Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra

Composers

Biography

Active: 1842 - ; Vienna, Austria
Since its inception in 1842, the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra has represented the best in the Central European orchestral tradition. Before the VPO was founded, in fact, there was no permanent, professional orchestra to be found outside the opera halls in the city of Mozart, Haydn, and Beethoven. In 1833, Franz Lachner, conductor at the Hofoper, had formed a musicians' association from the ranks of the opera orchestras to play symphonic music, Read more but this was a temporary endeavor. Nine years later, a group of music critics and other interested parties persuaded Otto Nicolai, principal conductor of the Kärntertortheater, to conduct the first Wiener Philharmoniker concert at the Grosser Redoutensaal (Great Ballroom) on March 28, 1842. The VPO was founded as the first completely self-governing orchestra, and it has remained so ever since.

Although until 1860 concerts were irregular, the orchestra quickly built up a reputation. From 1860 to 1875, Otto Dessoff was permanent conductor, bringing the music of Johannes Brahms, Richard Wagner, and Franz Liszt into the concert halls. Hans Richter succeeded Dessoff and conducted the orchestra until 1898, introducing Anton Bruckner and Antonín Dvorák to Viennese audiences. Both of these conductors played major roles in establishing the VPO as one of the finest orchestras in the world. During this time, the VPO had numerous premieres of now-classic works such as Brahms' Second Symphony and Bruckner's Eighth; sometimes, as in the case of Bruckner's Third, the premiere was conducted by the composer himself. The great Gustav Mahler conducted from 1898 to 1901, but his tenure was marked by dissension within the orchestra.

The longest-term conductor of the post-Mahler era was Felix Weingartner, from 1908 to 1927. He was beloved by the orchestra for his measured, classical style and in particular for his Beethoven interpretations. From 1933 to 1938, the revered conductors Bruno Walter and Wilhelm Furtwängler shared the subscription concerts; after Hitler's annexation of Austria in 1938, the Nazi Party dissolved the Philharmonic, but the decision was reversed after Furtwängler intervened. The VPO led an uneasy life during the war, but afterwards reclaimed its place in the world's orchestral pantheon. The list of conductors who have led VPO subscription concerts reads like an honor roll of maestros; besides the men already mentioned, composer Richard Strauss, Arturo Toscanini, Dmitri Mitropoulos, Hans Knappertsbusch, Herbert von Karajan, and Leonard Bernstein have each taken turns at the podium.

The VPO is one of the most traditional orchestras in the world today. Some of its traditions are much-beloved, like the annual New Year's concerts of waltzes by the Strauss family; others have come under fire in recent years. While the VPO premiered a lot of music in its early days, it now prefers to play mostly music written before 1900, which created a controversy at the Salzburg Festival during the 1990s. The orchestra also refused until 1997 to accept a female musician as a full member, threatening to disband rather than cave in to political pressure. The only woman in the VPO is harpist Anna Lelkes, who was granted full membership after 26 years of service. It seems that Lelkes is viewed as the exception which confirms the rule. Generally, the VPO opposes hiring musicians who are not Central European men, in order to preserve what is perceived as a unique quality of sound. While the orchestra's policies may be controversial, it cannot be disputed ithat the VPO is one of the world's finest orchestras, performing with exceptional finesse and clarity, with a beautifully blended woodwind and brass sound that meshes perfectly with its subtle, lush strings. Read less
Mozart: The Symphonies / Levine, Vienna PO
Release Date: 01/27/2015   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002244502   Number of Discs: 11
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New Year's Concert 2015 / Zubin Mehta, Vienna Philharmonic
Release Date: 01/06/2015   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 88875037912   Number of Discs: 2
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There are 1,598 Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra recordings available.

