minor, Op.16 (1998 - Remaster): III. Allegro moderato molto e marcato - Andante maestoso
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: I. Danseuses de Delphes
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: II. Voiles
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: III. Le vent dans la plaine
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: IV. 'Les sons et les parfums tournent dans l'air du soir' - Ch. Baudelaire
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: V. Les collines d'Anacapri
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: VI. Des pas sur la neige
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: VII. Ce qu'a vu le vent d'ouest
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: VIII. La fille aux cheveux de lin
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: IX. La sérénade interrompue
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: X. La cathédrale engloutie
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: XI. La danse de Puck
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: XII. Minstrels
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: I. Brouillards
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: II. Feuilles mortes
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: III. La Puerta del Vino
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: IV. 'Les fées sont d'exquises danseuses'
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: V. Bruyères
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: VI. 'General Lavine' - excentric
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: VII. La terrasse des audiences du clair de lune
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: VIII. Ondine
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: IX. Hommage à S. Pickwick, Esq., P.P.M.P.C.
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: X. Canope
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: XI. Les tierces alternées
Préludes Books I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), BOOK 1: XII. Feux d'artifice
Suite bergamasque (1995 Digital Remaster): Prélude
Suite bergamasque (1995 Digital Remaster): Menuet
Suite bergamasque (1995 Digital Remaster): Clair de lune
Suite bergamasque (1995 Digital Remaster): Passepied
2 Arabesques: No 1 Andantino con moto
2 Arabesques: No 2 Allegretto scherzando
Gaspard de la nuit (2001 Digital Remaster): 1. Ondine (Lent)
Gaspard de la nuit (2001 Digital Remaster): 2. Le Gibet (Très lent)
Gaspard de la nuit (2001 Digital Remaster): 3. Scarbo (Modéré - Vif)
Valses nobles et sentimentales (2001 Digital Remaster): Moderé - très franc
Valses nobles et sentimentales (2001 Digital Remaster): Assez lent (avec une expression intense)
Valses nobles et sentimentales (2001 Digital Remaster): Moderé
Valses nobles et sentimentales (2001 Digital Remaster): Assez animé
Valses nobles et sentimentales (2001 Digital Remaster): Presque lent (dans un sentiment intime)
Valses nobles et sentimentales (2001 Digital Remaster): Vif
Valses nobles et sentimentales (2001 Digital Remaster): Moins vif
Valses nobles et sentimentales (2001 Digital Remaster): Epilogue - Lent
Le Tombeau de Couperin: I: Prélude (Vif)
Le Tombeau de Couperin: II: Fugue (Allegro moderato)
Le Tombeau de Couperin: III: Forlane (Allegretto)
Le Tombeau de Couperin: IV: Rigaudon (Assez vif)
Le Tombeau de Couperin: V: Menuet (Allegro moderato)
Le Tombeau de Couperin: VI: Toccata (Vif)
Piano Sonata No. 8 in C minor 'Pathétique' Op. 13 (1990 Digital Remaster): I. Grave - Allegro di molto e con brio
Piano Sonata No. 8 in C minor 'Pathétique' Op. 13 (1990 Digital Remaster): II. Adagio cantabile
Piano Sonata No. 8 in C minor 'Pathétique' Op. 13 (1990 Digital Remaster): III. Rondo (Allegro)
Quintet for Piano and Wind in E flat K452 (1990 Digital Remaster): I. Largo - Allegro moderato
