Notes and Editorial Reviews
Densely opulent, hypocaust hot and smokingly romantic.
"The shadows cast by the failure of
Antony and Cleopatra at its premiere at the newly-opened Lincoln Centre are long and debilitating. While the opera
Vanessa has now had three commercial recordings - all on CD - his most voluptuously grand operatic example has endured comparative neglect.
When Slatkin was with the BBCSO – not the orchestra’s finest moment, I confess - he did great work in introducing British audiences to the delights of the USA’s concert life of the era 1930-1960. The Chandos Barbican Centre recording of
Vanessa which Slatkin directed was rightly well received (CHSA5032) as was the Naxos
competition that came out at the same time. Few mentioned the torridly recorded RCA-BMG-Sony original of
Vanessa by Mitropoulos (Sony Opera House 88697446172).
I first heard something beyond the Leontyne Price excerpts from
Antony and Cleopatra in the early 1980s when I exchanged the equivalent of “food parcels” of off-air tapes with like-minded North Americans. My education galloped forwards. Included in the bundles of cassettes were two of the 1975 Juilliard revival of
Antony and Cleopatra, again with Esther Hinds; this time with James Conlon conducting. I was captivated. After that I heard a similarly fine and vigorous
Antony and Cleopatra from ORTF forces conducted by Jean-Pierre Marty. French radio are good with neglected operas – witness their recent revival of Herrmann’s
Wuthering Heights as
Les Hauts de Hurlevent.
This long-established New World set from Badea starts with the gathered chorus warning Antony to cease his dalliance with the Egyptian queen. The music and choral writing is densely opulent, hypocaust hot and smokingly romantic. This carries over into the sable afflatus of the ecstatic hymn to Cleopatra’s beauty. One or two of the female cast suffer from a disfiguring vibrato but Hinds is excellent throughout no doubt taking some advantage from her previous performances leading the 1970s Juilliard revival. The Westminster Choir have been superbly drilled but not so much as to lose resilience. The words emerge with superb unanimity – quite an achievement for such a large chorus. The orchestral interlude (tr. 4) sports superheated writing for the massed strings and overtones of Bernard Herrmann and even Rozsa. Scene 2 shifts to the Senate in Rome with ragged-edged trumpet fanfares blaring in barbaric splendour. That trumpet motif with its propulsive echoes of Roy Harris will return. The senator Maecenas sports a true Puccinian
squilla. As we move back to Cleopatra’s palace the writing becomes more subtly exotic for the first time with shimmering tintinnabulation. There are times when one thinks that this might have been the roman opera that Rozsa never wrote or that it in some way shadows the parody opera Herrmann wrote for Kane’s wife in
Citizen Kane. Note the gleaming strings in
Good Night Dear Lady. The final section of act 1 takes us to Cleopatra’s barge on the Nile – it conjures visions of triremes and quinquiremes with the sort of lavish grandiloquence found in Respighi’s
Vetrate di Chiesa. Act II opens with that punchy Roy Harris motif for brass and the music ascends to even greater romantic heights. The throb in Hinds’ soprano adds to the eruptive overflow in the duet at tr. 16. It comes as no surprise that Hinds has also performed Barber’s
Knoxville – one of the greatest classical works produced in the USA.
We move to CD 2 for the continuation of Act II. The brief orchestral interlude (tr. 6) is distinguished by lovely undramatic lyrical horn playing. The finale of act II has a doom-laden drum limning in the rhythmic pattern of the melody and providing a deep foundation for the music. Magnificently distraught tragedy lours over the latter sections of Act II and all of Act 3. A pyre of the emotions, the music proceeds intensely but with a flame that is slow to consume. It’s the equivalent in sound of Peter O’Toole, in the film
Troy, as the Trojan monarch looking out in despair over his city as it is despoiled and put to rape and the torch by the Greeks. That same boiling tragedy wells up in silvery passion in the two voices at tr. 9. Barber does well to sustain the mood over such a long span. It still has wings when we get to
Give me my robe (tr. 15) as the harpist bard accompanies the curling smoke of a cremation of the vanities, unbearably sorrowing and with a tragic freight.
The present New World recording has been around for many years and indeed was first issued as an LP box. It’s the only recording of
Antony and Cleopatra but is much better than adequate. It was good to make its super-heated acquaintance again. Even so this is not the full opera – it was seemingly cut by about an hour for the Spoleto project.
The recording forms part of the Recorded Anthology of American Music. This lends it the gravitas of previous such projects including those LPs (some reissued by Bridge) of the Society for the Promotion of the American Musical Heritage. It was taped from four performances. You can hear the occasional cough but it’s rare enough and you certainly tap in to the tension of a live event.
And now how about New World recording Roger Sessions’ opera
Montezuma, the grand operas of Barber's life-partner Menotti (I am intrigued by
The Hero) and Bernard Herrmann’s
-- Rob Barnett, MusicWeb International
Works on This Recording
Antony and Cleopatra, Op. 40 by Samuel Barber
Kathryn Cowdrick (Mezzo Soprano),
Jeffrey Wells (Baritone),
Robert Grayson (Tenor),
Eric Halfvarson (Bass Baritone),
Jane Bunnell (Mezzo Soprano),
Steven Cole (Tenor),
Charles Damsel (Baritone),
Mark Cleveland (),
Kent Weaver (),
Ian Clark (),
Dale Stine (),
Atar Arak (),
Rob Philips (),
David Dik (),
David Hamilton (Baritone),
Robert Swensen (Tenor),
Philip Skinner (Bass),
Esther Hinds (Soprano),
David Hickox (Tenor)
Spoleto Festival Orchestra
Period: 20th Century
Written: 1965-1966; USA
Date of Recording: 1983
Venue: Live Teatro Nuovo, Spoleto, Italy
Length: 116 Minutes 16 Secs.
Antony and Cleopatra: Act I, Prologue
Antony and Cleopatra: Act I, Scene 1
Antony and Cleopatra: "I am sick and sullen"
Antony and Cleopatra: Act I, Orchestral Interlude
Antony and Cleopatra: Act I, Scene 2
Antony and Cleopatra: Act I, Scene 3
Antony and Cleopatra: Slaves' dance
Antony and Cleopatra: Act I, Scene 4
Antony and Cleopatra: Aria - "When first she met Mark Antony"
Antony and Cleopatra: Vision of Cleopatra's barge
Antony and Cleopatra: Act II, Scene 1
Antony and Cleopatra: Act II, Scene 2
Antony and Cleopatra: "Hush, here comes The Queen and Antony"
Antony and Cleopatra: Act II, Scene 3
Antony and Cleopatra: Act II, Scene 4
Antony and Cleopatra: Duet - "Oh take, oh take those lips away"
Antony and Cleopatra: Act II, Scene 5
Antony and Cleopatra: Aria - "Hark! The land bids me tread no more upon it"
Antony and Cleopatra: Act II, Scene 6
Antony and Cleopatra: Act II, Scene 7
Antony and Cleopatra: Aria - "O sov'reign mistress"
Antony and Cleopatra: Act II, Orchestral Interlude
Antony and Cleopatra: Act II, Scene 8
Antony and Cleopatra: "Where's Antony?"
Antony and Cleopatra: Act III, Scene 1
Antony and Cleopatra: Trio - "My lord, my lord! Noblest of men"
Antony and Cleopatra: "The breaking of so great a thing"
Antony and Cleopatra: Act III, Prelude
Antony and Cleopatra: Act III, Scene 2
Antony and Cleopatra: "Here is a rural fellow"
Antony and Cleopatra: Aria - "Give me my robe"
Antony and Cleopatra: Death of Cleopatra
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