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Composers

Conductors

Biography

Active: 1842 - ; Vienna, Austria
Since its inception in 1842, the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra has represented the best in the Central European orchestral tradition. Before the VPO was founded, in fact, there was no permanent, professional orchestra to be found outside the opera halls in the city of Mozart, Haydn, and Beethoven. In 1833, Franz Lachner, conductor at the Hofoper, had formed a musicians' association from the ranks of the opera orchestras to play symphonic music, Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
1. Chor: "Selig sind, die da Leid tragen"
2. Chor: "Denn alles Fleisch, es ist wie Gras"
3. Solo (Bariton) und Chor: "Herr, lehre doch mich"
4. Chor: "Wie lieblich sind deine Wohnungen, Herr Zebaoth!"
5. Solo (Sopran) und Chor: "Ihr habt nun Traurigkeit"
6. Solo (Bariton) und Chor: "Denn wir haben hie keine bleibende Statt"
7. Chor: "Selig sind die Toten, die in dem Herrn sterben"
1. Molto Allegro
2. Andante
3. Presto
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Presto
1. Allegro Assai
2. Andante
3. Presto
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Molto Allegro
1. Allegro Maestoso
2. Andante
3. Presto
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Allegro
1. (Allegro)
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Molto Allegro
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Molto Allegro
1. (Allegro)
2. (Andante)
3. (Allegro)
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Allegro
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Molto Allegro
1. Allegro Moderato
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Allegro Molto
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Presto
1. Allegro Maestoso
2. Andante Grazioso
3. Allegro
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Allegro
1. Allegro
2. Andante Grazioso
3. Menuetto
4. Allegro Molto
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Allegro
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Allegro
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Allegro
1. Allegro Assai
2. Andantino Grazioso
3. Presto Assai
1. Allegro Spirituoso
2. Andantino
3. Presto Assai
1. Allegro Spiritoso
2. Andantino Grazioso
3. Allegro
1. Allegro Con Brio
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Allegro
1. Allegro
2. Andantino Grazioso
3. Presto
1. Allegro Spiritoso
2. Andante
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Presto
1. Allegro Moderato
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Allegro Con Spirito
Molto Presto -
Andante -
Allegro
1. Molto Allegro
2. Andantino Con Moto
3. Menuetto - Trio
4. Presto
1. Allegro Assai
2. Andante
3. Allegro
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Andante Con Moto
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Allegro)
Allegro Spiritoso -
Andante
Primo Tempo
1. Allegro Assai
2. Andante Moderato
3. Menuetto
4. Finale (Allegro Assai)
1. Allegro Vivace
2. Andante Di Molto Piů Tosto Allegretto
3. Allegro Vivace
1. Allegro Con Spirito
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Adagio - Allegro Spiritoso
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Andante
3. Finale (Presto)
1. Molto Allegro
2. Andante
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Allegro Assai)
1. Allegro Vivace
2. Andante Cantabile
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Molto Allegro
1. Allegro maestoso
2. Andante
3. Presto
Allegro moderato
Adagio
Presto
I. Allegro
II. Andante ma un poco adagio
III. Allegro
I. Allegro aperto
II. Andante un poco adagio
III. Rondeau: Allegro
I. Allegro aperto
II. Andante
III. Rondeau: Tempo di minuetto
I. Allegro
II. Andantino
III. Rondo: Presto
I. Allegro
II. Allegretto
III. Allegro assai
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Tempo di minuetto
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Rondeau: Allegretto
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegro
I. Allegro vivace
II. Andantino
III. Allegro ma non troppo
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegro
I. Allegro assai
II. Andante
III. Allegro di molto
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegretto
I. Allegro vivace
II. Andante un poco sostenuto
III. Allegro vivace
I. Allegro
II. Romance
III. Rondo: Allegro assai
I. Allegro maestoso
II. Andante
