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Christophorus Columbus - Lost Paradises / Savall, Et Al


Release Date: 03/20/2007 
Label:  Alia Vox   Catalog #: 9850   Spars Code: n/a 
Composer:  Jordi Savall
Performer:  Montserrat Figueras
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Solistas de la Capella Reial de CatalunyaHespèrion XXI
Number of Discs: 2 
Recorded in: Multi 
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Notes and Editorial Reviews

This is a hybrid Super Audio CD playable on both regular and Super Audio CD players.

This selection received the 2008 MIDEM Classical Award in the Early Music category.

In this project, our aim has been not only to rediscover a major musical legacy, performed according to historical criteria on period instruments, but also to pay tribute to the other principal cultures of the age. Our courtly music, preserved in precious manuscripts, is therefore complemented by music from the Arab and Jewish oral traditions, as well as music from a New World unknown to us today, symbolically evoked by the suggestive sound of various types of flute originating in ancient Amerindian cultures. In recalling the most
Read more significant moments of that century, we are not only joining in the fifth Centenary celebrations (1506-2006) to commemorate the death of Columbus. In a symbolic, but deeply sincere gesture, we wish to make amends to the countless men and women to whom we failed to show understanding and respect, simply because their culture and beliefs were different from our own. In Paraísos Perdidos, the music and literature of the period are interwoven, offering a brief but intense picture of those crucial times of religious and cultural metamorphosis in which an Old World disappeared and a New World came into being. The testimony we find in the texts, selected and recited by Manuel Forcano in Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Latin and Nahuatl, together with those recited in Spanish by Francisco Rojas and Núria Espert, and the songs sung in Latin, Hebrew, Arabic, Quechua, Ladino, Spanish, Catalan and Italian by Montserrat Figueras, Begoña Olavide, Lluís Vilamajó and the soloists of La Capella Reial de Catalunya, are the best proof of the cultural richness of an age that was soon to disappear over our horizon. Texts and songs which remind us how important and necessary it is to achieve dialogue and understanding between different religions and cultures if, in this conflict-ridden 21st century, we are to have any hope of preserving and restoring such a vast and meaningful cultural heritage.

The aim of Paraísos Perdidos is to give the literature, history and music of ancient Hesperia and the New World the recognition that they deserve. Keenly aware of the gulf of more than five hundred years which separates us from those remote times, we believe that the beauty and vitality of the music they have bequeathed to us have the power to move today’s audiences, in the same way that the poetic quality and expressive power of the texts recited in the programme movingly bring the dramatic events they evoke back into focus. We are also mindful of the fact that, despite the timeless artistic dimension of these various musical traditions, the instruments, individual forms and sounds associated with them - indeed, everything that goes to make up their characteristic styles, inevitably bears the imprint of the age in which they were created. We have therefore opted for appropriate historical accuracy in vocal and instrumental performance, enhanced by the corresponding creative imagination for which the vocalists and instrumentalists of the ensembles Hespèrion XXI and La Capella Reial de Catalunya, as well as the soloists specialising in Oriental musical traditions and in the ancient instruments (Amerindian flutes) of the New World, are justly famous.

The poet Jorge Manrique once wrote, "What became of those minstrels, of the harmonious music that they played?" In the present CD/Book, the writers, musicologists, actors, singers and instrumentalists taking part in the project aim not just to answer the poet’s question, but to propose a hypothesis for further reflection: the living music of remote ages, when tuned to the memory of our history, can be kindled into the spirit of a renewed critical and humanistic vision of our own origins, and perhaps also help us to emerge from what might be described as our cultural amnesia, a particularly serious problem in the context of our musical heritage. For it is only by rediscovering and revitalising the musical legacy of the past, at the same time as we approach history and the past from a different perspective, that we shall be better able to imagine and build the memory of the future.

-- Jordi Savall, Bellaterra, summer 2006

Disc 1

I PROFECIAS Y EVOCACIONES ANTIGUAS
Medea. (Tragedia, Acto II) – Séneca (s. I d.C)
Música: Coro: G. Binchois; Solo: Anónimo s. XII
(textos citados y traducidos por Colón en su Libro de las Profecías)
1-10 Invocación: Coro: Tethysque novos detegat orbes
Evocación 1: Medea: Nunc iam cessit pontus
Recitados: “Venient annis sæcula” / “Vendrán los tardos años”

1408 Reinado del Emir Nazarí Yusuf III
11. Música: Himno Sufí (improvisación instrumental)
12. Recitado: Descripción de las bellezas de Granada – Ibn Battuta, Los Viajes
13. Música: Mowachah Billadi askara min aadbi Llama Instr. Al-Andalus

II CONQUISTAS Y NACIMIENTO DE COLON
1410 (Septiembre) Las tropas del infante Fernando conquistan Antequera
14. Romance antiguo: El moro de Antequera (Anónimo Sefardí)
15. Recitado: “Estando el infante sobre Antequera...” Crónica de los Reyes de Castilla, cap. XXIX
16. Música: Zappay (instr.) CMM 20

1443 (Febrero) Alfonso V el Magnánimo entra en Nápoles
17. Música: Collinetto (instr.) CMM 22
Recitado: “Ací diré la gran honor que fon feta al senyor rei...” (Dietari de Melcior Miralles, cura del rey Alfonso V y Vicario de la Catedral de Valencia)
18. Villota: Dindirindin – Anónimo CMM 127 2’02

