Pierre Monteux

Biography

Born: April 4, 1875; Paris, France   Died: July 1, 1964; Hancock, ME  
Pierre Monteux had one of the longest musical careers in memory, exceeded perhaps only by Pablo Casals and Leopold Stokowski. He retained a youthful appearance (and a full head of black hair!) well into old age, and he was well loved by colleagues and audiences alike.

He started violin studies at the age of six and then entered the Paris Conservatoire at the age of 9. He made his conducting debut in Paris at the age of 12. He was a
Read more co-winner of the first prize for violin in 1896, with the great violinist Jacques Thibaud. He served as principal violist in the Opera-Comique, and was also assistant conductor and concertmaster of the Concerts Colonne.

In 1894 he joined the Quatuor Geloso as a violist and was priviledged to participate in the performance of a Brahms quartet in the composer's presence. In 1908 he became conductor of the Orchestre du Casino in Dieppe and in 1911 founded a series called the Concerts Berlioz. In the same year, he began a historic association when he was hired by Diaghilev to conduct his Ballets Russes. He led the premieres of Ravel's Daphnis et Chloe, Debussy's Jeux, and Stravinsky's Petrushka and Rite of Spring, the last of which caused a notorious audience riot.

In 1914, when war broke out, he was called to military service. He received a discharge in 1916 and travelled to the United States, where he obtained a conducting post at the Metropolitan Opera that lasted until 1919. At that point he was engaged to conduct the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Taking up the post in 1920, he walked into a labor dispute, with his musicians on strike; by the time the strike was settled, the concertmaster and 30 other musicians had left. Monteux had to rebuild the orchestra -- a difficult task, but an opportunity for Monteux to mold the orchestra according to his own taste; ever since then, the Boston Symphony Orchestra has been known for its French sound and its expertise in French and Russian repertoire. He remained in Boston through 1924, gaining a reputation as a supporter of modern music. He brought to America not only Stravinsky and the French composers, but such others as Respighi, Vaughan Williams, and Honegger.

In 1924 he began a ten year association with the Amsterdam Concertgebouw. He was a good fit with the orchestra's other conductor, Willem Mengelberg, who had a Romantic-era style, and who specialized in traditional repertoire and Dutch composers. In addition, Monteux founded the Orchestre Symphonique de Paris in 1929, and the Ecole Monteaux, a coaching school for young conductors in 1932.

In 1936 he returned to the United States as conductor of the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, staying in that position through the 1952 season. During World War II he obtained American citizenship and transferred his Ecole Monteux to his new hometown of Hancock, Maine, where Erich Kunzel, Neville Marriner, and André Previn were among his students. He guest conducted and recorded extensively, and in 1961, at the age of eighty-six, accepted the musical directorship of the London Symphony Orchestra.

RCA Victor recorded him extensively in stereo, not only in Debussy, Ravel, Milhaud, Stravinsky, and the like, but also in Beethoven and Brahms; Monteux was especially noted for his performances of these composers' music, to which he brought an unusual charm and lyrical quality.

He strove for transparency of sound, precision, light and springy rhythms, and that elegance that seems particularly associated with French music. Read less

There are 120 Pierre Monteux recordings available.

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Biography

Born: April 4, 1875; Paris, France   Died: July 1, 1964; Hancock, ME  
Pierre Monteux had one of the longest musical careers in memory, exceeded perhaps only by Pablo Casals and Leopold Stokowski. He retained a youthful appearance (and a full head of black hair!) well into old age, and he was well loved by colleagues and audiences alike.

