Sergiu Celibidache

Biography

Born: June 28, 1912; Roman, Romania   Died: August 14, 1996; Paris, France  
Romanian-born conductor Sergiu Celibidache spent his early life in Jasí, capital of Moldavia, and in 1936 commenced music studies at the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin. At age 33, after winning a conducting competition organized by Berlin Radio, he became conductor of the reconstituted postwar Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, and toured with it to the British and American sectors of occupied Germany. In 1952 he shared the podium with the exiled Read more Furtwängler, the Berlin Philharmonic's general music director, on a tour of the United States. Later that year when Furtwängler was cleared of allegations of being a Nazi sympathizer and he returned to Germany, Celibidache's appointment with the Berlin PO was terminated.

Thereafter, the larger part of his career was with the radio orchestras of Stockholm (1964-1971), Stuttgart (1971-1977), and Paris (1973-1975). From 1979 until his death, he was music director of the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra and general music director of the City of Munich. Between 1983 and 1984, he conducted the student orchestra at the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia.

When a music student in Berlin, Celibidache also attended Berlin University where he studied philosophy and formed the Buddhist beliefs he retained throughout his life. He preferred the immediacy of a live performance rather than recordings and, according to his son, felt that recordings prevented the listener's spontaneous involvement with the music and gave a distorted representation of reality. Thus, though widely admired as an outstanding conductor, many of Celibidache's recordings were unauthorized, and some were of poor sound quality. It was not until after his death that, with the cooperation of his family, EMI Classics and Deutsche Grammophon released a substantial number of recordings, mainly of broadcast performances with the Stuttgart and Munich orchestras, but also with the Mannheim Philharmonic and London Philharmonic Orchestra. The repertoire is almost entirely Romantic and post-Romantic, including Beethoven, Bruckner, Brahms, Richard Strauss, Debussy, Ravel, Tchaikowsky, Respighi, and Berlioz.

It is perhaps ironic that Celibidache should have received his widest exposure through a medium he did not approve. Yet his intense, finely balanced and deeply felt interpretations made him one of the greatest names in twentieth century orchestral conducting. Above all, he was a superb technician. Celibidache could not have asked for a better memorial than the current library of recordings, especially those in The Celibidache Edition, which includes lengthy rehearsal recordings (one lasts for 45 minutes, complete with English translations). Deutsche Grammophon's selection is mainly from earlier recordings made with the Stuttgart Radio Orchestra. Proceeds from both labels are given to the Celibidache Foundation for the encouragement of young musicians and a humanitarian organization he set up to assist needy people in Tibet, Romania, and other parts of the world. His own compositions include four symphonies, a piano concerto, and an orchestral suite which he recorded for UNICEF with the Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra. Read less
Bruckner: Symphony No 6 / Celibidache, Munich Philharmonic
Release Date: 05/31/2007   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 56694   Number of Discs: 1
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Biography

