Russian State Symphony Orchestra

Biography

Active: 1936 -
The Russian State Symphony Orchestra is one of the primary orchestras of Russia. Regular symphonic activity in Moscow began in 1959, when Nikolas Rubinstein founded a Moscow branch of the Russian Musical Society, and in the next year founded the Moscow Conservatory. The RMS gave concerts in the Assembly of Nobles or the auditorium of the Bol'shoi (Great) Theater, home of the city's opera company. In 1883, the Moscow Philharmonic Society was Read more founded and also gave concerts. In these years, several private orchestras were also founded and existed for short periods.

The 1917 Bolshevik Revolution resulted in the nationalization of the Conservatory on June 12, 1918, and most old musical institutions were replaced with government and party run ones. The Great (Bol'shoi) Hall of the Moscow Conservatory was taken over for public concert use. (Thus, there are two musical spaces in Moscow with the name "Bol'shoi." Even more confusingly, the orchestra giving concerts at the conservatory was the "Corporation of Solo Artists of the Bol'shoi Theater.") The Education Commisariat had a symphony orchestra, called MUZO Narkompros as a shortening of its full bureaucratic name beginning in 1920. The State Philharmonic was established in 1920. The Russian Philharmonic existed from 1925 to 1928, then was replaced by the Soviet Philharmonic (1928-1931) and finally the Moscow Philharmonic (1931 onwards).

Two new orchestras were founded in the 1930s. First (1931) was the Grand (the word Bol'shoi, again) Symphony Orchestra of All-Union Radio, variously called the USSR Radio Symphony or Radio Moscow Symphony.

In 1936 the USSR State Symphony Orchestra (Gosudarstvennii Simfonicheskii Orkestr Soyuza SSR) was founded and intended to be the premier orchestra of the Soviet Union and gave its first concert in October of that year at the Great Hall of the Conservatory. (Despite official intentions, for most of the time the Leningrad-later St. Petersburg-Philharmonic has generally been ranked as the country's greatest orchestra.) True to its founding as a national orchestra, it began its first tour of the vast country in 1937. Its initial conductor was Aleksandr Gauk (1936-1941). Nathan Rakhlin served during the war years (1941-1945) and his successor was Konstantin Ivanov (1946-1965).

Taking the podium in 1965 and presiding over the orchestra for the majority of its existence has been Evgeni Svetlanov, who has maintained the orchestra's high standards during the changing times to follow. Over the years the orchestra has given many important premiere performances and has been conducted by eminent guest artists from Russia and abroad, and has extensively recorded, especially, during the Soviet era, for Melodiya, the State record company, and its predecessors. It also broadcast on radio and television on a regular basis. It did not make its first foreign tour until 1957, and first visited North America in 1960. It has frequently toured abroad since then.

After the fall of the Soviet Union, the orchestra was renamed the Russian State Symphony Orchestra (sometimes Russian Federation Symphony Orchestra). It made its first trip outside the country under its new name in 1992, a five-month sojourn taking it to France, Germany, Austria, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, South Korea, and Japan. It continues to appear abroad, appears regularly in both Moscow and St. Petersburg, and often tours other cities in the country. In the 1990s it recorded a massive overview of the entire history of Russian symphonic music on a hundred compact discs.

The new openness following the end of Communist rule has led to an increase the orchestra's playing of music of Western composers, with especially strong interest in works of Mahler and Villa-Lobos. Read less
Schnittke: Symphony No 1 / Rozhdestvensky, Ussr  State Symphony
Release Date: 07/10/2015   Label: Melodiya  
Catalog: 1002321   Number of Discs: 1
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Grechaninov: Symphony No 3, Etc /Polyansky, Russian State So
Release Date: 04/13/1999   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9698   Number of Discs: 1
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Taneyev: Symphonies No 2 & 4 / Polyansky, Russian State So
Release Date: 09/24/2002   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9998   Number of Discs: 1
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Grechaninov: Symphony No 1, Etc / Polyansky, Russian Sso
Release Date: 10/17/1995   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9397   Number of Discs: 1
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Schnittke: Symphony No 4, Etc / Polyansky, Russian State So
Release Date: 03/19/1996   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9463   Number of Discs: 1
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There are 95 Russian State Symphony Orchestra recordings available.

