Philharmonia Hungarica

Biography

The Philharmonia Hungarica has a unique history emerging from one of the darkest weeks of the Cold War. After World War II, Hungary, a country that had allied itself with Nazi Germany, was occupied by Red Army troops, who backed a Communist party that seized control of the country. In 1956, a popular movement for freedom arose and ousted the Communists. Unable to tolerate this, the Soviet Union in October launched a massive tank attack on Hungary Read more and after a few days of resistance, their overwhelming strength destroyed the fledgling free government's forces. Tens of thousands fled before the advancing Soviet forces. Austria, the only non-Communist country bordering Hungary, opened its borders to this flow of humanity, and on its soil the first displaced persons' camps since the post-War years reopened.

Among them were some of the most talented musical artists of Hungary. A young conductor, Zoltan Rozsnyai had the idea of forming an orchestra in exile from the refugees in the camps. He gathered 75 musicians. They put together a concert program and performed as the Philharmonia Hungarica in the Vienna Konzerthaus on May 28, 1957. They had spirit and passion, but they performed like an ad hoc, one-shot group. The members and Rozsnyai determined that they would build the group into a genuine professional ensemble. They were motivated by their own sense of professional pride, but also were in hopes of making permanent jobs for the orchestral players, who were refugees and homeless, in addition to being subject, should they return to the Eastern Bloc, to the death penalty.

International Refugee Aid Organizations and other sponsors, including leading musicians of many nationalities, supported this effort. Among them was the perpetual humanitarian Yehudi Menuhin and the internationally known conductor Antal Dorati. Dorati, a Hungarian who had left his homeland before World War II, now had a reputation as one of the greatest living orchestra-building conductors. He agreed to work with the orchestra as their Artistic Mentor. He built them up, led some of the first recordings (including music of Béla Bartók and Zoltán Kodály) and took them on their first international tour. Such support enabled the orchestra to negotiate a guaranteed loan for operating expenses. Then the small city of Marl, on the Ruhr in West Germany, invited the Philharmonia Hungarica to become its resident orchestra. The musicians were delighted to find a permanent home. They continued to be an active recording orchestra with Rozsnyai, Dorati, and others, and participated in one of the most honored projects in phonograph history, the first integral set of all Joseph Haydn symphonies, conducted by Dorati. This set won virtually all international recording prizes.

Since then the Hungarica has released over 130 discs and performed in 250 cities all over the world. It has accompanied great stars like Luciano Pavarotti, José Carreras, Vladimir Ashkenazy, Heinrich Schiff, and Menuhin.

Following the death in 1989 of Artistic Mentor Dorati, the orchestra appointed Menuhin as its Honorary President and new Artistic Mentor. Menuhin conceived the successful plan to redirect the identity of the orchestra, establishing it as the Cultural Ambassador of the newly united Free Europe. Due to the great support Menuhin gave to the orchestra, it and the city of Marl have named the Hungarica's concert venue Lord Menuhin Hall.

The orchestra now has 80 full-time members of 14 nationalities. In 1990, following the fall of Communism in Europe, it gave its triumphant first concert in Budapest, Hungary. In 1997, Justus Frantz was appointed its Chief Conductor. Read less

There are 55 Philharmonia Hungarica recordings available.

