New York Philharmonic

Composers

Biography

Active: April 2, 1842 - ; New York, NY
The New York Philharmonic, an indisputable giant among the world's orchestras, is the oldest symphony organization in the United States.

Though amateur orchestras had cropped up in New York in the eighteenth century, none proved durable. On April 2, 1842, however, Ureli Corelli Hill called the first organizational meeting of the Philharmonic Symphony Society of New York, planting the seeds of the New York Philharmonic. The organization
Read more was a cooperative, to which the players paid dues and then shared profits. The Philharmonic Society commenced its inaugural season on December 7, 1842, with 50 players and a first-year schedule of four concerts.

By 1867, the size of the orchestra had grown to 100 players, and in that year the ensemble moved to the Academy of Music. By the late nineteenth century, the Philharmonic Society was only one among a number of orchestras in New York. In 1867, Theodore Thomas founded his own orchestra, which remained in existence until 1891. In 1878 Leopold Damrosch established the New York Symphony, which was the favorite among upper-crust New Yorkers, and which was chosen to open Carnegie Hall in 1891. The Philharmonic Society also faced competition from the Boston Symphony, which from 1887 gave regular New York concerts (and still does).

In 1909 the Philharmonic was reconstituted, at last becoming a full-time professional organization; the players were now employees. Under this new arrangement, renowned German composer/conductor Gustav Mahler became the new ensemble's first music director, a post he held until 1911. In 1921 the orchestra combined forces with the still-wet-behind-the-ears New/National Symphony Orchestra, marking the beginning of a series of "takeovers" that continually strengthened the group's performing forces. In 1927, the Philharmonic merged with Damrosch's New York Symphony Society (now conducted by the founder's son, Walter Damrosch). The new organization emerged as the Philharmonic-Symphony Society Orchestra of New York and is today known as the New York Philharmonic.

In 1922, the Philharmonic became the first major orchestra to broadcast live on the radio; today it is the only American orchestra with a regular live national radio network. The ensemble has recorded extensively, and its roster of recording-era conductors and music directors is indeed stellar: among others, Arturo Toscanini, Bruno Walter, Leopold Stokowski, Dimitri Mitropoulos, Pierre Boulez, and Zubin Mehta shepherded the orchestra to ever greater heights. The most spectacular of the Philharmonic's music directors was Leonard Bernstein, who led the group from 1958 to 1969 and maintained a lifetime relationship with the orchestra after his tenure. Bernstein's televised Young People's Concerts and hundreds of recordings with the orchestra did more to establish the Philharmonic's worldwide "brand identification" than any public relations firm could have achieved. Bernstein also oversaw the orchestra's change of homes from Carnegie Hall to Philharmonic Hall (now Avery Fisher Hall). The Philharmonic's music director from 1991 to 2002, Kurt Masur, restored the orchestra to the highest technical level and specialized in the classic European repertory, while occasionally presenting the new and unusual. In the 2002-2003 season, Lorin Maazel became music director. He was in the later stages of his career, and jockeying for the chance to succeed him in this choicest of all American plum posts began soon after he was named. Read less

There are 612 New York Philharmonic recordings available.

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Composers

Biography

Active: April 2, 1842 - ; New York, NY
The New York Philharmonic, an indisputable giant among the world's orchestras, is the oldest symphony organization in the United States.

