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Avison: Sonatas Op 1 & Op 8 / Avison Ensemble


Release Date: 06/01/2009 
Label:  Divine Art   Catalog #: 21214   Spars Code: n/a 
Composer:  Charles Avison
Performer:  Caroline BaldingRobert HowarthPavlo BesnosiukRichard Tunnicliffe,   ... 
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Avison Ensemble
Number of Discs: 2 
Recorded in: Stereo 
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Notes and Editorial Reviews

Unfailingly enjoyable music, performance and recording.

The Avison Ensemble continue to do proud the composer whose name they bear. Having recorded his Opp. 3 and 4 (Naxos 8.557905-6 – see review) and Op.6 Concertos (Naxos 8.557553-4 – see Jonathan Woolf’s review and Johan van Veen’s review), Concerti after Geminiani (Divine Art DDA21210 – see review), the Op.9 and Op.10 Concerti Grossi (DDA21211) and his Concerti Grossi after D Scarlatti (DDA21213), they now turn their attention to the Op.1 Trio Sonatas and the Op.8 Keyboard Sonatas with accompaniments. I’m on record as offering high praise to DDA21211 – see review – and DDA21213 – see review – and Jonathan Woolf was also lavish in his praise for DDA21213 – see
Read more review.

The works on the new set may not reach quite the heights of the Concertos after Geminiani and Scarlatti – go for those two sets first – but they are by no means negligible: unfailingly tuneful and well-constructed. The Op.1 pieces may well have had their origin as exercises when Avison was being tutored by Geminiani; if so, they are the work of a very competent and inspired pupil, by no means a slavish imitator of his mentor. Even when he adapted the keyboard works of Geminiani and Scarlatti, Avison did much more than merely orchestrate their music, just as Geminiani had done in orchestrating the music of his own mentor, Corelli.

The Op.1 Sonatas are advertised on their title page (reproduced in the well-documented Divine Art booklet) as ‘for two violins and a bass’. This makes them, in effect, Trio Sonatas in the manner of Corelli – indeed, they all follow the four-movement pattern of Corelli’s Sonate da chiesa, slow-fast-slow-fast, though it is unlikely that they were intended for church performance. The ‘bass’ is performed here on the cello and chest organ, making for a very full sound. I’m on record as preferring the cleaner sound of violin and harpsichord, without cello, in Corelli’s Op.5 Sonatas (Naxos 8.557799 – see review) but the fuller sound works well in Avison’s Op.1, making the music sound much closer to the Concerti Grossi on the Ensemble’s other recordings.

The Op.1 Sonatas are in a form transmitted from Corelli via Geminiani. By the date of the Op.8 Sonatas, however, the music of Rameau was becoming influential in England and Avison specifically mentions ‘Scarlatti, Rameau and Carlo-Bach’ (i.e. CPE Bach) alongside Geminiani in his ‘Advertisement’ for the set. The notes in the booklet very reasonably speculate that Avison knew Rameau’s Pièces de clavecin en concerts: he certainly praises the French composer for his ‘spirited Science’. Once again, however, whatever the degree of Rameau’s influence, Avison is no slavish imitator. I hear the influence of Scarlatti and, perhaps, even a foretaste of Boccherini in Sonata No.3 (trs.6-7).

The title page of Op.8 (again, reproduced in the booklet) described the works as ‘for the harpsichord with accompanyments for two violins and a violoncello’ and he specified that the string parts ‘being intended for Assistants only ... ought no where to overpower the Harpsichord.’ This brings me to my one reservation concerning the new recording. Whatever Avison’s intentions – reinforced by the fact that the harpsichord part is capable of being performed alone – the ‘Assistant’ strings do sometimes prove intrusive on the recording. This may well be an inherent problem in the music itself rather than one to be laid at the door of the performers or the engineers. Without suggesting that multi-miking or other trickery should have been employed, I should have thought it possible for the harpsichord part to be brought out more fully on a recording.