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Biography

The Philharmonia Hungarica has a unique history emerging from one of the darkest weeks of the Cold War. After World War II, Hungary, a country that had allied itself with Nazi Germany, was occupied by Red Army troops, who backed a Communist party that seized control of the country. In 1956, a popular movement for freedom arose and ousted the Communists. Unable to tolerate this, the Soviet Union in October launched a massive tank attack on Hungary Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Moderato con moto
II. Moderato assai
III. Allegro vivace
IV. Moderato assai
Prelude; the fairy tale begins
Viennese musical clock
Song
The battle and defeat of Napoleon
Intermezzo
Entrance of the emperor and his court
1. Lento - maestoso
2. Allegretto moderato
3. Allegro con moto, grazioso
4. Allegro
5. Allegro vivace
1. Moderato (Theme)
2. Con brio (Variations I-VI)
3. Vivo (Variations VII-X)
4. Andante espressivo (Variations XI-XII)
5. Tempo di marcia funebre (Variations XIII-XVI)
Allegro risoluto
- Largo
Tempo primo
1. Allegro
2. Andante Moderato
3. Vivo
1. Presto
2. Andante
3. Finale - Presto
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Finale - Presto
1. Allegro
2. Andante moderato
3. Menuet & Trio
4. Finale - Alla breve
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Adagio
3. Menuet
4. Finale (Allegro)
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Recitativo - Adagio
3. Menuetto e Trio
4. Finale -Allegro
1. Allegro molto
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Presto "La tempesta"
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Finale - Presto
1. Adagio cantabile
2. Allegro
3. Menuet e Trio
4. Finale - Presto
1. Allegro
2. Adagio
3. Finale - Presto
1. Allegro molto
2. Andante
3. Menuetto e Trio - Allegretto
4. Finale: Allegro
1. Adagio - Presto - Adagio
2. Menuet e Trio
3. Andante
4. Finale: Presto
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Finale: Presto
1. Allegro
2. Andante, ma non troppo
3. Finale - Allegro molto
1. Andante moderato
2. Allegro molto
3. Tempo di Menuet
1. Allegro molto
2. Andante
3. Presto
1. Allegro molto
2. Andante cantabile
3. Minuet & Trio
4. Presto
1. Adagio
2. Presto
3. Minuet & Trio
4. Allegro molto
1. Adagio
2. Presto
3. Menuetto
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Minuet & Trio
4. Presto assai
1. Adagio
2. Minuet & Trio
3. Presto
1. Allegro assai con spirito
2. Adagio
3. Menuetto
1. Allegro molto
2. Andante sicilano
3. Presto
1. Allegro di molto
2. Poco adagio
3. Minuet & Trio - Allegro molto
4. Presto assai
1. Allegro di molto
2. Andante
3. Minuet & Trio - Allegretto
4. Presto
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Tempo di minuet, piů tosto allegretto
1. Allegro
2. Adagio
3. Menuet
4. Finale (Moderato molto - Presto)
1. Allegro molto
2. Minuet & Trio
3. Adagio ma non troppo
4. Presto
1. Vivace
2. Andante
3. Minuet and Trio
4. Allegro
1. Adagio
2. Allegro
3. Menuetto
4. Presto assai
1. Allegro di molto
2. Andante
3. Menuet. Un poco Allegretto
4. Finale. Presto
1. Vivace
2. Adagio
3. Menuetto & Trio
4. Allegro (Presto)
1. Presto
2. Menuet & Trio
3. Andante
4. Presto
1. Allegro assai
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Finale (Allegro molto)
1. Allegro
2. Andante piů tosto allegretto
3. Menuet & Trio
4. Finale: Fuga
1. Allegro con spirito
2. Un poco Andante
3. Menuet
4. Finale. Presto
1. Allegro
2. Adagio
3. Menuetto
4. Finale (Allegro)
1. Allegro con brio
2. Menuetto (Allegretto) - Canone in Diapason
3. Adagio
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Allegro assai
2. Adagio
3. Menuet (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Presto - Adagio)
1. Allegro
2. Adagio
3. Menuet (Allegretto)
4. Finale. Allegro
1. Adagio
2. Allegro di molto
3. Menuet
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Adagio e maestoso
2. Andante moderato
3. Menuet
4. Finale. Presto
1. Allegro assai con brio
2. Andante
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Largo maestoso - Vivace
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Adagio maestoso - Presto
2. Adagio assai
3. Menuet - Trio; Allegretto
4. Finale: Presto
1. Allegro di molto
2. Adagio
3. Menuet - Trio
4. Finale: Prestissimo
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Menuet alla zoppa. Un poco allegretto
4. Finale. Presto
1. Presto
2. Andante o piů tosto Allegretto
3. Menuetto
4. Allegro assai
1. Adagio - Allegro di molto
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Presto
5. Adagio (di Lamentatione)
6. Finale (Prestissimo)
