Paul Tortelier

Biography

Born: March 21, 1914; Paris, France   Died: December 18, 1990; Villarceaux, France  
A consummate artist whose approach to the cello was directed toward breathing life into the music, Paul Tortelier earned the respect and affection of countless colleagues. An enduring friendship with Pablo Casals found him playing, in the words of a French critic, Apollo to Casals' Jupiter. Like Casals, Tortelier emphasized using but one finger at a time on the string to allow free vibration. Fantasy and emotional freedom marked his performances Read more and attracted numerous young players.

Given a cello by his mother at age six, Tortelier was prompted toward a career from the beginning. His first teacher, Beatrice Bluhm, exposed young Paul to the flexible wrist and free bowing arm favored by the Franco-Belgian School. At ten, Tortelier entered the Paris Conservatoire, where his studied with Gérard Hekking, who encouraged a sense of rhythmic freedom and instilled in his pupil an abiding love for Bach. While his lessons continued, he performed in Paris cafés and cinemas; at 16, he graduated from the Conservatoire with a first prize.

After joining the Paris Radio Orchestra as assistant principal, Tortelier made a debut with Lamoureux Concert Association, all the while studying harmony with Jean Gallon at the Conservatoire. Completion of those courses brought another first prize, this time in composition. As a member of the Monte Carlo Symphony Orchestra, Tortelier played under the direction of Toscanini and Walter and performed as soloist in Richard Strauss' Don Quixote under the composer's direction.

Though his career advanced in the late 1930s, taking him to Asia and Africa, as well as North and South America, WWII curtailed his activities. After the war, he resumed his concert appearances. Impressed by efforts to establish Israeli statehood, Tortelier (a Catholic) moved his family to Mabaroth, a kibbutz only several hundred yards from the enemy border. The first Prades Festival, celebrating the 200th anniversary of Bach's death in 1950, drew an invitation from Casals to be principal cellist. From 1956 to 1969, Tortelier was a professor at the Paris Conservatoire; from 1969 to 1975, he taught at the Folkwang Hochschule in Essen, Germany. Conducting occupied more of his time in later years, as did composition (two concertos included). His book, How I Play, How I Teach, has become a standard text for performance of modern cello works. Read less

