Munich Philharmonic Orchestra

Biography

Active: 1893 - ; Germany
Of the three major orchestras located in the historic Bavarian capitol of Munich (München), the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra (Münchner Philharmoniker) is the least recorded of all orchestras that share its high level of excellence, primarily due to an eccentricity of one of its most famous conductors.

For most of its history Munich has been capitol of Bavaria and the seat of its ruling dynasty, the Wittelsbachs, who rose from Dukes to
Read more Electors to King. They established Munich as a European music center when they hired Orlando di Lassus as Hofkapellmeister in 1557, and founded one of Europe's finest court operas in 1651. (The opera, now the Bavarian State Opera, is still in existence; its orchestra, the Bavarian State Orchestra, is one of the two other main orchestras in Munich, the other being the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra.)

The era from 1775 to 1850 saw the rise of public concerts in Europe, often under the auspices of private organizations rather than courts. This process began in earnest in Munich in 1811, when the Musikalisches Akademie (Musical Academy) was formed around several musicians of the opera orchestra. Failure to find an exciting conductor who could exert leadership caused their concert series to decline in the 1820s until they ended in 1832. In the 1840s, Franz Lachner, the dynamic conductor of the opera, revived the Musical Academy and re-established regular concerts.

In 1893, some musicians formed a privately incorporated orchestra known as the Kaim Orchestra and started a series of symphony concerts, moving in 1895 into the city's Concert Hall (Tonhalle). These concerts became very popular and remained so. When the orchestra was staggering, following the post-World War I financial crisis, the Munich city government took possession of the orchestra, which was renamed the Munich Philharmonic. The well-known composer Hans Pfitzner was one of the conductors during the 1920s.

In the 1930s, the orchestra received a new emblem, which it thereafter displayed with seeming pride: An eagle grasping a reversed Swastika in its talons over the legend, "The Orchestra of the Fascist Movement." Oswald Kabasta, conductor through much of the Nazi era, began the process of elevating the Munich Philharmonic to a high level, which continued after the war through such conductors as Hans Rosbaud and Rudolf Kempe.

In 1979, the often controversial and nearly legendary conductor Sergiu Celibidache became the orchestra's General Music Director. This inaugurated a period of exceptional accomplishment for the orchestra. However, his autocratic ways and constant threat of a walk-out (which he actually carried out for a few months in 1984) troubled many of the orchestra's supporters. His attempt to demote the orchestra's female solo trombonist, American Abbie Conant (who had been invited to audition in a letter addressed "Herr Abbie Conant and was hired in a screened audition) descended into harassment which a German judge later ruled was "indecent" and embroiled the orchestra and the City of Munich into a losing thirteen-year legal struggle that ultimately deeply embarrassed both. (It was dramatized in a full-length film, "Abbie Get Your Gun."

In addition, Celibidache's complete refusal to make audio recordings kept the rise in the Munich Philharmonic's stature a virtual secret outside Munich, except for occasional tours, such as an eleven-city triumph in the United States in 1989. Celibidache's sudden death in 1996 at the age of eighty-four required the Munich Philharmonic to search for a new Music Director. In 1998, James Levine, Music Director of the Metropolitan Opera in New York, accepted the position. He drew up a particularly striking retrospective series on twentieth-century music for the 2000-2001 season. Read less

There are 94 Munich Philharmonic Orchestra recordings available.

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Formats & Featured

Biography

Active: 1893 - ; Germany
Of the three major orchestras located in the historic Bavarian capitol of Munich (München), the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra (Münchner Philharmoniker) is the least recorded of all orchestras that share its high level of excellence, primarily due to an eccentricity of one of its most famous conductors.