Born: June 28, 1912; Roman, Romania   Died: August 14, 1996; Paris, France  
Romanian-born conductor Sergiu Celibidache spent his early life in Jasí, capital of Moldavia, and in 1936 commenced music studies at the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin. At age 33, after winning a conducting competition organized by Berlin Radio, he became conductor of the reconstituted postwar Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, and toured with it to the British and American sectors of occupied Germany. In 1952 he shared the podium with the exiled Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Allegro con brio
II. Largo
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Moderato - Allegro
II. Adagio sostenuto
III. Allegro scherzando
I. Allegro vivace
II. Andante con moto
III. Con moto moderato
IV. Saltarello: Presto
I. Allegro aperto
II. Adagio
III. Tempo di menuetto
I. Maestoso
II. Larghetto
III. Allegro vivace
I. Allegro vivo
II. Adagio
III. Allegro vivace
IV. Allegro vivace
I. Allegro non troppo
II. Andante moderato
III. Allegro giocoso - Poco meno presto
IV. Allegro energico e passionato - Piu allegro
I. Andante sostenuto - Allegro vivo
II. Andantino marziale, quasi moderato
III. Scherzo and Trio: Allegro molto vivace
IV. Finale: Moderato assai - Allegro vivo
I. Allegro
II. Adagio ma non troppo
III. Finale: Allegro moderato
I. Allegro moderato
II. Moderato
III. Vivace
IV. Moderato
V. Allegretto
VI. Vivace, ma non troppo
No. 1. De l'aube a midi sur la mer
No. 2. Jeux de vagues
No. 3. Dialogue du vent et de la mer
I. Andante
II. Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Moderato
III. Presto
IV. Largo -
V. Allegretto
Premiere donne (First Deal)
Deuxieme donne (Second Deal)
Troisieme donne (Third Deal)
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Gavotte: Non troppo allegro
IV. Finale: Molto vivace
I. Montagues and Capulets
II. The Young Juliet
III. Friar Laurence
IV. Dance
V. Romeo at Juliet's before Parting
VI. Dance of the Antilles Girls
VII. Romeo at the Grave of Juliet
I. Aubade
II. Pastorale
III. Mascarade
I. Normandie
II. Bretagne
III. Ile de France
IV. Alsace-Lorraine
V. Provence
I. Ouverture
IV. Nocturne
V. Finale
I. Langsam
II. Serh rhythmisch bewegt
III. Langsam
IV. Frisch, lebendig
I. Allegro ma non troppo
II. Allegretto
III. Allegro con brio
I. Moderato
II. Adagio
III. Allegro
I. Lacrymosa
II. Dies Irae
III. Requiem aeternam
I. Overture
II. Aire
III. Hornpipe
IV. Faisrest Isle: Allegretto
V. Aire
VI. Chaconne
I. Allegro
II. Largo
III. Allegro
I. Allegro, molto vivace
II. Adagio
III. Allegro vigoroso
I. Adagio cantabile - Vivace assai
II. Andante
III. Menuetto
IV. Finale: Allegro di molto
I. Adagio - Allegro
II. Andante
III. Menuet - Trio
IV. Finale: Spiritoso
I. Poco sostenuto - Vivace
II. Allegretto
III. Presto, assai meno presto (excerpt)
I. Prelude a la nuit
II. Malaguena
III. Habanera
IV. Feria
I. Allegro moderato -
II. Quasi andante -
III. Allegro impetuoso
I. Sehr lebhaft ? Molto Vivace
II. Langsam ? Lento
III. Medley: 'Drei Fontanen' Canzona, March, Valse lente, Caprice, 'Drei Fontanen'
I. Lebhaft und schwungvoll
II. Ruhig fliessend
III. Lebhaft. Scherzo
IV. Rondo. Sehr lebhaft
I. Prelude: Stormy winter night at the seaside, on the lonely terrace of the castle
II. Ophelia's death
III. March of the dead
I. Dance of Salambo - Matho and Salambo - Matho's Triumphal Dance
II. Intrada - Matho's torture and Death - Salambo's Dance of Death - Epilog
I. Kraftvoll, zunachst noch zuruckhaltend
II. Lebhaft bewegt
III. Sehr getragen und wuchtig
IV. Schnell
Introduction: Andante
Fugue: Allegro marcato
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Kyrie: Chorus: Kyrie Eleison
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Kyrie: Duet: Christe eleison
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Kyrie: Chorus: Kyrie Eleison
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Chorus: Gloria in excelsis
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Chorus: Et in terra pax
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Aria: Laudamus te
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Chorus:Gratias agimus tibi
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Duet: Domine Deus
