Pierre Boulez

Biography

Born: March 26, 1925   Country: France   Period: 20th Century
Pierre Boulez (b. 1925), French composer, conductor, and music theorist, is regarded as a leading composer of the post-Webern serialist movement who also embraced elements of aleatory and electronics. As a child Boulez demonstrated a formidable aptitude in mathematics, but left for Paris in 1942 to enroll in the Paris Conservatoire. His studies there often ran into difficulties, as he was rapidly developing revolutionary -- "Praise be to amnesia" Read more -- attitudes towards all things traditional. But two decisive influences during those years helped to shape his musical personality. The first was Messiaen's famous analysis course, the other was René Leibowitz, who introduced him to serial music, where Boulez found "a harmonic and contrapuntal richness and a capacity for development an extension of a kind I have never found anywhere else."

By the late 1940s, Boulez began using a technique known as total serialization. A work which soon gave Boulez public notice was his Second Piano Sonata (1948), following a much publicized concert in Darmstadt in 1952 by Yvonne Loriod, Messiaen's wife. The piece from the 1950s that sealed his reputation was Le Marteau sans Maître from 1954 (revised in 1955), for singer and chamber ensemble. The instrumentation gives prominence to exotic percussion, extended vocal techniques, and textures that are often brittle but also lyrical. Rigorously organized, Le Marteau nonetheless goes beyond strict serialism to a more personal style. The premiere took place in Germany in 1955 under Hans Rosbaud. The Südwestfunk Radio underwrote an astounding 50 rehearsals in order that the piece be properly performed. During the latter 1950s he began allowing greater freedom for the performer in works like Improvisations sur Mallarmé for soprano and chamber ensemble. In his Third Piano Sonata (1957), the pianist can reorder the five movements in a variety of ways, and certain passages within the movements offer alternate paths, thereby making the artist select which to play and which to omit. In 1957, Boulez embarked on Pli Selon Pli, a work in five movements for soprano and orchestra to texts by Mallarmé, making use of a more restrained open-form technique. The middle movements are scored for sub-groups of the orchestra, balancing the larger forces of the outer movements. Boulez is also known for withdrawing and rewriting his compositions, making nearly everything he writes "a work in progress." For instance, ...explosante-fixe..., first sketched in 1971 has engendered a number of works and transitory phases over approximately twenty five years, including a 1996 version for Solo MIDI Flute and Chamber Ensemble. In 2000, he also received the prestigious Grawemeyer Award in Composition for his forty minute chamber piece Sur Incises for three pianos, three harps, and three percussionists.

Boulez is also one of the twentieth century's most influential conductors, known for extraordinarily precise performances of contemporary works by Bartok, Ligeti, Messiaen, and Varése, among many others. In 1968 he was named Music Director of both the BBC Symphony Orchestra and New York Philharmonic. In 1969, the Cleveland Orchestra named him Principal Guest Conductor. In 1970 French President Pompidou announced the experimental electronic music institute, Institut de Recherche et de Coordination Acoustique/Musique (IRCAM) to be under Boulez's administration, eventually causing him to withdraw from the BBC and New York posts. In 1975, he formed the Ensemble Inter Contemporain, an ensemble devoted entirely to the performance of new music, including his own Repons (1980). He was also appointed Principal Guest Conductor of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra in 1995. As a conductor, Boulez has made many notable recordings; in 1996 he won a Grammy for his recording of Debussy's La Mer with the Cleveland Orchestra. Read less

