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¡tambalagumba!: Early World Music In Latin America

Padilla / Ensemble Villancico / Pontvik
Release Date: 01/28/2014 
Label:  Cpo   Catalog #: 777811   Spars Code: DDD 
Composer:  AnonymousAndrés FloresTraditionalJuan Garcia de Zespedes,   ... 
Performer:  Annasara JaenssonYamandu PontvikJoakim SchusterKarl Nyhlin,   ... 
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Number of Discs: 1 
Recorded in: Stereo 
Length: 0 Hours 51 Mins. 

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Notes and Editorial Reviews

TAMBALAGUMBÁ: Early World Music in Latin America Peter Pontvik, cond; Ens Villancico CPO 777 811 (51:00 Text and Translation) period and folk instruments

If one believes the late Robert Stevenson, the treasures awaiting resurrection in Latin American archives are extensive, a task that will surely provide material for many years to come as they slowly emerge to see the light of day. To be sure, there are “normal” European composers beginning already in the Renaissance who wrote much as their colleagues Read more in the Old World did, and indeed imports of music were initiated even as the conquest was being solidified during the latter half of the 16th century. Indigenous composers, many from native cultures where music was highly prized, also began quite early to contribute to this body of work. Up to the 18th century and perhaps beyond, numerous codices of music, meant either for the church or celebrations, were gathered, collections which have preserved a great deal of this music, both by obscure composers and that legendary immortal, Anonymous.

Ensemble Villancico, presumably taking its name from the most popular genre found in New Spain at the time, is a Swedish group, but it has clearly specialized in resurrecting this material from the various codices, many of which are bilingual, in Spanish and Meso-American languages. These were composed by Spanish musicians who arrived to perform official musical duties at the newly-established cathedrals in New Spain. For example, Gaspar Fernandes (c. 1566–1629) was a Portuguese composer who traveled to Puebla in 1609 and wrote in both Nahuatl and Spanish. His Ximoyolali Siñola is a nicely rocking villancico wherein Mary is exhorted to take her son out to dance the mitate , an Aztec ceremonial dance. From Bolivia comes Roque de Chavarria’s Fuera, fuera , a dialogue between the natives and Spanish (in Quechua and Spanish) that is hardly politically correct. The latter mock the former as barbaric, ignorant savages, while the Indians pay their respects at the crib of Jesus with allusions to local animals and a sense of adoration that belies the mockery. This contrasts with the serene Tristis est anima mea by Juan de Lienas (c. 1617–1654), possibly a local composer who thoroughly has absorbed the polyphonic style of Tomás Luis de Victoria. The voice-leading and counterpoint are quite Tridentine, but the fact that it probably originated in Mexico gives substance to the notion that the Spanish quickly and efficiently transmitted the prevailing late Renaissance style to their new colonies. Among the pieces are numerous anonymous works, including rhythmically vibrant dances, such as the Peruvian Baile del chimo , or the Lanchas para bailar , which will be certain to keep the toes tapping, just as they did for religious festivals some four centuries ago. Many of the composers are extremely obscure, with little or nothing known of their lives or music beyond these brief and rare appearances in the codices, but given that they absorbed the native musical idioms completely, often with added native percussion accompaniment (a performance practical consideration that is fairly well-documented).

The performance is crisp and clean, with the folk-like rhythms being clearly delineated. The voices are likewise well done, with good enunciation, even in the native languages. Pontvik has done a great service in bringing this music out from obscurity and this disc will surely have listeners clamoring for more. Highly recommended.

FANFARE: Bertil van Boer
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Works on This Recording

María, todo es María, song by Anonymous
Performer:  Annasara Jaensson ()
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Written: 16th Century 
Venue:  Länna kyrka, Sweden 
Length: 2 Minutes 51 Secs. 
Lanchas para bailar by Anonymous
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Written: Peru 
Venue:  Länna kyrka, Sweden 
Length: 3 Minutes 8 Secs. 
A este edeficio célebre by Andrés Flores
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Venue:  Länna kyrka, Sweden 
Length: 2 Minutes 45 Secs. 
Señora Doña Maria, hymn (Chilean) by Traditional
Performer:  Yamandu Pontvik (), Joakim Schuster ()
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Venue:  Länna kyrka, Sweden 
Length: 2 Minutes 32 Secs. 
Cachua al nacimiento de Christo Nuestro Señor (Peruvian) by Traditional
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Venue:  Länna kyrka, Sweden 
Length: 2 Minutes 34 Secs. 
Convidando esta la noche, for chorus & ensemble by Juan Garcia de Zespedes
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Venue:  Länna kyrka, Sweden 
Length: 4 Minutes 49 Secs. 
Tristis est anima mea, hymne by Juan de Lienas
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  Länna kyrka, Sweden 
Length: 3 Minutes 12 Secs. 
Fuera, Fuera! Haganles lugar!, for chorus by Roque Jacinto de Chavarri
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  Länna kyrka, Sweden 
Length: 4 Minutes 37 Secs. 
Saldivar Codex no 4: Zarambegues o Muecas by Santiago de Murcia
Performer:  Karl Nyhlin (Lute), Karl Nyhlin (Theorbo)
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Period: Baroque 
Written: by 1732 
Venue:  Länna kyrka, Sweden 
Length: 2 Minutes 10 Secs. 
Baile Del Chimo by Anonymous
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  Länna kyrka, Sweden 
Length: 3 Minutes 25 Secs. 
Dios es ya nascido (Guatemalan) by Traditional
Performer:  Rodrigo Sosa Dal Pozzo ()
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Venue:  Länna kyrka, Sweden 
Length: 1 Minutes 45 Secs. 
Matais de incêndios (Cantiga ou vilancico para o Natal) by Brazilian Anonymous
Performer:  Love Entstrom (), Rodrigo Sosa Dal Pozzo ()
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Venue:  Länna kyrka, Sweden 
Length: 2 Minutes 53 Secs. 
El Son de la Má Teodora by Teodora Ginés
Performer:  Jessica Backlund ()
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Written: circa 1600 
Venue:  Länna kyrka, Sweden 
Length: 2 Minutes 49 Secs. 
Tambalagumbá by Juan Gutierrez de Padilla
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  Länna kyrka, Sweden 
Length: 2 Minutes 24 Secs. 
Negrinho tiray vos by Gaspar Fernandes
Performer:  Love Entstrom (), Jessica Backlund ()
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  Länna kyrka, Sweden 
Length: 3 Minutes 12 Secs. 
Vengan no se detengan by Juan Gutierrez de Padilla
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  Länna kyrka, Sweden 
Length: 2 Minutes 52 Secs. 
Ximoyolali Siñola by Gaspar Fernandes
Conductor:  Peter Pontvik
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  Länna kyrka, Sweden 
Length: 2 Minutes 54 Secs. 

Sound Samples

Negrilla a 6, "Tambalagumba"
Maria todo es Maria [17th Century, Peru]
Lanchas para bailar [18th Century, Peru]
A este edificio celebre
Senora Dona Maria [18th Century, Bolivia]
Cachua al Nacimento de Christo Nuestro Senor [17th Century, Peru]
Convidando esta la noche
Tristis et anima mea
Fuera, Fuera! Haganles lugar!
Negrinho tiray vos
Zarambeques o muecas
Vengan no se detengan
Baile del chimo [18th Century, Peru]
Dios es ya nascido [16th Century, Guatamela]
Matais de incendios [18th Century, Brazil]
Ximoyolali sinnola
Son de la Ma Teodora [16th Century, Cuba]

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