Philadelphia Orchestra

Composers

Biography

Active: 1900 - ; Philadelphia, PA
The Philadelphia Orchestra has been called the Rolls Royce of orchestras. Its many partisans assert that it is, and has been for nearly a century, the finest orchestra in the world.

The Philadelphia Orchestra was founded in 1900. Fritz Scheel was appointed the ensemble's first music director and served until his 1907 death. In its earliest years, the orchestra could not boast the exalted reputation it would develop just two decades later,
Read more but it did manage to attract some notable figures, including Richard Strauss who guest-conducted, and Artur Rubinstein who appeared as soloist in 1906. Scheel was succeeded by Carl Pohlig, a Mahler protégée. Under him, the orchestra remained a respectable, but hardly world-class, ensemble. Still, Rachmaninov and other major musicians appeared with the orchestra during his five-year tenure.

In 1912, the orchestra management appointed the young and then-obscure conductor, Leopold Stokowski, to be music director. By 1920, the orchestra had become widely recognized as the finest on American shores and among the greatest in the world. Stokowski had transformed a merely talented ensemble into a world-class orchestra in less than a decade. And his programming was boldly individual: he performed many new compositions, often ones requiring extravagant forces, such as the Mahler Eighth Symphony, which he introduced in 1916. He attracted the leading artists of the day and regularly conducted transcriptions of his own devising (often with the aid of Lucien Caillet) of works by Bach and others. More importantly, he led the Philadelphians in numerous recordings in the 1920s and 1930s for RCA, far outpacing most other conductors and orchestras of that period in this endeavor. Also under Stokowski, the orchestra became the first to have its own radio broadcast underwritten by commercial sponsors and to perform on a movie soundtrack, The Big Broadcast of 1937. Among Stokowski's innovations in the playing style of the orchestra was the introduction of "free bowing" for the string players, which resulted in a lusher, fuller sound. Many, however, asserted the thicker sonorities rendered a less appropriate sound to the more delicately-scored works from the Classical era.

In 1938, the management appointed a new music director, Eugene Ormandy, who had become assistant conductor in 1936. Stokowski still led performances and made recordings with the orchestra until 1940. Ormandy dispensed with Stokowski's "free bowing," and, many have claimed, fashioned an even greater collective virtuosity from his players. The leading musicians of the mid-twentieth century regularly played and recorded with the Philadelphians, including Rachmaninov (who died in 1943), Horowitz, Van Cliburn, Szigeti, and Oistrakh. Ormandy and the Philadelphia Orchestra continued to make recordings with RCA in the beginning of his tenure, but switched to Columbia in the 1940s. They would return to RCA, however, in 1968. For both labels they made recordings mainly from the standard repertory and its fringes, but paying particular attention to the works of Rachmaninov, Tchaikovsky, and Prokofiev. They also played and recorded a fair amount of American music, including works by Copland, Harris, Piston, and Gershwin.

By the early 1970s, the orchestra was said to be in decline by some critics and concertgoers. Ormandy selected his successor, Riccardo Muti, who became music director in 1980. Muti also made a large number of recordings during his ten years in Philadelphia, including a well-received cycle of Beethoven symphonies for EMI. Some view the Muti years negatively, but overall the orchestra maintained its generally high reputation.

Wolfgang Sawallisch was appointed music director in 1990 and served in that capacity until 2003. He was succeeded by Christoph Eschenbach, and then by Charles Dutoit. As of 2008 the PO will be seeking a new permanent successor. Read less

There are 524 Philadelphia Orchestra recordings available.

Select a specific Composer, Conductor or Label or browse recordings by Formats & Featured below


Composers

Biography

Active: 1900 - ; Philadelphia, PA
The Philadelphia Orchestra has been called the Rolls Royce of orchestras. Its many partisans assert that it is, and has been for nearly a century, the finest orchestra in the world.