III. Allegro vivace assai
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Allegro assai
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Allegretto
I. Allegro maestoso
II. Andante
III. Allegretto
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Allegretto
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Allegretto
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegretto - Presto
Bewegt - Sehr lebhaft - Ruhig
Scherzo - Munter
Wiegenlied. Mässig langsam und sehr ruhig
Adagio. Langsam
Finale. Sehr lebhaft
1. Andante un poco maestoso - Allegro molto vivace
2. Larghetto
3. Scherzo (Molto vivace)
4. Allegro animato e grazioso
1. Lebhaft
2. Scherzo (Sehr mäßig)
3. Nicht schnell
4. Feierlich
5. Lebhaft
1. Sostenuto assai - Un poco piů vivace - Allegro ma non troppo - Con fuoco
2. Scherzo (Allegro vivace)
3. Adagio espresssivo
4. Allegro molto vivace
1. Ziemlich langsam - Lebhaft
2. Romanze (Ziemlich langsam)
3. Scherzo
4. Langsam - Lebhaft - Schneller - Presto
1. Un poco sostenuto - Allegro - Meno allegro
2. Andante sostenuto
3. Un poco allegretto e grazioso
4. Adagio - Piu andante - Allegro non troppo, ma con brio - Piu allegro
Der Held
Des Helden Widersacher
Des Helden Gefährtin
Des Helden Walstatt
Des Helden Friedenswerke
Des Helden Weltflucht und Vollendung
Prelude (Sonnenaufgang)
Von den Hinterweltlern
Von der großen Sehnsucht
Von den Freuden und Leidenschaften
Das Grablied
Von der Wissenschaft
Der Genesende
Das Tanzlied - Das Nachtlied
Das Nachtwandlerlied
Introduktion & Theme (Mäßiches Zeitmaß)
Variation 1 (Gemächlich)
Variation 2 (Kriegerisch)
Variation 3 (Mäßiges Zeitmaß)
Variation 4 (Etwas breiter)
Variation 5 (Sehr langsam)
Variation 6 (Schnell)
Variation 7 (Ein wenig ruhiger als vorher)
Variation 8
Variation 9 (Schnell und stürmisch)
Variation 10 (Viel breiter)
Finale (Sehr ruhig)
Thema 1 - Bewegt
Thema 2
Thema 3
Scherzo - Munter
Wiegenlied - Mässig langsam und sehr ruhig
Adagio - Langsam
Finale. Sehr lebhaft
1. Overture to Act I
2. Minuet
3. The Fencing Master
4. Entry And Dance Of The Tailors
5. Lully's Minuet
6. Courante
7. Entry of Cléonte
8. Intermezzo - Prelude to Act II
9. Le Diner
1. Auf der Campagna
2. In Rom's Ruinen
3. Am Strande von Sorrent
4. Neapolitanisches Volksleben
"Wo ist Salome?"
Es ist kalt hier
"Salome, komm, trink Wein mit mir"
"Siehe, die Zeit ist gekommen"
"Wahrhaftig, Herr, es wäre besser, ihn in unsre Hände zu geben!"
"Siehe, der Tah ist nahe"
"Eine Menge Menschen wird sich gegen sie sammeln"
"Tanz für Mich, Salome"
Salome's Dance of the Seven Veils
Ah, herrlich!...Salome, ich beschwöre dich
Still, sprich nicht zu mir!
"Salome, bedenk, was du tun willst"
"Man soll ihr geben, was sie verlangt!"
"Es ist kein Laut zu vernehmen"
"Ah! Du wolltest mich nicht deinen Mund"
"Sie ist ein Ungeheuer, deine Tochter"
"Ah! Ich habe deinen Mund geküsst, Jochanaan"
I. Tempo moderato
II. Calmo, molto affettuoso
III. Allegro impetuoso
I. Tempo giusto - Poco allegro, molto distinto
II. Adagio molto
III. Piu mosso - Lento visionario
1. Un poco sostenuto - Allegro - Meno allegro
2. Andante sostenuto
3. Un poco allegretto e grazioso
4. Adagio - Piu andante - Allegro non troppo, ma con brio - Piu allegro
1. Allegro non troppo
2. Adagio non troppo - L'istesso tempo, ma grazioso
3. Allegretto grazioso ( Quasi andantino) - Presto ma non assai
4. Allegro con spirito
1. Allegro con brio - Un poco sostenuto - Tempo I
2. Andante
3. Poco allegretto
4. Allegro
Theme: "Chorale St. Antoni"
Variation I: Poco piů animato
Variation II: Piů vivace
Variation III: Con moto
Variation IV: Andante con moto
Variation V: Vivace
Variation VI: Vivace
Variation VII: Grazioso
Variation VIII: Presto non troppo
Finale: Andante
1. Allegro non troppo
2. Andante moderato
3. Allegro giocoso - Poco meno presto - Tempo I
4. Allegro energico e passionato - Piů allegro
1. Chor: "Selig sind, die da Leid tragen"
2. Chor: "Denn alles Fleisch, es ist wie Gras"
3. Solo (Bariton) und Chor: "Herr, lehre doch mich"
4. Chor: "Wie lieblich sind deine Wohnungen, Herr Zebaoth!"
5. Solo (Sopran) und Chor: "Ihr habt nun Traurigkeit"
6. Solo (Bariton) und Chor: "Denn wir haben hie keine bleibende Statt"
7. Chor: "Selig sind die Toten, die in dem Herrn sterben"
1. Allegro moderato
2. Adagio (Sehr feierlich und sehr langsam)
3. Scherzo (Sehr schnell)
4. Finale (Bewegt, doch nicht schnell)


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