Philadelphia Orchestra

Composers

Biography

Active: 1900 - ; Philadelphia, PA
The Philadelphia Orchestra has been called the Rolls Royce of orchestras. Its many partisans assert that it is, and has been for nearly a century, the finest orchestra in the world.

The Philadelphia Orchestra was founded in 1900. Fritz Scheel was appointed the ensemble's first music director and served until his 1907 death. In its earliest years, the orchestra could not boast the exalted reputation it would develop just two decades later,
Read more but it did manage to attract some notable figures, including Richard Strauss who guest-conducted, and Artur Rubinstein who appeared as soloist in 1906. Scheel was succeeded by Carl Pohlig, a Mahler protégée. Under him, the orchestra remained a respectable, but hardly world-class, ensemble. Still, Rachmaninov and other major musicians appeared with the orchestra during his five-year tenure.

In 1912, the orchestra management appointed the young and then-obscure conductor, Leopold Stokowski, to be music director. By 1920, the orchestra had become widely recognized as the finest on American shores and among the greatest in the world. Stokowski had transformed a merely talented ensemble into a world-class orchestra in less than a decade. And his programming was boldly individual: he performed many new compositions, often ones requiring extravagant forces, such as the Mahler Eighth Symphony, which he introduced in 1916. He attracted the leading artists of the day and regularly conducted transcriptions of his own devising (often with the aid of Lucien Caillet) of works by Bach and others. More importantly, he led the Philadelphians in numerous recordings in the 1920s and 1930s for RCA, far outpacing most other conductors and orchestras of that period in this endeavor. Also under Stokowski, the orchestra became the first to have its own radio broadcast underwritten by commercial sponsors and to perform on a movie soundtrack, The Big Broadcast of 1937. Among Stokowski's innovations in the playing style of the orchestra was the introduction of "free bowing" for the string players, which resulted in a lusher, fuller sound. Many, however, asserted the thicker sonorities rendered a less appropriate sound to the more delicately-scored works from the Classical era.

In 1938, the management appointed a new music director, Eugene Ormandy, who had become assistant conductor in 1936. Stokowski still led performances and made recordings with the orchestra until 1940. Ormandy dispensed with Stokowski's "free bowing," and, many have claimed, fashioned an even greater collective virtuosity from his players. The leading musicians of the mid-twentieth century regularly played and recorded with the Philadelphians, including Rachmaninov (who died in 1943), Horowitz, Van Cliburn, Szigeti, and Oistrakh. Ormandy and the Philadelphia Orchestra continued to make recordings with RCA in the beginning of his tenure, but switched to Columbia in the 1940s. They would return to RCA, however, in 1968. For both labels they made recordings mainly from the standard repertory and its fringes, but paying particular attention to the works of Rachmaninov, Tchaikovsky, and Prokofiev. They also played and recorded a fair amount of American music, including works by Copland, Harris, Piston, and Gershwin.

By the early 1970s, the orchestra was said to be in decline by some critics and concertgoers. Ormandy selected his successor, Riccardo Muti, who became music director in 1980. Muti also made a large number of recordings during his ten years in Philadelphia, including a well-received cycle of Beethoven symphonies for EMI. Some view the Muti years negatively, but overall the orchestra maintained its generally high reputation.

Wolfgang Sawallisch was appointed music director in 1990 and served in that capacity until 2003. He was succeeded by Christoph Eschenbach, and then by Charles Dutoit. As of 2008 the PO will be seeking a new permanent successor. Read less

There are 523 Philadelphia Orchestra recordings available.

Select a specific Composer, Conductor or Label or browse recordings by Formats & Featured below


Composers

Biography

Active: 1900 - ; Philadelphia, PA
The Philadelphia Orchestra has been called the Rolls Royce of orchestras. Its many partisans assert that it is, and has been for nearly a century, the finest orchestra in the world.