For most of its history Munich has been capitol of Bavaria and the seat of its ruling dynasty, the Wittelsbachs, who rose from Dukes to
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WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Adagio - Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Scherzo: Molto vivace
IV. Finale: Adagio - Allegro moderato
1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
3. Allegro con fuoco
1. Allegro maestoso
2. Quasi adagio - Allegretto vivace - Allegro animato
3. Allegro marziale animato - Presto
I. Maestoso
II. Adagio: sehr feierlich
III. Scherzo: Nicht schnell - Trio: Langsam
IV. Finale: Bewegt, doch nicht zu schnell
1. Frühling
2. September
3. Beim Schlafengehen
4. Im Abendrot
1. Frühling
2. September
3. Beim Schlafengehen
4. Im Abendrot
1. Un poco sostenuto - Allegro - Meno allegro
2. Andante sostenuto
3. Un poco allegretto e grazioso
4. Adagio - Piu andante - Allegro non troppo, ma con brio - Piu allegro
I. Andante - Allegro ma non troppo
II. Andante con moto
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace
IV. Allegro vivace
Requiem
Kyrie
Dies Irae
Tuba Mirum
Rex Tremendae
Recordare
Confutatis
Lacrimosa
Domine, Jesu Christe
Hostias
Sanctus
Benedictus
Agnus Dei
Communio
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Kyrie: Chorus: Kyrie Eleison
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Kyrie: Duet: Christe eleison
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Kyrie: Chorus: Kyrie Eleison
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Chorus: Gloria in excelsis
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Chorus: Et in terra pax
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Aria: Laudamus te
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Chorus:Gratias agimus tibi
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Duet: Domine Deus
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Chorus: Qui tollis peccata mundi
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Aria: Qui sedes ad dexteram Patris
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Aria: Quoniam tu solus sanctus
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Chorus: Cum Sancto Spiritu
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Credo in unum Deum
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Credo in unum Deum, Patrem omnipotentem
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Duet: Et in unum Dominum
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Et incarnatus est
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Crucifixus
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Et resurrexti
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Aria: Et in Spiritum Sanctum
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Confiteor
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Et expecto resurrectionem
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Sanctus: Chorus: Sanctus
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Sanctus: Chorus: Osanna in excelsis
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Sanctus: Aria: Benedictus qui venit
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Sanctus: Chorus: Osanna (da capo)
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Agnus Dei: Aria: Agnus Dei
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Agnus Dei: Chorus: Dona nobis pacem
Requiem Op. 48: Introit et Kyrie
Requiem Op. 48: Offertoire
Requiem Op. 48: Sanctus
Requiem Op. 48: Pie Jesu
Requiem Op. 48: Agnus Dei
Requiem Op. 48: Libera Me
Requiem Op. 48: In paradisum
Symphony of Psalms: Exaudi orationem meam, Domine
Symphony of Psalms: Expectans expectavi Dominum
Symphony of Psalms: Alleluia. Laudate Dominum
Scheherazade Op. 35: I. The Sea and Sinbad's Ship
Scheherazade Op. 35: II. The Story of the Kalendar Prince
Scheherazade Op. 35: III. The Young Prince and Princess
Scheherazade Op. 35: IV. Festival at Baghdad. The Sea. Shipwreck. Conclusion
