Paul Hindemith


Born: 1895   Died: 1963   Country: Germany   Period: 20th Century
A theorist, teacher, violist, conductor, and composer who is regarded by many as the foremost German composer of his generation, Paul Hindemith was one of the most central figures in music between the First and Second World Wars. Born outside of Frankfurt, Hindemith moved with his family to the city in 1902. It was here, in 1904, that Hindemith began taking violin lessons. By 1908, Hindemith became a student of Adolf Rebner, a teacher at the Hoch Read more Conservatory in Frankfurt, who arranged for Hindemith to be awarded a free place at the conservatory the following year. Although he had long been composing, Hindemith, in addition to continuing his study of the violin, began to study composition formally. However, he was forced to leave the conservatory in 1917 when he was called up for military service. He spent most of his service as a member of a regimental band stationed about 3 kilometers from the front line.

After returning from the war, Hindemith again took to the concert stage, having switched to viola in 1919. In 1923 he was invited to join the administrative committee of the Donaueschingen Festival, a group over which he exerted an ever increasing amount of control; programming works of such composers as Schoenberg and Webern. The next year he married Gertrud Rottenberg, the daughter of the conductor of the Frankfurt Opera Orchestra, an ensemble in which Hindemith had been playing. In 1927 he received an appointment as professor of composition at the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin. In addition to maintaining an active performing career, Hindemith soon developed a strong interest in teaching, and even took on an evening class at the Volksmusikschule NeuKolln.

Early in 1934, the Nazi party began a campaign to discredit Hindemith, which culminated in a boycott of the composer's works announced by the Kulturgemeinde in November of that year. In January 1935, Hindemith was given a six-month leave from the Hochschule. However, as the boycott of his music was not endorsed by the music division of the Nazi party until 1937, Hindemith was allowed not only to return to teaching, but also to undertake a series of concert tours abroad, to have his music published, and to enter into an agreement with the government of Turkey to build an organized musical life in that country. However, in 1937, Hindemith left Germany for Switzerland, and in 1940 came to the U.S.

After a series of lecture and teaching engagements which had been arranged by friends, Hindemith took a position at Yale, teaching composition and, from 1945 to 1953, conducting the Collegium Musicum. In 1946, Hindemith became an American citizen. In 1951 he accepted a position at the University of Zurich and, after retiring from Yale in 1953, took up permanent residence in Switzerland. After retiring from his post in Zurich, in 1955, he became more active as a conductor. In November 1963, he was taken ill and transferred to a hospital in Frankfurt, where he died of acute pancreatitis. Read less
Walton, Hindemith: Cello Concertos / Poltera, Shipway, São Paulo Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2077   Number of Discs: 1
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Hindemith: Kleine Kammermusik / Valerius Ensemble
Release Date: 08/27/2013   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 9447   Number of Discs: 1
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Hindemith: Orchestral Music / Kegel, Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 09/24/2013   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 9441   Number of Discs: 5
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Miraculous Metamorphoses: Hindemith, Prokofiev, Bartok
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Reference Recordings  
Catalog: 1322   Number of Discs: 1
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Hindemith: The Four Sonatas For Solo Viola / Nobuko Imai
Release Date: 10/12/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 571   Number of Discs: 1
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There are 560 Paul Hindemith recordings available.

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Composition Types

Paul Hindemith

Symphonie "Mathis der Maler": I. Engelskonzert (Ruhig bewegt/Ziemlich lebhafte Halbe)
Symphonie "Mathis der Maler": II. Grablegung (Sehr langsam)
Symphonie "Mathis der Maler": III. Versuchung des heiligen Antonius - "Ubi eras, bone Jhesu ubi eras, quare non affuisti ut sanare vulnera mea?" (Sehr langsam, frei im Zeitmass/Sehr labhaft)
Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes by Carl Maria von Weber: I. Allegro
Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes by Carl Maria von Weber: II. 'Turandot' , Scherzo (Moderato/Lebhaft)
Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes by Carl Maria von Weber: III . Andantino
Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes by Carl Maria von Weber: IV. Marsch
Part I: Massig schnell, mit Kraft - Sehr breit, aber stets fliessend
Part II: Lebhaft - Langsam - Im ersten Zeitmass
Introduction and Rondo I.
March and Pastorale II.
III. Passacaglia
I. Sehr lebhaft
II. Sehr langsam
III. Lebhaft
IV. Massig schnelle Halbe
I. Massig bewegte Halbe
II. Langsam
III. Lebhaft
I. Zwischen Berg und tiefem Tal
II. Nun laube, Lindlein, laube! - Fugato: Der Gutzgauch auf dem Zaune sass
III. Variations: Seid ihr nicht der Schwanendreher

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