Biography

Born: March 21, 1914; Paris, France   Died: December 18, 1990; Villarceaux, France  
A consummate artist whose approach to the cello was directed toward breathing life into the music, Paul Tortelier earned the respect and affection of countless colleagues. An enduring friendship with Pablo Casals found him playing, in the words of a French critic, Apollo to Casals' Jupiter. Like Casals, Tortelier emphasized using but one finger at a time on the string to allow free vibration. Fantasy and emotional freedom marked his performances Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
Don Quixote - Fantastic variations, Op.35 (1987 - Remaster): Introduction : Mäßiges Zeitmaß (Don Quixote sinks into madness)
Don Quixote - Fantastic variations, Op.35 (1987 - Remaster): Mäßig (Don Quixote)
Don Quixote - Fantastic variations, Op.35 (1987 - Remaster): Maggiore (Sancho Panza)
Don Quixote - Fantastic variations, Op.35 (1987 - Remaster): Variation I: Gemächlich (The adventure of the windmills)
Don Quixote - Fantastic variations, Op.35 (1987 - Remaster): Variation II: Kriegerisch (The battle with the sheep)
Don Quixote - Fantastic variations, Op.35 (1987 - Remaster): Variation III: Mäßiges Zeitmaß (Discourses between Knight & Squire)
Don Quixote - Fantastic variations, Op.35 (1987 - Remaster): Variation IV: Etwas breiter (The adventure with the pilgrims)
Don Quixote - Fantastic variations, Op.35 (1987 - Remaster): Variation V: Sehr langsam (Don Quixote's vigil during the summer night)
Don Quixote - Fantastic variations, Op.35 (1987 - Remaster): Variation VI: Schnell (The meeting with Dulcinea)
Don Quixote - Fantastic variations, Op.35 (1987 - Remaster): Variation VII: Ein wenig ruhiger als vorher (Don Quixote's ride through the air)
Don Quixote - Fantastic variations, Op.35 (1987 - Remaster): Variation VIII: Gamächlich (The voyage on the enchanted boat)
Don Quixote - Fantastic variations, Op.35 (1987 - Remaster): Variation IX: Schnell und stürmisch (The combat on the two magicians)
Don Quixote - Fantastic variations, Op.35 (1987 - Remaster): Variation X: Viel breiter (The defeat of Don Quixote)
Don Quixote - Fantastic variations, Op.35 (1987 - Remaster): Epilogue: Sehr ruhig (Don Quixote's death)
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A Major, Op.33 (1988 - Remaster): Introduction (Moderato quasi Andante), Theme (Moderato semplice) and Variation I (Tempo della Thema) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A Major, Op.33 (1988 - Remaster): Variation II (Tempo di Thema) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A Major, Op.33 (1988 - Remaster): Variation III (Andante sostenuto) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A Major, Op.33 (1988 - Remaster): Variation IV (Andante grazioso - Un poco animato) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A Major, Op.33 (1988 - Remaster): Variation V (Allegro moderato - Cadenza) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A Major, Op.33 (1988 - Remaster): Variation VI (Andante)
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A Major, Op.33 (1988 - Remaster): Variation VII & Coda (Allegro vivo)
Sonata for solo cello Op. 8 (1979 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro maestoso ma appassionato
Sonata for solo cello Op. 8 (1979 Digital Remaster): II. Adagio (con grand' espressione)
Sonata for solo cello Op. 8 (1979 Digital Remaster): III. Allegro molto vivace
The Wise Virgins - Ballet Suite (1995 Digital Remaster): 5. Sheep may safely graze (Adagio) (Cantata 208)
The Wise Virgins - Ballet Suite (1995 Digital Remaster): 6. Praise be to God (Moderato) (Cantata 129)
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Introduktion : Mäßiges Zeitmaß
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Thema: Mäßig - The Knight of the Mournful Countenance
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation I: Gemächlich - The adventure of the windmills
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation II: Kriegerisch - The battle with the sheep
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation III: Mäßiges Zeitmaß - Dialogue of Knight and Squire
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation IV: Etwas breiter - The adventure with the procession of penitents
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation V: Sehr langsam - Don Quixote's vigil
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation VI: Schnell - Dulcinea's enchantment
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation VII: Ein wenig ruhiger als vorher - The ride through the air
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation VIII: Gamächlich - The adventure of the enchanted boat
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation IX: Schnell und stürmisch - The battle with the enchanters
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation X: Viel breiter - Don Quixote's defeat and journey home
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Finale: Sehr ruhig - The death of Don Quixote
Duo Op.49 For Violin And Cello : I Allegro
Duo Op.49 For Violin And Cello : II Maestoso - Allegretto
Duo Op.49 For Violin And Cello : III Moderato
Duo Op.49 For Violin And Cello : IV Allegro
Duo Op.49 For Violin And Cello : V Allegro Moderato
Suite For Solo Cello Op.76 : I Quasi Cadenza
Suite For Solo Cello Op.76 : II Tempo Risoluto
Suite For Solo Cello Op.76 : III Largo
Suite For Solo Cello Op.76 : IV Vivace
