Pablo Casals

Biography

Born: December 29, 1876; Vendrell, Catalonia   Died: October 22, 1973; San Juan, Puerto Rico  
As the first modern cello virtuoso, Pablo Casals created a new appreciation of the instrument and its repertory when the concert stage was still considered the exclusive playground of the piano and violin. Casals also devoted his formidable musical skills to composition and conducting, leaving many insightful readings of the standard orchestral repertory to posterity via recordings. He is remembered today as much for his pacifism and regard for Read more human life as for his musicianship (he once stated that "the life of a single child is worth more to me than all my music").

Casals came to his true instrument relatively late in life, having first developed some degree of skill on the piano, violin, and organ. Discovery of the cello at the age of 11 led to studies (from 1887 on) with J. Garcia at the Barcelona Municipal Music School. After a period of supporting himself playing in local cafés, Casals was granted a royal scholarship to the Madrid Conservatory in 1893, where he worked with Tomás Bretón, and later in Brussels in 1895.

After a brief tenure as a cellist at the Folies-Marigny music hall in Paris, Casals returned to teach and perform in Barcelona, and joined the first of a series of notable chamber ensembles with which he would be associated: a piano trio with Belgian violinist Crickboom and well known pianist and composer Enrique Granados. In 1919 Casals founded the Orquestra Pau Casals in Barcelona. Although the project was quite successful, the outbreak of civil war in 1936 forced its dissolution. Casals, who spoke out vehemently against the Franco regime, was forced to seek refuge in the Catalan village of Prades. Following the Second World War, saddened by the lack of any definitive action against the Franco regime by major world powers, Casals elected to cease performing as an act of protest.

Inspired by the Bach bicentenary celebrations of 1950 at the first annual Prades Festival, Casals came out of retirement to begin a new series of recordings and concerts. In 1956 he made a new home in Puerto Rico, where he founded the Puerto Rico Festival. Though nearing 85, he began a campaign for peace in 1962, traveling around the world to conduct performances of his oratorio El pessebre (The Manger). Casals continued to make occasional concert appearances until virtually the end of his life in 1973.

Casals' impact on cello playing in the twentieth century cannot be overestimated. His radical approach to bow and finger technique produced a mechanical prowess far beyond any other cellist of the late nineteenth or early twentieth centuries. In addition, Casals was the first cellist to incorporate the kind of left-hand shifting techniques which had been employed for decades by violinists, thus allowing for far greater agility on the cello than had been previously thought possible. Always scornful of "flashy," superficial virtuosi, Casals strove tirelessly to develop and maintain the kind of intense musical concentration which he considered to be the true artist's responsibility.

Casals' virtues as a composer are less unimpeachable; very little of his music was published during his life. Works such as his Hymn to the United Nations (1971), on text by W.H. Auden, and, of course, El pessebre (composed 1943-1960) did receive numerous performances, but his works received little more than cursory notice by the musical establishment. However, the steadfast devotion which so defined his performing persona is evident in such works as the Revérie for cello and piano (1896), or the much later Sonata for violin and piano, which he worked on sporadically from about 1945 to 1972. Read less