It’s a minor criticism and it didn’t spoil my enjoyment unduly. Otherwise I have nothing but praise for everything on these CDs. Music, performance and recording – preferably with a slight volume reduction from your normal setting – all contribute to a most enjoyable experience and the booklet is a model of its kind. As on the earlier recordings, there are no rough edges to the sound of the period instruments employed; this is early music without tears. I look forward now to the appearance of the Op.5 and Op.7 sonatas.

-- Brian Wilson, ClassicsToday.com
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Works on This Recording

1. Trio Sonatas (6) for 2 Violins and Basso Continuo, Op. 1 by Charles Avison
Performer:  Caroline Balding (Violin), Robert Howarth (Organ), Pavlo Besnosiuk (Violn),
Richard Tunnicliffe (Cello)
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Avison Ensemble
Period: Baroque 
Written: England 
2. Sonatas (6) for Harpsichord with accompaniments for two Violins and Cello, Op. 8 by Charles Avison
Performer:  Pavlo Besnosiuk (Violn), Robert Howarth (Harpsichord), Caroline Balding (Violin),
Richard Tunnicliffe (Cello)
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Avison Ensemble
Period: Baroque 
Written: England 

Featured Sound Samples

Trio Sonata, op 1 no 2: I. Andante
Trio Sonata, op 1 no 6: IV. Giga - Allegro

Sound Samples

Trio Sonata, Op. 1, No. 1: I. Adagio - Andante
Trio Sonata, Op. 1, No. 1: II. Allegro
Trio Sonata, Op. 1, No. 1: III. Dolce
Trio Sonata, Op. 1, No. 1: IV. Allegro
Trio Sonata in G minor, Op. 1, No. 2: I. Andante
Trio Sonata in G minor, Op. 1, No. 2: II. Allegro
Trio Sonata in G minor, Op. 1, No. 2: III. Adagio
Trio Sonata in G minor, Op. 1, No. 2: IV. Allegro
Trio Sonata in G minor, Op. 1, No. 3: I. Largo
Trio Sonata in G minor, Op. 1, No. 3: II. Allegro
Trio Sonata in G minor, Op. 1, No. 3: III. Adagio
Trio Sonata in G minor, Op. 1, No. 3: IV. Allegro
Trio Sonata, Op. 1, No. 4: I. Largo
Trio Sonata, Op. 1, No. 4: II. Allegro
Trio Sonata, Op. 1, No. 4: III. Adagio
Trio Sonata, Op. 1, No. 4: IV. Allegro
Trio Sonata in E minor, Op. 1, No. 5: I. Adagio
Trio Sonata in E minor, Op. 1, No. 5: II. Allegro
Trio Sonata in E minor, Op. 1, No. 5: III. Adagio
Trio Sonata in E minor, Op. 1, No. 5: IV. Allegro
Trio Sonata in D major, Op. 1, No. 6: I. Andante
Trio Sonata in D major, Op. 1, No. 6: II. Allegro
Trio Sonata in D major, Op. 1, No. 6: III. Adagio
Trio Sonata in D major, Op. 1, No. 6: IV. Giga: Allegro
Keyboard Sonata in A major, Op. 8, No. 1: I. Andante cantabile
Keyboard Sonata in A major, Op. 8, No. 1: II. Presto
Keyboard Sonata in C major, Op. 8, No. 2: I. Allegro
Keyboard Sonata in C major, Op. 8, No. 2: II. Interludio: Andante
Keyboard Sonata in C major, Op. 8, No. 2: III. Allegro
Keyboard Sonata in D major, Op. 8, No. 3: I. Marcia: Andante
Keyboard Sonata in D major, Op. 8, No. 3: II. Aria: Allegretto
Keyboard Sonata in B flat major, Op. 8, No. 4: I. Andante
Keyboard Sonata in B flat major, Op. 8, No. 4: II. Presto
Keyboard Sonata in G minor, Op. 8, No. 5: I. Andante
Keyboard Sonata in G minor, Op. 8, No. 5: II. Presto
Keyboard Sonata in G major, Op. 8, No. 6: I. Aria: Andante - Allegro

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