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Biography

Active: 1936 -
The Russian State Symphony Orchestra is one of the primary orchestras of Russia. Regular symphonic activity in Moscow began in 1959, when Nikolas Rubinstein founded a Moscow branch of the Russian Musical Society, and in the next year founded the Moscow Conservatory. The RMS gave concerts in the Assembly of Nobles or the auditorium of the Bol'shoi (Great) Theater, home of the city's opera company. In 1883, the Moscow Philharmonic Society was Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Lento - Allegro moderato
II. Presto
III. Adagio
IV. Largo - Allegro con fuoco
I. Allegro maestoso
II. Adagio non tanto
III. Allegro
IV. Adagio - Allegro con fuoco
I. Andante -
II. Allegro giusto -
III. Allegro
I. Andante mosso
II. Andante
III. Allegretto
I. Vivace
II. Andante
III. Allegro vivace
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No.3 in D minor, Op.30: I. Allegro ma non tanto
II. Intermezzo. Adagio
III. Finale. Alla breve
I. Pesante ?
II. Largo ?
III. Allegro vivace ?
IV. Largo
I. Moderato -
II. Allegro
III. Lento -
IV. Allegretto mino -
V. Grave
I. Andantino - Allegro
II. Pesante
III. Allegro
IV. Andantino
I. Allegro
II. Andantino quasi allegretto
III. Vivace assai
IV. Allegro molto
I. Allegro con spirito
II. Allegro vivace alla marcia
III. Intermezzo: Andantino grazioso
IV. Allegro con brio
I. Allegro
II. Moderato
III. Presto -
IV. Largo -
V. Allegretto
No. 1. At ten versts from the capital
No. 2. The street is in turmoil
I. Allegro moderato
II. Lento
III. Moderato -
IV. Allegro brio
I. Overture
II. March
III. The Chase
IV. Music at the restaurant
V. Finale: [Yanya]
I. Largo
II. Allegro moderato
III. Larghetto
IV. Andante maestoso
I. Lento
II. Allegro dramatico
III. Lento
IV. Vivace
V. Allegro
VI. Andante
Prelude
Scene 1: In the Tower
Scene 2: In the Cellar
Scene 3: At the Palace
I. Adagio - Allegro
II. Theme and variations
III. Intermezzo: Allegretto
IV. Finale: Andante maestoso
I. Introduction: Andante
II. Intermezzo: Scherzando moderato
III. Carnaval: Presto
IV. Pastorale: Moderato
V. Danse orientale: Allegro
VI. Elegie: Adagio
VII. Cortege: Alla marcia - Maestoso
No. 1 in C major
No. 2 in F major
No. 3 in C minor
I. Allegro moderato
II. Presto
III. Adagio -
IV. Allegro vivace
I. Andantino - Allegro
II. Pesante
III. Allegro
IV. Andantino
I. Moderato - Allegro
II. Adagio sostenuto
III. Allegro scherzando
I. Allegro ma non tanto
II. Intermezzo: Adagio
III. Finale: Alla breve
Part I Scene 1: Prologue: Overture
Part I Scene 1: Prologue: Death of Glinskaya
Part I Scene 1: Prologue: Young Ivan's March
Part I Scene 1: Prologue: The Ocean - the Sea
Part I Scene 1: Prologue: Shuisky and the keepers of the hounds
Part I Scene 1: Prologue: Death of Glinskaya
Part I Scene 2: The Coronation: Kyrie eleison
Part I Scene 2: The Coronation: Sofroniev Cherubic Hymn
Part I Scene 2: The Coronation: May he live forever!
Part I Scene 3: The Wedding: Glorification
Part I Scene 3: The Wedding: The Swan
Part I Scene 3: The Wedding: The Simpleton
Part I Scene 3: The Wedding: Riot
