Paul Hindemith

Biography

Born: 1895   Died: 1963   Country: Germany   Period: 20th Century
A theorist, teacher, violist, conductor, and composer who is regarded by many as the foremost German composer of his generation, Paul Hindemith was one of the most central figures in music between the First and Second World Wars. Born outside of Frankfurt, Hindemith moved with his family to the city in 1902. It was here, in 1904, that Hindemith began taking violin lessons. By 1908, Hindemith became a student of Adolf Rebner, a teacher at the Hoch Read more Conservatory in Frankfurt, who arranged for Hindemith to be awarded a free place at the conservatory the following year. Although he had long been composing, Hindemith, in addition to continuing his study of the violin, began to study composition formally. However, he was forced to leave the conservatory in 1917 when he was called up for military service. He spent most of his service as a member of a regimental band stationed about 3 kilometers from the front line.

After returning from the war, Hindemith again took to the concert stage, having switched to viola in 1919. In 1923 he was invited to join the administrative committee of the Donaueschingen Festival, a group over which he exerted an ever increasing amount of control; programming works of such composers as Schoenberg and Webern. The next year he married Gertrud Rottenberg, the daughter of the conductor of the Frankfurt Opera Orchestra, an ensemble in which Hindemith had been playing. In 1927 he received an appointment as professor of composition at the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin. In addition to maintaining an active performing career, Hindemith soon developed a strong interest in teaching, and even took on an evening class at the Volksmusikschule NeuKolln.

Early in 1934, the Nazi party began a campaign to discredit Hindemith, which culminated in a boycott of the composer's works announced by the Kulturgemeinde in November of that year. In January 1935, Hindemith was given a six-month leave from the Hochschule. However, as the boycott of his music was not endorsed by the music division of the Nazi party until 1937, Hindemith was allowed not only to return to teaching, but also to undertake a series of concert tours abroad, to have his music published, and to enter into an agreement with the government of Turkey to build an organized musical life in that country. However, in 1937, Hindemith left Germany for Switzerland, and in 1940 came to the U.S.

After a series of lecture and teaching engagements which had been arranged by friends, Hindemith took a position at Yale, teaching composition and, from 1945 to 1953, conducting the Collegium Musicum. In 1946, Hindemith became an American citizen. In 1951 he accepted a position at the University of Zurich and, after retiring from Yale in 1953, took up permanent residence in Switzerland. After retiring from his post in Zurich, in 1955, he became more active as a conductor. In November 1963, he was taken ill and transferred to a hospital in Frankfurt, where he died of acute pancreatitis. Read less

