Saverio Mercadante

Biography

Born: September 17, 1795; Altamura, Italy   Died: December 17, 1870; Naples, Italy  
Saverio Mercadante was a prolific composer of opera during the nineteenth century, and was influential in his day for his "reformed" operas of the 1840s. Reacting to excesses in both bel canto style and grand-opera effects, he purposely restrained himself from those tendencies to arrive at a more effective drama on stage. These reforms were critical for the kinds of operas Verdi pursued early in his career.

Mercadante was
Read more born in Naples and studied with Niccolò Zingarelli between 1816 and 1820. While some of his earliest music was for various instrumental ensembles, he began to compose operas around 1819. With an opera buffa in Rossini's style, Elisa e Claudio (1820), his seventh opera, Mercadante achieved notice in Italy, and he followed that work with many others.

From 1829 to 1830, Mercadante lived in Spain and Portugal, where he continued to compose. With no long-term contracts emerging at the time, Mercadante returned to Italy. He served as maestro di cappella at the Cathedral in Novara from 1833 to 1840, and it was then that Mercadante reconsidered his approach to opera. His "reformed" style begins with his most famous opera, Il giurnamento. In this work he avoided any effects that did not serve the drama directly, and purposely varied the forms used in set pieces. This prevented his resorting to strings of da capo arias or diva-based scenas. Such self-imposed restrictions were part of Mercadante's style for the rest of his career.

In 1839 Mercadante became director of the Liceo musicale in Bologna, and in 1840 he was offered the post that his teacher Zingarelli had held in Naples. He took the post in Naples and remained there for the rest of his life. While his compositional output during the latter part of Mercadante's career lessened, it was nonetheless impressive for the workmanship present in the later works. For a while Verdi associated with Mercadante, but the two parted company soon after Mercadante assisted the younger composer with finding singers for a production of Macbeth in Naples in 1848. Soon Verdi's career eclipsed that of Mercadante, and the dramaturgy that Verdi pursued was regarded as more effective than that of the older Mercadante. While Mercadante's reputation declined, his operas are nonetheless interesting for the quality of the music in them. Mercadante also was a prolific composer of religious music, and those compositions bear consideration for their refined and elegant style. Read less
Mercadante: Clarinet Concertos, Etc / Klöcker, Prague Co
Release Date: 01/25/2005   Label: Orfeo  
Catalog: 114041   Number of Discs: 1
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Mercadante: Il Giuramento / Albrecht, Domingo, Baltsa, Et Al
Release Date: 11/28/2006   Label: Orfeo D'or  
Catalog: 680062   Number of Discs: 2
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There are 79 Saverio Mercadante recordings available.