Biography

Born: December 29, 1876; Vendrell, Catalonia   Died: October 22, 1973; San Juan, Puerto Rico  
As the first modern cello virtuoso, Pablo Casals created a new appreciation of the instrument and its repertory when the concert stage was still considered the exclusive playground of the piano and violin. Casals also devoted his formidable musical skills to composition and conducting, leaving many insightful readings of the standard orchestral repertory to posterity via recordings. He is remembered today as much for his pacifism and regard for Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
Cello Suite No.1 in G BWV1007: Prélude
Cello Suite No.1 in G BWV1007: Allemande
Cello Suite No.1 in G BWV1007: Courante
Cello Suite No.1 in G BWV1007: Sarabande
Cello Suite No.1 in G BWV1007: Menuet I & II
Cello Suite No.1 in G BWV1007: Gigue
Piano Trio in B flat 'Archduke' Op. 97 (1991 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro moderato
Piano Trio in B flat 'Archduke' Op. 97 (1991 Digital Remaster): II. Scherzo (Allegro) & Trio
Piano Trio in B flat 'Archduke' Op. 97 (1991 Digital Remaster): III. Andante cantabile, ma però con moto
Piano Trio in B flat 'Archduke' Op. 97 (1991 Digital Remaster): IV. Allegro moderato - Presto
Piano Trio No. 1 in B flat D898 (1991 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro moderato
Piano Trio No. 1 in B flat D898 (1991 Digital Remaster): II. Andante un poco mosso
Piano Trio No. 1 in B flat D898 (1991 Digital Remaster): III. Scherzo (Allegro) & Trio
Piano Trio No. 1 in B flat D898 (1991 Digital Remaster): IV. Rondo (Allegro vivace - Presto)
Trio No. 25 in G (Sonata) Hob. XV: 25 (Op. 73 No. 2) (1991 Digital Remaster): I. Andante
Trio No. 25 in G (Sonata) Hob. XV: 25 (Op. 73 No. 2) (1991 Digital Remaster): II. Poco adagio, cantabile
Trio No. 25 in G (Sonata) Hob. XV: 25 (Op. 73 No. 2) (1991 Digital Remaster): III. Rondo all'ongarese (Presto)
Concerto for Violin, Cello and Orchestra in A minor Op. 102 (1991 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro
Concerto for Violin, Cello and Orchestra in A minor Op. 102 (1991 Digital Remaster): II. Andante
Concerto for Violin, Cello and Orchestra in A minor Op. 102 (1991 Digital Remaster): III. Vivace non troppo
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor Op.49 (1991 Digital Remaster): I. Molto allegro ed agitato
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor Op.49 (1991 Digital Remaster): II. Andante con moto tranquillo
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor Op.49 (1991 Digital Remaster): III. Scherzo (Leggiero e vivace)
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor Op.49 (1991 Digital Remaster): IV. Finale (Allegro assai appassionato)
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor Op. 63 (1991 Digital Remaster): I. Mit Energie und Leidenschaft
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor Op. 63 (1991 Digital Remaster): II. Lebhaft, doch nicht zu rasch
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor Op. 63 (1991 Digital Remaster): III. Langsam, mit inniger Empfindung
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor Op. 63 (1991 Digital Remaster): IV. Mit Feuer
Cello Concerto in B minor B191 (Op. 104) (2003 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro
Cello Concerto in B minor B191 (Op. 104) (2003 Digital Remaster): II. Adagio ma non troppo
Cello Concerto in B minor B191 (Op. 104) (2003 Digital Remaster): III. Finale (Allegro moderato)
Cello Concerto in E minor Op. 85 (2003 Digital Remaster): I. Adagio - Moderato
Cello Concerto in E minor Op. 85 (2003 Digital Remaster): II. Lento - Allegro molto
Cello Concerto in E minor Op. 85 (2003 Digital Remaster): III. Adagio
Cello Concerto in E minor Op. 85 (2003 Digital Remaster): IV. Allegro - Moderato - Allegro, ma non troppo
I. Bewegt, doch nicht zu rasch
II. Ziemlich langsam
III. Rasch
IV. Kraftig, mit Humor
II. Adagio
III. Scherzo: Presto
IV. Allegretto
I. Allegro energico
II. Presto non assai
III. Andante grazioso
IV. Allegro molto
I. Poco sostenuto - Allegro ma non troppo
II. Allegretto
III. Allegretto ma non troppo
IV. Finale: Allegro
I. Prelude
II. Allemande
III. Courante
IV. Sarabande
V. Bourree I-II
VI. Gigue
I. Allegro con brio