The Philadelphia Orchestra was founded in 1900. Fritz Scheel was appointed the ensemble's first music director and served until his 1907 death. In its earliest years, the orchestra could not boast the exalted reputation it would develop just two decades later,
Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 1: L'Adoration de la Terre - Introduction
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 1: L'Adoration de la Terre - The Augurs Of Spring: Dances Of The Young Girls
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 1: L'Adoration de la Terre - Ritual Of Abduction
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 1: L'Adoration de la Terre - Spring Rounds
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 1: L'Adoration de la Terre - Ritual Of The Rival Tribes
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 1: L'Adoration de la Terre - Procession Of The Sage
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 1: L'Adoration de la Terre - The Sage
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 1: L'Adoration de la Terre - Dance Of The Earth
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 2: Le Sacrifice - Introduction (Largo)
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 2: Le Sacrifice - Mystical Circles Of The Young Girls
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 2: Le Sacrifice - Glorification Of The Chosen One
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 2: Le Sacrifice - Evocation Of The Ancestors
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 2: Le Sacrifice - Ritual Action Of The Ancestors
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps / Part 2: Le Sacrifice - Sacrificial Dance (The Chosen One)
Tchaikovsky: Concerto No. 2 in G Major for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 44: I. Allegro brillante e molto vivace
II. Andante non troppo
III. Allegro con fuoco
I. Introducción y escena (Introduction and Scene)
II. En la cueva - La Noche [in the Cave (Night-time)]
III. Canción del amor dolido (Song of Love's Sorrow)
IV. El Aparecido (The Apparition)
V. Danza del terror (Dance of Terror)
VI. El circulo mágico (The Magic Circle)
VII. A media noche - Los sortilegios (Midnight - Witchcraft)
VIII. Danza ritual del fuego (Ritual Fire Dance)
IX. Escena (Scene)
X. Canción del fuego fatuo (Song of the Will o' the Wisp)
XI. Pantomima (Pantomime)
XII. Danza del juego de amor (Dance of the Game of Love)
XIII. Final - Las campanes del amanecer (Finale - The Bells of Morning)
I. Allegro
II. Affettuoso
III. Allegro
I. Andante - Moderato - Cadenza
II. Adagio religioso
III. Scherzo: Trio
Symphony No. 1 in C Op. 21: I. Adagio molto - Allegro con brio
Symphony No. 1 in C Op. 21: II. Andante cantabile con moto
Symphony No. 1 in C Op. 21: III. Menuetto (Allegro molto e vivace)
Symphony No. 1 in C, Op.21: IV. Adagio - Allegro molto e vivace
Symphony No. 3 in E flat, 'Eroica' Op. 55: I. Allegro con brio
Symphony No. 3 in E flat, 'Eroica' Op. 55: II. Marcia funebre (Adagio assai)
Symphony No. 3 in E flat, 'Eroica' Op. 55: III. Scherzo (Allegro vivace)
Symphony No. 3 in E flat, 'Eroica' Op. 55: IV. Allegro molto - Poco andante - Presto
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 36: I. Adagio molto - Allegro con brio
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 36: II. Larghetto
Symphony No. 2 in D, Op.36: III. Scherzo (Allegro)
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 36: IV. Allegro molto
Symphony No. 4 in B flat Op. 60: I. Adagio - Allegro vivace
Symphony No. 4 in B flat Op. 60: II. Adagio
Symphony No. 4 in B flat Op. 60: III. Allegro vivace - Trio (Un poco meno allegro)
