Niels Gade

Biography

Born: February 22, 1817; Copenhagen, Denmark   Died: December 21, 1890; Copenhagen, Denmark  
A multifaceted musician, Niels Wilhelm Gade was probably the most important figure in nineteenth century Danish music, making his mark as a composer, conductor, organist, violinist, teacher, and administrator. He furthered the careers of many important musicians, among them Edvard Grieg and Carl Nielsen, and played a major role in bringing Scandinavian music to the world's notice.

Both of Gade's parents were musical; his father was a
Read more cabinetmaker who turned to making musical instruments. As his family was poor, Gade received no formal music schooling until he was 15. He studied violin with F.T. Wexschall, a violinist in the Royal Orchestra, and theory and composition with Andreas Peter Berggreen. Berggreen was also a noted folklorist and passed along to Gade an interest in Danish folk music and literature. Gade made his debut as a violinist in 1833, and the following year became a junior player in the Royal Orchestra.

His earliest compositions date from his teens. His official Op. 1, the overture Efterklange af Ossian (Echoes of Ossian, 1840), was much praised and won Gade a Copenhagen Musical Society prize. When his Symphony No. 1 in C minor, Op. 5 (1841-1842) was not accepted for performance in Denmark, Gade sent it to Felix Mendelssohn in Leipzig, who loved the work and programmed it in 1843. That same year, Gade was given a government grant that allowed him to travel to Leipzig. He met Mendelssohn, who engaged him as assistant conductor of the Gewandhaus Orchestra and as a teacher at the Leipzig Conservatory. Not surprisingly, many of Gade's compositions of the time, such as the Symphony No. 3 in A minor, Op. 15 (1847), strongly reflect Mendelssohn's influence. After Mendelssohn's death in 1847, Gade became principal conductor of the Gewandhaus, but when war broke out between Prussia and Denmark in 1848, Gade returned to Denmark.

Gade was always very much engaged in Copenhagen's musical life: he conducted concerts, played the organ in churches, and provided music for ceremonial occasions. He also founded an orchestra and choir that in later years gave many significant performances, including the premieres of many of Gade's own compositions. In 1852 he married Emma Sophie Hartmann, the daughter of composer J.P.E. Hartmann, and composed two works for her: the Spring Fantasy, Op. 23 for voices, piano and orchestra; and as a wedding present, the Symphony No. 5 in D minor, Op. 25. She died just a few years later, however, and Gade remarried in 1857. In 1866, he became the director of the new Copenhagen Academy of Music, where for many years he taught composition and music history; among his students was Carl Nielsen. His teaching and administrative schedules allowed him to compose only during the summer months.

Gade specialized in cantatas (or as he sometimes called them, "Koncertstykke") for soloists, chorus and orchestra, many taking their themes from Danish folklore. Perhaps the most popular of these is Elverskud, Op. 30 (The Elf-King's Daughter, 1853). His cantata Psyche, Op. 60 (1881-1882), was written for a Birmingham music festival; by that time Gade was known all over Europe. He ultimately produced eight symphonies, many chamber works and cantatas, and a variety of shorter character pieces and songs. Read less
Gade: Elverskud, Echoes Of Ossian Overture / Kitajenko
Release Date: 10/28/1992   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9075   Number of Discs: 1
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Gade: Symphony No 1, Etc / Kitajenko, Danish National Rso
Release Date: 02/20/1996   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9422   Number of Discs: 1
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Grieg, Gade: Sacred Choral Works / Jorgensen, Hoyer, Et Al
Release Date: 07/25/2000   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9767   Number of Discs: 1
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Gade: Symphonies 1 & 5 / Hogwood, Brautigam, Danish National
Release Date: 02/25/2003   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10026   Number of Discs: 1
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Gade: Violin Sonatas / Borup, Conner
Release Date: 12/15/2009   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8570524   Number of Discs: 1
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There are 86 Niels Gade recordings available.

