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Stravinsky: Symphonies & Concertos / Vengerov, Rattle, Rostropovich

Stravinsky: Symphonies & Concertos / Various
Release Date: 02/15/2011 
Label:  Emi Classics   Catalog #: 07251   Spars Code: ADD 
Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
Performer:  Robert JohnsonElaine DonohoeMaxim VengerovMichel Béroff
Conductor:  Simon RattleMstislav RostropovichFranz Welser-MöstSir Neville Marriner,   ... 
Number of Discs: 2 
Recorded in: Stereo 
Length: 2 Hours 29 Mins. 

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Notes and Editorial Reviews

This follows fairly hard on the heels of another budget-price EMI twofer of Stravinsky ballets with Simon Rattle at the helm: Rite of Spring, Petrushka, Firebird and Apollo (9677112). This time the emphasis is on concertante music – the Violin Concerto, Ebony Concerto and Capriccio – and symphonies – Symphony in Three Movements and Symphonies of Wind Instruments. It doesn’t say ‘complete’ on the cover, but what happened to the Symphony in C, Symphony of Psalms, and the Concerto for Piano and Wind Read more Instruments? Could EMI not have made this one of their 3-CD sets and included those works?

Chandos consider the Symphony in C and even the early Symphony in E-flat sufficiently important to include them with the Symphony in Three Movements, Symphonies of Wind Instruments and le Baiser de la Fée on their 2-for-1 Essential Stravinsky (CHAN241-8). Better still would be a reissue of the late 1960s recording by Stephen Kovacevich of the Concerto for Piano and Wind Instruments, which is, I think, currently out of the catalogue, the Bartók Piano Concerto with which it was released having been reissued with the other two Bartók Piano Concertos (Decca Originals 475 8690)

That criticism apart, this is another recommendable bargain: just about everything here is offered in what is generally regarded as the best, or one of the best available versions. That’s especially true of the items conducted by Simon Rattle, though he has made more recent recordings in Berlin of some of this music. He’s not in sole charge here, as he was on the earlier twofer, but he is in generally good company. There’s good recording throughout, even of the older ADD items, but very scrappy documentation. We even lack an indication of the words for Pulcinella or where to find them – and see below for the fact that even the soloist in the Ebony Concerto is not named. Read no further if the programme and the price appeal to you.

It’s only when one begins to look at rival recordings that marginal doubts set in. For all the virtues of Rattle’s CBSO recording of the Symphony in Three Movements, here, for example, his more recent remake with the Berlin Philharmonic would probably be most people’s preference (EMI 2076300), despite the fact that it normally costs almost twice as much for one CD as the 2-CD reissue. It’s on special offer from several dealers, at around £6.50, as I write.

Alternatively, may I remind you what I wrote in my April 2009 Download Roundup about a rival budget-price recording: ‘It’s hard to imagine better performances of Stravinsky’s Symphony in C and Symphony in Three Movements than those by the Philharmonia Orchestra and Twentieth Century Classics Ensemble/Robert Craft (Naxos 8.557507), coupled with equally fine versions of the Octet and Dumbarton Oaks.’

Vengerov and Rostropovich are good in the Violin Concerto, but they didn’t bring the work fully to life for me: I wouldn’t wish to make this a replacement for Kyung Wha Chung and André Previn on Decca. Is that recording, coupled with the Prokofiev Violin Concertos really out of the catalogue? It must surely reappear on Eloquence.

My replacement recommendation for the Violin Concerto has to be Thomas Zehetmair as soloist and conductor with the Northern Sinfonia on Avie, coupled with equally fine accounts of Sibelius Symphonies No.3 and No.6 (AV2150).

Nor did the LPO and Welser-Möst persuade me that the Symphonies of Wind Instruments is a major Stravinsky work. Conductor and orchestra were going through a bad patch at the time and seem not to have gelled. On the other hand, I’m not sure that I have ever gelled with this music, even from the likes of Ansermet. It’s not Stravinsky at his most involving and the cool interpretation is probably much more appropriate than it was to the Firebird with which it was originally coupled.

The Danses Concertantes are the earliest-recorded items here, but the 1974 recording still sounds well – better, in some respects than the 1978 Suites. This is pretty small beer, but attractive, especially at the hands of Neville Marriner and the Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra.

