Munich Philharmonic Orchestra

Biography

Active: 1893 - ; Germany
Of the three major orchestras located in the historic Bavarian capitol of Munich (München), the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra (Münchner Philharmoniker) is the least recorded of all orchestras that share its high level of excellence, primarily due to an eccentricity of one of its most famous conductors.

For most of its history Munich has been capitol of Bavaria and the seat of its ruling dynasty, the Wittelsbachs, who rose from Dukes to
Read more Electors to King. They established Munich as a European music center when they hired Orlando di Lassus as Hofkapellmeister in 1557, and founded one of Europe's finest court operas in 1651. (The opera, now the Bavarian State Opera, is still in existence; its orchestra, the Bavarian State Orchestra, is one of the two other main orchestras in Munich, the other being the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra.)

The era from 1775 to 1850 saw the rise of public concerts in Europe, often under the auspices of private organizations rather than courts. This process began in earnest in Munich in 1811, when the Musikalisches Akademie (Musical Academy) was formed around several musicians of the opera orchestra. Failure to find an exciting conductor who could exert leadership caused their concert series to decline in the 1820s until they ended in 1832. In the 1840s, Franz Lachner, the dynamic conductor of the opera, revived the Musical Academy and re-established regular concerts.

In 1893, some musicians formed a privately incorporated orchestra known as the Kaim Orchestra and started a series of symphony concerts, moving in 1895 into the city's Concert Hall (Tonhalle). These concerts became very popular and remained so. When the orchestra was staggering, following the post-World War I financial crisis, the Munich city government took possession of the orchestra, which was renamed the Munich Philharmonic. The well-known composer Hans Pfitzner was one of the conductors during the 1920s.

In the 1930s, the orchestra received a new emblem, which it thereafter displayed with seeming pride: An eagle grasping a reversed Swastika in its talons over the legend, "The Orchestra of the Fascist Movement." Oswald Kabasta, conductor through much of the Nazi era, began the process of elevating the Munich Philharmonic to a high level, which continued after the war through such conductors as Hans Rosbaud and Rudolf Kempe.

In 1979, the often controversial and nearly legendary conductor Sergiu Celibidache became the orchestra's General Music Director. This inaugurated a period of exceptional accomplishment for the orchestra. However, his autocratic ways and constant threat of a walk-out (which he actually carried out for a few months in 1984) troubled many of the orchestra's supporters. His attempt to demote the orchestra's female solo trombonist, American Abbie Conant (who had been invited to audition in a letter addressed "Herr Abbie Conant and was hired in a screened audition) descended into harassment which a German judge later ruled was "indecent" and embroiled the orchestra and the City of Munich into a losing thirteen-year legal struggle that ultimately deeply embarrassed both. (It was dramatized in a full-length film, "Abbie Get Your Gun."

In addition, Celibidache's complete refusal to make audio recordings kept the rise in the Munich Philharmonic's stature a virtual secret outside Munich, except for occasional tours, such as an eleven-city triumph in the United States in 1989. Celibidache's sudden death in 1996 at the age of eighty-four required the Munich Philharmonic to search for a new Music Director. In 1998, James Levine, Music Director of the Metropolitan Opera in New York, accepted the position. He drew up a particularly striking retrospective series on twentieth-century music for the 2000-2001 season. Read less
Bruckner: Symphony No 6 / Celibidache, Munich Philharmonic
Release Date: 05/31/2007   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 56694   Number of Discs: 1
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Biography

Active: 1893 - ; Germany
Of the three major orchestras located in the historic Bavarian capitol of Munich (München), the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra (Münchner Philharmoniker) is the least recorded of all orchestras that share its high level of excellence, primarily due to an eccentricity of one of its most famous conductors.

