Reinhard Keiser

Biography

Born: January 9, 1674; Leipzig, Germany   Died: September 12, 1739; Hamburg, Germany  
Reinhard Keiser was, to his contemporaries, the preeminent German composer of opera of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. Although he did not create a truly German national opera, the quality of his compositions raised German operatic art to a new, higher level. He was known especially for his prolific melodic inspiration, his adventuresome orchestrations, and his versatility as a composer and dramatist. He composed music in Read more many genres, including sacred music, chamber music, and French ballet, but opera was his first love, and he devoted most of his energies to dramatic vocal works. He composed operas on all kinds of subjects, including pastoral, comic, biblical, romantic, historical, and mythological. One of his finest works was an operatic character study of the Neapolitan revolutionary Masagniello, and he also set a story based on the escapades of two Hamburg pirates. He treated each of his subjects individually, changing his musical approach to fit the dramatic content of the libretti. His view of opera was that the music should express the changing emotions and motivations of the characters of the drama. To this end, he made a study of musical declamation, and turned his recitatives into highly expressive lines reflective of the oratorical and rhetorical nature of the texts. Mattheson and Scheibe both considered him the finest and most original of the contemporary German composers, and Handel pirated Keiser's scores repeatedly, using Keiser's smooth, graceful melodies in countless of his own operas and oratorios. Earlier musicologists numbered Keiser's operas in the hundreds, and there were also numerous occasional works, ballets, and serenatas. Only a portion of these works survives today.

Keiser's personality was both extravagant and self-indulgent, while his work habits were exacting. His later operas show increasingly the influence of Italian opera on his own works; he adapted aria forms, scenic structures, and much of his musical language from the Italians. He introduced, in the 1720s and 1730s, the practice of interpolating into his German operas, pre-composed Italian arias. Because Italian music was so popular and well loved in Hamburg, this soon became a standard practice with all German composers. The interpolations were many, but the other composers were always acknowledged in the libretti.

Born in Teuchern, near Weißenfels, Reinhard Keiser was the son of the organist and composer Gottfried Keiser. His father abandoned his mother and her two sons while Reinhard was still a youth. Reinhard studied music at the Thomasschule with Johann Schelle and may have also studied composition with Johann Kuhnau. His first formal position was as a court composer in Brunswick. Johann Kusser was in charge of the Brunswick opera, and it was due to his early influence that Keiser began having operas produced for the theaters in Brunswick and Hamburg. By 1697, Keiser had already written several operas for the Hamburg stage, and moved there permanently. In 1703 he began to manage the Hamburg Opera House, also known as the Gänsemarkt Theater of Hamburg, but financial difficulties soon followed, supposedly due to his own extravagances. Between the years 1705 and 1718, he produced countless new works. But when management changed hands, he was dropped as musical director, and did not again work steadily for any theater until 1722. He was brought back to the Gänsemarkt under Telemann, and the two composers worked side by side, with Keiser the dominant force in operatic composition and production. On 28 December 1728, Keiser became the Kantor of the Hamburg Cathedral, and retired from operatic composition altogether. He died on 12 September 1729. Read less
Markuspassion: Passion Selon Saint Marc De Reinhard Keiser
Release Date: 04/14/2015   Label: Mirare  
Catalog: 254   Number of Discs: 1
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Reinhard Keiser