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Works

Niels Gade


MOST POPULAR WORKS
I. Early: Allegro vivo
II. Stormy
III. Solitude of the Woods
IV. Humoresque
V. Evening: Merry folk life
I. Allegro con fuoco
II. Romanze: Andantino espressivo
III. Rondo scherzando: Allegro, ma non troppo
Prologue: Andante
First Part: I. Allegro moderato
First Part: II. Master Oluf's Ballade: Andante sostenuto - III. Allegro risoluto
Second Part: IV. Andante con moto - V. Andantino - VI. Andante sostenuto - Allegro molto
Third Part: VII. Morning Song: Andante con moto
Third Part: VIII. Andantino - Allegro non troppo - IX. Molto moderato
Epilogue: Andante sostenuto
I. Andantino - Allegro vivace e grazioso
II. Scherzo: Moderato
III. Andantino con molto
IV. Allegro vivace
I. Andante - Allegro ma non troppo
II. Intermezzo: Allegro moderato
III. Andante espressivo
IV. Finale: Allegro con brio
I. Moderato con moto - Allegro egergico
II. Scherzo: Allegro risoluto quasi Presto
III. Andantino grazioso
IV. Finale: Molto allegro ma con fuoco
I. Presto
II. Andante sostenuto
III. Allegretto, assai moderato
IV. Finale: Allegro molto e con fuoco
I. Andantino - Allegro vivace e grazioso
II. Andante con moto
III. Scherzo: Allegro, ma non troppo e tranquillamente
IV. Finale: Allegro molto vivace
I. Allegro con fuoco
II. Andante sostenuto
III. Scherzo: Allegro molto vivace
IV. Finale: Andante con moto - Allegro vivace
I. Andantino - Allegro molto vivace
II. Andante sostenuto
III. Allegro moderato ed energico
IV. Finale: Andantino quasi allegretto - Allegro vivace e animato
I. Allegro risoluto
II. Andante
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace
IV. Finale: Allegro vivace
No. 1 in F major: Moderato
No. 2 in C major: Allegretto
No. 3 in A minor: Allegro
WORKS
I. Early: Allegro vivo
II. Stormy
III. Solitude of the Woods
IV. Humoresque
V. Evening: Merry folk life
No. 1. Elegie in E Minor
No. 2. Scherzo in E Major
No. 3. Canzonette in A Minor
No. 4. Humoreske in G Major
No. 5. Barcarole in F Major
No. 6. Capriccio in E-Flat Major
No. 7. Romanza in D Major
No. 8. Intermezzo in B Major
No. 9. Novelletta in A-Flat Major
No. 10. Scherzo in A Major
I. Andantino
II. Moderato
III. Allegretto
IV. Bon (Prayer)
Benedictus
Amen
Af Hojheden oprunden er
Hvo ikkun lader Herren raade
Hvo ikkun lader Herren raade
I. Allegro con fuoco
II. Romanze: Andantino espressivo
III. Rondo scherzando: Allegro, ma non troppo
Prologue: Andante
First Part: I. Allegro moderato
First Part: II. Master Oluf's Ballade: Andante sostenuto - III. Allegro risoluto
Second Part: IV. Andante con moto - V. Andantino - VI. Andante sostenuto - Allegro molto
Third Part: VII. Morning Song: Andante con moto
Third Part: VIII. Andantino - Allegro non troppo - IX. Molto moderato
Epilogue: Andante sostenuto
Introduction
Act I: The Hunt
Act I: Peasant Dance
Act I: Dance of Knights: Minuet
Act I: Reel
Act I: At the Elf-Hill
Act I: The Elf-Girls
Act II: In the Troll Barrow
Act II: Diderik's Courtship
Act II: The Dream
Act II: Hilda wakes up confused, and remembers the dream
Act II: Arrival of the Trolls
Act II: Bolero. Hilda's solo
Act II: Dance of the Trolls
Act III Scene 1: Pastorale
Act III Scene 1: Hilda and the Peasants
Act III Scene 1: The happiness dies down as Ove
Act III Scene 1: Viderik's Teasing
Act III Scene 2: The servants lay out the young mistress's clothes
Act III Scene 3: The trolls, who have now lost their dearest treasure, want to go away
Act III Scene 3: Mogens ans the peasants arrive, and Viderik puts a spell on them. Birthe come upon to wed Birthe
Act III Scene 3: The troll family arrives.
Act III Scene 4: Finale
Act III Scene 4: Polonaise: Pas de Sept: Allegro maestoso
Act III Scene 4: Gentlemen's solo: Moderato