II. Adagio con moto sentimento d'affetto - III. Allegro fugato
I. Adagio
II. Allegro ma non tanto
III. Andante
IV. Allegro moderato
I. Allegro con brio
II. Scherzo: Allegro molto
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Andantino grazioso
IV. Allegro
I. Sehr lebhaft
II. Mit innigem Ausdruck
III. In massiger Bewegung
IV. Nicht zu rasch
I. Allegro
II. Andante con moto
III. Scherzo: Presto
IV. Finale: Allegro giocoso
I. Adagio sostenuto - Allegro
II. Rondo: Allegro vivace
I. Adagio sostenuto e espressivo - II. Allegro molto piu tosto presto
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Allegro moderato
II. Poco adagio, quasi andante -
III. Rondo: Allegro moderato
I. Allegro non tanto
II. Scherzo: Allegro molto
III. Adagio cantabile - Allegro vivace
I. Andante - Allegro vivace
II. Adagio: Tempo d'andante - Allegro vivace
Adagio and Allegro, Op. 70
I. Introduction: Andante espressivo - Allegro
II. Scherzo: Presto - Intermezzo
III. Adagio
Piano Trio in B flat major, Op. 97 "Archduke" (1999 Digital Remaster): Allegro moderato
Piano Trio in B flat major, Op. 97 "Archduke" (1999 Digital Remaster): Scherzo (Allegro) & Trio
Piano Trio in B flat major, Op. 97 "Archduke" (1999 Digital Remaster): Andante cantabile
Piano Trio in B flat major, Op. 97 "Archduke" (1999 Digital Remaster): Allegro moderato
Piano Trio No. 1 in B flat major, D. 898 (1999 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro moderato
Piano Trio No. 1 in B flat major, D. 898 (1999 Digital Remaster): II. Andante un poco mosso
Piano Trio No. 1 in B flat major, D. 898 (1999 Digital Remaster): III. Scherzo (Allegro) & Trio
Piano Trio No. 1 in B flat major, D. 898 (1999 Digital Remaster): IV. Rondo (Allegro vivace - Presto)
Suite No. 1 in G, BWV 1007 (1988 Digital Remaster): I. Prélude (Moderato)
Suite No. 1 in G, BWV 1007 (1988 Digital Remaster): II. Allemande (Molto moderato)
Suite No. 1 in G, BWV 1007 (1988 Digital Remaster): III. Courante (Allegro non troppo)
Suite No. 1 in G, BWV 1007 (1988 Digital Remaster): IV. Sarabande (Lento)
Suite No. 1 in G, BWV 1007 (1988 Digital Remaster): V. Menuett I & II (Allegro moderato)
Suite No. 1 in G, BWV 1007 (1988 Digital Remaster): VI. Gigue (Vivace)
Cello Sonata No. 3 in A, Op.69 (1994 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro ma non tanto
Cello Sonata No. 3 in A, Op.69 (1994 Digital Remaster): II. Scherzo (Allegro molto)
Cello Sonata No. 3 in A, Op.69 (1994 Digital Remaster): III. Adagio cantabile - Allegro vivace
Cello Sonata No. 2 in F Major, Op.99 (1994 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro vivace
Cello Sonata No. 2 in F Major, Op.99 (1994 Digital Remaster): II. Adagio affettuoso
Cello Sonata No. 2 in F Major, Op.99 (1994 Digital Remaster): III. Allegro passionato
Cello Sonata No. 2 in F Major, Op.99 (1994 Digital Remaster): IV. Allegro molto
Suite No. 1 in G BWV 1007 (1938 Digital Remaster): Prélude (Moderato)
Suite No. 1 in G BWV 1007 (1938 Digital Remaster): Allemande (Molto moderato)
Suite No. 1 in G BWV 1007 (1938 Digital Remaster): Courante (Allegro non troppo)
Suite No. 1 in G BWV 1007 (1938 Digital Remaster): Sarabande (Lento)
Suite No. 1 in G BWV 1007 (1938 Digital Remaster): Menuett I & II (Allegro moderato)
Suite No. 1 in G BWV 1007 (1938 Digital Remaster): Gigue (Vivace)
Suite No. 2 in D minor, BWV 1008 (1988 Digital Remaster): Préludium
Suite No. 2 in D minor, BWV 1008 (1988 Digital Remaster): Allemande
Suite No. 2 in D minor, BWV 1008 (1988 Digital Remaster): Courante
Suite No. 2 in D minor, BWV 1008 (1988 Digital Remaster): Sarabande
Suite No. 2 in D minor, BWV 1008 (1988 Digital Remaster): Menuett I & II
Suite No. 2 in D minor, BWV 1008 (1988 Digital Remaster): Gigue
Suite No. 3 in C Major, BWV 1009 (1988 Digital Remaster): Préludium
Suite No. 3 in C Major, BWV 1009 (1988 Digital Remaster): Allemande
Suite No. 3 in C Major, BWV 1009 (1988 Digital Remaster): Courante
Suite No. 3 in C Major, BWV 1009 (1988 Digital Remaster): Sarbande
Suite No. 3 in C Major, BWV 1009 (1988 Digital Remaster): Bourrées I & II
Suite No. 3 in C Major, BWV 1009 (1988 Digital Remaster): Gigue
Suite No. 4 in E flat Major, BWV 1010 (1988 Digital Remaster): Prélude (allegro maestoso)
Suite No. 4 in E flat Major, BWV 1010 (1988 Digital Remaster): Allemande (Allegro moderato)