He started violin studies at the age of six and then entered the Paris Conservatoire at the age of 9. He made his conducting debut in Paris at the age of 12. He was a
Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
Prologue: Glou, glou, glou!
Le conseiller Lindorf, morbleu! - Dans les rôles d'amoureux langoureux
Deux heures devant moi - Drig, drig, drig, maître Luther
Vive Dieu! Mes amis, la belle créature!
Va pour Kleinzach! - Il était une fois à la cour d'Eisenach!
Peuh! Cette bière est détestable!
Je vous dis, moi, qu'un malheur me menace
Act I (Olympia): Entr'acte
Là, dors en paix
Allons! Courage et confiance - Ah! Vivre deux!
Par Dieu! - Une poupée aux yeux d'émail
C'est moi, Coppélius - J'ai des yeux, de vrais yeux
Dis-tu vrai?
Non aucun hôte vraiment
Les oiseaux dans la charmille
Ah, mon ami! Quel accent!
Ils se sont éloignés enfin!
Tu me fuis?
Voici les valseurs! - Assez, assez, ma fille!
Mon enfant! Ma fille! Antonia!
Intermède
Epilogue: Entr'acte - Voilà quelle fut l'histoire - Luther est un brave homme
Double Violin Concerto in D Minor, BWV 1043 (2007 - Remaster): I. Vivace
Double Violin Concerto in D Minor, BWV 1043 (2007 - Remaster): II. Largo ma non tanto
Double Violin Concerto in D Minor, BWV 1043 (2007 - Remaster): III. Allegro
Variation 10: Intermezzo: Dorabella (Dora Penny)
Variation 11: G. R. S. (George Robertson Sinclair)
Variation 12: B. G. N. (Basil G. Nevinson) -
Variation 13: Romanza: *** (Lady Mary Lygon) -
Variation 14: Finale: E. D. U. (The Composer)
Hall ambiance
I. Miniature Overture: Allegro giusto
II. Danses carateristiques: March
II. Danses carateristiques: Dance of the Sugar-plum Fairy
II. Danses carateristiques: Russian Dance, "Trepak"
II. Danses carateristiques: Arab Dance
II. Danses carateristiques: Chinese Dance
II. Danses carateristiques: Dance of the Reeds
III. Waltz of the Flowers
Le carnaval romain, Op. 9
I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante con moto
III. Allegro
IV. Allegro
I. Allegro con spirito
II. Andante
III. Menuetto - Trio
IV. Finale: Presto
I. Adagio - Allegro
II. Largo
III. Menuetto - Trio: Allegretto
IV. Finale: Allegro con spirito
I. Allegro vivace
II. Andante con moto
III. Con moto moderato
IV. Saltarello: Presto
I. Lento - Allegro non troppo
II. Allegretto
III. Allegro non troppo
I. Ziemlich langsam - Lebhaft
II. Romanze: Ziemlich langsam
III. Scherzo: Lebhaft
IV. Langsam - Lebhaft
I. Allegro vivace
II. Andante cantabile
III. Menuetto: Allegretto
IV. Molto Allegro
J.S. Bach: Suite No.2 in B minor, BWV 1067 - 1. Ouverture
J.S. Bach: Suite No.2 in B minor, BWV 1067 - 2. Rondeau
J.S. Bach: Suite No.2 in B minor, BWV 1067 - 3. Sarabande
J.S. Bach: Suite No.2 in B minor, BWV 1067 - 4. Bourrée I-II
J.S. Bach: Suite No.2 in B minor, BWV 1067 - 5. Polonaise
J.S. Bach: Suite No.2 in B minor, BWV 1067 - 6. Menuet
J.S. Bach: Suite No.2 in B minor, BWV 1067 - 7. Badinerie
Mozart: Flute Concerto No.2 in D, K.314 - Cadenza by Claude Monteux - 1. Allegro aperto
Mozart: Flute Concerto No.2 in D, K.314 - 2. Andante ma non troppo
Mozart: Flute Concerto No.2 in D, K.314 - 3. Allegro
Haydn: Symphony in D, H.I No.101 - "The Clock" - 1. Adagio - Presto
Haydn: Symphony in D, H.I No.101 - "The Clock" - 2. Andante
Haydn: Symphony in D, H.I No.101 - "The Clock" - 3. Menuet (Allegretto) - Trio
Haydn: Symphony in D, H.I No.101 - "The Clock" - 4. Finale (Vivace)
Brahms: Symphony No.2 in D, Op.73 - 1. Allegro non troppo
Brahms: Symphony No.2 in D, Op.73 - 2. Adagio non troppo - L'istesso tempo, ma grazioso
Brahms: Symphony No.2 in D, Op.73 - 3. Allegretto grazioso ( Quasi andantino) - Presto ma non assai
Brahms: Symphony No.2 in D, Op.73 - 4. Allegro con spirito
Debussy: Images for Orchestra - 1. Gigues
Debussy: Images for Orchestra / 2. Ibéria - 1. Par les rues et par les chemins
Debussy: Images for Orchestra / 2. Ibéria - 2. Les parfums de la nuit
Debussy: Images for Orchestra / 2. Ibéria - 3. Le matin d'un jour de fête
Debussy: Images for Orchestra - 3. Rondes de printemps
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Suite (1919) - Introduction
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Suite (1919) - Dance of the Firebird
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Suite (1919) - Round Dance of the Princesses
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Suite (1919) - Infernal Dance of King Kaschei
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Suite (1919) - Berceuse
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Suite (1919) - Finale
Ravel: Ma mère l'oye - Prélude
Ravel: Ma mère l'oye - Danse du rouet et scène - Interlude
Ravel: Ma mère l'oye - Pavane de la Belle au bois dormant
Ravel: Ma mère l'oye - Interlude
Ravel: Ma mère l'oye - Les entretiens de la Belle et de la Bête
