Orchestra of the 18th Century

Biography

Active: 1981 - ; Amsterdam, The Netherlands
The Orchestra of the Eighteenth Century is one of the leading Classical-era "period" orchestras, known for its lively and attractive playing in what appears to be the authentic style of the period of the music. Frans Brueggen, one of the world's leading recorder players for a career than nearly three decades long, decided to switch his emphasis to conducting during the 1970s. This was a period when new researches in early music were presenting a Read more new picture of how music before roughly 1825 was performed. At that time, specialists were founding so-called "original instruments" orchestras, especially in London, Amsterdam, and Vienna, leading centers of the movement. Brueggen formed the Orchestra of the 18th Century in 1981. Unlike most of the other ensembles using period instruments, the Orchestra was intended to represent a full-scale orchestra such as might be found in the leading music centers of Vienna, Paris, and London. Brueggen gathered specialists in playing early instruments from twenty-two countries, many of them members of some of the smaller early instrument ensembles. There were sixty members in all. Rather than creating a full-time orchestra, Brueggen planned that the orchestra would meet in Amsterdam three or four times a year to rehearse programs then go on tour. All its members play instruments either built during the Baroque or Classical eras, or on modern-built instruments that are replicas of authentic period instruments. In the cases of woodwinds, all the instruments, including the flutes, are made of wood, and do not use the modern Boehm system of keys. Instead, they tend to have air holes that are covered directly by the fingers, or simpler keying systems. Their sounds are harder-edged and more assertive than their modern equivalents, except for the flutes, which are more liquid in tone. The brasses are all valveless "natural" instruments. Except for the trombones (not often used in that period but already possessing its characteristic slide), these brasses can only play a few "natural" overtone notes of the selected key. The horns could reach adjacent notes, but only by sticking the fist up the instrument's bell, drastically altering the characteristics of the sound. These brass instruments are brighter and edgier than their modern equivalents.

"Period" strings are any strings that are set up in the eighteenth-century manner, with flatter bridges, gut-only strings, no chin rests, and a convex rather than modern concave bow. They are generally played without vibrato and had a softer, feathery sound, which some people think is a whiny sound, but this is more a function of some players' understanding of the style of playing than inherent in the instruments. The resulting sound gives the winds more prominence. This and the opinion that the music of the period was played faster than later became common results in performances that can be strikingly vigorous and exciting. The Orchestra of the Eighteenth Century rapidly became popular and gained a recording contract with the giant Philips label (which it no longer has). It has recorded large-orchestra works by Purcell, Bach, and Rameau of the Baroque era. Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven of the Classical era, and the music of Schubert (who straddles the Classical and early Romantic) and Mendelssohn of the early Romantic. Many of these recordings have earned major record awards. Frans Brueggen still frequently conducts it on records and during its extensive tours. Read less
Mozart: The Last Three Symphonies / Bruggen, Orchestra of the 18th Century
Release Date: 05/27/2014   Label: Glossa  
Catalog: 921119   Number of Discs: 1
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Mendelssohn: A Midsummer Night's Dream / Bruggen, Orchestra Of The 18th Century
Release Date: 03/29/2011   Label: Glossa  
Catalog: 81101   Number of Discs: 1
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Mozart: Requiem / Brüggen, Orchestra Of The 18th Century
Release Date: 05/01/1999   Label: Glossa  
Catalog: 921111   Number of Discs: 1
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There are 57 Orchestra of the 18th Century recordings available.