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Biography

Born: March 26, 1925   Country: France   Period: 20th Century
Pierre Boulez (b. 1925), French composer, conductor, and music theorist, is regarded as a leading composer of the post-Webern serialist movement who also embraced elements of aleatory and electronics. As a child Boulez demonstrated a formidable aptitude in mathematics, but left for Paris in 1942 to enroll in the Paris Conservatoire. His studies there often ran into difficulties, as he was rapidly developing revolutionary -- "Praise be to amnesia" Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
1. Langsam. Schleppend
2. Kräftig bewegt
3. Feierlich und gemessen, ohne zu schleppen
4. Stürmisch bewegt
Totenfeier
1. Allegro maestoso. Mit durchaus ernstem und feierlichem Ausdruck
2. Andante moderato. Sehr gemächlich
3. Scherzo: In ruhig fliessender Bewegung
4. "O Röschen rot! Der Mensch liegt in grösster Not!" (Sehr feierlich aber schlicht) Text from Des Knaben Wunderhorn: "Urlicht"
5. Im Tempo des Scherzo - Langsam misterioso
1. Kräftig. Entscheiden
2. Tempo di minuetto. Sehr mäßig
3. Comodo. Scherzando. Ohne Hast
4. Sehr langsam. Misterioso: "O Mensch! Gib acht!" 'O Mensch! Gib acht'
5. Lustig im Tempo und keck im Ausdruck: "Bimm Bamm. Es sungen drei Engel"
6. Langsam. Ruhevoll. Empfunden
Beim Weidenbaum, im kühlen Tann
Ein Spielmann zog einst des Weges daher
Ach Spielmann, lieber Spielmann mein!
Von hohen Felsen erglänzt das Schloß
Was ist der König so stumm und bleich
Ach Spielmann, lieber Spielmann mein!
Auf springt der König von seinem Thron
1. Bedächtig. Nicht eilen - Recht gemächlich
2. In gemächlicher Bewegung. Ohne Hast
3. Ruhevoll (Poco adagio)
4. Sehr behaglich: "Wir genießen die himmlischen Freuden"
1. Trauermarsch (In gemessenem Schritt. Streng. Wie ein Kondukt - Plötzlich schneller. Leidenschaftlich. Wild - Tempo I)
2. Stürmisch bewegt. Mit größter Vehemenz - Bedeutend langsamer - Tempo I subito
3. Scherzo (Kräftig, nicht zu schnell)
4. Adagietto (Sehr langsam)
5. Rondo-Finale (Allegro)
1. Allegro energico, ma non troppo. Heftig aber Markig
2. Scherzo (Wuchtig)
3. Andante moderato
4. Finale (Allegro moderato)
1. Langsam - Allegro
2. Nachtmusik (Allegro moderato)
3. Scherzo
4. Nachtmusik (Andante amoroso)
5. Rondo - Finale (Allegro ordinario - Allegro moderato ma energico)
Veni, creator spiritus
"Imple superna gratia"
"Infirma nostri corporis"
Tempo I. (Allegro, etwas hastig)
"Infirma nostri corporis"
"Accende lumen sensibus"
"Veni, Creator...Da gaudiorum praemia"
"Gloria sit Patri Domino"
Poco adagio
Più mosso (Allegro moderato)
"Waldung, sie schwankt heran"
"Ewiger Wonnebrand"
"Wie Felsenabgrund mir zu Füßen"
"Gerettet ist das edle Glied" - "Hände verschlinget"
"Jene Rosen, aus den Händen"
"Uns bleibt ein Erdenrest"
"Ich spür' soeben" - "Freudig empfangen wir"
"Höchste Herrscherin der Welt"
"Dir, der Unberührbaren" - "Du schwebst zu Höhen"
"Bei der Liebe" - "Bei dem Bronn" - Bei dem hochgeweihten Orte"
"Neige, neige, du Ohnegleiche"
"Er überwächst uns schon" - "Vom edlen Geisterchor umgeben"
"Komm! hebe dich zu höhern Sphären" - "Blicket auf zum Retterblick"
"Alles Vergängliche"
1. Andante comodo
2. Im Tempo eines gemächlichen Ländler. Etwas täppisch und sehr derb - Poco più mosso subito - Ländler, ganz langsam
3. Rondo. Burleske (Allegro assai. Sehr trotzig - Presto)
4. Adagio (Sehr langsam)
Der Schildwache Nachtlied
Verlor'ne Müh
Trost im Unglück
Wer hat dies Liedlein erdacht?