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Chorus: Qui tollis peccata mundi
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Aria: Qui sedes ad dexteram Patris
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Aria: Quoniam tu solus sanctus
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Chorus: Cum Sancto Spiritu
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Credo in unum Deum
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Credo in unum Deum, Patrem omnipotentem
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Duet: Et in unum Dominum
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Et incarnatus est
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Crucifixus
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Et resurrexti
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Aria: Et in Spiritum Sanctum
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Confiteor
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Et expecto resurrectionem
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Sanctus: Chorus: Sanctus
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Sanctus: Chorus: Osanna in excelsis
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Sanctus: Aria: Benedictus qui venit
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Sanctus: Chorus: Osanna (da capo)
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Agnus Dei: Aria: Agnus Dei
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Agnus Dei: Chorus: Dona nobis pacem
Requiem in D Minor K626, I. Introitus: Requiem aeternam
Requiem in D Minor K626: II. Kyrie
Requiem in D Minor K626, III. Sequenz: Dies irae
Requiem in D Minor K626, III. Sequenz: Tuba mirum
Requiem in D Minor K626, III. Sequenz: Rex tremendae majestatis
Requiem in D Minor K626, III. Sequenz: Recordare, Jesu pie
Requiem in D Minor K626, III. Sequenz: Confutatis maledictus
Requiem in D Minor K626, III. Sequenz: Lacrimosa dies illa
Requiem in D Minor K626, IV. Offertorium: Domine Jesu Christe
Requiem in D Minor K626, IV. Offertorium: Versus: Hostias et preces
Requiem in D Minor K626: V. Sanctus
Requiem in D Minor K626: VI. Benedictus
Requiem in D Minor K626: VII. Agnus Dei
Requiem in D Minor K626: VIII. Communio - Lux aeterna - Cum sanctis tuis
Requiem Op. 48: Introit et Kyrie
Requiem Op. 48: Offertoire
Requiem Op. 48: Sanctus
Requiem Op. 48: Pie Jesu
Requiem Op. 48: Agnus Dei
Requiem Op. 48: Libera Me
Requiem Op. 48: In paradisum
Symphony of Psalms: Exaudi orationem meam, Domine
Symphony of Psalms: Expectans expectavi Dominum
Symphony of Psalms: Alleluia. Laudate Dominum
Scheherazade Op. 35: I. The Sea and Sinbad's Ship
Scheherazade Op. 35: II. The Story of the Kalendar Prince
Scheherazade Op. 35: III. The Young Prince and Princess
Scheherazade Op. 35: IV. Festival at Baghdad. The Sea. Shipwreck. Conclusion
Symphony No. 1 in D Op. 25 'Classical' (2004 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro
Symphony No. 1 in D Op. 25 'Classical' (2004 Digital Remaster): II. Larghetto
Symphony No. 1 in D Op. 25 'Classical' (2004 Digital Remaster): III. Gavotta: Non troppo allegro
Symphony No. 1 in D Op. 25 'Classical' (2004 Digital Remaster): IV. Finale: Molto vivace
Symphony No. 5 in B flat Op. 100: I. Andante
Symphony No. 5 in B flat Op. 100: II. Allegro marcato
Symphony No. 5 in B flat Op. 100: III. Adagio
Symphony No. 5 in B flat Op. 100: IV. Allegro giocoso
Bruckner: Symphony No.3 in D minor - Edition Leopold Nowak - 1. Gemäßigt, mehr bewegt, misterioso
Bruckner: Symphony No.3 in D minor - Edition Leopold Nowak - 2. Andante: Bewegt, feierlich, quasi Adagio
Bruckner: Symphony No.3 in D minor - Edition Leopold Nowak - 3. Scherzo: Ziemlich schnell
Bruckner: Symphony No.3 in D minor - Edition Leopold Nowak - 4. Finale: Allegro
Bruckner: Symphony No.4 in E flat major - "Romantic" - Version 1878/1880 - 1. Bewegt, nicht zu schnell
Bruckner: Symphony No.4 in E flat major - "Romantic" - Version 1878/1880 - 2. Andante quasi allegretto
Bruckner: Symphony No.4 in E flat major - "Romantic" - Version 1878/1880 - 3. Scherzo (Bewegt) - Trio (Nicht zu schnell. Keinesfalls schleppend)
Bruckner: Symphony No.4 in E flat major - "Romantic" - Version 1878/1880 - 4. Finale (Bewegt, doch nicht zu schnell)