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Works

Formats & Featured

Saverio Mercadante


MOST POPULAR WORKS
I. Allegro maestoso
II. Andante con variazoni
Allegro maestoso
Andante alla siciliana
Polacca: Allegro brillante
Flute Concerto in E: Allegro maestoso
Largo
Polacca: Brillante
Mercadante: Flute Concerto in E minor - 1. Allegro maestoso
Mercadante: Flute Concerto in E minor - 2. Largo
Mercadante: Flute Concerto In E Minor - 3. Rondo russo (Allegro vivace scherzando)
Act I: Prelude and Morning Prayer - Salve O Dea protettrice di Roma (Chorus of the Vestal Virgins, Principal Vestal Virgin, Emilia, Giunia)
Act I: Recitative after the Prayer - Si, ministre dell'ara (Principal Vestal Virgin, Emilia, Giunia)
Act I; Scene and Duet - Ingiusto ciel...Di conforto un raggio solo (Emilia, Giunia, Chorus of the Vestal Virgins)
Act I: Triumphal Chorus - Plauso al Duce vincitore (Chorus)
Act I: Scene and Largo of the Pezzo Concertato - Padre! ? Decio, m'abbraccia...(Decio, Licinio, Metello, Publio...)
Act I: Continuation and Stretta of the Pezzo Concertato - Si compia il rito (Licinio, Metello, Giunia, Emilia, Decio...)
Act I: Scene and Duet, Finale I - Publio, mi sei tu vero amico?...E la patria, e Roma insano! (Decio, Publio)
Act III: Chorus before the Duet - Ah, questa vittima (Chorus of Vestal Virgins, Chorus of Flamini, Popolo)
Act III: Scene and Duet, Finale III - Ove tratta son'io...Ah! mira gl'incensi (Emilia, Chorus of Vestal Virgins, Giunia, Metello, Lucio...)
Requiem aeternam - Kyrie
Sequentia
Offertorium: Domine Jesu Christe
Sanctus - Agnus Dei
Communio: Lux aeterna
Responsorium: Libera me, Domine
WORKS
I. Allegro maestoso
II. Andante con variazoni
Allegro maestoso
Andante alla siciliana
Polacca: Allegro brillante
Flute Concerto in E: Allegro maestoso
Largo
Polacca: Brillante
Mercadante: Flute Concerto in E minor - 1. Allegro maestoso
Mercadante: Flute Concerto in E minor - 2. Largo
Mercadante: Flute Concerto In E Minor - 3. Rondo russo (Allegro vivace scherzando)
I. [Allegro maestoso]
II. Largo espressivo
III. Polacca brillante
Act I: Sinfonia
Act I: No. 1 Coro d'introduzione
Act I: Recitativo e duetto
Act I: Recitativo dopo il duetto
Act I: No. 2 Recitativo e romaza
Act I: Recitativo dopo la romanza d'Elena
Act I: No. 3 Recitativo e terzettino nel finale primo
Act I: Seguito e stretto del finale primo
Act II: No. 4 Recitativo e duetto
Act III: Recitativo e scena finale
Part I: Introduzione: Le gramaglie, i funebri doppieri (Chorus)
Part I: Perche non posso (Corrado)
Part I: Ove a me rivolgi un guardo (Corrado, Chorus)
Part I: Per lei che mi sprezza (Corrado, Chorus)
Part I: Come un etereo spirto dileguasi (Chorus)
Part I: Cavatina: Tu piangi? (Teresa, Amelia, Chorus)
Part I: Ah! tu m'ami (Amelia, Chorus)
Part I: Ite, vani ornamenti (Amelia, Corrado)
Part I: Se per te non ha diletto (Corrado, Amelia)
Part I: Duetto: Perche di pianti (Amelia, Corrado)
Part I: Finale: Scena: Prode garzone (Ermano, Rollero)
Part I: Cavatina: Questi due verdi salici (Ermano)
Part I: Romanza: Qual soave armonia! (Ermano, Amelia, Rollero)
Part I: Coro religioso: Tutto quaggiu si solve (Amelia, Chorus, Ermano)
Part I: Come turbar poss'io (Ermano, Amelia)
Part I: Sempre ripete mi / No, no, non crederlo (Ermano, Amelia)
Part I: Erman (Rollero, Amelia, Ermano, Corrado, Teresa)
Part I: Incerto, che penso? (Ermano, Corrado, Amelia, Chorus, Rollero, Teresa)
Part I: Scopri alfin il tuo disegno (Chorus, Tutti)
Part II: Coro e Tempesta: Accorrete (Chorus)
Part II: Scena ed Orgia: Giunge Ermano (Chorus, Ermano)
Part II: Scena e Preghiera: Ermano, ove sei tu? (Ermano)
Part II: Qual gemito! (Ermano, Conte, Solitario)
Part II: Chi mi sveglia dal mio sepolcro? (Conte, Ermano)
Part II: Duetto: Deh, risparmia ch'io racconti (Conte, Ermanno)
Part II: Io si, che un figlio avea (Conte, Ermanno)
Part II: Tu lo conosci? (Conte, Ermanno)
Part II: Stretta finale: All'armi! (Chorus, Conte, Ermano)
Part III: Coro: Notte, il silenzio doppia (Chorus)
Part III: Tutto riposa (Corrado)
Part III: Ah! no: vivi e spargi un fiore (Corrado, Chorus)
Part III: Preghiera: Dove corre quell'empio? (Amelia)
Part III: Ciel! del mio prode Ermano (Amelia)
Part III: Amelia, esulta (Chorus, Amelia)
Part III: Finale: Giunge alcun (Amelia, Chorus, Conte, Tutti, Ermano)
Part III: Cosi serbi il giuramento (Conte, Ermano, Amelia)
Part III: Sul mio fronte (Ermano, Amelia, Conte, Chorus)
Part III: Deh! non scemar con lagrime (Ermano, Amelia, Conte, Chorus)
Act I: Prelude and Morning Prayer - Salve O Dea protettrice di Roma (Chorus of the Vestal Virgins, Principal Vestal Virgin, Emilia, Giunia)
Act I: Recitative after the Prayer - Si, ministre dell'ara (Principal Vestal Virgin, Emilia, Giunia)
Act I; Scene and Duet - Ingiusto ciel...Di conforto un raggio solo (Emilia, Giunia, Chorus of the Vestal Virgins)
Act I: Triumphal Chorus - Plauso al Duce vincitore (Chorus)
Act I: Scene and Largo of the Pezzo Concertato - Padre! ? Decio, m'abbraccia...(Decio, Licinio, Metello, Publio...)
Act I: Continuation and Stretta of the Pezzo Concertato - Si compia il rito (Licinio, Metello, Giunia, Emilia, Decio...)
Act I: Scene and Duet, Finale I - Publio, mi sei tu vero amico?...E la patria, e Roma insano! (Decio, Publio)
Act III: Chorus before the Duet - Ah, questa vittima (Chorus of Vestal Virgins, Chorus of Flamini, Popolo)
Act III: Scene and Duet, Finale III - Ove tratta son'io...Ah! mira gl'incensi (Emilia, Chorus of Vestal Virgins, Giunia, Metello, Lucio...)
Kyrie eleison - Larghetto (soprano and chorus)
Gloria in excelsis Deo ? Allegro vivace (chorus)
Gratias agimus tibi (soprano)
Domine Deus? Andante mosso (soprano, tenor, bass)
Qui tollis peccata mundi - Larghetto (soprano, mezzosoprano, tenor, bass)
Qui sedes ad dexteram - Andantino (soprano and chorus)
Requiem aeternam - Kyrie
Sequentia
Offertorium: Domine Jesu Christe
Sanctus - Agnus Dei
Communio: Lux aeterna
Responsorium: Libera me, Domine


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