Reinhold Gliere

Biography

Born: January 11, 1875; Kiev, Ukraine   Died: June 23, 1956; Moscow, Russia   Country: Russia   Period: 20th Century
Although all of his important compositions came during the first half of the twentieth century, the body and style of his work place Glière solidly at the end of the nineteenth century in spirit. Having studied at both the Kiev and Moscow conservatories, he was infused with Russian Romanticism, and -- even though he studied briefly in Berlin -- it is safe to say that nothing he ever wrote sounded either modern or un-Russian. He studied theory Read more under a student of Rimsky-Korsakov and, upon entering the Moscow Conservatory in 1894, studied composition and harmony with the likes of Arensky, Taneyev, and Ippolitov-Ivanov. In 1900 he was awarded the school's highest prize in composition, the gold medal. His monumental third symphony, subtitled "Ilya Murometz," which premiered in Moscow in 1912, propelled his career forward; in 1913 he was named director of the Kiev Conservatory, a position he held all through the Russian Revolution.
In 1920 he became professor of music at the Moscow Conservatory; his service there was interrupted only by the Second World War. While in Moscow, he taught Serge Prokofiev, Aram Khachaturian, and Alexander Mossolov, the spearhead of "Soviet realism."
Glière also became a political figure in Russia during the Stalin years, serving as chairman of the organizing committee of the Soviet Composers' Union from 1938 to 1948. His conventional, utterly Russian music found favor with Stalin and his cultural ministers; the extent to which Glière's reputation as a musician may have suffered because of this will forever remain speculative. Glière received many honors during this era, including the title of People's Artist of the Soviet Union.
Glière's body of work -- which straddles the upheaval of the Russian Revolution, with fine pieces produced on both sides -- is prodigious in quantity: besides his three symphonies, four string quartets, two complete operas, two ballets, and two concertos, he produced hundreds of songs, piano works, and chamber pieces. He is considered, along with his more famous predecessor, Tchaikovsky, to have been seminal in the development of Russian ballet; however, little of his music is heard outside Russia today. Glière's music is comfortably Romantic, invariably nationalistic, and skillfully crafted, often managing to combine beautiful melodies, inventive orchestration, and eye-popping bombast to great effect. Read less
Glazunov, Kabalevsky: Concertos;  Gliere / Oistrakh, Et Al
Release Date: 05/12/2015   Label: Vanguard Classics  
Catalog: 1025   Number of Discs: 1
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There are 161 Reinhold Gliere recordings available.

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Works

Reinhold Gliere


MOST POPULAR WORKS
I. Andante
II. Allegro
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Moderato
I. Wandering Pilgrims. Il'ya Muromets and Svyatogor
II. Solovey the Brigand
III. With Vladimir Fair Sun
IV. Prowess and Petrifaction of Il'ya Muromets
WORKS
I. Andante
II. Allegro
I. Moderato
II. Tema con variazioni
III. Allegro giocoso
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Moderato
No. 1. Commodo
No. 2. Leggiero
No. 3. Con moto
No. 4. Vivace
No. 5. Andante
No. 6. Energico
No. 7. Animato
No. 8. Giocoso
No. 9. Andantino
No. 10. Capriccioso
No. 1. Prelude
No. 2. Gavotte
No. 3. Berceuse
No. 4. Canzonetta
No. 5. Intermezzo
No. 6. Impromptu
No. 7. Scherzo
No. 8. Etude
No. 5 in A Major: Andantino poco animato
No. 2 in B-Flat Major: Commodo
No. 6 in D Minor: Allegretto
No. 8 in F-Sharp Minor: Affanato
No.12 in F Major: Animato
No. 7 in G Major: Allegretto ma non troppo
No. 1 in E Major: Con moto
No. 3 in E Minor: Andantino
No. 4 in F-Sharp Minor: Andante con moto
No. 9 in E-Flat Major: Cantabile
No. 10 in B Minor: Con tristezza
No. 11 in D Minor: Andante
I. Andante - Allegro moderato - Andante
II. Allegro molto vivace
III. Andante
IV. Finale: Allegro
I. Allegro pesante
II. Allegro giocoso
III. Andante con variazioni
IV. Allegro vivace
I. Wandering Pilgrims. Il'ya Muromets and Svyatogor
II. Solovey the Brigand
III. With Vladimir Fair Sun
IV. Prowess and Petrifaction of Il'ya Muromets
I. Introduction
I. On the Senate Square
I. Dance on the Square
II. Eugene
II. Parasha
II. Lyric Scene
III. Dancing Scene
IV. Fortune-telling
IV. Dancing in a Ring with Dancing
V. Meeting (second lyric scene)
VI. Waltz
VII. Anticipation (Beginning of the Storm)
VIII. Hymn to the Great City
Act I - Introduction
Act I - Coolies' Dance
Act I - Scene: Tao-Hoa's Entrance
Act I - Restaurant
Act I - Malik's Dance
Act I - Boston Waltz
Act I - Scene of European Dance - Captain's Entrance and Sailor's Dance
Act I - Tao-Hoa's Scene
Act I - Variation with Gold Fingers
Act I - Coolies' Victory Dance
Act I - Dance of the Soviet Sailors: Apple
Act II - Introduction - Scene in the Smoking Room
Act II - Scene
Act II - Dance of the Chinese Women
Act II - Adagio of Four Goddesses
Act II - Adagio
Act III - Tao-Hoa's Scene; the Departing Ship
Act III - Rebellion Scene
Act III - Tao-Hoa's Death
Act III - Apotheosis
Introduction
The Cossacks write the letter then read it
They laugh
They dance and rejoice
Finale


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