Symphony No. 1 in D Op. 25 'Classical' (2004 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro
Symphony No. 1 in D Op. 25 'Classical' (2004 Digital Remaster): II. Larghetto
Symphony No. 1 in D Op. 25 'Classical' (2004 Digital Remaster): III. Gavotta: Non troppo allegro
Symphony No. 1 in D Op. 25 'Classical' (2004 Digital Remaster): IV. Finale: Molto vivace
Symphony No. 5 in B flat Op. 100: I. Andante
Symphony No. 5 in B flat Op. 100: II. Allegro marcato
Symphony No. 5 in B flat Op. 100: III. Adagio
Symphony No. 5 in B flat Op. 100: IV. Allegro giocoso
1. Introduction. Adagio - Allegro
2. Adagio. Sehr langsam
3. Scherzo. Molto vivace (Schnell) - Trio im gleichen Tempo
4. Finale. Adagio - Allegro moderato
Piano Concerto in A minor Op. 54: Allegro affettuoso - Andante espressivo - Tempo 1 - Cadenza - Allegro molto
Piano Concerto in A minor Op. 54: Intermezzo (Andantino grazioso)
Piano Concerto in A minor Op. 54: Allegro vivace
Piano Concerto No. 1 in B flat minor Op.23: Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Piano Concerto No. 1 in B flat minor Op.23: Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Piano Concerto No. 1 in B flat minor Op.23: Allegro con fuoco
1. Allegro moderato
2. Scherzo. Allegro moderato - Trio. Langsam
3. Adagio. Feierlich langsam, doch nicht schleppend
4. Finale. Feierlich, nicht schnell
I. Allegro con brio
II. Marcia funebre: Adagio assai
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace
IV. Finale: Allegro molto
I. Adagio - Allegro molto
II. Largo
III. Scherzo: Molto vivace
Ein deutsches Requiem Op. 45: I. Selig sind, die da Leid tragen (Zemlich langsam)
Ein deutsches Requiem Op. 45: II. Denn alles Fleisch es ist wie Gras (Langsam, marschmässig)
Ein deutsches Requiem Op. 45: III. Herr, lehre doch mich (Andante moderato)
Ein deutsches Requiem Op. 45: IV. Wie lieblich sind deine Wohnungen (Mässig bewegt)
Ein deutsches Requiem Op. 45: V. Ihr habt nun Traurigkeit (Langsam)
Ein deutsches Requiem Op. 45: VI. Denn wir haben hie keine bleibende Statt (Andante)
Symphony No. 1 in C minor Op. 68: I. Un poco sostenuto - Allegro
Symphony No. 1 in C minor Op. 68: II. Andante sostenuto
Symphony No. 1 in C minor Op. 68: III. Un poco allegretto e grazioso
Symphony No. 1 in C minor Op. 68: IV. Adagio - Allegro non troppo ma con brio
Applaus - brahms Symphony no.1 close/Celibidache
Applaus - brahms Symphony no.2 opening/Celibidache
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 73: I. Allegro non troppo
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 73: II. Adagio non troppo
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 73: III. Allegretto grazioso (Quasi andantino) - Presto, ma non assai
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 73: IV. Allegro con spirito
Applaus - Brahms Symphony no.2 close/Celibidache
Symphony No. 3 in F Op. 90: I. Allegro con brio - Un poco sostenuto
Symphony No. 3 in F Op. 90: II. Andante
Symphony No. 4 in E minor Op. 98: I. Allegro non troppo
Symphony No. 4 in E minor Op. 98: II. Andante moderato
Symphony No. 4 in E minor Op. 98: III. Allegro giocoso
Symphony No. 4 in E minor Op. 98: IV. Allegro energico e passionato
Applaus - Brahms Symphony no.4 close/Celibidache
Symphony No. 8 in C Minor: I. Allegro moderato
Symphony No. 8 in C Minor: II. Scherzo (Allegro moderato) & Trio (Langsam)
Mass No. 3 in F Minor: Kyrie
Mass No. 3 in F Minor: Gloria
Mass No. 3 in F Minor: Credo
Mass No. 3 in F Minor: Sanctus
Mass No. 3 in F Minor: Benedictus
Mass No. 3 in F Minor: Agnus Dei
Symphony No. 4 in E Flat, 'Romantic': I. Bewegt, nicht zu schnell
Symphony No. 4 in E Flat, 'Romantic': II. Andante quasi allegretto
Symphony No. 4 in E Flat, 'Romantic': III. Scherzo (Bewegt) & Trio (Nicht zu schnell)
Symphony No. 4 in E Flat, 'Romantic': IV. Finale (Bewegt, doch nicht zu schnell)
Serenade in E Major for Strings, Op. 22: I. Moderato
II. Tempo di Valse
III. Scherzo: Vivace
IV. Larghetto
V. Finale: Allegro vivace


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