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A major Op.33 (1989 Digital Remaster): Introduction (Moderato quasi Andante), Theme (Moderato semplice) and Variation I (Tempo della Thema) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A major Op.33 (1989 Digital Remaster): Variation II (Tempo di Thema) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A major Op.33 (1989 Digital Remaster): Variation III (Andante sostenuto) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A major Op.33 (1989 Digital Remaster): Variation IV (Andante grazioso - Un poco animato) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A major Op.33 (1989 Digital Remaster): Variation V (Allegro moderato - Cadenza) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A major Op.33 (1989 Digital Remaster): Variation VI (Andante)
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A major Op.33 (1989 Digital Remaster): Variation VII & Coda (Allegro vivo)
Suite Pour Violoncelle Seul N°3 En Ut Majeur BWV 1009 : Prélude (Remasterisé En 1987)
Suite Pour Violoncelle Seul N°3 En Ut Majeur BWV 1009 : Allemande (Remasterisé En 1987)
Suite Pour Violoncelle Seul N°3 En Ut Majeur BWV 1009 : Courante (Remasterisé En 1987)
Suite Pour Violoncelle Seul N°3 En Ut Majeur BWV 1009 : Sarabande (Remasterisé En 1987)
Suite Pour Violoncelle Seul N°3 En Ut Majeur BWV 1009 : Bourrées 1 Et 2 (Remasterisé En 1987)
Suite Pour Violoncelle Seul N°3 En Ut Majeur BWV 1009 : Gigue (Remasterisé En 1987)
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 1 in G, BWV 1007: Prélude
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 1 in G, BWV 1007: Allemande
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 1 in G, BWV 1007: Courante
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 1 in G, BWV 1007: Sarabande
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 1 in G, BWV 1007: Menuet I
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 1 in G, BWV 1007: Menuet II
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 1 in G, BWV 1007: Gigue
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 4 in E Flat, BWV 1010: Prélude
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 4 in E Flat, BWV 1010: Allemande
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 4 in E Flat, BWV 1010: Courante
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 4 in E Flat, BWV 1010: Sarabande
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 4 in E Flat, BWV 1010: Bourrée I
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 4 in E Flat, BWV 1010: Bourrée II
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 4 in E Flat, BWV 1010: Gigue
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 5 in C Minor, BWV 1011: Prélude
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 5 in C Minor, BWV 1011: Allemande
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 5 in C Minor, BWV 1011: Courante
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 5 in C Minor, BWV 1011: Sarabande
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 5 in C Minor, BWV 1011: Gavotte I
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 5 in C Minor, BWV 1011: Gavotte II
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 5 in C Minor, BWV 1011: Gigue
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 2 in D Minor, BWV 1008: Prélude
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 2 in D Minor, BWV 1008: Allemande
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 2 in D Minor, BWV 1008: Courante
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 2 in D Minor, BWV 1008: Sarabande
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 2 in D Minor, BWV 1008: Menuet I
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 2 in D Minor, BWV 1008: Menuet II
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 2 in D Minor, BWV 1008: Gigue
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 3 in C, BWV 1009: Prélude
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 3 in C, BWV 1009: Allemande
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 3 in C, BWV 1009: Courante
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 3 in C, BWV 1009: Sarbande
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 3 in C, BWV 1009: Bourrée I
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 3 in C, BWV 1009: Bourrée II
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 3 in C, BWV 1009: Gigue
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 6 in D, BWV 1012: Prélude
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 6 in D, BWV 1012: Allemande
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 6 in D, BWV 1012: Courante
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 6 in D, BWV 1012: Sarabande
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 6 in D, BWV 1012: Gavotte I
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 6 in D, BWV 1012: Gavotte II
Cello Suites Nos. 1-6, BWV 1007-12, Suite No. 6 in D, BWV 1012: Gigue
Cello Concerto No. 1 in Eb, Op.107 (2006 - Remaster): Allegretto
Cello Concerto No. 1 in Eb, Op.107 (2006 - Remaster): Moderato
Cello Concerto No. 1 in Eb, Op.107 (2006 - Remaster): Cadenza
Cello Concerto No. 1 in Eb, Op.107 (2006 - Remaster): Allegro con moto
Cello Concerto No. 1 in C Hob. VIIb: 1 (cadenzas: Tortelier): I. Moderato
Cello Concerto No. 1 in C Hob. VIIb: 1 (cadenzas: Tortelier): II. Adagio
Cello Concerto No. 1 in C Hob. VIIb: 1 (cadenzas: Tortelier): III. Allegro molto
Cello Concerto No. 2 in D Hob. VIIb: 2 (cadenzas: Tortelier): I. Allegro moderato
Cello Concerto No. 2 in D Hob. VIIb: 2 (cadenzas: Tortelier): II. Adagio (Cadenza: Tortelier)