Part I Scene 4: The Conquest of Kazan: Entrance of the Tartars
Part I Scene 4: The Conquest of Kazan: Cannon are brought to Kazan
Part I Scene 4: The Conquest of Kazan: Kurbsky's trumpets
Part I Scene 4: The Conquest of Kazan: Ivan's tent
Part I Scene 4: The Conquest of Kazan: Tartar steppes
Part I Scene 4: The Conquest of Kazan: The Artillerymen
Part I Scene 4: The Conquest of Kazan: The Tartars
Part I Scene 4: The Conquest of Kazan: Kurbsky's trumpets
Part I Scene 4: The Conquest of Kazan: Attack
Part I Scene 4: The Conquest of Kazan: Maluyata's jealousy
Part I Scene 4: The Conquest of Kazan: Kazan has fallen
Part I Scene 5: Ivan's Illness: O, my soul
Part I Scene 5: Ivan's Illness: O, Lord most gracious
Part I Scene 5: Ivan's Illness: O, my soul
Part I Scene 5: Ivan's Illness: Ivan's appeal to the Boyars
Part I Scene 6: The Death of Anastasia: Anastasia's illness
Part I Scene 6: The Death of Anastasia: Anastasia is poisoned
Part I Scene 6: The Death of Anastasia: Eternal remembrance (liturgical chart)
Part I Scene 6: The Death of Anastasia: Rest with the saints
Part I Scene 6: The Death of Anastasia: Thou alone
Part I Scene 6: The Death of Anastasia: Ivan at Anastasia's coffin
Part I Scene 7: The Oath of the Oprichniks: Oath of the Oprichniks
Part I Scene 7: The Oath of the Oprichniks: Come back!
Part II: Overture
Part II Scene 8: At the Polish Court: Fanfares
Part II Scene 8: At the Polish Court: Polonaise
Part II Scene 8: At the Polish Court: Fanfares
Part II Scene 9: Lamentation for the executed Boyars: Do not sob, Mother
Part II Scene 9: Lamentation for the executed Boyars: It were better for you, Judas
Part II Scene 9: Lamentation for the executed Boyars: Shuisky and the keepers of the hounds
Part II Scene 10: The Fiery Furnace: Wondrous is God
Part II Scene 10: The Fiery Furnace: Song of the boys
Part II Scene 10: The Fiery Furnace: Song about the beaver
Part II Scene 11: The Tsar's banquet and The Cathedral: Chaotic dance and Orderly dance of the Oprichniks
Part II Scene 11: The Tsar's banquet and The Cathedral: Song of the Oprichniks
Part II Scene 11: The Tsar's banquet and The Cathedral: O, my soul
Part II Scene 11: The Tsar's banquet and The Cathedral: Song of the Oprichniks
Part II Scene 11: The Tsar's banquet and The Cathedral: Chorus of the Oprichniks
Part II Scene 11: The Tsar's banquet and The Cathedral: Vladimir's murder
Part II Scene 11: The Tsar's banquet and The Cathedral: Entrance of Ivan
Part II Scene 11: The Tsar's banquet and The Cathedral: Finale
I. Adagio - Allegro patetico
II. Andante pastorale con moto
III. Scherzo: Allegro con spirito
IV. Finale: Allegro giocoso
Theme: Moderato
Variation 1: Un poco piu mosso
Variation 2: Allegro non troppo
Variation 3: Andantino tranquillo
Variation 4: Vivace
Variation 5: Andante
Variation 6: Allegro con spirito
Variation 7: Andante con moto
Coda: Moderato
No. 1. Serenade
No. 2. To the Dying Star
No. 3. The Hot Spring
I. Allegro moderato
II. Mesto
III. Allegro
IV. Moderato sostenuto
I. In a teeming multitude (Chorus)
II. Berceuse: At this peaceful cradle (Mezzo-Soprano)