Das irdische Leben
Revelge
Des Antonius von Padua Fischpredigt
Rheinlegendchen
Lied des Verfolgten im Turm
Wo die schönen Trompeten blasen
Lob des hohen Verstandes
Der Tamboursg'sell
Wenn mein Schatz Hochzeit macht
Ging heut' morgen übers Feld
Ich hab' ein glühend Messer
Die zwei blauen Augen von meinem Schatz
Blicke mir nicht in die Lieder
Ich atmet' einen linden Duft
Liebst du um Schönheit
Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen
Um Mitternacht
Nun will die Sonn' so hell aufgeh'n
Nun seh' ich wohl, warum so dunkle Flammen
Wenn dein Mütterlein
Oft denk' ich, sie sind nur ausgegangen
In diesem Wetter
Das Trinklied vom Jammer der Erde
Der Einsame im Herbst
Von der Jugend
Von der Schönheit
Der Trunkene im Frühling
Der Abschied
Introduction
Danses des adolescentes
Jeu du rapt
Rondes printanieres
Jeux des cites rivales
Cortege du sage
L'Adoration de la terre
Danse de la terre
Introduction
Cercles mysterieux des adolescentes
Glorification de l'Elue
Evocation des ancetres
Action rituelle des ancetres
Danse sacrale - L'Elue
Beim Weidenbaum, im kühlen Tann
Ein Spielmann zog einst des Weges daher
Ach Spielmann, lieber Spielmann mein!
Von hohen Felsen erglänzt das Schloß
Was ist der König so stumm und bleich
Ach Spielmann, lieber Spielmann mein!
Auf springt der König von seinem Thron
Ach Bruder, lieber Bruder mein!
Avant "l'Artisanat furieux"
Commentaire I de "Bourreaux de solitude"
"L'Artisanat furieux"
Commentaire II de "Bourreaux de solitude"
"Bel édifice et les pressentiments" version première
"Bourreaux de solitude"
Après "L'Artisanat furieux"
Commentaire III de "Bourreaux de solitude"
"Bel édifice et les pressentiments", double
1. Mondestrunken
2. Colombine
3. Der Dandy
4. Eine Blasse Wäscherin
5. Valse De Chopin
6. Madonna
7. Der Kranke Mond
8. Die Nacht
9. Gebet An Pierrot
10. Raub
11. Rote Messe
12. Galgenlied
13. Enthauptung
14. Die Kreuze
15. Heimweh
16. Gemeinheit!
17. Parodie
18. Der Monfleck
19. Serenade
20. Heimfahrt
21. O Alter Duft
1. Gigues
1. Par les rues et par les chemins
2. Les parfums de la nuit
3. Le matin d'un jour de fête
3. Rondes de printemps
1. Très modéré
2. Modéré
1. From Dawn Till Noon On The Sea (De l'aube à midi sur la mer)
2. Play Of The Waves (Jeux de vagues)
3. Dialogue Of The Wind And The Sea (Dialogue du vent et de la mer)
1. Asie
2. La flûte enchantée
3. L'indifférent
1. Prélude
2. Forlane
3. Menuet
4. Rigaudon
1. Danse sacrée
2. Danse profane
1. Ballade de Villon à s'amye
2. Ballade que Villon fait à la requeste de sa mère pour prier Nostre Dame
3. Ballade des femmes de Paris
Prélude: Très lent
1.Danse du rouet et Scène - Allegro
2.Pavane de la Belle au bois dormant.Lent - Allegro - Mouvement de Valse modéré
3.Les Entretiens de la Belle et de la Bête.Mouvement de Valse modéré
4.Petit Poucet.Très modéré
Interlude
5.Laideronnette,Impératrice des pagodes.Mouvement de marche - Allegro - Très modéré
Apothéose:Le Jardin féerique.Lent et grave
1. Prélude à la nuit
2. Malagueña
3. Habanera
4. Feria
Introduction - Lent - Très modéré
Danse religieuse - Modéré
Danse des jeunes filles - Vif
Danse grotesque de Dorcon - Vif - Plus modéré - Trés modéré - Pesant
Danse légère et gracieuse de Daphnis - Assez lent - Animé - Vif