Ravel: Ma mère l'oye - Interlude
Ravel: Ma mère l'oye - Petit Poucet
Ravel: Ma mère l'oye - Interlude
Ravel: Ma mère l'oye - Laideronnette, Impératrice des Pagodes
Ravel: Ma mère l'oye - Interlude
Ravel: Ma mère l'oye - Apothéose: Le jardin féerique
Sibelius: Symphony No.2 in D, Op.43 - 1. Allegretto - Poco allegro - Tranquillo, ma poco a poco ravvivando il tempo al allegro
Sibelius: Symphony No.2 in D, Op.43 - 2. Tempo andante, ma rubato - Andante sostenuto
Sibelius: Symphony No.2 in D, Op.43 - 3. Vivacissimo - Lento e suave - Largamente
Sibelius: Symphony No.2 in D, Op.43 - 4. Finale (Allegro moderato)
Elgar: Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 "Enigma" - Theme (Andante)
Elgar: Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 "Enigma" - 1. C.A.E. (L'istesso tempo)
Elgar: Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 "Enigma" - 2. H.D.S.-P. (Allegro)
Elgar: Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 "Enigma" - 3. R.B.T. (Allegretto)
Elgar: Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 "Enigma" - 4. W.M.B. (Allegro di molto)
Elgar: Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 "Enigma" - 5. R.P.A. (Moderato)
Elgar: Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 "Enigma" - 6. Ysobel (Andantino)
Elgar: Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 "Enigma" - 7. Troyte (Presto)
Elgar: Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 "Enigma" - 8. W.N. (Allegretto)
Elgar: Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 "Enigma" - 9. Nimrod (Adagio)
Elgar: Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 "Enigma" - 10. Intermezzo: Dorabella (Allegretto)
Elgar: Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 "Enigma" - 11. G.R.S. (Allegro di molto)
Elgar: Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 "Enigma" - 12. B.G.N. (Andante)
Elgar: Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 "Enigma" - 13. Romanza *** (Moderato)
Elgar: Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 "Enigma" - 14. Finale: E.D.U. (Allegro - Presto)
Stravinsky: The Shrovetide Fair
Stravinsky: In Petrushka's Room
Stravinsky: In the Moor's Room
Stravinsky: The Shrovetide Fair (evening)
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 1 - 1. Introduction
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 1 - 2. Les augures printaniers - Danse des adolescents
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 1 - 3. Jeu de rapt
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 1 - 4. Rondes printanières
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 1 - 5. Jeux des cités
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 1 - 6. Cortège du sage - Le sage
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 1 - 7. Danse de la terre
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 2 - 1. Introduction
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 2 - 2. Cercles mysteriéux des adolescentes
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 2: The Sacrifice - 3. Glorification d'élue
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 2 - 4. Evocation des ancêtres
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 2 - 5. Action rituelle des ancêtres
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 2 - 6. Danse sacrale: l'élue
Tableau 1: Russian Dance
Tableau 2: 's Room
Tableau 3: The Moor's Room - Dance of the Ballerina - Waltz
Tableau 4: The Shrovetide Fair - Dance of the Nursemaids
Part I
Part II
I. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
II. Molto vivace
III. Adagio molto e cantabile
IV. Finale: Presto - Allegro assai
I. Adagio molto - Allegro molto
II. Larghetto
III. Scherzo
IV. Allegro molto
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Allegretto
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Gavotte: Non troppo allegro
IV. Finale: Molto vivace
I. Allegro aperto
II. Adagio
III. Tempo di menuetto
I. Allegro vivace e con brio
II. Allegretto scherzando
III. Tempo di menuetto
IV. Allegro vivace
I. Einleitung und Rondo
II. Marsch und Pastorale
III. Passacaglia
No. 1. Gigues
No. 2. Iberia: a. Par les rues et par les chemins -
No. 2. Iberia: b. Les parfums de la nuit -
No. 2. Iberia: c. Le matin d'un jour de fete
No. 3. Rondes de printemps
No. 1. Asie
No. 2. La flute enchantee
No. 3. L'indifferent
I. Poco sostenuto - Vivace
II. Allegretto
III. Presto, assai meno presto
IV. Allegro con brio
I. Andante - Allegro con anima
II. Andante cantabile con alcuna licenza
III. Valse: Allegro moderato
IV. Finale: Andante maestoso - Allegro vivace
I. Lento
II. Allegretto
III. Allegro non troppo
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé - Ballet en 3 parties (complete) - Première partie - Introduction et danse religieuse