1451 (Octubre) Nace Cristóbal Colón
19. Música: Recitado: “Siendo sus antepasados de la real sangre...” Hernando de Colón
20. Strambotto: O tempo bono – Anónimo CMM 132

III NUEVAS RUTAS Y GRANDES PROYECTOS
1474 (25 de Junio) Carta del físico de Florencia Toscanelli enviada al Príncipe Don Juan
21. Recitado: “Mito ergo sue maiestati cartam, manibus meis factam...”
22. Basse Dance: Mappa mundi (Kyrie de la Misa Mappa Mundi) – Johannes Cornago

1480 Naufragio en el Cabo de San Vicente
23. Recitado: “El Almirante salió al encuentro de cuatro grandes galeras venecianas...” (Hernando de Colón, Vida del Almirante)

1485 Casamiento de Colón durante su estancia en Portugal
24. Improvisación: Melodía antigua (s. XI)
25. Villancico: Meis olhos van por lo mare – Anónimo CMP 453

1486 Colón presenta su proyecto a los Reyes Católicos
26. Recitado: “Finalmente, atendiéndose al uso castellano...”
27. Frottola: In te Domine speravi – Josquin des Près CMP 84

IV EL FIN DEL AL-ANDALUS
28. Improvisación melodía arabo-andaluza
Poema en piedra de la Alhambra de Granada
29. Recitado: Texto en árabe de Ibn Zamrak
30. Jarcha: Ya amlaja halki (Andalucía s. XIII)

1492 (2 de Enero) La Conquista de Granada
31. Música: La Spagna (instr.)
32. Recitado: “Pasaron Julio e Agosto...”
Del partido de la Alhambra y de cómo se dio Granada, por Andrés Bernaldez
33-34 Villancico: Levanta pascual que Granada es tomada – Juan del Enzina CMP 184
35. Romance: Qu’es de ti, desconsolado – Juan del Enzina CMP

Disc 2

V LA DIASPORA SEFARDI
1. Música: Las Estrellas de los cielos (Anónimo Sefardí)
La Santa Inquisición
2. Himno: Patres nostri peccaverunt – Johannes Cornago CMM 2

1492 (31 de marzo) Expulsión de los Judíos no convertidos
3. Recitado: Edicto de Expulsión de los judíos, Joan Coloma (Secret. de los Reyes)
4. Recitado: Oración en arameo: Ha lahma ‘anya
5. Música: El pan de la aflicción (Oración en Ladino)
Testimonio de la expulsión de los judíos
6. Música: Recitado: “En contados meses...”
Testimonio de la expulsión de los judíos
7. Lamentación en hebreo: Mà aidéj? Mà adamélaj – Anónimo

VI DESCUBRIMIENTOS Y AGRAVIOS
1492 (3 de octubre) Primer viaje de Colón
8. Recitado: Cristóbal Colón, Carta a los Reyes Católicos (Primer viaje)
9. Música: Voca la galiera (instr.) – Anónimo CMM 18

1492 (12 de octubre) Desde la Carabela de la Pinta se ve el nuevo mundo
10. Recitado: “Navegó al Ouesudeste...”

1502 Conversión forzosa de todos los moros de los Reinos de Castilla
11. Música: Lamento instr. (improv.)
12. Recitado: “Viendo el Rey y la Reyna que por muchas formas...”
13. Música: Nuba Hiyay Msmarqi. Mizan Bsit. Ya muslimin qalbi (Lamento Árabo andaluz s. XVI)

1502 Moctezuma II es elegido emperador azteca
14. Poema náuhatl sobre la fugacidad universal
Recitado: “¿Cuix oc nelli nemohua oa in tlalticpac Yhui ohuaye?”
15. Música: Homagio Kogui (quena & tambores amerindianos)
16. Música: Recitado: “¿Acaso de verdad se vive en la tierra?...”

VII TESTAMENTO DE ISABEL I Y MUERTE DE COLON
17. Música: Departez vous (instrumental) – Guillaume Dufay

1504 Testamento de la Reina Isabel I de Castilla
18. Música: Recitado: “ Y no consientan...” Sobre el trato a los indios, en una réplica de Fray Bartolomé de las Casas al doctor Ginés de Sepúlveda
19. Villancico: Todos los bienes del mundo – Juan del Enzina CMP 61

1506 (20 de mayo) Muere en Valladolid Cristóbal Colón
20. Fortuna desperata – Heinrich Isaac
21. Música: Recitado: “En mayo de 1505, salió de viaje ...”
22. Miserere nostri / Vexilla Regis – Anónimo CMM 106

Epitafio
23. Fantasía I – Lluís del Milà
Fragmento de una carta del Almirante
24. Música: Recitado: “No soy el primer Almirante de mi familia...”
25. Himno Procesional: Hanacpachap cussicuinin (en Quechua) – Juan Pérez Bocanegra
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Works on This Recording

1. Paraísos Perdidos - Christophorus Columbus by Jordi Savall
Performer:  Montserrat Figueras (Soprano)
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Solistas de la Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI

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