Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra

Biography

Active: 1896 - ; United States of America
Settled by Welsh miners, then Germans, Pittsburgh, PA, quickly developed a tradition of singing festivals. The visiting Germania Orchestra from Boston played the first symphonic performance in Pittsburgh, leading to the founding the Pittsburgh Orchestral Society in 1854.

The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra was formed in 1896 by the Art Society. It quickly attained high standards under conductor Frederic Archer and Victor Herbert, the
Read more Irish-born leading composer of Broadway operettas. Some critics disapproved, but his popular appeal gave the orchestra a wide following. After Herbert left in 1904, Emil Paur, an intellectual German, raised the orchestra's musical snobbery, with a heavy dose of German repertory and a severe approach that hurt the box office. He refused to consider hiring musicians locally, importing them instead from Europe. The National Federation of Musicians threatened to strike. Half the musicians declined to renew their contracts for the 1908 - 1909 season. This occurred shortly after a stock market panic resulted in loss of the private donations that supported the orchestra. The orchestra canceled its coming season in 1910, pending creation of a new financial plan. The orchestra was disbanded for the next 16 years. The Art Society tried to fill the gap by booking touring orchestras.

The musicians themselves finally revived the orchestra. Players held 14 unpaid rehearsals and donated $25.00 each to play a Sunday concert on April 24, 1927. The next day nine of its board members were arrested for violating a Pennsylvania's law banning secular music making on the Sabbath, an event which turned out to be good publicity. The orchestra played under Elias Breeskin and locally-born conductor Antonio Modarelli, and in 1936 was carried by radio network to the eastern two-thirds of the U.S. In 1937 it engaged Otto Klemperer as music director. History records that it took him only six weeks to raise it to international professional standards. Under music directors William Steinberg, André Previn, Lorin Maazel, and Maris Janssons, the PSO has remained one of America's top symphonies.

In its early years, the orchestra played at Carnegie Music Hall, then for many years at Syria Mosque (a Shriner's temple), but outgrew those facilities. H.J. Heinz II, of the famous ketchup-making family, financed the purchase and complete renovation of the Loew's Penn Theater, a great 1920s movie palace, as the orchestra's new home. The Heinz Hall for the Performing Arts was opened in 1971 and has been expanded and improved twice since then. It is owned and operated by the PSO and became the centerpiece of a complex of performing arts venues in the "Golden Triangle" formed by the confluence of the three rivers. The spacious hall has ample office and rehearsal space, and includes a fine dining restaurant that serves dinners or brunches before all concerts. Read less

There are 104 Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra recordings available.

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Composers

Biography

Active: 1896 - ; United States of America
Settled by Welsh miners, then Germans, Pittsburgh, PA, quickly developed a tradition of singing festivals. The visiting Germania Orchestra from Boston played the first symphonic performance in Pittsburgh, leading to the founding the Pittsburgh Orchestral Society in 1854.