Act III Scene 4: Interpolated music: Allegro non troppo
Act III Scene 4: Coda: Polonaise: Animato
Act III Scene 4: Bridal Waltz: Tempo di valse
I. Moderato [Tempo di minuetto]
II. Allegro scherzando
III. Andantino
IV. Finale: Allegro festivo
Napoli (1996 Remastered Version): I. Pas de six (Allegro moderato - Tempo alla Polacca)
Napoli (1996 Remastered Version): II. ---------
Napoli (1996 Remastered Version): III. Andantino
Napoli (1996 Remastered Version): IV. Allegro vivo
Napoli (1996 Remastered Version): V. Allegretto (6/8)
Napoli (1996 Remastered Version): VI. Allegretto
Napoli (1996 Remastered Version): VII. Allegretto (6/8)
Napoli (1996 Remastered Version): VIII. Tempo di polonaise
Napoli (1996 Remastered Version): IX. Intoduction (Allegro vivace)
Napoli (1996 Remastered Version): X. Finale (Tarantella)
No. 1. Humoreske in A Minor
No. 2. Notturno in E Major
No. 3. Scherzo in D-Flat Major
No. 4. Romanza in A Major
No. 5. Capriccio in F Major
I. Andantino - Allegro vivace e grazioso
II. Scherzo: Moderato
III. Andantino con molto
IV. Allegro vivace
I. Andante - Allegro ma non troppo
II. Intermezzo: Allegro moderato
III. Andante espressivo
IV. Finale: Allegro con brio
I. Allegro molto e con fuoco
II. Andantino quasi allegretto
III. Scherzo
IV. Finale
I. Allegro moderato
II. Allegretto vivace
III. Andante, poco lento
IV. Finale: Moderato sostenuto - Allegro con brio
I. Allegro (non troppo)
II. Andantino (con moto)
III. Scherzo
IV. Allegretto
V. Finale: Allegro
I. Allegro di molto
II. Adagio con espressione
III. Serenata scherzando
I. Andante con moto - Allegro molto
II. Allegretto
III. Allegro di molto
IV. Andante quasi allegretto - Allegro vivace
I. Allegro con fuoco
II. Andante
III. Allegretto
IV. Molto allegro e appassionato
No. 1. Ritter Fruhling: Allegro moderato
No. 2. Die Wasserrose: Adagio
No. 3. Morgenwanderung: Allegro moderato
No. 4. Herbstlied: Andantino quasi allegretto
No. 5. Im Wald: Allegro non troppo
I. Moderato con moto - Allegro egergico
II. Scherzo: Allegro risoluto quasi Presto
III. Andantino grazioso
IV. Finale: Molto allegro ma con fuoco
I. Andantino quasi allegretto
II. Andante con moto
III. Scherzo: Molto allegro
IV. Finale: Allegro energico
I. Presto
II. Andante sostenuto
III. Allegretto, assai moderato
IV. Finale: Allegro molto e con fuoco
I. Andantino - Allegro vivace e grazioso
II. Andante con moto
III. Scherzo: Allegro, ma non troppo e tranquillamente
IV. Finale: Allegro molto vivace
I. Allegro con fuoco
II. Andante sostenuto
III. Scherzo: Allegro molto vivace
IV. Finale: Andante con moto - Allegro vivace
I. Andantino - Allegro molto vivace
II. Andante sostenuto
III. Allegro moderato ed energico
IV. Finale: Andantino quasi allegretto - Allegro vivace e animato
I. Allegro risoluto
II. Andante
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace
IV. Finale: Allegro vivace
I. Allegro molto e con fuoco
II. Allegro moderato
III. Andantino
IV. Finale: Allegro non troppo e marcato
I. I Orkene (In the Desert): Chorus of Pilgrims and Women
I. I Orkene (In the Desert): Scene (Bass, Tenor)
I. I Orkene (In the Desert): Crusaders' Song (Tenor, Bass, Chorus)
I. I Orkene (In the Desert): Prayer (Bass, Chorus)
II. Armida: Chorus of the Spirits of Darkness
II. Armida: Recitative and Aria (Mezzo-soprano)
II. Armida: Sirens' Chorus (Chorus, Tenor)
II. Armida: Scene (Mezzo-soprano, Tenor, Chorus)
III. Mod Jerusalem (Towards Jerusalem): Crusaders' Chorus: Morning Song
III. Mod Jerusalem (Towards Jerusalem): Aria (Tenor)
III. Mod Jerusalem (Towards Jerusalem): Pilgrims' March (Chorus, Tenor)
III. Mod Jerusalem (Towards Jerusalem): Final Scene (Bass, Chorus, Tenor)
No. 1 in F major: Moderato
No. 2 in C major: Allegretto
No. 3 in A minor: Allegro


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