Lycénion entre - Lent - mois lent - Très libre
Nocturne
Interlude
Danse guerrière
Danse suppliante de Chloé
Lever du jour
Danse générale
1. Allegramente
2. Adagio assai
3. Presto
1. Modéré - très franc
2. Assez lent - avec une expression intense
3. Modéré
4. Assez animé
5. Presque lent - dans un sentiment intime
6. Assez vif
7. Moins vif
8. Epilogue (Lent)
Debussy: La Mer, L. 109 - 1. From Dawn Till Noon On The Sea (De l'aube à midi sur la mer)
Debussy: La Mer, L. 109 - 2. Play Of The Waves (Jeux de vagues)
Debussy: La Mer, L. 109 - 3. Dialogue Of The Wind And The Sea (Dialogue du vent et de la mer)
Debussy: Images For Orchestra, L. 122 - 1. Gigues
Debussy: Images For Orchestra / 2. Ibéria, L. 122 - 1. Par les rues et par les chemins
Debussy: Images For Orchestra / 2. Ibéria, L. 122 - 2. Les parfums de la nuit
Debussy: Images For Orchestra / 2. Ibéria, L. 122 - 3. Le matin d'un jour de fête
Debussy: Images For Orchestra, L. 122 - 3. Rondes de printemps
Debussy: Printemps, L. 61 - 1. Très modéré
Debussy: Printemps, L. 61 - 2. Modéré
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Introduction
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Kashchei's Enchanted Garden
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Appearance Of The Firebird Pursued By Ivan Tsarevich
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Dance Of The Firebird
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Ivan Tsarevich Captures The Firebird
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Supplication Of The Firebird
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Game Of The Princesses With The Golden Apples
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Sudden Appearance Of Ivan Tsarevich
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Round Dance Of The Princesses
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Daybreak
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Magic Carillon, Appearance Of Kashchei's Guardian Monsters And Capture Of Ivan Tsarevich
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Dance Of Kashchei's Retinue Under The Spell Of The Firebird
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Infernal Dance Of All Kashchei's Subject's
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Lullaby Of The Firebird
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Collapse Of Kashchei's Palace And Dissolution Of All Enchantments - Reanimation Of The Petrified Prisoners - General Rejoicing
Stravinsky: 4 Etudes For Orchestra - Danse
Stravinsky: 4 Etudes For Orchestra - Excentrique
Stravinsky: 4 Etudes For Orchestra - Cantique
Stravinsky: 4 Etudes For Orchestra - Madrid
Stravinsky: Petrouchka / Scene 1 - First Tableau
Stravinsky: Petrouchka / Scene 2 - Second Tableau
Stravinsky: Petrouchka / Scene 3 - Third Tableau
Stravinsky: Petrouchka / Scene 4 - Fourth Tableau
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps - Part 1: L'Adoration de la Terre
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps - Part 2: Le Sacrifice
Stravinsky: Le Chant Du Rossignol Poème Symphonique For Orchestra - Chant du Rossignol
Stravinsky: Le Chant Du Rossignol Poème Symphonique For Orchestra - Marche chinoise