The Philadelphia Orchestra was founded in 1900. Fritz Scheel was appointed the ensemble's first music director and served until his 1907 death. In its earliest years, the orchestra could not boast the exalted reputation it would develop just two decades later,
Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
Introduction
The Augurs Of Spring: Dances Of The Young Girls
Ritual Of Abduction
Spring Rounds
Ritual Of The Rival Tribes
Procession Of The Sage
The Sage
Dance Of The Earth
Introduction (Largo)
Mystical Circles Of The Young Girls
Glorification Of The Chosen One
Evocation Of The Ancestors
Ritual Action Of The Ancestors
Sacrificial Dance (The Chosen One)
Tchaikovsky: Concerto No. 2 in G Major for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 44: I. Allegro brillante e molto vivace
II. Andante non troppo
III. Allegro con fuoco
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Introduction
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Harbingers of Spring (Dances of the Adolescents)
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Ritual of Abduction
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Spring Rounds
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Games of the Rival Tribes
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Procession of the Wise Elder
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Adoration of the Earth (Wise Elder)
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Dance of the Earth
Part II: The Sacrifice: Introduction (Pagan Night)
Part II: The Sacrifice: Mystic Circles of the Young Girls
Part II: The Sacrifice: Glorification of the Choosen One
Part II: The Sacrifice: Summoning of the Ancients
Part II: The Sacrifice: Ritual of the Ancients
Part II: The Sacrifice: Sacrificial Dance (Chosen One)
Le sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring): Part One: The Adoration of the Earth - Introduction
Auguries of Spring (Dances of the Young Girls)
Mock Abduction
Spring Khorovod (Round Dance)
Games of the Rival Clans
Procession of the Wise Elder
Adoration of the Earth (The Wise Elder)
Dance of the Earth
Part Two: The Sacrifice - Introduction
Mystical Circles of the Young Girls
Glorification of the Chosen One
The Summoning of the Ancients
Ritual of the Ancients
Sacrificial Dance (The Chosen Victim)
The Rite of Spring: Part I: Introduction
Part I: Dance of the Young Boys and Girls
Part I: Mock Abduction
Part I: Spring Rounds
Part I: Games of the Rival Towns
Part I: Procession of the Wise Elders
Part I: Adoration of the Earth
Part I: Dance of the Earth
Part II: Introduction
Part II: Mystic Circles of the Young Girls
Part II: Glorification of the Chosen One
Part II: Summoning of the Ancients
Part II: Ritual of the Ancients
Part II: Sacrificial Dance
Stravinsky: Le sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring): Le sacre du printemps: The Adoration of the Earth: Introduction
Le sacre du printemps: The Adoration of the Earth: Harbingers of Spring (Dances of the Adolescents)
Le sacre du printemps: The Adoration of the Earth: Ritual of Abduction
Le sacre du printemps: The Adoration of the Earth: Spring Rounds
Le sacre du printemps: The Adoration of the Earth: Games of the Rival Tribes
Le sacre du printemps: The Adoration of the Earth: Procession of the Wise Elder
Le sacre du printemps: The Adoration of the Earth: Adoration of the Earth (Wise Elder)
Le sacre du printemps: The Adoration of the Earth: Dance of the Earth
Le sacre du printemps: The Sacrifice: Introduction (Pagan Night)
Le sacre du printemps: The Sacrifice: Mystic Circles of the Young Girls
Le sacre du printemps: The Sacrifice: Glorification of the Choosen One
Le sacre du printemps: The Sacrifice: Summoning of the Ancients
Le sacre du printemps: The Sacrifice: Ritual of the Ancients
Le sacre du printemps: The Sacrifice: Sacrificial Dance (Chosen One)
Le sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring): Part One: The Adoration of the Earth - Introduction
Auguries of Spring (Dances of the Young Girls)
Mock Abduction
Spring Khorovod (Round Dance)
Games of the Rival Clans
Procession of the Wise Elder
Adoration of the Earth (The Wise Elder)
Dance of the Earth
Part Two: The Sacrifice - Introduction
Mystical Circles of the Young Girls
Glorification of the Chosen One
The Summoning of the Ancients
Ritual of the Ancients
Sacrificial Dance (The Chosen Victim)
The Rite of Spring: Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Introduction
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Harbingers of Spring (Dances of the Young Girls)
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Mock Abduction
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Spring Khorovod (Round Dances)
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Games of the Rival Tribes
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Procession of the Wise Elder
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Adoration of the Earth (Wise Elder)
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Dance of the Earth
Part II: The Sacrifice: Introduction
Part II: The Sacrifice: Mystic Circles of the Young Girls
Part II: The Sacrifice: Glorification of the Chosen Victim
Part II: The Sacrifice: Summoning of the Ancestors
Part II: The Sacrifice: Ritual of the Ancestors
Part II: The Sacrifice: Sacrificial Dance (Chosen One)
Le sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring): Introduction (1947 version)
Danses des adolescentes (1947 version)
Jeu du rapt (1947 version)
Rondes printanieres (1947 version)