Though amateur orchestras had cropped up in New York in the eighteenth century, none proved durable. On April 2, 1842, however, Ureli Corelli Hill called the first organizational meeting of the Philharmonic Symphony Society of New York, planting the seeds of the New York Philharmonic. The organization
Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Tempo giusto -
I. Adagio
II. Allegro -
II. Presto -
II. Andante un poco tranquillo -
II. Allegro
I. Tempo giusto
II. Humoreske: Allegretto
III. Proposta seria: Adagio
IV. Tema con variazioni
I. Allegro
II. Poco allegretto
III. Poco adagio quasi andante
IV. Allegro
I. Allegro orgoglioso
II. Andante
III. Allegro comodo
IV. Finale: Allegro con fuoco
I. Prelude: Allegro moderato - II. Adagio
III. Finale: Allegro energico
I. Andante sostenuto
II. Allegro giocoso
I. Moderato nobile
II. Romanze: Andante
III. Finale: Allegro assai vivace
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 2 in C Minor, Op. 18: I. Moderato
II. Adagio sostenuto
III. Allegro scherzando
Ives: Symphony No.2 - 1. Andante moderato
Ives: Symphony No.2 - 2. Allegro
Ives: Symphony No.2 - 3. Adagio cantabile
Ives: Symphony No.2 - 4. Lento maestoso
Ives: Symphony No.2 - 5. Allegro molto vivace
Section I
Section II
Section III
Section IV
Premičre partie - L'Adoration de la terre (Part One - Adoration of the Earth): Introduction. Lento
Les augures printaniers (Danses des adolescentes) [The Augurs of Spring (Dance of the Young Girls)]
Jeu du rapt (Mock Abduction)
Rondes printaničres (Spring Round Dances)
Jeux des cités rivales (Games of the Rival Tribes)
Cortčge du Sage (Procession of the Wise Elder)
Adoration de la terre (Le Sage) [Adoration of the Earth (The Wise Elder)]
Danse de la terre (Dance of the Earth)
Seconde partie - Le Sacrifice (Part Two - The Sacrifice): Introduction. Largo
Cercles mystérieux des adolescentes (Mystical Circles of the Young Girls)
Glorification de l'Élue (Glorification of the Chosen Victim)
Évocation des ancętres (Summoning of the Ancestors)
Action rituelle des ancętres (Ritual of the Ancestors)
Danse sacrale (L'Élue) [Sacrificial Dance (The Chosen Victim)]
Concerto No. 4 in G Major for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 58: I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante con moto
III. Rondo: Vivace
Symphonic Dances from "West Side Story" *: Prologue (Allegro moderato)
Somewhere (Adagio)
Scherzo (Vivace leggiero)
Mambo (Meno Presto)
Cha-Cha (Andantino con grazia)
Meeting Scene (Meno mosso)
Cool Fugue (Allegretto)
Rumble (Molto allegro)
Finale (Adagio)
1. Fragmented Time
2. Time Delay
3. Compressed Time
4. Overlapping Time
5. Entropic Time
6. Backwards Time
7. Harmonic Time
Mahler: Symphony No.2 in C minor - "Resurrection" - 1: Allegro maestoso (Totenfeier)
Mahler: Symphony No.2 in C minor - "Resurrection" - 2: Andante moderato
Mahler: Symphony No.2 in C minor - "Resurrection" - 3: (Scherzo)
Mahler: Symphony No.2 in C minor - "Resurrection" / 4: "Urlicht" - Sehr feierlich, aber schlicht - "O Röslein rot"
Mahler: Symphony No.2 in C minor - "Resurrection" - 5: Im Tempo des Scherzo
Mahler: Symphony No.3 in D minor / Part 1 - 1. Kräftig. Entscheiden
Mahler: Symphony No.3 in D minor / Part 2 - 2. Tempo di minuetto. Sehr mäßig
Mahler: Symphony No.3 in D minor / Part 2 - 3. Comodo. Scherzando. Ohne Hast
Mahler: Symphony No.3 in D minor / Part 2 - 4. Sehr langsam. Misterioso: "O Mensch! Gib acht!" 'O Mensch! Gib acht'
Mahler: Symphony No.3 in D minor / Part 2 - 5. Lustig im Tempo und keck im Ausdruck: "Bimm Bamm. Es sungen drei Engel"
Mahler: Symphony No.3 in D minor / Part 2 - 6. Langsam. Ruhevoll. Empfunden
Mahler: Symphony No.7 in E minor - 1. Langsam (Adagio)
Mahler: Symphony No.7 in E minor - 2. Nachtmusik (Allegro moderato)