Suite No. 4 in E flat Major, BWV 1010 (1988 Digital Remaster): Courante (Allegro non troppo)
Suite No. 4 in E flat Major, BWV 1010 (1988 Digital Remaster): Sarabande (Lento)
Suite No. 4 in E flat Major, BWV 1010 (1988 Digital Remaster): Bourrée I & II
Suite No. 4 in E flat Major, BWV 1010 (1988 Digital Remaster): Gigue (Vivace)
Suite No. 5 in C minor, BWV 1011 (1988 Digital Remaster): Prélude (Adagio - Allegro moderato)
Suite No. 5 in C minor, BWV 1011 (1988 Digital Remaster): Allemande (Molto moderato)
Suite No. 5 in C minor, BWV 1011 (1988 Digital Remaster): Courante (Allegro non troppo)
Suite No. 5 in C minor, BWV 1011 (1988 Digital Remaster): Sarabande (Lento)
Suite No. 5 in C minor, BWV 1011 (1988 Digital Remaster): Gavotte I & II
Suite No. 5 in C minor, BWV 1011 (1988 Digital Remaster): Gigue (Allegretto)
Suite No. 6 in D Major, BWV 1012 (1988 Digital Remaster): Prélude (Allegro moderato)
Suite No. 6 in D Major, BWV 1012 (1988 Digital Remaster): Allemande (Quasi adagio)
Suite No. 6 in D Major, BWV 1012 (1988 Digital Remaster): Courante (Allegro non troppo)
Suite No. 6 in D Major, BWV 1012 (1988 Digital Remaster): Sarabande (Lento)
Suite No. 6 in D Major, BWV 1012 (1988 Digital Remaster): Gavotte I & II (Allegro moderato)
Suite No. 6 in D Major, BWV 1012 (1988 Digital Remaster): Gigue (Vivace)
I. Adagio - Allegro ma non troppo
II. Andante
III. Allegro moderato
Sonata No. 2 in D Major, BWV 1028: I. Adagio - Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegro
Sonata No. 3 in G minor, BWV 1029: I. Vivace
II. Adagio
III. Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Andante con moto
III. Scherzo. Presto - Poco meno presto
IV. Finale. Allegro giocoso
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor, Op. 49: I. Molto allegro ed agitato
II. Andante con moto tranquillo
III. Scherzo. Leggero e vivace
IV. Finale. Allegro assai appassionato
I. Adagio sostenuto - Allegro-Adagio-Presto
II. Rondo. Allegro vivace
III. Adagio cantabile - Allegro vivace
II. Rondo. Allegro
Sonata No. 4 in C Major, Op. 102, No. 1: I. Andante - Allegro vivace
II. Adagio - Allegro vivace
II. Rondo. Allegro
II. Adagio con molto sentimento d'affetto
III. Allegro - Allegro fugato
7 Variations on Bei Männern, welche Liebe fühlen from Mozart's Die Zauberflöte, WoO.46
7 Variations on Bei Männern, welche Liebe fühlen from Mozart's Die Zauberflöte, WoO.46
12 Variations on Ein Mädchen oder Weibchnen from Mozart's Die Zauberflöte, WoO.66
12 Variations on Ein Mädchen oder Weibchnen from Mozart's Die Zauberflöte, WoO.66
I. Allegro ma non troppo
II. Adagio
III. Scherzo. Presto
IV. Allegretto
I. Allegro moderato
II. Scherzo. Allegro
III. Andante cantabile ma pero con moto
IV. Allegro moderato - Presto
Trio No. 4 in B-flat Major for Piano, Violin and Cello, Op. 11: I. Allegro con brio
II. Adagio
III. Tema con variazione. Allegretto
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante un poco mosso
III. Scherzo. Allegro
IV. Rondo. Allegro vivace
Trio No. 2 in G Major for Piano, Violin and Cello, Op. 1, No. 2: I. Adagio - Allegro vivace
II. Largo con espressione
III. Scherzo. Allegro
IV. Finale. Presto
Cello Suite No.1 in G BWV1007: Prélude
Cello Suite No.1 in G BWV1007: Allemande
Cello Suite No.1 in G BWV1007: Courante
Cello Suite No.1 in G BWV1007: Sarabande
Cello Suite No.1 in G BWV1007: Menuet I & II
Cello Suite No.1 in G BWV1007: Gigue
Cello Suite No.2 in D minor BWV1008: Prélude
Cello Suite No.2 in D minor BWV1008: Allemande
Cello Suite No.2 in D minor BWV1008: Courante
Cello Suite No.2 in D minor BWV1008: Sarabande
Cello Suite No.2 in D minor BWV1008: Menuet I & II
Cello Suite No.2 in D minor BWV1008: Gigue
Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Préludium
Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Allemande
Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Courante
Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Sarabande
Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Bourrées I & II
Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Gigue
Quintet in C Major for 2 Violins, Viola & 2 Cellos, D. 956 (Op. posth. 163): I. Allegro ma non troppo
II. Adagio
III. Scherzo. Presto
IV. Allegretto


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