III. His childhood years passed ... (Chorus, Mezzo-Soprano)
IV. Aria: From the cares of the dreary world (Tenor, Chorus)
V. Hymn: Ever glorious and without compare (Mezzo-Soprano, Tenor, Chorus)
I. Russia under the Mongolian Yoke
II. Song about Alexander Nevsky
III. The Crusaders in Pskov
IV. Arise, ye Russian People
V. The Battle on Ice
VI. The Field of the Dead
VII. Alexander's Entry into Pskov
The Ghost of Hamlet's Father
Claudius's March
Fanfares
Pantomime
Ophelia's first song
Ophelia's second song
Ophelia's third song
Ophelia's fourth song
The Gravedigger's song
Fortinbras's Final March
I. Night in Egypt: Adagio
II. Caesar, the Sphinx and Cleopatra: Andantino
III. The Alarm: Allegro inquieto
IV. Dances: Allegretto
V. Anthony: Andante mosso
VI. The Fall of Cleopatra: Lento doloroso
VII. Roma militaris: Andante maestoso
Introduction: Andante dolce [quasi andantino]
Scene 1: The Meeting: Allegro amabile
Scene 1: Mime Scene: Moderato [quasi allegretto]
Scene 1: Pas de Deux: Andante mosso
Scene 1: Man's Variation and Finale: Allegro vivace e ben marcato
Scene 2: The Betrothal: Andante
Scene 2: Fiance's Dance: Allegro risoluto
Scene 2: Fiancee's Dance: Andante con eleganza
Scene 2: Young Men's Dance: Andantino
Scene 2: The Fight: Allegro precipitato
Scene 2: Mime Scene: Moderato
Scene 2: Epilogue: Andante amoroso
I. March
II. Over the Bridge: Cavalry song
III. Goodbye!
IV. Golden Ukraine: Folksong
V. Brother for Brother
VI. Girls
VII. A Twenty-year-old
VIII. Lullaby
IX. October Flame
I. Allegretto ?
II. Moderato ?
III. Cadenza ?
IV. Finale: Allegro con moto
I. Largo ?
II. Scherzo: Allegretto ?
III. Finale: Allegretto
Prologue: Behold the Kurus assembled ... (Chorus)
Arjuna's Anguish: Krishna, unchanging guide of my life (Baritone, Chorus)
The Eternal Self: Arjuna, your words seem wise (Chorus)
Duty and Karma-Yoga: See also the nature of your own mind (Chorus)
The Illumined Seer: Realize God in this life? Is it possible? (Baritone, Chorus)
One's Own Path: Krishna, you speak of a state of bliss beyond all action (Baritone, Chorus)
The Cause of Evil: Krishna, what is it that makes a person evil (Baritone, Chorus)
Meditation: Krishna, you describe a life of self-conquest, evenness of temper (Baritone, Chorus)
The Cosmos
The Gift
Introduction
Act I No. 1: Scene
Act I No. 2: Valse
Act I No. 3: Scene
Act I No. 4: Pas de trois
Act I No. 4: Pas de trois
Act I No. 4: Pas de trois
Act I No. 4: Pas de trois
Act I No. 4: Pas de trois
Act I No. 4: Pas de trois
Act I No. 5: Pas de deux
Act I No. 5: Pas de deux
Act I No. 5: Pas de deux
Act I No. 5: Pas de deux
Act I No. 6: Pas d'action
Act I No. 7: Sujet
Act I No. 8: Dance of the goblets
Act I No. 9: Finale: Flight of the Swans
Act II No. 10: Scene
Act II No. 11: Scene
Act II No. 12: Scene
Act II No. 13: Dances of the swans
Act II No. 13: Dances of the swans
Act II No. 13: Dances of the swans
Act II No. 13: Dances of the swans
Act II No. 13: Dances of the swans
Act II No. 13: Dances of the swans
Act II No. 13: Dances of the swans
Act II No. 14: Scene
I. Adagio - Allegro animato
II. Adagio
III. Presto ma non troppo
I. Lento ma non troppo