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Biography

Active: 1981 - ; Amsterdam, The Netherlands
The Orchestra of the Eighteenth Century is one of the leading Classical-era "period" orchestras, known for its lively and attractive playing in what appears to be the authentic style of the period of the music. Frans Brueggen, one of the world's leading recorder players for a career than nearly three decades long, decided to switch his emphasis to conducting during the 1970s. This was a period when new researches in early music were presenting a Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
1. Adagio molto - Allegro con brio
2. Andante cantabile con moto
3. Menuetto (Allegro molto e vivace)
4. Finale (Adagio - Allegro molto e vivace)
1. Allegro con brio
2. Andante con moto
3. Allegro
4. Allegro
4. Allegro
4. Allegro
Overture "Coriolan", Op.62
Overture "Coriolan", Op.62
Overture "Coriolan", Op.62
Overture "Egmont", Op.84
Overture "Egmont", Op.84
Overture "Egmont", Op.84
1. Adagio molto - Allegro con brio
2. Larghetto
3. Scherzo (Allegro)
4. Allegro molto
1. Poco sostenuto - Vivace
2. Allegretto
3. Presto - Assai meno presto
4. Allegro con brio
1. Allegro con brio
2. Marcia funebre (Adagio assai)
3. Scherzo (Allegro vivace)
4. Finale (Allegro molto)
1. Allegro vivace e con brio
2. Allegretto scherzando
3. Tempo di menuetto
4. Allegro vivace
1. Adagio - Allegro vivace
2. Adagio
3. Allegro vivace
4. Allegro ma non troppo
1. Erwachen heiterer Empfindungen bei der Ankunft auf dem Lande: Allegro ma non troppo
2. Szene am Bach: (Andante molto mosso)
3. Lustiges Zusammensein der Landleute (Allegro)
4. Gewitter, Sturm (Allegro)
5. Hirtengesang. Frohe und dankbare Gefühle nach dem Sturm: Allegretto
1. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
2. Molto vivace
3. Adagio molto e cantabile
Presto -
"O Freunde nicht diese Töne" -
Allegro assai -
Alla marcia (Allegro vivace assai) -
Andante maestoso - Adagio non troppo, ma divoto -
Allegro energico, sempre ben marcato -
Allegro ma non tanto
1. Allegro ma non troppo
2. Larghetto
3. Rondo. Allegro
3. Rondo. Allegro
3. Rondo. Allegro
Violin Romance No.1 in G major, Op.40
Violin Romance No.1 in G major, Op.40
Violin Romance No.1 in G major, Op.40
Violin Romance No.2 in F major, Op.50
Violin Romance No.2 in F major, Op.50
Violin Romance No.2 in F major, Op.50
Overtura
Introduzione. La Tempesta. Allegro non troppo
No.1 Poco Adagio
No.2 Adagio - Allegro con brio
No.3 Allegro vivace
No.4 Maestoso - Andante
No.5 Adagio - Andante quasi Allegretto
No.6 Un poco Adagio - Allegro
No.7 Grave
No.8 Allegro con brio
No.9 Adagio
No.10 Pastorale. Allegro
No.11 Coro di Gioja. Andante
No.12 Solo di Gioja. Maestoso - Adagio
No.13 Terzettino. Grotteschi. Allegro
No.14 Solo della Signora Cassentini. Andante - Adagio
No.15 Coro (e) Solo di Viganň. Andantino - Adagio
No.16 Finale. Allegretto
I. Adagio - Allegro
II. Andante con moto
III. Menuetto: Allegretto
IV. Finale: Allegro
I. Molto allegro
II. Andante
III. Menuetto: Allegretto
IV. Allegro assai
I. Allegro vivace
II. Andante cantabile
III. Menuetto: Allegretto
IV. Molto Allegro
I. Adagio molto - Allegro con brio
II. Andante cantabile con moto
III. Menuetto - Allegro molto e vivace
IV. Adagio - Allegro molto
I. Allegro con brio
II. Marcia funebre: Adagio assai
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace
IV. Finale: Allegro molto
I. Adagio molto - Allegro molto
II. Larghetto
III. Scherzo
IV. Allegro molto
I. Adagio - Allegro vivace
II. Adagio
III. Menuetto: Allegro vivace
IV. Allegro ma non troppo
I. Awakening of Cheerful Feelings Upon Arrival in the Country: Allegro ma non troppo
II. Scene by the Brook: Andante molto mosso
III. Merry Gathering of Country Folk: Allegro
IV. Thunderstorm: Allegro
V. Shepherd's Song: Happy and Thankful Feelings after the Storm: Allegretto
I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante con moto
III. Allegro
IV. Allegro
I. Allegro vivace e con brio
II. Allegretto scherzando
III. Tempo di menuetto
IV. Allegro vivace
I. Poco sostenuto - Vivace
II. Allegretto
III. Presto, assai meno presto
IV. Allegro con brio
I. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
II. Molto vivace
III. Adagio molto e cantabile - Andante moderato
IV. Finale: Presto -
IV. Recitativo: O Freunde, Nicht Diese Tone! (Bass) -
IV. Allegro assai: Freude, Freude (Bass, Chorus) -
IV. Allegro assai vivace. Alla marcia - Froh, froh! (Tenor, Chorus) -
IV. Andante maestoso: Seid umschlungen - Adagio ma non troppo, ma divoto: Ihr sturzt nieder (Chorus) -
IV. Allegro energico, sempre ben marcato: Seid umschlungen (Chorus) -
IV. Allegro ma non tanto: Freude, Tochter aus Elysium (Quartet, Chorus)
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.20 in D minor, K.466 - 1. Allegro
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.20 in D minor, K.466 - 2. Romance
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.20 in D minor, K.466 - 3. Rondo (Allegro assai)
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.24 in C minor, K.491 - 1. (Allegro)
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.24 in C minor, K.491 - 2. Larghetto
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.24 in C minor, K.491 - 3. (Allegretto)
Mozart: Symphony No.41 in C, K.551 - "Jupiter" - 1. Allegro vivace
Mozart: Symphony No.41 in C, K.551 - "Jupiter" - 2. Andante cantabile
Mozart: Symphony No.41 in C, K.551 - "Jupiter" - 3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
Mozart: Symphony No.41 in C, K.551 - "Jupiter" - 4. Molto allegro
1. Adagio - Allegro vivace
2. Andante
3. Allegro
4. Allegro vivace
1. Adagio molto - Allegro vivace
2. Andante
3. Menuetto (Allegro vivace)
4. Allegro
1. Largo - Allegro vivace
2. Andante
3. Menuetto (Allegro vivace)
4. Presto
1. Adagio maestoso - Allegro con brio
2. Allegretto
3. Menuetto (Vivace)
4. Presto. Vivace
1. Allegro
2. Andante con moto
3. Menuetto (Allegro molto)
4. Allegro vivace
1. Allegro moderato
2. Andante con moto
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Andante
3. Scherzo (Presto)
4. Allegro moderato
1. Andante - Allegro ma non troppo
2. Andante con moto
3. Scherzo (Allegro vivace)
4. Allegro vivace
1. Allegro ma non troppo
2. Larghetto
3. Rondo. Allegro
Mozart: Clarinet Concerto in A, K.622 - 1. Allegro
Mozart: Clarinet Concerto in A, K.622 - 2. Adagio
Mozart: Clarinet Concerto in A, K.622 - 3. Rondo (Allegro)


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