Quintet for Piano and Wind in E flat K452 (1990 Digital Remaster): II. Larghetto
Quintet for Piano and Wind in E flat K452 (1990 Digital Remaster): III. Rondo (Allegro)
Piano Concerto No. 24 in C Minor, K.491 (1990 - Remaster): I. Allegro - Cadenza (Hummel) - Tempo I
Piano Concerto No. 24 in C Minor, K.491 (1990 - Remaster): II. Larghetto
Piano Concerto No. 24 in C Minor, K.491 (1990 - Remaster): III. Allegretto
I. Allegro con brio
II. Largo
III. Rondo: Allegro scherzando
I. Allegro
II. Adagio un poco mosso
III. Rondo: Allegro
Suite bergamasque (1995 Digital Remaster): Prélude
Suite bergamasque (1995 Digital Remaster): Menuet
Suite bergamasque (1995 Digital Remaster): Clair de lune
Suite bergamasque (1995 Digital Remaster): Passepied
Estampes (1995 Digital Remaster): I. Pagodes
Estampes (1995 Digital Remaster): II. La soirée dans Grenade
Estampes (1995 Digital Remaster): III. Jardins sous la pluie
Images Sets I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), SET 1: I. Reflets dans l'eau
Images Sets I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), SET 1: II. Hommage à Rameau
Images Sets I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), SET 1: III. Mouvement
Images Sets I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), SET 1: I. Cloches à travers les feuilles
Images Sets I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), SET 1: II. Et la lune descend sur le temple qui fût
Images Sets I & II (1995 Digital Remaster), SET 1: III. Poissons d'or
Children's Corner (1995 Digital Remaster): I. Doctor Gradus ad Parnassum
Children's Corner (1995 Digital Remaster): II. Jimbo's Lullaby
Children's Corner (1995 Digital Remaster): III. Serenade for the Doll
Children's Corner (1995 Digital Remaster): IV. The Snow is Dancing
Children's Corner (1995 Digital Remaster): V. The Little Shepherd
Children's Corner (1995 Digital Remaster): VI. Golliwogg's Cake Walk
Schumann: Piano Concerto in A minor, Op.54 - 1. Allegro affettuoso
Schumann: Piano Concerto in A minor, Op.54 - 2. Intermezzo (Andantino grazioso)
Schumann: Piano Concerto in A minor, Op.54 - 3. Allegro vivace
Sonatine (2001 Digital Remaster): Modéré
Sonatine (2001 Digital Remaster): Mouvement de menuet
Sonatine (2001 Digital Remaster): Animé
Miroirs (2001 Digital Remaster): Noctuelles (Très léger)
Miroirs (2001 Digital Remaster): Oiseaux triste (Très lent)
Miroirs (2001 Digital Remaster): Une barque sur l'océan (D'un rythme souple)
Miroirs (2001 Digital Remaster): Alborada del gracioso (Assez vif)
Miroirs (2001 Digital Remaster): La vallée des cloches (Très lent)
Valses nobles et sentimentales (2001 Digital Remaster): Epilogue - Lent
Prélude (Assez lent et très expressif d'un rythme libre) (2001 Digital Remaster)
Prélude (Assez lent et très expressif d'un rythme libre) (2001 Digital Remaster)
A la manière de Borodine (Valse-Allegro giusto) (2001 Digital Remaster)
Le Tombeau de Couperin: I: Prélude (Vif)
Le Tombeau de Couperin: I: Prélude (Vif)
Le Tombeau de Couperin: II: Fugue (Allegro moderato)
Le Tombeau de Couperin: II: Fugue (Allegro moderato)
Le Tombeau de Couperin: III: Forlane (Allegretto)
Le Tombeau de Couperin: III: Forlane (Allegretto)
Le Tombeau de Couperin: IV: Rigaudon (Assez vif)
Le Tombeau de Couperin: IV: Rigaudon (Assez vif)
Le Tombeau de Couperin: V: Menuet (Allegro moderato)
Le Tombeau de Couperin: V: Menuet (Allegro moderato)
Le Tombeau de Couperin: VI: Toccata (Vif)
Le Tombeau de Couperin: VI: Toccata (Vif)
I. Andante ma non troppo
II. Lento e molto espressivo
I. Allegro ma non tanto
II. Intermezzo: Adagio
III. Finale: Alla breve
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Rondo: Allegretto
I. Largo - Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Allegretto


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