Mahler: Symphony No.7 in E minor - 3. Scherzo
Mahler: Symphony No.7 in E minor - 4. Nachtmusik (Andante amoroso)
Mahler: Symphony No.7 in E minor - 5. Rondo - Finale (Allegro ordinario - Allegro moderato ma energico)
Mahler: Symphony No.3 in D minor / Part 2 - 3. Comodo. Scherzando. Ohne Hast
Mahler: Symphony No.3 in D minor / Part 2 - 3.- Wieder sehr gemaechlich, wie zu Anfang
Mahler: Symphony No.3 in D minor / Part 2 - 3.- Etwas zurueckhaltend
Mahler: Symphony No.3 in D minor / Part 2 - 3.- Schnell und schmetternd wie eine Fanfare - Tempo I. Mit geheimnisvoller Hast
Mahler: Symphony No.3 in D minor / Part 2 - 3.- Wieder sehr gemaechlich, beinahe langsam
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.4 in F minor, Op.36 - 1. Andante sostenuto - Moderato con anima - Moderato assai, quasi Andante - Allegro vivo
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.4 in F minor, Op.36 - 2. Andantino in modo di canzone
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.4 in F minor, Op.36 - 3. Scherzo. Pizzicato ostinato - Allegro
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.4 in F minor, Op.36 - 4. Finale (Allegro con fuoco)
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 in E minor, Op.64 - 1. Andante - Allegro con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 in E minor, Op.64 - 2. Andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza - Moderato con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 in E minor, Op.64 - 3. Valse (Allegro moderato)
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 in E minor, Op.64 - 4. Finale (Andante maestoso - Allegro vivace)
1. Lever du jour
2. Pantomime
3. Danse générale
1. Prélude ŕ la nuit
2. Malagueńa
3. Habanera
4. Feria
Introduction
Dance of the Firebird
Variation of the Firebird
Round Dance of the Princesses
Infernal Dance of King Kaschei
Berceuse
Finale
I. Nocturne. Adagio
II. Scherzo. Allegro non troppo
III. Passacaglia. Andante
IV. Burlesca. Allegro con brio
Con moto agitato
Tempo di Valse, assai comodo da primo
Sempre piů lento - Moderato molto sostenuto
Quick Waltz. Molto con moto
I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante con moto
III. Scherzo - Allegro
IV. Allegro
Premier tableau (Scene I): Fęte populaire de la Semaine Grasse (The Shrove-tide Fair)
Lento. (Rehearsal number 58) - La Barque du Charlatan (The Charlatan's Booth)
Danse Russe (Russian Dance)
Second tableau (Scene II): Chez Pétrouchka (Petrushka's Room)
Troisičme tableau (Scene III): Chez le Maure (The Moor's Room)
Allegro. (Rehearsal number 134) - Danse de la Ballerine (Dance of the Ballerina)
Valse. Lento cantabile (Rehearsal number 140) - Valse. La Ballerine et le Maure (Waltz. The Ballerina and Moor)
Quatričme tableau (Scene IV): Fęte populaire de la Semaine Grasse (vers le soir) [The Shrove-tide Fair (towards evening)]
Danse des Nounous (Dance of the Wet Nurses)
L'Ours et un Paysan (The Bear and the Peasant)
Un Marchand fętard avec deux Tziganes (The Jovial Merchant with Two Gypsy Girls)
Danse des Cochers et des Palefreniers (Dance of the Coachmen and Grooms)
Les Déguisés (The Masqueraders)
La rixe: La Maure et Pétrouchka (The Fight: The Moor and Petrushka)
Mort de Pétrouchka (Death of Petrushka)
La Police et le Charlatan (The Police and the Charlatan)
Apparition du Double de Pétrouchka (Apparition of Petroushka's Double)
Pulcinella Suite for Chamber Orchestra - Music after Pergolesi (1947 Version): I. Sinfonia (Ouverture). Allegro moderato
II. Serenata. Larghetto
III. a) Scherzino
b) Allegro
c) Andantino
IV. Tarantella. dotted half note = 88
V. Toccata. Allegro
VI. Gavotta (con due variazioni). Allegro moderato
Variazione I. Allegretto
Variazione II. Allegro piu tosto moderato