Bruckner: Symphony No.5 in B flat major - 1. Introduction. Adagio - Allegro
Bruckner: Symphony No.5 in B flat major - 2. Adagio. Sehr langsam
Bruckner: Symphony No.5 in B flat major - 3. Scherzo. Molto vivace (Schnell) - Trio im gleichen Tempo
Bruckner: Symphony No.5 in B flat major - 4. Finale. Adagio - Allegro moderato
Mozart: Symphony No.35 in D, K.385 "Haffner" - 1. Allegro con spirito
Mozart: Symphony No.35 in D, K.385 "Haffner" - 2. Andante
Mozart: Symphony No.35 in D, K.385 "Haffner" - 3. Menuetto
Mozart: Symphony No.35 in D, K.385 "Haffner" - 4. Finale (Presto)
Bruckner: Symphony No.7 in E major - Ed. Haas - 1. Allegro moderato
Bruckner: Symphony No.7 in E major - Ed. Haas - 2. Adagio. Sehr feierlich und sehr langsam
Bruckner: Symphony No.7 in E major - Ed. Haas - 3. Scherzo. Sehr schnell - Trio. Etwas langsamer
Bruckner: Symphony No.7 in E major - Ed. Haas - 4. Finale. Bewegt, doch nicht schnell
Bruckner: Symphony No.8 in C minor - 1. Allegro moderato
Bruckner: Symphony No.8 in C minor - 2. Scherzo: Allegro moderato - Trio: Langsam
Bruckner: Symphony No.8 in C minor - 3. Adagio: Feierlich langsam
Bruckner: Symphony No.8 in C minor - 4. Finale: Feierlich, nicht schnell
Schubert: Symphony No.5 in B flat, D.485 - 1. Allegro
Schubert: Symphony No.5 in B flat, D.485 - 2. Andante con moto
Schubert: Symphony No.5 in B flat, D.485 - 3. Menuetto (Allegro molto)
Schubert: Symphony No.5 in B flat, D.485 - 4. Allegro vivace
Bruckner: Symphony No.9 in D minor - Edition: Leopold Nowak - 1. Feierlich, Misterioso
Bruckner: Symphony No.9 in D minor - Edition: Leopold Nowak - 2. Scherzo. Bewegt, lebhaft - Trio. Schnell
Bruckner: Symphony No.9 in D minor - Edition: Leopold Nowak - 3. Adagio. Langsam, feierlich
Symphony No. 4 in A 'Italian' Op. 90: I. Allegro vivace
Symphony No. 4 in A 'Italian' Op. 90: II. Andante con moto
Symphony No. 4 in A 'Italian' Op. 90: III. Con moto moderato
Symphony No. 4 in A 'Italian' Op. 90: IV. Saltarello. Presto
Symphony No. 25 in G minor, K183: Allegro con brio
Symphony No. 25 in G minor, K183: Andante
Symphony No. 25 in G minor, K183: Menuetto - trio
Symphony No. 25 in G minor, K183: Allegro
Symphony No. 1, 'Classical' Op. 25 (2004 Digital Remaster): I Allegro
Symphony No. 1, 'Classical' Op. 25 (2004 Digital Remaster): II Larghetto
Symphony No. 1, 'Classical' Op. 25 (2004 Digital Remaster): III Gavotte. Non troppo allegro
Symphony No. 1, 'Classical' Op. 25 (2004 Digital Remaster): IV Finale. Molto vivace
Piano Concerto in A minor Op. 54: Allegro affettuoso - Andante espressivo - Tempo 1 - Cadenza - Allegro molto
Piano Concerto in A minor Op. 54: Intermezzo (Andantino grazioso)
Piano Concerto in A minor Op. 54: Allegro vivace
Piano Concerto No. 1 in B flat minor Op.23: Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Piano Concerto No. 1 in B flat minor Op.23: Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Piano Concerto No. 1 in B flat minor Op.23: Allegro con fuoco
I. Allegro non troppo
II. Andante moderato
III. Allegro giocoso
IV. Allegro energico e passionato
I. Allegro con brio
I. Allegro con brio
II. Larghetto
II. Larghetto
III. Gavotte: Non troppo allegro
III. Gavotte: Non troppo allegro
IV. Finale: Molto vivace
IV. Finale: Molto vivace
I. Adagio cantabile - Vivace assai
II. Andante
III. Menuetto: Allegro molto
IV. Finale: Allegro molto
I. De l'aube a midi sur la mer
II. Jeux de vagues
III. Dialogue du vent et de la mer
I. The Montagues and the Capulets
II. Juliet as a Young Girl
III. Friar Laurence
IV. Dance
V. Romeo Bids Juliet Farewell Before Parting
VI. Dance of the Maids with Lillies
VII. Romeo at Juliet's Grave
1. Allegro
2. Adagio ma non troppo
3. Finale (Allegro moderato)
1. Lento - Allegro ma non troppo - Allegro
2. Allegretto
3. Allegro non troppo
1. Engelkonzert
2. Grablegung
3. Versuchung des heiligen Antonius
1. Allegretto - Poco allegro - Tranquillo, ma poco a poco ravvivando il tempo al allegro
2. Tempo andante, ma rubato - Andante sostenuto
3. Vivacissimo - Lento e suave - Largamente
4. Finale (Allegro moderato)
1. Tempo molto moderato - Largamente - Allegro modera- to
2. Andante mosso, quasi allegretto
3. Allegro molto


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