Symphony No. 4 in B flat Op. 60: IV. Allegro ma non troppo
Symphony No. 5 in C minor Op. 67: I. Allegro con brio
Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, Op. 67: II. Andante con moto
Symphony No. 5 in C minor Op. 67: III. Allegro -
Symphony No. 5 in C minor Op. 67: IV. Allegro - Presto
Symphony No. 6 in F, 'Pastoral' Op. 68: I. Awakening of happy feelings on arriving in the country
Symphony No. 6 in F, 'Pastoral', Op. 68: II. Scene by the brook
Symphony No. 6 in F, 'Pastoral', Op. 68: III. Merry gathering of the country folk
Symphony No. 6 in F, 'Pastoral', Op. 68: IV. Storm and Tempest
Symphony No. 6 in F, 'Pastoral', Op. 68: V. Shepherds' Song and happy feelings after the storm
Symphony No. 7 in A Op. 92: I. Poco sostenuto - Vivace
Symphony No. 7 in A Op. 92: II. Allegretto
Symphony No. 7 in A Op. 92: III. Scherzo (Presto)
Symphony No. 7 in A Op. 92: IV. Allegro con brio
Symphony No. 8 in F Op. 93: I. Allegro vivace e con brio
Symphony No. 8 in F Op. 93: II. Allegretto scherzando
Symphony No. 8 in F Op. 93: III. Tempo di Minuetto
Symphony No. 8 in F Op. 93: IV. Allegro vivace
Symphony No. 9 in D minor, 'Choral' Op. 125: I. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
Symphony No. 9 in D minor, 'Choral' Op. 125: II. Molto vivace - Presto - Molto vivace - Presto
Beethoven: Symphony No. 9 in D Minor 'Choral', Op. 125: III. Adagio molto e cantabile - Andante moderato
Symphony No. 9 in D minor, 'Choral' Op. 125: IV. Presto - Allegro ma non troppo - Allegro assai - Allegro assai vivace - Alla marcia - Andante maestoso - Allegro energico, sempre ben marcato - Allegro ma non tanto - Poco adagio - Prestissim
Piano Concerto No.3 in C Minor, Op.37 (1985 Digital Remaster): Allegro con brio
Piano Concerto No.3 in C Minor, Op.37 (1985 Digital Remaster): Largo
Piano Concerto No.3 in C Minor, Op.37 (1985 Digital Remaster): Rondo (Allegro - Presto)
Serenade for Strings in C Major, Op.48: I. Pezzo in forma di sonatina (Andante non troppo - Allegro moderato)
Serenade for Strings in C Major, Op.48: II. Valse (Moderato: Tempo di valse)
Serenade for Strings in C Major, Op.48: III. Elégie (Larghetto elegiaco)
Serenade for Strings in C Major, Op.48: IV. Finale: Tema russo (Andante - Allegro con spirito)
Swan Lake - Ballet Suite Op. 20: Scene
Swan Lake - Ballet Suite Op. 20, ACT 1:: Waltz
Swan Lake - Ballet Suite Op. 20, ACT 2:: Pas de quatre: Dance of the Little Swans
Swan Lake - Ballet Suite Op. 20, ACT 2:: Introduction, Scene and Dance No. 2 of the Queen of the Swans
Swan Lake - Ballet Suite Op. 20, ACT 3:: Hungarian Dance
Swan Lake - Ballet Suite Op. 20, ACT 3:: Spanish Dance
Swan Lake - Ballet Suite Op. 20, ACT 3:: Neapolitan Dance
Swan Lake - Ballet Suite Op. 20, ACT 3:: Mazurka
The Sleeping Beauty - Ballet Suite, Op.66: Introduction: The Lilac Fairy
The Sleeping Beauty - Ballet Suite, Op.66: Pas d'action (Adagio)
The Sleeping Beauty - Ballet Suite, Op.66: Pas de caractere: Puss-in-Boots & the White Cat
The Sleeping Beauty - Ballet Suite, Op.66: Panorama
The Sleeping Beauty - Ballet Suite, Op.66: Waltz
Pini di Roma (The Pines of Rome): I. I pini di Villa Borghese
Pini di Roma (The Pines of Rome): II. Pini presso una catacomba
Pini di Roma (The Pines of Rome): III. I pini del Gianiclo
Pini di Roma (The Pines of Rome): IV. I pini di Via Appia
Feste romane (Roman Festivals): I. Circenses
Feste romane (Roman Festivals): II. Il Giubileo
Feste romane (Roman Festivals): III. L'Ottobrata
Feste romane (Roman Festivals): IV. La Befana
Act I: Scène
Valse (Corps de ballet)
Act II: Scène
Danses des cygnes - Coda
Danse hongroise
Czardas
Scène finale
Sleeping Beauty, Op. 66: Introduction
Act I: Waltz