Suites Nos. 1 and 2 are taken from a 1978 Simon Rattle recording with the Northern Sinfonia which has hitherto been my version of choice for the complete Pulcinella (formerly EMI Studio 7692042). The Suites follow Pulcinella on that recording, forming something of an anti-climax. It’s surely better to have them, as here, open the proceedings on CD 1 and CD 2 respectively. This may be Stravinsky recycling his own music, but why not when it’s so tuneful? The performances set the tone in each case for the rest of the disc.

The recording of Ebony Concerto is taken from Rattle’s The Jazz Album, where it was coupled with Milhaud’s La Création du Monde, Gershwin’s Rhapsody in Blue and some shorter pieces. The idiomatic soloist is Michael Collins – a serious black mark against EMI for not naming him anywhere in the booklet or insert, but the performance and recording make ample amends.

Béroff’s account of Capriccio has been described as somewhat relentless, but I wasn’t troubled by this aspect of the performance, for all the balletic associations of the music. In any case, Béroff’s virtuosity compensates, and there isn’t much competition from recent recordings.

Stravinsky was mistaken in attributing the music which underlies Pulcinella to Pergolesi. Just about everything but the kitchen sink used to be labelled ‘Pergolesi’. The resulting sung ballet is no worse for the misattribution. When Marriner recorded this version in 1982, he had already made a classic recording of the Suite, also with the ASMF, coupled with an excellent version of Capriccio. It was still available on Decca Classic Sound until recently. You could probably find a copy if you look around: it’s well worth looking.

The EMI reissue offers the whole ballet in a performance which is also available with the Rite of Spring, Firebird and Petrushka on a similarly-priced Brilliant Classics pair of CDs (8148). It was also until recently on another EMI twofer on the Double Forte label. There’s strong competition from an award-winning performance on a DG twofer with Teresa Berganza, Ryland Davies, John Shirley-Quirk, the LSO and Claudio Abbado (453 0852, with Firebird, Jeu de Cartes, Rite of Spring and Petrushka, available for around £9) and, on single budget-price discs: Pierre Boulez with Chant du Rossignol on Warner Apex (2564 62088-2) or, better still, Robert Craft with Le Baiser de la Fée (Naxos 8.557503). If just want Pulcinella and Danses Concertantes together, there’s another recommendable Naxos CD which combines them (Bournemouth Sinfonietta/Stefan Sanderling 8.553181).

I’ve long been very happy with the Northern Sinfonia/Rattle Pulcinella to which I referred above and from which the Suites on this new set are taken. I’m not entirely sure that I don’t still prefer it, but there isn’t a great deal in it, with Marriner capturing almost as much of the charm as he did earlier for Decca. The Suite sounds fine in Marriner’s capable hands but the complete ballet, with its vocal insertions, here rendered with aplomb, especially by Robert Tear, is well worth having.

In individual movements it’s a matter of swings and roundabouts between the complete versions, with Rattle’s Overture sounding a little sedate by comparison with Marriner’s; on paper there’s only two seconds difference. On the next track, the tenor’s Mentre l’erbetta pasce l’agnella Marriner sounds a little drawn out. His account is DDD against the ADD of his earlier recording of the Suite and of Rattle’s version, but there’s no huge difference: all three sound well.

Despite small individual reservations, then, you could do very much worse than to snap up this latest manifestation of EMI’s generosity.