II. Allegro vivace
I. Introduction and Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegro
I. Allegro molto
II. Adagio
III. Scherzo: Vivace
IV. Finale: Allegro energico - Molto maestoso
I. Allegro ben articolato
II. Theme and variations
I. Andante
II. Allegro giusto
III. Andante con moto
I. March
II. Lyric Waltz
III. Dance 1
IV. Waltz 1
V. Little Polka
VI. Waltz 2
VII. Dance 2
VIII. Finale
I. Waltz
II. Polka
III. Foxtrot (Blues)
I. Allegro
II. Vivace
III. Andante
IV. Allegro moderato
Jauchzet dem Herrn alle Welt! ... -
Erkennet, dass der Herr Gott ist! ... -
Gehet zu seinen Toren ein ... -
Denn der Herr ist freundlich ... -
Theme: Andante grazioso
Variation 1: L'istesso tempo
Variation 2: Poco agitato
Variation 3: Con moto
Variation 4: Vivace
Variation 5: Quasi presto
Variation 6: Sostenuto
Variation 7: Andante grazioso
Variation 8: Molto sostenuto
Fugue: Allegretto grazioso
I. Largo
II. Allegro
III. Presto
I. Grave - Allegro ma non troppo - Moderato - Allegro vivace - L'istesso tempo - Allegro Molto
II. Allegro animato - Meno mosso - Tempo I
III. Larghetto - Piu mosso - Largo un poco - Con moto - Tempo I
IV. Allegro con fuoco, Marciale [sempre marcato] - Con animo - Allegro mosso - Allegro con fuoco - Presto - Largo
No. 1. The Sea and Seagulls (after Rachmaninov's Op. 39, No. 2)
No. 2. Fair Scene (after Rachmaninov's Op. 33, No. 4)
No. 3. Funeral March (after Rachmaninov's Op. 39, No. 7)
No. 4. Red Riding Hood and the Wolf (after Rachmaninov's Op. 39, No. 6)
No. 5. Oriental March (after Rachmaninov's Op. 39, No. 9)
The Sorrowful Mother stood
Who is he that would not weep ...
Come then, Mother, fount of love
Let me sincerely weep with you
O Virgin, most exalted among virgins
O Christ, when it is time to depart here
I. Moderato assai
II. Vivace, Scherzando
III. Largo
I. Moderato
II. Allegro moderato
III. Lento
IV. Allegro moderato - Allegro vivace -
V. Lento
I. Overture
II. Chichikov's Childhood
III. The Portrait
IV. The Cloak
V. Ferdinand VIII
VI. The Bureaucrats
VII. The Ball
VIII. The Testimony
I. Andante -
II. Allegro giusto -
III. Allegro
I. Andante mosso
II. Andante
III. Allegretto
1. Exaudi orationem meam, Domine
2. Expectans expectavi Dominum
3. Alleluia, laudate Dominum
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Benedictus
Agnus Dei
I. Moderato
II. Allegro
III. Allegretto
IV. Andante - Allegro
Overture -
Scene: Jonnie be quick (Tenor solo, Tommie, Manager, Chorus) -
Song of the Architect: Put this valuable shipment here ... (Architect, Bass solo, Chorus) -
Scene with an American -
Mayofel's Song: The automobile Silver Bullet has beaten the world speed record (Mayofel) -
Telephone Calls: Hello, sorry [spoken] (Semyon, Old woman, Voice from megaphone) -
Semyon's Song: The Soviet Union is the country of my days (Semyon, Chorus) -
Duet: In a country of hostile Liliputians we stand ... (Yegor, Semyon) -
Procession of Models
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Benedictus
Agnus Dei
I. Maestoso ?
II. Andante ?
III. Scherzo: Allegro ?
IV. Finale: Allegro moderato


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