Pas d'action
Act II, Scene I: Panorama
Act III: March
Pas de caractère
Apotheosis
Nutcracker Suite, Op. 71a: I. Overture miniature: Allegro giusto
II. Danses Characteristiques: a) Marche: Tempo di marcia viva
b) Danse de la Fee-Dragee: Andante non troppo
c) Danse russe Trepak: Tempo di trepak, molto vivace
d) Danse Arabe: Allegretto
e) Danse Chinoise: Allegro moderato
f) Danse des Mirlitons: Moderato assai
III. Valse des Fleurs: Tempo di Valse
I. Pezzo in forma di sonatina: Andante non troppo - Allegro moderato
II. Waltz: Moderato, tempo di valse
III. Elegie: Larghetto elegiaco
IV. Finale: Tema russo: Andante - Allegro con spirito
I. Allegro molto moderato
II. Divertimento: Molto vivo
III. Lento misterioso - Appassionato - Tempo I
IV. Toccata (Moto perpetuo): Allegro moderato
I. Moderato
II. Allegretto
III. Largo
IV. Allegro non troppo
I. Largo
II. Allegro
III. Presto
Silent Night, Holy Night
Silent Night (Stille Nacht)
I. Allegro maestoso
II. Andante moderato
V. Finale: Im Tempo des Scherzos -
V. Langsam - Misterioso
Roméo et Juliette, Symphonie dramatique, Op. 17, 1ère Partie: Introduction: Combats - Tumulte - Intervention du Prince
Roméo et Juliette, Symphonie dramatique, Op. 17, Prologue: Récitatif choral
Roméo et Juliette, Symphonie dramatique, Op. 17, Prologue: Strophes
Roméo et Juliette, Symphonie dramatique, Op. 17, Prologue: Récitatif et Scherzetto
Roméo et Juliette, Symphonie dramatique, Op. 17, 2ème Partie: Roméo seul - Tristesse - Bruits lontain Concert et de bal - Grande fête chez les Capulet
Roméo et Juliette, Symphonie dramatique, Op. 17, 3ème Partie: Nuit sereine - Le jardin de Capulet s'ilencieux et désert. Les jeunes Capulets sortent de la fête, passente en chantant des réminiscences de la musique du bal.
Roméo et Juliette, Symphonie dramatique, Op. 17, 3ème Partie: Ohé! Capulets! Bonsoir, bonsoir
Roméo et Juliette, Symphonie dramatique, Op. 17, 3ème Partie: Scène d'amour (Adagio)
Roméo et Juliette, Symphonie dramatique, Op. 17, 4ème Partie: La reine Mab, ou la Fée des Songes
Berlioz: Les Nuits d'été Op. 7: Villanelle
Les Nuits d'été Op. 7 (1998 Digital Remaster): Le Spectre de la Rose
Les Nuits d'été Op. 7 (1998 Digital Remaster): Sur les Lagunes
Les Nuits d'été Op. 7 (1998 Digital Remaster): Absence
Les Nuits d'été Op. 7 (1998 Digital Remaster): Au Cimetière
Les Nuits d'été Op. 7 (1998 Digital Remaster): L'île inconnue
Symphony in F sharp major Op. 40: I. Moderato ma energico
Symphony in F sharp major Op. 40: II. Scherzo (Allegro molto) - Trio (Molto meno (tranquillo))
Symphony in F sharp major Op. 40: III. Adagio (Lento)
Symphony in F sharp major Op. 40: IV. Finale (Allegro)
Concert Music, Op.50 (1986 - Remaster): I. Mässig schnell, mit Kraft - Sehr breit, aber stets fliessend
Concert Music, Op.50 (1986 - Remaster): II. Lebhaft - Langsam - Im ersten Zeitmass (Lebhaft)
Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes by Carl Maria von Weber: I. Allegro
Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes by Carl Maria von Weber: II. 'Turandot', Scherzo (Moderato/Lebhaft)
Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes by Carl Maria von Weber: III. Andantino
Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes by Carl Maria von Weber: IV. Marsch
Nobilissima Visione - Suite: I. Einleitung (sehr langsam) -
Nobilissima Visione - Suite: Rondo (mässig schnell)
Nobilissima Visione - Suite: II. Marsch und Pastorale (Lebhaft)
Nobilissima Visione - Suite: III. Passacaglia (Feierlich bewegt)
I. I pini di Villa Borghese: Allegretto vivace - Vivace
II. Pini presso una catacomba: Lento
III. I pini del Gianicolo
IV. I pini della Via Appia: Tempo di Marcia