Stravinsky: Le Chant Du Rossignol Poème Symphonique For Orchestra - Chant du Rossignol
Stravinsky: Le Chant Du Rossignol Poème Symphonique For Orchestra - Jeu du Rossignol mécanique
Stravinsky: Histoire Du Soldat - Concert Suite / Part 1 - The Soldier's March
Stravinsky: Histoire Du Soldat - Concert Suite / Part 1 - Music To Scene I
Stravinsky: Histoire Du Soldat - Concert Suite / Part 1 - Music To Scene II
Stravinsky: Histoire Du Soldat - Concert Suite / Part 2 - The Royal March
Stravinsky: Histoire du soldat - Concert suite / Part 2 - The Little Concert
Stravinsky: Histoire du soldat - Concert suite / Part 2 - Three Dances (Tango-Waltz-Ragtime)
Stravinsky: Histoire du soldat - Concert suite / Part 2 - The Devil's Dance
Stravinsky: Histoire du soldat - Concert suite / Part 2 - Great Choral
Stravinsky: Histoire du soldat - Concert suite / Part 2 - Triumphant March Of The Devil
Stravinsky: Symphonie De Psaumes - 1. Exaudi Orationem Meam, Domine
Stravinsky: Symphonie De Psaumes - 2. Expectans Expectavi Dominum
Stravinsky: Symphonie De Psaumes - 3. Alleluia, Laudate Dominum
Stravinsky: Symphony In 3 Movements - 1. Allegro
Stravinsky: Symphony In 3 Movements - 2. Andante - Interlude (L'istesso Tempo)-
Stravinsky: Symphony In 3 Movements - 3. Con Moto
Stravinsky: Concerto In E Flat "Dumbarton Oaks" - 1. Tempo giusto
Stravinsky: Concerto In E Flat "Dumbarton Oaks" - 2. Allegretto
Stravinsky: Concerto In E Flat "Dumbarton Oaks" - 3. Con moto
Stravinsky: Two Poems By Paul Verlaine - Russian Translation By S. Mtusov - Gdye v lunnom svyetye (The White Moon)
Stravinsky: Two Poems By Paul Verlaine - Russian Translation By S. Mtusov - Mrachniye sny (Wisdom)
Stravinsky: Two Poems By Konstantin Bal'mont - 1. Nyezabudochka-tsvyetochek (The Flower)
Stravinsky: Two Poems By Konstantin Bal'mont - 2. Golub' (The Dove)
Stravinsky: Three Japanese Lyrics - 1. Akahito
Stravinsky: Three Japanese Lyrics - 2. Mazatsumi
Stravinsky: Three Japanese Lyrics - 3. Tsaraiuki
Stravinsky: Three Songs (Recollections Of My Childhood) - Sorochenka (The Magpie)
Stravinsky: Three Songs (Recollections Of My Childhood) - Vorona (The Rock)
Stravinsky: Three Songs (Recollections Of My Childhood) - Chicher-Yacher
Stravinsky: Pribaoutki (Four Songs) - Kornilo (Uncle Pierre)
Stravinsky: Pribaoutki (Four Songs) - Natashka (Natasha)
Stravinsky: Pribaoutki (Four Songs) - Polkovnik (The Colonel)
Stravinsky: Pribaoutki (Four Songs) - Staryets i zayats (The Old Man And The Hare)
Stravinsky: Three Songs From William Shakespeare - Music To Hear
Stravinsky: Three Songs From William Shakespeare - Full Fadom Five
Stravinsky: Three Songs From William Shakespeare - Spring (When Dasies Pied)
Die Achtel ein wenig bewegt - zögernd
Heftig
Ciff. 9: Lebhaft
Ciff. 16: Sehr rasch
Ciff. 33: Ein wenig bewegt
Ciff. 36: Langsam
Ciff. 43: Ein wenig bewegter
Ciff. 50: Sehr langsam
Ciff. 55: Etwas bewegt
Ciff. 59: In gehender Bewegung
Ciff. 62: Breit
1. Adagio sostenuto assai
2. Allegro agitato assai
3. Allegro moderato
4. Allegro deciso
5. Marziale un poco meno Allegro
6. Allegro animato
1. Allegro maestoso
2. Quasi Adagio
3. Allegretto Vivace - Allegro Animato
4. Allegro marziale animato


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