Biography

Born: 1895   Died: 1963   Country: Germany   Period: 20th Century
A theorist, teacher, violist, conductor, and composer who is regarded by many as the foremost German composer of his generation, Paul Hindemith was one of the most central figures in music between the First and Second World Wars. Born outside of Frankfurt, Hindemith moved with his family to the city in 1902. It was here, in 1904, that Hindemith began taking violin lessons. By 1908, Hindemith became a student of Adolf Rebner, a teacher at the Hoch Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Allegro moderato
II. Adagio. Sehr feierlich und sehr langsam
III. Scherzo: Sehr schnell
IV. Finale: Bewegt, doch nicht schnell
Prologo: Dal mio Permesso amato a voi ne vengo (La Musica)
Act I: Pastore
Act I: Lasciate i monti (Chorus)
Act I: Rosa del ciel, vita del mondo e degna (Orfeo, Chorus)
Act I: Ma s'il nostro gioir dal ciel deriva (Shepherd)
Act II: Sinfonia: Ecco purch'a voi ritorno (Orfeo)
Act II: Mira che se n'alletta (Orfeo)
Act II: Ritornello - Vi ricorda, o boschi amorosi (Orfeo, Shepherd 1)
Act II: Ahi caso acerbo - In un fiorito prato con l'altre sue compagne (Messaggiera, Shepherd)
Act II: Tu sei morta, mia vita, ed io respiro? (Orfeo)
Act II: Ahi, caso acerbo! (Chorus)
Act II: Chi ne consola, ahi lassi? (Shepherds 1 and 3)
Act II: Ahi, caso acerbo! ahi fat'empio e crudele (Chorus)
Horn Concerto (1950) (2002 Digital Remaster): I. Moderately fast
Horn Concerto (1950) (2002 Digital Remaster): II. Very fast
Horn Concerto (1950) (2002 Digital Remaster): III. Very slow - Moderately fast - Fast - Lively - Very slow
Symphonia serena (1994 - Remaster): I. Moderately fast
Symphonia serena (1994 - Remaster): II. Geschwindmarsch by Beethoven (Rather fast)
Symphonia serena (1994 - Remaster): III. Colloquy
Symphonia serena (1994 - Remaster): IV. Finale (Gay)
Concert Music Op. 50 (1994 Digital Remaster): I. Mässig schnell, mit Kraft - Sehr breit, aber stets fliessend
Concert Music Op. 50 (1994 Digital Remaster): II. Lebhaft - Langsam - Im ersten Zeitmass (Lebhaft)
Nobilissima Visione - Suite (1994 Digital Remaster): I. Einleitung (sehr langsam) und Rondo (mässig schnell)
Nobilissima Visione - Suite (1994 Digital Remaster): II. Marsch und Pastorale (Lebhaft)
Nobilissima Visione - Suite (1994 Digital Remaster): III. Passacaglia (Feierlich bewegt)
Symphonia serena (1994 - Remaster): I. Moderately fast
Symphonia serena (1994 - Remaster): II. Geschwindmarsch by Beethoven (Rather fast)
Symphonia serena (1994 - Remaster): III. Colloquy
Symphonia serena (1994 - Remaster): IV. Finale (Gay)
Clarinet Concerto (1994 Digital Remaster): I. Ziemlich schnell
Clarinet Concerto (1994 Digital Remaster): II. Schnell
Clarinet Concerto (1994 Digital Remaster): III. Ruhig
Clarinet Concerto (1994 Digital Remaster): IV. Heiter
Horn Concerto (1950) (1994 Digital Remaster): I. Moderately fast
Horn Concerto (1950) (1994 Digital Remaster): II. Very fast
Horn Concerto (1950) (1994 Digital Remaster): III. Very slow
Symphony in B flat for concert band (1987 Digital Remaster): I. Moderately fast, with vigour
Symphony in B flat for concert band (1987 Digital Remaster): II. Andantino grazioso - Fast and gay
Symphony in B flat for concert band (1987 Digital Remaster): III. Fugue (Rather broad) - Fast, energetic
Hindemith: Konzertmusik für Klavier, Blechbläser und Harfen - 1. Ruhig gehende Viertel
Hindemith: Konzertmusik für Klavier, Blechbläser und Harfen - 2. Lebhaft
Hindemith: Konzertmusik für Klavier, Blechbläser und Harfen - 3. Sehr ruhig. Variationen [attacca]
Hindemith: Konzertmusik für Klavier, Blechbläser und Harfen - 4. Mäßig schnell, kraftvoll
1. Mit Kraft, mäßig schnelle Viertel - sofort weiter:
2. Sehr schnelle Halbe - nur ganz kurze Pause
3. Marsch für Holzbläser. Nicht zu langsame Viertel - sofort weiter:
4. Basso continuo. Schnelle Viertel
1. Ruhig gehende Viertel
2. Lebhaft
3. Sehr ruhig. Variationen [attacca]
4. Mäßig schnell, kraftvoll
1. Engelkonzert
2. Grablegung
3. Versuchung des heiligen Antonius
1. Langsam - Mässig bewegte ganze Takte
2. Lebhaft
3. Sehr langsam
4. Mässig bewegt, mit Kraft
1. Allegro
2. Turandot (Scherzo)
3. Andantino
4. Marsch
Horn Concerto (1950) (2002 Digital Remaster): I. Moderately fast
Horn Concerto (1950) (2002 Digital Remaster): II. Very fast
Horn Concerto (1950) (2002 Digital Remaster): III. Very slow - Moderately fast - Fast - Lively - Very slow
Concert Music Op. 50 (2002 Digital Remaster): I. Mässig schnell, mit Kraft - Sehr breit, aber stets fliessend
Concert Music Op. 50 (2002 Digital Remaster): II. Lebhaft - Langsam - Im ersten Zeitmass (Lebhaft)


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