Promenade. Moderato non tanto, pesamente
III. Tuileries (Dispute between Children at Play). Allegretto non troppo, capriccioso
IV. Bydlo (Cattle). Sempre moderato, pesante
Promenade. Tranquillo
V. Ballet des petits poussins dans leurs coques (Ballet of the Unhatched Chicks). Scherzino. Vivo leggiero
VI. Samuel Goldenburg and Schmuyle. Andante
VII. Limoges: le marché (The Market Place of Limoges). Allegretto vivo, sempre scherzando
VIII. Catacombae: Sepulchrum Romanum (Catacombs: A Roman Grave). Largo
Cum mortuis in lingua morta (With the dead in a dead language). Andante non troppo, con lamento
IX. La cabane de Baba-Yaga sur des pattes de poule (The hut of Baba-Yaga on chicken's legs). Allegro con brio, feroce - Andante mosso - Allegro molto
X. La grande porte de Kiev (The great gate of Kiev). Allegro alla breve. Maestoso. Con grandezza
I. The Sea and Sinbad's Ship
I. The Sea and Sinbad's Ship
II. The Story of the Kalander Prince
II. The Story of the Kalander Prince
III. The Young Prince and the Young Princess
III. The Young Prince and the Young Princess
IV. Festival at Baghdad - The Sea - The Ship Goes to Pieces on a Rock Surmounted by a Bronze Warrior - Conclusion
IV. Festival at Baghdad - The Sea - The Ship Goes to Pieces on a Rock Surmounted by a Bronze Warrior - Conclusion
Toccata, Adagio and Fugue in C Major, BWV 564
II. Allegro molto
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro vivace
Symphony No. 5 In E minor, Op. 64: I. Andante; Allegro con anima
II. Andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza; Moderato con anima
III. Valse (Allegro moderato)
IV. Finale (Andante maestoso) Allegro vivace
Serenade in C Major for String Orchestra, Op. 48: I. Pezzo in forma di sonatina
II. Waltz
III. Elegia
IV. Finale (Tema Russo)
Concerto for Orchestra, Sz.116: I. Introduzione. Andante non troppo; Allegro vivace
II. Giuoco delle coppie. Allegro scherzando
II. Elegia. Andante non troppo
IV. Intermezzo interrotto. Allegretto
V. Finale. Pesante - Presto
Two Pictures, Op. 10 (Sz 46): I. In full flower
II. Village dance
Concerto in E minor for Violin and Orchestra, Op. 64: I. Allegro molto appassionato
II. Andante
III. Allegretto ma non troppo; Allegro molto vivace
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D Major, Op. 35: I. Allegro moderato
II. Canzonetta. Andante
III. Finale. Allegro vivacissimo
Symphony No. 1 in F minor, Op. 10: I. Allegretto
II. Allegro
III. Lento
IV. Allegro molto
Concerto No. 1 in E-flat Major for Cello and Orchestra , Op. 107: I. Allegretto
II. Moderato
III. Cadenza
IV. Allegro con moto
Sinfonia for Double Orchestra in E-Flat Major, Op. 18, No. 1: I. Allegro spiritoso
II. Andante
III. Allegro
Music for Strings, Percussion & Celesta, Sz106 (1985 Digital Remaster): I Andante tranquillo
Music for Strings, Percussion & Celesta, Sz106 (1985 Digital Remaster): II Allegro
Music for Strings, Percussion & Celesta, Sz106 (1985 Digital Remaster): III Adagio
Music for Strings, Percussion & Celesta, Sz106 (1985 Digital Remaster): IV Allegro molto
Symphony No. 4 in F minor Op. 36: I. Andante sostenuto_Moderato con anima
Symphony No. 4 in F Minor, Op.36: II. Andantino in modo di canzone
Symphony No. 4 in F Minor, Op.36: III. Scherzo: Pizzicato ostinato, allegro
Symphony No. 4 in F minor Op. 36: IV. Allegro con fuoco
Symphony No. 5 in E Minor, Op.64: I. Andante - Allegro con anima
Symphony No. 5 in E Minor, Op.64: II. Andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza
Symphony No. 5 in E Minor, Op.64: III. Valse: Allegro moderato
Symphony No. 5 in E Minor, Op.64: IV. Andante maestoso - Allegro vivace


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