MOST POPULAR WORKS
Croesus: Sinfonia avanti l'opera Croesus
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 1, "Croesus herrsche, Croesus lebe" (Coro)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 1, "Ihr edlen Lydier, getreue Untertanen" (Croesus)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 1, "Prang die allerschönste Blume" (Croesus)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 2, "Hoffe noch, gekränktes Herz!" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 2, "Du weißt, wie Cyrus' Macht" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 2, "Empfinden gleiche Schmerzen" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 3, "Lieben, Leiden, Bitten, Flehen" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 3, "Prinz Atis, wie dir ist bewußt" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 4, "Wahre Treu kann nicht auf Erden" (Halimacus)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 5, "Er erweckt in meinem Herzen" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 6, "Verliebter Prinz, obgleich dein Mund nicht spricht" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 6, "Was zeigt das Prinz, geliebter Knabe?" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 6, "Durch der Haare güldne Stricke" (Nerillus)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 7, "Der König will euch gerne sprechen" (Elcius)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 8, "Ich sä' auf wilde Wellen" (Eliates, Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 9, "Blindes Feu'r, das mich verzehret" (Clerida)
Croesus: ACT I, Scena 10, "Traure nicht, traure nicht" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT I, Scena 10, "Orsanes, mußt du denn dem stummen Atis weichen?" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT I, Scena 11, "Hört, wie die Eulen" (Elcius)
Croesus: ACT I, Scena 12, "Darf Cyrus dann den Frieden brechen?" (Croesus)
Croesus: CT I, Scena 14, "Muß ich in meinem Herzen" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT I, Scena 14, "Liebe, treibst du denn nur Spiel" (Clerida)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 15, "Seht, wie elementschen Affen" (Elcius)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 15, Ballett von Harlekinen
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 16, "Laß ich meine siegenden Waffen nur sehen" (Cyrus)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 16, "Ihr Helden, folget dann" (Cyrus)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 16, Ballett von persischen Soldaten
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 17, "Der Perser Schwert und Pfeile" (Croesus)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 18, "So jauchzet mein fröhlicher Mut!" (Cyrus)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 18, "Hier ist die reichste Beute" (Hauptmann)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 1, Ritornello
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 1, "Kleine Vöglein, die ihr springet" (Bäuerin, Bauer)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 2, "Orsanes treulos?" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 3, "Seht, wie Herr Elcius ist ein Politicus" (Elcius)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 3, Ballett von Bauern und Bauernkindern
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 4, "Freundliche Liebe, wie freust du mein Herz!" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 5, "Kann meine Treu Orsanen nicht bewegen?" (Clerida)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 5, "Ihr stummen Fische seid dem gleich" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 5, "Du stellest dich, als hörest du nicht" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 5, "Soll dann so großer Hohn" (Clerida)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 6, "Sobald ich werd' erhöht zu dieser Würde" (Eliates)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 6, "Die Regierungslast zu tragen" (Eliates)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 7, "Wir sind verlor'n!" (Halimacus)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 8, "Holdseligste Elmir" (Halimacus)
Croesus: Atto II, scena 8. Aria Elmira : "Liebe, sag', was fängst du an?"
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 9, "Hier bring ich Atis' Ebenbild" (Halimacus)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 9, "Alle Freude leicht verstiebet" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 10, "Was seh ich!" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 11, "Ich lieb' und bin geliebet" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 11, "Prinzessin, darf ein Sklav'" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 11, "Ist niemand bewußt" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 11, "Wie! Darfst du nochmals solche Reden wagen?" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 11, "Mir gefällt in seinem Munde" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 12, "Hör' dann, dies ist der Dienst" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 13, "Brill, Brill, Feder und Tinte" (Elcius)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 14, "Niemand kann aus diesen Ketten" (Croesus)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 14, "Knie nieder, und wirf dich zur Erden" (Cyrus)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 14, "Ihr tapfern Soldaten, frohlocket nun wieder" (Cyrus)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 14, Entrée, Passepied der Feuerwerker
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 1, "Die Flamme steigt" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 1, "Find' ich Orsan so früh in Atis' Vorgemach" (Eliates)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 2, "Ermin, wie ist es abgegangen?" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 3, "Der Himmel sei gepreist" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 3, "Schönstes Kind, du irrest dich" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 4, "Der Abgesandte bringt vom Feinde nichts als Höhnen" (Eliates)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 4, "Waffnet, was kann Waffen tragen" (Eliates)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 5, "Elmir! wo bleibest du?" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 5, "Prinzessin!" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 5, "Mich vergnüget dieses Höhnen" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 6, "Unsinniger, find ich dier hier?" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 6, "Mich Unglückseligen! ihr Himmel" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 7, "Soll des Goldes Glanz recht glimmen" (Atis
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 7, "Prinzessin" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 7, "Sollte der mich herzlich lieben" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 8, "Zarte Jungfern, dies allein" (Trigesta)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 8, "Hier, wey je nich dat neye Lied" (Elcius)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 8, "Schmink', ein Kleinod dieser Zeit" (Elcius)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 9, "Nein, nein, nun will ich nicht mehr lieben" (Elmira, Clerida)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 10, "Prinz, weißt du, daß Ermin mit mir von Liebe spricht?" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 10, "Dieses Schmähen, das ich leide" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 12, "Götter, übt Barmherzigkeit!" (Croesus)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 13, "Fort, führt ihn auf den Scheiterhaufen!" (Cyrus)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 13, "Umsonst, macht neues Feuer" (Cyrus)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 13, "Solon, weiser Solon, ach!" (Croesus)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 13, "Welch eine Gottheit ruft er an?" (Cyrus)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 13, "Glückliche Stunden, erfreulicher Tag" (Coro und Elmira)
Part I: Jesus Christus...
Part I: Recitative: Und kam und fand sie
Part I: Sinfonia
Part II: Sinfonia
Part II: Recitative: Und da sie...