VII. Vivo (Duetto)
VIII. a) Minuetto. Molto moderato
b) Finale. Allegro assai
I. Allegro
II. Romance
III. Rondo: Allegro assai
I. Allegro con brio
II. Largo
III. Rondo: Allegro scherzando
Mahler: Symphony No.7 in E minor - 1. Langsam (Adagio)
Mahler: Symphony No.7 in E minor - 2. Nachtmusik (Allegro moderato)
Mahler: Symphony No.7 in E minor - 3. Scherzo
Mahler: Symphony No.7 in E minor - 4. Nachtmusik (Andante amoroso)
Mahler: Symphony No.7 in E minor - 5. Rondo - Finale (Allegro ordinario - Allegro moderato ma energico)
Mahler: Symphony No.3 in D minor / Part 1 - 1. Kräftig. Entscheiden
Mahler: Symphony No.3 in D minor / Part 2 - 2. Tempo di minuetto. Sehr mäßig
Mahler: Symphony No.3 in D minor / Part 2 - 3. Comodo. Scherzando. Ohne Hast
Mahler: Symphony No.3 in D minor / Part 2 - 4. Sehr langsam. Misterioso: "O Mensch! Gib acht!" 'O Mensch! Gib acht'
Mahler: Symphony No.3 in D minor / Part 2 - 5. Lustig im Tempo und keck im Ausdruck: "Bimm Bamm. Es sungen drei Engel"
Mahler: Symphony No.3 in D minor / Part 2 - 6. Langsam. Ruhevoll. Empfunden
Mahler: Symphony No.2 in C minor - "Resurrection" - 1: Allegro maestoso (Totenfeier)
Mahler: Symphony No.2 in C minor - "Resurrection" - 2: Andante moderato
Mahler: Symphony No.2 in C minor - "Resurrection" - 3: (Scherzo)
Mahler: Symphony No.2 in C minor - "Resurrection" / 4: "Urlicht" - Sehr feierlich, aber schlicht - "O Röslein rot"
Mahler: Symphony No.2 in C minor - "Resurrection" - 5: Im Tempo des Scherzo
I. Russia under the Mongolian Yoke
II. Song about Alexander Nevsky
III. The Crusaders in Pskov
IV. Arise, Ye Russian People
V. The Battle on the Ice
VI. The Field of the Dead
VII. Alexander's Entry into Pskov
Pictures at an Exhibition: Promenade. Allegro giusto, nel modo russico; senza allegrezza, ma poco sostenuto
I. Gnomus (The Gnome). Vivo
Promenade. Moderato non tanto, pesamente
II. Il vecchio castello (The old castle). Andante molto cantabile e con dolore
Promenade. Moderato non tanto, pesamente
III. Tuileries (Children's dispute after game). Allegretto non troppo, capriccioso
IV. Bydlo. Sempre moderato, pesante
Promenade. Tranquillo
V. Ballet des petits poussins dans leurs coques (Ballet of the unhatched chickens). Scherzino. Vivo leggiero
VI. Samuel Goldenburg and Schmuyle. Andante
VII. Limoges. le marché (The market place of Limoges). Allegretto vivo, sempre scherzando
VIII. Catacombae. Sepulchrum Romanum (Catacombs: A Roman Grave). Largo
Cum mortuis in lingua morta (With the dead in a dead language). Andante non troppo, con lamento
IX. La cabane de Baba-Yaga sur des pattes de poule (The hut of Baba-Yaga on chicken's legs). Allegro con brio, feroce - Andante mosso - Allegro molto
X. La grande porte de Kiev (The great gate of Kiev). Allegro alla breve. Maestoso. Con grandezza
Daphnis et Chloé, Suite No. 2: Lever du jour
Pantomine
Danse générale
Pulcinella Suite for Orchestra: I. Sinfonia (Ouverture)
II. Serenata
IIIa. Scherzino
IIIb. Allegro
IIIc. Andantino
IV. Tarantella
V. Toccata
VI. Gavotta [con due variazioni]
Variazione I. Allegretto
Variazione II. Allegro piu tosto
VII. Vivo (Duetto)
VIIIa. Minuetto
VIIIb. Finale
Rodrigo: Concierto de Aranjuez: I. Allegro con spirito
Rodrigo: Concierto de Aranjuez: II. Adagio
Rodrigo: Concierto de Aranjuez: III. Allegro gentile
Villa-Lobos : Guitar Concerto : I Allegro preciso
Villa-Lobos : Guitar Concerto : II Andantino e andante
Villa-Lobos : Guitar Concerto : III Allegretto non troppo
Ponce : Concierto del sur : I Allegretto
Ponce : Concierto del sur : II Andante
Ponce : Concierto del sur : III Allegro moderato e festivo
I. Adagio - Allegro molto
II. Largo
III. Scherzo. Molto vivace
IV. Allegro con fuoco


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