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé - Ballet en 3 parties (complete) - Première partie - Scène - Danse générale
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé - Ballet en 3 parties (complete) - Première partie - Danse grotesque de Dorcon - Scène
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé - Ballet en 3 parties (complete) - Première partie - Danse légère et gracieuse de Daphnis
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé - Ballet en 3 parties (complete) - Première partie - Scène - Danse de Lyceion - Scène (Les pirates)
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé - Ballet en 3 parties (complete) - Première partie - Scène - Danse lente et mystérieuse
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé - Ballet en 3 parties (complete) - Deuxième partie - Introduction
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé - Ballet en 3 parties (complete) - Deuxième partie - Danse guerrière
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé - Ballet en 3 parties (complete) - Deuxième partie - Scène - Danse suppliante de Chloé
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé - Ballet en 3 parties (complete) - Troisième partie - Lever du jour - Scène
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé - Ballet en 3 parties (complete) - Troisième partie - Daphnis et Chloé miment l'aventure de Pan et Syrinx
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé - Ballet en 3 parties (complete) - Troisième partie - Danse générale
Ravel: Rapsodie espagnole - 1. Prélude à la nuit
Ravel: Rapsodie espagnole - 2. Malagueña
Ravel: Rapsodie espagnole - 3. Habanera
Ravel: Rapsodie espagnole - 4. Feria
I. Lento - Allegro ma non troppo
II. Allegretto
III. Finale - Allegro non troppo
Pétrouchka: Scene I: The Shrovetide Fair: Vivace
Scene I: The Shrovetide Fair: The Magic Trick
Scene I: The Shrovetide Fair: Russian Dance
Scene II: Pétrouchka's Room
Scene III: The Moor's Room: Feroce stringendo
Scene III: The Moor's Room: Dance of the Ballerina
Scene III: The Moor's Room: Valse
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Con moto
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Wet Nurses' Dance
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Peasant with Bear
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Gypsies
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Dance of the Coachmen
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Masqueraders
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Scuffle
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Death of Pétrouchka
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Pétrouchka's Ghost
Scene I: The Shrove-Tide Fair: Vivace
Scene I: The Shrove-Tide Fair: The Magic Trick
Scene I: The Shrove-Tide Fair: Russian Dance
Scene I: The Shrove-Tide Fair: Scene II Petrushka's Room
Scene III: The Moor's Room: Feroce stringendo
Scene III: The Moor's Room: Dance of the Ballerina
Scene III: The Moor's Room: Valse
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Con moto
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Wet-Nurses' Dance
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Peasant with Bear
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Gypsies
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Dance of the Coachmen
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Masqueraders
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Scuffle
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Death of Petrushka
Scene IV: The Fair Toward Evening: Petrushka's Ghost
The Rite of Spring: Part I: Introduction
Part I: Dance of the Young Boys and Girls
Part I: Mock Abduction
Part I: Spring Rounds
Part I: Games of the Rival Towns
Part I: Procession of the Wise Elders
Part I: Adoration of the Earth
Part I: Dance of the Earth
Part II: Introduction
Part II: Mystic Circles of the Young Girls
Part II: Glorification of the Chosen One
Part II: Summoning of the Ancients
Part II: Ritual of the Ancients
Part II: Sacrificial Dance
Brahms: Piano Concerto No.1 in D minor, Op.15 - 1. Maestoso - Poco più moderato
Brahms: Piano Concerto No.1 in D minor, Op.15 - 2. Adagio
Brahms: Piano Concerto No.1 in D minor, Op.15 - 3. Rondo (Allegro non troppo)
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 36 (2002 Digital Remaster): I. Adagio - Allegro con brio
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 36 (2002 Digital Remaster): II. Larghetto
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 36 (2002 Digital Remaster): III. Scherzo (Allegro)
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 36 (2002 Digital Remaster): IV. Allegro molto


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