1. Allegro
2. Adagio
3. Menuet (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Allegro)
1. Presto
2. Adagio
3. Menuetto
4. Finale (Allegro di molto - Adagio e cantabile - Allegro di molto
1. Vivace
2. Menuetto & Trio
3. Adagio cantabile
Finale - Presto
1. Vivace
2. Un poco adagio piů tosto andante
3. Menuetto
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Vivace con brio
2. Andante (Specie d'un canone in contrapunto doppio)
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Allegro con brio)
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Menuet & Trio
4. Finale: Thema von variazioni -Andante - Presto
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Presto (La chasse)
1. Vivace
2. Andante sostenuto
3. Menuetto
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Vivace
2. Adagio
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Allegro con spirito
2. Adagio cantabile - Un poco allegro
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Vivace)
1. Allegro spiritoso
2. Adagio
3. Menuetto
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Vivace
2. Andante
3. Menuetto - Allegro
Finale - Allegro ma non troppo
1. Vivace assai
2. Allegretto
3. Menuet
4. Finale (Vivace)
1. Allegro spiritoso
2. Andante
3. Menuet (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Vivace)
1. Adagio - Vivace
2. Romance (Allegretto)
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Adagio - Allegro spiritoso
2. Capriccio (Largo)
3. Menuet (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Allegro con spirito)
1. Vivace
2. Adagio
3. Menuet
4. Finale (Vivace)
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Largo
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Allegro con spirito)
1. Largo-Allegro assai
2. Andante
3. Menuet (Un poco allegretto)
4. Finale (Vivace)
1. Adagio - Allegro spiritoso
2. Adagio
3. Menuet (Allegretto)
4. Presto
1. Adagio - Allegro assai
2. Largo cantabile
3. Menuetto (Allegro)
4. Finale (Presto ma non troppo)
1. Adagio - Vivace assai
2. Andante
3. Menuet (Allegro molto)
4. Finale (Allegro di molto)
1. Allegro moderato
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Finale (Vivace)
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Andante
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Vivace)
1. Adagio - Vivace
2. Adagio ma non troppo
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Presto assai)
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Adagio
3. Menuetto (Allegro)
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Adagio - vivace assai
2. Adagio
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Vivace)
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Allegretto
3. Menuet (Moderato)
4. Finale ( Presto)
1. Adagio - Presto
2. Andante
3. Menuet (Allegretto) - Trio
4. Finale (Vivace)
1. Largo - Vivace
2. Adagio
3. Menuetto (Allegro)
4. Finale. Presto
1. Adagio - Allegro con spirito
2. Andante piů tosto allegretto
3. Menuet - Trio
4. Finale (Allegro con spirito)
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Andante
3. Menuet (Allegro)
4. Finale (Spiritoso)
Haydn: Symphony in G, H.I No.94 - "Surprise" - 1. Adagio - Vivace assai
Haydn: Symphony in G, H.I No.94 - "Surprise" - 2. Andante
Haydn: Symphony in G, H.I No.94 - "Surprise" - 3. Menuet (Allegro molto)
Haydn: Symphony in G, H.I No.94 - "Surprise" - 4. Finale (Allegro di molto)
Haydn: Symphony in D, H.I No.96 - "The Miracle" - 1. Adagio - Allegro
Haydn: Symphony in D, H.I No.96 - "The Miracle" - 2. Andante
Haydn: Symphony in D, H.I No.96 - "The Miracle" - 3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
Haydn: Symphony in D, H.I No.96 - "The Miracle" - 4. Finale (Vivace)
Haydn: Symphony in G, H.I No.100 - "Military" - 1. Adagio - Allegro
Haydn: Symphony in G, H.I No.100 - "Military" - 2. Allegretto
Haydn: Symphony in G, H.I No.100 - "Military" - 3. Menuet (Moderato)
Haydn: Symphony in G, H.I No.100 - "Military" - 4. Finale ( Presto)
Bartók: Dance Suite, Sz. 77 - 1. Moderato
Bartók: Dance Suite, Sz. 77 - 2. Allegro molto
Bartók: Dance Suite, Sz. 77 - 3. Allegro vivace
Bartók: Dance Suite, Sz. 77 - 4. Molto tranquillo
Bartók: Dance Suite, Sz. 77 - 5. Comodo - 6. Finale (Allegro)
Bartók: 2 Portraits, (Op.5) Sz. 37 - 1. "Ideal"
Bartók: 2 Portraits, (Op.5) Sz. 37 - 2. "Distorted"
1. Vivace assai
2. Allegretto
3. Menuet
4. Finale (Vivace)
1. Allegro spiritoso
2. Andante
3. Menuet (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Vivace)
4. Finale (Vivace)
1. Adagio - Vivace
2. Romance (Allegretto)


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