Jeux des cites rivales (1947 version)
Cortege du sage (1947 version)
L'Adoration de la terre (1947 version)
Danse de la terre (1947 version)
Introduction (1947 version)
Cercles mysterieux des adolescentes (1947 version)
Glorification de l'Elue (1947 version)
Evocation des ancetres (1947 version)
Action rituelle des ancetres (1947 version)
Danse sacrale - L'Elue (1947 version)
The Rite of Spring (Scenes of Pagan Russia in two parts): Part One - Adoration of the Earth: Introduction. Lento
Part One - Adoration of the Earth: The Augurs of Spring
Part One - Adoration of the Earth: Mock Abduction
Part One - Adoration of the Earth: Spring Round Dances
Part One - Adoration of the Earth: Games of the Rival Tribes
Part One - Adoration of the Earth: Procession of the Wise Elders
Part One - Adoration of the Earth: Adoration of the Earth (Wise Elder)
Part One - Adoration of the Earth: Dance of the Earth
Part Two - The Sacrifice: Introduction. Largo
Part Two - The Sacrifice: Mystical Circles of the Young Girls
Part Two - The Sacrifice: Glorification of the Chosen Victim
Part Two - The Sacrifice: Summoning of the Ancestors
Part Two - The Sacrifice: Ritual of the Ancestors
Part Two - The Sacrifice: Sacrificial Dance (The Chosen Victim)
The Rite of Spring: Part One: The Adoration of the Earth - Introduction
The Augurs of Spring - Dances of the Young Girls
Ritual of Abduction
Spring Rounds
Ritual of the Rival Tribes
Procession of the Sage
The Sage
Dance of the Earth
Part Two: The Sacrifice - Introduction
Mystic Cycle of the Young Girls
Glorification of the Chosen One
Evocation of the Ancestors
Ritual Action of the Ancestors
Sacrificial Dance (The Chosen One)
Le sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring): Premičre partie: L'adoration de la terre (Part I: Adoration of the Earth): Introduction
Premičre partie: L'adoration de la terre (Part I: Adoration of the Earth): Les augures printaniers, Danses des adolescentes (The Augurs of Spring, Dances of the Young Girls)
Premičre partie: L'adoration de la terre (Part I: Adoration of the Earth): Jeu du rapt (Ritual of Abduction)
Premičre partie: L'adoration de la terre (Part I: Adoration of the Earth): Rondes printaničres (Spring Rounds)
Premičre partie: L'adoration de la terre (Part I: Adoration of the Earth): Jeux des cités rivales (Ritual of the Rival Tribes)
Premičre partie: L'adoration de la terre (Part I: Adoration of the Earth): Cortčge du sage (Procession of the Sage)
Premičre partie: L'adoration de la terre (Part I: Adoration of the Earth): Le sage (The Sage)
Premičre partie: L'adoration de la terre (Part I: Adoration of the Earth): Danse de la terre (Dance of the Earth)
Seconde partie: Le sacrifice (Part II: The Sacrifice): Introduction
Seconde partie: Le sacrifice (Part II: The Sacrifice): Cercles mysterieux des adolescentes (Mystic Circles of the Young Girls)
Seconde partie: Le sacrifice (Part II: The Sacrifice): Glorification de l'élue (Glorification of the Chosen One)
Seconde partie: Le sacrifice (Part II: The Sacrifice): Evocation des ancętres (Evocation of the Ancestors)
Seconde partie: Le sacrifice (Part II: The Sacrifice): Action rituelle des ancętres (Ritual Action of the Ancestors)
Seconde partie: Le sacrifice (Part II: The Sacrifice): Danse sacrale, L'élue (Sacrificial Dance, The Chosen One)
I. Introducción y escena (Introduction and Scene)
II. En la cueva - La Noche [in the Cave (Night-time)]
III. Canción del amor dolido (Song of Love's Sorrow)
IV. El Aparecido (The Apparition)
V. Danza del terror (Dance of Terror)
VI. El circulo mágico (The Magic Circle)
VII. A media noche - Los sortilegios (Midnight - Witchcraft)
VIII. Danza ritual del fuego (Ritual Fire Dance)
IX. Escena (Scene)
X. Canción del fuego fatuo (Song of the Will o' the Wisp)
XI. Pantomima (Pantomime)
XII. Danza del juego de amor (Dance of the Game of Love)
XIII. Final - Las campanes del amanecer (Finale - The Bells of Morning)
I. Allegro
II. Affettuoso
III. Allegro
I. Andante - Moderato - Cadenza
II. Adagio religioso
III. Scherzo: Trio
Pini di Roma (The Pines of Rome): III. I pini del Gianiclo
Pini di Roma (The Pines of Rome): IV. I pini di Via Appia
Act I: Scčne
Valse (Corps de ballet)
Act II: Scčne
Danses des cygnes - Coda
Danse hongroise
Czardas
Scčne finale
Sleeping Beauty, Op. 66: Introduction
Act I: Waltz
Pas d'action
Act II, Scene I: Panorama
Act III: March
Pas de caractčre
Apotheosis
Nutcracker Suite, Op. 71a: I. Overture miniature: Allegro giusto
II. Danses Characteristiques: a) Marche: Tempo di marcia viva
b) Danse de la Fee-Dragee: Andante non troppo
c) Danse russe Trepak: Tempo di trepak, molto vivace
d) Danse Arabe: Allegretto
e) Danse Chinoise: Allegro moderato
f) Danse des Mirlitons: Moderato assai
III. Valse des Fleurs: Tempo di Valse
I. Pezzo in forma di sonatina: Andante non troppo - Allegro moderato
II. Waltz: Moderato, tempo di valse
III. Elegie: Larghetto elegiaco
IV. Finale: Tema russo: Andante - Allegro con spirito
I. Allegro molto moderato
II. Divertimento: Molto vivo
III. Lento misterioso - Appassionato - Tempo I
IV. Toccata (Moto perpetuo): Allegro moderato
I. Moderato
II. Allegretto
III. Largo
IV. Allegro non troppo
I. Largo
II. Allegro
III. Presto


YOU MUST BE A SUBSCRIBER TO LISTEN TO ARKIVMUSIC STREAMING.
TRY IT NOW FOR FREE!
Sign up now for two weeks of free access to the world's best classical music collection. Keep listening for only $19.95/month - thousands of classical albums for the price of one! Learn more about ArkivMusic Streaming
Already a subscriber? Sign In