The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra was formed in 1896 by the Art Society. It quickly attained high standards under conductor Frederic Archer and Victor Herbert, the
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WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Bewegt, nicht zu schnell
II. Andante quasi allegretto
III. Scherzo: Bewegt
IV. Finale: Bewegt, doch nicht zu schnell
I. Allegro con brio
II. Adagio
III. Allegretto grazioso - Molto vivace
IV. Allegro ma non troppo
I. Reveries: Largo - Passions: Allegro agitato e appassionato assai
II. Un Bal (Valse): Allegro non troppo
III. Scene aux Champs: Adagio
IV. Marche au Supplice: Allegretto non troppo
V. Songe d'une Nuit du Sabbat: Larghetto - Allegro -
V. Dies irae -
V. Ronde du sabbat (Witches' Round Dance) -
V. Dies irae et Ronde du Sabbat ensemble
Gershwin: An American in Paris - 1. Allegretto grazioso
Gershwin: An American in Paris - 2. Andante ma con ritmo deciso
Gershwin: Piano Concerto in F - 1. Allegro
Gershwin: Piano Concerto in F - 2. Adagio
Gershwin: Piano Concerto in F - 3. Allegro agitato
1. Allegretto grazioso
2. Andante ma con ritmo deciso
1. Allegro
2. Adagio
3. Allegro agitato
Violin Concerto in D major Op.35 (2008 Digital Remaster): I. Moderato nobile
Violin Concerto in D major Op.35 (2008 Digital Remaster): II. Romance (Andante)
Violin Concerto in D major Op.35 (2008 Digital Remaster): III. Finale (Allegro assai vivace)
Violin Concerto in A minor Op.28 (2008 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro moderato
Violin Concerto in A minor Op.28 (2008 Digital Remaster): II. Andante
Violin Concerto in A minor Op.28 (2008 Digital Remaster): III. Moderato - Allegretto
Thema, "Chorale St. Antoni": Andante
Variation 1: Poco piu animato
Variation 2: Piu vivace
Variation 3: Con moto
Variation 4: Andante con moto
Variation 5: Vivace
Variation 6: Vivace
Variation 7: Grazioso
Variation 8: Presto non troppo
Finale: Andante
I. Un poco sostenuto - Allegro
II. Andante sostenuto
III. Un poco allegretto e grazioso
IV. Adagio - Piu andante - Allegro non troppo, ma con brio - Piu allegro
El amor brujo: Introduccíon y Escena
El amor brujo: En la cueva: La noche
El amor brujo: Canción del amor dolido
El amor brujo: El aparecido
El amor brujo: Danza del terror
El amor brujo: El círculo mágico: Romance del pescador
El amor brujo: A media noche: Los sortilegios
El amor brujo: Danza ritual del fuego: Para ahuyentar los malos espiritus
El amor brujo: Escena
El amor brujo: Canción del fuego fatuo
El amor brujo: Pantomima
El amor brujo: Danza del juego del amor
El amor brujo: Final: Las campanas del amanecer
Violin Concerto in D Minor, Op.47 (1985 - Remaster): I. Allegro moderato
Violin Concerto in D Minor, Op.47 (1985 - Remaster): II. Adagio di molto
Violin Concerto in D Minor, Op.47 (1985 - Remaster): III. Allegro ma non tanto
Violin Concerto in D major Op.35: I. Moderato nobile
Violin Concerto in D major Op.35: II. Romance (Andante)
Violin Concerto in D major Op.35: III. Finale (Allegro assai vivace)
Symphony No. 8 in C minor Op. 65: I. Adagio - Allegro non troppo - Adagio
Symphony No. 8 in C minor Op. 65: II. Allegretto
Symphony No. 8 in C minor Op. 65: III. Allegro non troppo -
Symphony No. 8 in C minor Op. 65: IV. Largo -
Symphony No. 8 in C minor Op. 65: V. Allegretto
Mariss Jansons in rehearsal
Violin Concerto in D, Op.61 (2001 Digital Remaster): I: Allegro ma non troppo (Cadenza by Nathan Milstein)
Violin Concerto in D, Op.61 (2001 Digital Remaster): II: Larghetto
Violin Concerto in D, Op.61 (2001 Digital Remaster): III: Rondo (Allegro) (Cadenza by Nathan Milstein)
Violin Concerto in D, Op.77 (2001 Digital Remaster): I: Allegro non troppo (Cadenza by Nathan Milstein)
Violin Concerto in D, Op.77 (2001 Digital Remaster): II: Adagio
Violin Concerto in D, Op.77 (2001 Digital Remaster): III: Allegro giocoso, ma non troppo vivace
I. Allegretto
II. Tempo Andante, ma rubato
III. Vivacissimo - (Attacca)
Symphony No. 2 in D Major, Op. 43: IV. Finale - Allegro moderato
Symphony No. 6 in D minor, Op. 104: I. Allegro molto moderato
II. Allegretto moderato
III. Poco vivace
IV. Allegro molto - Allegro assai - Doppio piu lento
Serenade in C Major for String Orchestra, Op. 48 (2001 Digital Remaster): I. Pezzo in forma di sonatina
Serenade in C Major for String Orchestra, Op. 48 (2001 Digital Remaster): II. Waltz
Serenade in C Major for String Orchestra, Op. 48 (2001 Digital Remaster): III. Elegy
Serenade in C Major for String Orchestra, Op. 48 (2001 Digital Remaster): IV. Finale: Tema russo
1. Agitato, (with urgency and rhythmic intensity)
2. Scherzando, (playfully)
3. Adagio non troppo
4. Con moto, ben misurato
Anima Mundi (1995): 1. Musica Verna
2. Lacrimae Rerum
3. Nox Tenebroso
4. Lux Hiberna
I. Adagio
III. Poco adagio
II. Allegro moderato
IV. Maestoso
Fontane di Roma, [P.R. 438]: La fontana di Valle Giulia all'alba
La fontana di Tritone al mattino
La fontana di Trevi al meriggio
La fontana di Villa Medici al tramonto
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andantino con moto, quasi allegretto
III. Moderato - Allegro (Ma non tanto)
Karelia Suite, Op. 11: I. Intermezzo. Moderato
II. Ballade. Tempo di menuetto - Un poco piů lento
III. Alla marcia. Moderato
Violin Concerto in D, Op. 35: I. Allegro moderato
Violin Concerto in D, Op. 35: II. Canzonetta (Andante)
Violin Concerto in D, Op. 35: III. Finale (Allegro vivacissimo)
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra (1974): I. Introduction
II. Intermezzo (A)
III. Fantasia
IV. Intermezzo (B)
V. Epilogue
Sunrise
Painted Desert
On the Trail
Sunset
Cloudburst
Hero and Leander, A Symphonic Poem, Op.33: 1st Part - Molto Tranquillo
2nd Part - Love Scene, Andante espressivo
I. Andante ma non troppo - Allegro energico
II. Andante (Ma non troppo lento)
III. Scherzo. Allegro
IV. Finale. (Quasi una Fantasia). Andante
Symphony No. 7 in C Major, Op. 105: Adagio - Vivacissimo - Adagio
Allegro molto moderato - Allegro moderato - Presto - Adagio - Largamentemolto - Affettuoso
Sinfonia Concertante for Cello and Orchestra, Op. 125: I. Andante
II. Allegro giusto
III. Andante con moto
Variations on a Rococo Theme for Cello and Orchestra, Op. 33: Moderato quasi andante - Theme moderato semplice
Variation I. Tempo della thema
Variation II. Tempo della thema
Variation III. Andante sostenuto
Variation IV. Andante grazioso
Variation V. Allegro moderato
Variation VI. Andante
Variation VII. Coda. Allegro vivo
Gershwin: An American in Paris - 1. Allegretto grazioso
Gershwin: An American in Paris - 2. Andante ma con ritmo deciso
Gershwin: Piano Concerto in F - 1. Allegro
Gershwin: Piano Concerto in F - 2. Adagio
Gershwin: Piano Concerto in F - 3. Allegro agitato


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