Part II: Sinfonia
WORKS
Croesus: Sinfonia avanti l'opera Croesus
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 1, "Croesus herrsche, Croesus lebe" (Coro)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 1, "Ihr edlen Lydier, getreue Untertanen" (Croesus)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 1, "Prang die allerschönste Blume" (Croesus)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 2, "Hoffe noch, gekränktes Herz!" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 2, "Du weißt, wie Cyrus' Macht" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 2, "Empfinden gleiche Schmerzen" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 3, "Lieben, Leiden, Bitten, Flehen" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 3, "Prinz Atis, wie dir ist bewußt" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 4, "Wahre Treu kann nicht auf Erden" (Halimacus)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 5, "Er erweckt in meinem Herzen" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 6, "Verliebter Prinz, obgleich dein Mund nicht spricht" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 6, "Was zeigt das Prinz, geliebter Knabe?" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 6, "Durch der Haare güldne Stricke" (Nerillus)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 7, "Der König will euch gerne sprechen" (Elcius)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 8, "Ich sä' auf wilde Wellen" (Eliates, Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 9, "Blindes Feu'r, das mich verzehret" (Clerida)
Croesus: ACT I, Scena 10, "Traure nicht, traure nicht" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT I, Scena 10, "Orsanes, mußt du denn dem stummen Atis weichen?" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT I, Scena 11, "Hört, wie die Eulen" (Elcius)
Croesus: ACT I, Scena 12, "Darf Cyrus dann den Frieden brechen?" (Croesus)
Croesus: CT I, Scena 14, "Muß ich in meinem Herzen" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT I, Scena 14, "Liebe, treibst du denn nur Spiel" (Clerida)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 15, "Seht, wie elementschen Affen" (Elcius)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 15, Ballett von Harlekinen
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 16, "Laß ich meine siegenden Waffen nur sehen" (Cyrus)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 16, "Ihr Helden, folget dann" (Cyrus)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 16, Ballett von persischen Soldaten
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 17, "Der Perser Schwert und Pfeile" (Croesus)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 18, "So jauchzet mein fröhlicher Mut!" (Cyrus)
Croesus: ACT I, Scene 18, "Hier ist die reichste Beute" (Hauptmann)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 1, Ritornello
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 1, "Kleine Vöglein, die ihr springet" (Bäuerin, Bauer)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 2, "Orsanes treulos?" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 3, "Seht, wie Herr Elcius ist ein Politicus" (Elcius)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 3, Ballett von Bauern und Bauernkindern
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 4, "Freundliche Liebe, wie freust du mein Herz!" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 5, "Kann meine Treu Orsanen nicht bewegen?" (Clerida)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 5, "Ihr stummen Fische seid dem gleich" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 5, "Du stellest dich, als hörest du nicht" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 5, "Soll dann so großer Hohn" (Clerida)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 6, "Sobald ich werd' erhöht zu dieser Würde" (Eliates)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 6, "Die Regierungslast zu tragen" (Eliates)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 7, "Wir sind verlor'n!" (Halimacus)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 8, "Holdseligste Elmir" (Halimacus)
Croesus: Atto II, scena 8. Aria Elmira : "Liebe, sag', was fängst du an?"
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 9, "Hier bring ich Atis' Ebenbild" (Halimacus)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 9, "Alle Freude leicht verstiebet" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 10, "Was seh ich!" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 11, "Ich lieb' und bin geliebet" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 11, "Prinzessin, darf ein Sklav'" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 11, "Ist niemand bewußt" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 11, "Wie! Darfst du nochmals solche Reden wagen?" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 11, "Mir gefällt in seinem Munde" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 12, "Hör' dann, dies ist der Dienst" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 13, "Brill, Brill, Feder und Tinte" (Elcius)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 14, "Niemand kann aus diesen Ketten" (Croesus)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 14, "Knie nieder, und wirf dich zur Erden" (Cyrus)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 14, "Ihr tapfern Soldaten, frohlocket nun wieder" (Cyrus)
Croesus: ACT II, Scene 14, Entrée, Passepied der Feuerwerker
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 1, "Die Flamme steigt" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 1, "Find' ich Orsan so früh in Atis' Vorgemach" (Eliates)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 2, "Ermin, wie ist es abgegangen?" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 3, "Der Himmel sei gepreist" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 3, "Schönstes Kind, du irrest dich" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 4, "Der Abgesandte bringt vom Feinde nichts als Höhnen" (Eliates)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 4, "Waffnet, was kann Waffen tragen" (Eliates)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 5, "Elmir! wo bleibest du?" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 5, "Prinzessin!" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 5, "Mich vergnüget dieses Höhnen" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 6, "Unsinniger, find ich dier hier?" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 6, "Mich Unglückseligen! ihr Himmel" (Orsanes)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 7, "Soll des Goldes Glanz recht glimmen" (Atis
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 7, "Prinzessin" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 7, "Sollte der mich herzlich lieben" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 8, "Zarte Jungfern, dies allein" (Trigesta)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 8, "Hier, wey je nich dat neye Lied" (Elcius)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 8, "Schmink', ein Kleinod dieser Zeit" (Elcius)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 9, "Nein, nein, nun will ich nicht mehr lieben" (Elmira, Clerida)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 10, "Prinz, weißt du, daß Ermin mit mir von Liebe spricht?" (Elmira)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 10, "Dieses Schmähen, das ich leide" (Atis)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 12, "Götter, übt Barmherzigkeit!" (Croesus)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 13, "Fort, führt ihn auf den Scheiterhaufen!" (Cyrus)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 13, "Umsonst, macht neues Feuer" (Cyrus)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 13, "Solon, weiser Solon, ach!" (Croesus)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 13, "Welch eine Gottheit ruft er an?" (Cyrus)
Croesus: ACT III, Scene 13, "Glückliche Stunden, erfreulicher Tag" (Coro und Elmira)
Part I: Jesus Christus...
Part I: Recitative: Und kam und fand sie
Part I: Sinfonia
Part II: Sinfonia
Part II: Recitative: Und da sie...
Part II: Sinfonia


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