Cello Concerto No. 2 in D Hob. VIIb: 2 (cadenzas: Tortelier): III. Rondo (Allegro)
Cello Concerto No. 1 in A minor Op. 33 (1988 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro non troppo -
Cello Concerto No. 1 in A minor Op. 33 (1988 Digital Remaster): II. Allegretto con moto -
Cello Concerto No. 1 in A minor Op. 33 (1988 Digital Remaster): III. Allegro non troppo
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A Major, Op.33 (1988 - Remaster): Introduction (Moderato quasi Andante), Theme (Moderato semplice) and Variation I (Tempo della Thema) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A Major, Op.33 (1988 - Remaster): Variation II (Tempo di Thema) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A Major, Op.33 (1988 - Remaster): Variation III (Andante sostenuto) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A Major, Op.33 (1988 - Remaster): Variation IV (Andante grazioso - Un poco animato) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A Major, Op.33 (1988 - Remaster): Variation V (Allegro moderato - Cadenza) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme in A Major, Op.33 (1988 - Remaster): Variation VI (Andante)
Cello Concerto No. 1 in Eb, Op.107 (2006 - Remaster): Allegretto
Cello Concerto No. 1 in Eb, Op.107 (2006 - Remaster): Moderato
Cello Concerto No. 1 in Eb, Op.107 (2006 - Remaster): Cadenza
Cello Concerto No. 1 in Eb, Op.107 (2006 - Remaster): Allegro con moto
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Introduktion : Mäßiges Zeitmaß
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Thema: Mäßig - The Knight of the Mournful Countenance
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation I: Gemächlich - The adventure of the windmills
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation II: Kriegerisch - The battle with the sheep
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation III: Mäßiges Zeitmaß - Dialogue of Knight and Squire
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation IV: Etwas breiter - The adventure with the procession of penitents
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation V: Sehr langsam - Don Quixote's vigil
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation VI: Schnell - Dulcinea's enchantment
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation VII: Ein wenig ruhiger als vorher - The ride through the air
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation VIII: Gamächlich - The adventure of the enchanted boat
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation IX: Schnell und stürmisch - The battle with the enchanters
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Variation X: Viel breiter - Don Quixote's defeat and journey home
Don Quixote - Fantastic Variations on a Knightly Theme Op. 35 (2006 Digital Remaster): Finale: Sehr ruhig - The death of Don Quixote
Variations on a Rococo Theme Op.33 (2005 Digital Remaster): Introduction (Moderato quasi andante) - Theme & Variation I (Moderato semplice) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme Op.33 (2005 Digital Remaster): Variation II (Tempo del Tema) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme Op.33 (2005 Digital Remaster): Variation III (Andante sostenuto) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme Op.33 (2005 Digital Remaster): Variation IV (Andante grazioso) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme Op.33 (2005 Digital Remaster): Variation V (Allegro moderato) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme Op.33 (2005 Digital Remaster): Variation VI (Andante) -
Variations on a Rococo Theme Op.33 (2005 Digital Remaster): Variation VII (Allegro vivo)
Cello Concerto No. 1 in A minor Op. 33 (2005 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro non troppo -
Cello Concerto No. 1 in A minor Op. 33 (2005 Digital Remaster): II. Allegretto con moto -
Cello Concerto No. 1 in A minor Op. 33 (2005 Digital Remaster): III. Allegro non troppo
Cello Concerto in D minor (2005 Digital Remaster): I. Lento - Allegro maestoso
Cello Concerto in D minor (2005 Digital Remaster): II. Intermezzo (Andantino con moto)
Cello Concerto in D minor (2005 Digital Remaster): III. Introduzione (Andante) - Allegro vivace
Cello Concerto in B minor B191 (Op. 104) (1988 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro
Cello Concerto in B minor B191 (Op. 104) (1988 Digital Remaster): II. Adagio ma non troppo
Cello Concerto in B minor B191 (Op. 104) (1988 Digital Remaster): III. Finale (Allegro moderato)
Concerto for Violin, Cello and Orchestra in A minor Op. 102: I. Allegro
Concerto for Violin, Cello and Orchestra in A minor Op. 102: II. Andante
Concerto for Violin, Cello and Orchestra in A minor Op. 102: III. Vivace non troppo
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Allegretto
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Rondeau
Cello Concerto (1989 Digital Remaster): I. Moderato
Cello Concerto (1989 Digital Remaster): II. Allegro appassionato
Cello Concerto (1989 Digital Remaster): III. Lento - Brioso - Allegro molto - Rapsodicamente - Adagio
I. Allegro ma non troppo
II. Adagio
III. Scherzo. Presto
IV. Allegretto
Quintet in C Major for 2 Violins, Viola & 2 Cellos, D. 956 (Op. posth. 163): I. Allegro ma non troppo
II. Adagio
III. Scherzo. Presto
IV. Allegretto
Concerto No. 1 in C Major for Violin and String Orchestra, VIIa:1: I. Allegro moderato
II. Adagio
III. Finale. Presto


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