-- Brian Wilson, MusicWeb International Read less

Works on This Recording

1.
Suite no 1 for small Orchestra by Igor Stravinsky
Conductor:  Simon Rattle
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1917-1925; France 
Date of Recording: 01/03/1978 
Venue:  Henry Wood Hall 
Length: 4 Minutes 57 Secs. 
2.
Symphony in Three Movements by Igor Stravinsky
Performer:  Robert Johnson (Harp), Elaine Donohoe (Piano)
Conductor:  Simon Rattle
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1942-1945; USA 
Venue:  Arts Centre, University of Warwick, Warw 
Length: 21 Minutes 33 Secs. 
3.
Concerto for Violin in D major by Igor Stravinsky
Performer:  Maxim Vengerov (Violin)
Conductor:  Mstislav Rostropovich
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1931; France 
Venue:  No. 1 Studio, Abbey Road, London 
Length: 22 Minutes 58 Secs. 
4.
Symphonies of Wind Instruments by Igor Stravinsky
Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1920; France 
Venue:  No. 1 Studio, Abbey Road, London 
Length: 9 Minutes 16 Secs. 
5.
Danses concertantes by Igor Stravinsky
Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1942; USA 
Date of Recording: 06/26/1974 
Venue:  Abbey Road Studios, London 
Length: 18 Minutes 50 Secs. 
6.
Suite no 2 for small Orchestra by Igor Stravinsky
Conductor:  Simon Rattle
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1921; France 
Date of Recording: 01/03/1978 
Venue:  Henry Wood Hall 
Length: 5 Minutes 26 Secs. 
7.
Ebony Concerto by Igor Stravinsky
Conductor:  Simon Rattle
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1945; USA 
Date of Recording: 01/03/1987 
Venue:  CTS Studios, Wembley, London, England 
Length: 9 Minutes 10 Secs. 
8.
Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra by Igor Stravinsky
Performer:  Michel Béroff (Piano)
Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1928-1929; France 
Date of Recording: 10/1971 
Venue:  Salle Wagram, Paris 
Length: 15 Minutes 45 Secs. 
9.
Pulcinella by Igor Stravinsky
Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
Period: 20th Century 
Written: Switzerland 
Venue:  Abbey Road Studios, London 
Length: 2 Minutes 0 Secs. 

Sound Samples

Two Suites (1987 Digital Remaster), Suite No. 1: I. Andante
Two Suites (1987 Digital Remaster), Suite No. 1: II. Napolitana
Two Suites (1987 Digital Remaster), Suite No. 1: III. Española
Two Suites (1987 Digital Remaster), Suite No. 1: IV. Balalaïka
Symphony in Three Movements: I. [crotchet] = 160
Symphony in Three Movements: II. Andante ([quaver] = 76) - Interlude (L'istesso tempo)
Symphony in Three Movements: III. Con moto ([crotchet] = 180)
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D: I. Toccata
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D: II. Aria I
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D: III. Aria II
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D: IV. Capriccio
Symphonies of Wind Instruments (1947 version)
Danses Concertantes (2001 Digital Remaster): I Marche
Danses Concertantes (2001 Digital Remaster): II Pas d'action
Danses Concertantes (2001 Digital Remaster): III Thème varié
Danses Concertantes (2001 Digital Remaster): IV Pas de deux
Danses Concertantes (2001 Digital Remaster): V Marche
Two Suites (1987 Digital Remaster), Suite No. 2: I. Marche
Two Suites (1987 Digital Remaster), Suite No. 2: II. Valse
Two Suites (1987 Digital Remaster), Suite No. 2: III. Polka
Two Suites (1987 Digital Remaster), Suite No. 2: IV. Galop
Ebony Concerto: I. Allegro moderato
Ebony Concerto: II. Andante
Ebony Concerto: III. Moderato - Con moto
Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra (1991 Digital Remaster): Presto doppio movimento
Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra (1991 Digital Remaster): Andante rapsodico
Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra (1991 Digital Remaster): Allegro capriccioso, ma tempo giusto
Pulcinella - Ballet avec chante (2001 Digital Remaster): Overture
Pulcinella - Ballet avec chante (2001 Digital Remaster): Mentre l'erbetta pasce l'agnella (tenor)
Pulcinella - Ballet avec chante (2001 Digital Remaster): Contento forse vivere (soprano)
Pulcinella - Ballet avec chante (2001 Digital Remaster): Con queste paroline (bass)
Pulcinella - Ballet avec chante (2001 Digital Remaster): Sento dire no'nce pace (trio)
Pulcinella - Ballet avec chante (2001 Digital Remaster): Una te falan zemprece (tenor)
Pulcinella - Ballet avec chante (2001 Digital Remaster): Se tu m'ami (soprano)
Pulcinella - Ballet avec chante (2001 Digital Remaster): Gavotta
Pulcinella - Ballet avec chante (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation 1
Pulcinella - Ballet avec chante (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation 2
Pulcinella - Ballet avec chante (2001 Digital Remaster): Pupillette fiammette (trio)

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