For most of its history Munich has been capitol of Bavaria and the seat of its ruling dynasty, the Wittelsbachs, who rose from Dukes to
Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
Introduction
"Wie du warst!"
"Marie Theres'!" - "Octavian!"
"Quinquin, es ist mein Mann!"
"Selbstverständlich empfängt mich Ihro Gnaden"
"Hat Sie schon einmal mit einem Kavalier"
"Nein, er agiert mir gar zu gut!"
"I komm' glei"
"Di rigori armato il seno"
"Als Morgengabe"
"Mein lieber Hippolyte"
"Da geht er hin, der aufgeblasene schlechte Kerl"
"Ach! Du bist wieder da!"
"Die Zeit ist...Mein schöner Schatz...Ich werde jetzt"
"Ich hab' ihn nicht einmal geküßt
Introduction - "Ein ernster Tag"
"In dieser feierlichen Stunde"
"Mir ist die Ehre widerfahren"
"Ich kenn' Ihn schon recht wohl"
"Jetzt aber kommt mein Herr Zukünftiger"
"Eh bien! Nun plauder Sie uns eins"
"Wird Sie das Mannsbild da heiraten"
"Herr Baron von Lerchenau!"
"Mord! Mord! Mein Blut!"
"Herr Schwiegersohn! Wie ist ihm denn?"
"Blamage! Mir auseinander meine Eh'"
"Is gut! Is gut! Ein Schluck"
"Da lieg' ich!"
"Ohne mich, ohne mich, jeder Tag dir so bang"
Introduction and Pantomime
"Hab'n Euer Gnaden noch weitre Befehle?"
"Nein, nein, nein, nein! I trink' kein Wein"
"Es ist ja eh all's eins"
"Da und da und da und da"
"Halt! Keiner rührt sich!"
"Zur Stelle! Was wird von mir gewünscht?"
"Sind desto eher im klaren"
"Bin glücklich über Massen"
"Laß er nur gut sein und verschwind Er"
"Leopold, wir gehn!"
"Mein Gott, es war nicht mehr als eine Farce"
"Marie Theres'!" - "Hab mir's gelobt, Ihn lieb zu haben"
"Ist ein Traum, kann nicht wirklich sein"
I. Adagio - Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Scherzo: Molto vivace
IV. Finale: Adagio - Allegro moderato
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 3. Allegro con fuoco
Liszt: Piano Concerto No.1 in E flat, S.124 - 1. Allegro maestoso
Liszt: Piano Concerto No.1 in E flat, S.124 - 2. Quasi adagio - Allegretto vivace - Allegro animato
Liszt: Piano Concerto No.1 in E flat, S.124 - 3. Allegro marziale animato - Presto
Symphony No. 1 Op. 21 (1995 Remastered Version): I. Adagio molto - Allegro con brio
Symphony No. 1 Op. 21 (1995 Remastered Version): II. Andante cantabile con moto
Symphony No. 1 Op. 21 (1995 Remastered Version): III. Menuetto (Allegro molto e vivace)
Symphony No. 1 Op. 21 (1995 Remastered Version): IV. Adagio - Allegro molto e vivace
Symphony No. 3, 'Eroica' Op. 55: I. Allegro con brio
Symphony No. 3, 'Eroica' Op. 55: II. Marcia funebre (Adagio assai)
Symphony No. 3, 'Eroica' Op. 55: III. Scherzo (Allegro vivace)
Symphony No. 3, 'Eroica' Op. 55: IV. Allegro molto - Poco andante - Presto
Symphony No. 5 in C minor Op. 67 (1995 Remastered Version): I. Allegro con brio
Symphony No. 5 in C minor Op. 67 (1995 Remastered Version): II. Andante con moto
Symphony No. 5 in C minor Op. 67 (1995 Remastered Version): III. Allegro -
Symphony No. 5 in C minor Op. 67 (1995 Remastered Version): IV. Allegro - Presto
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68: I. Allegro ma non troppo (Awakening of cheerful feelings on arriving in the country)
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68: II. Andante molto moto (Scene by the brook)
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68: III. Allegro (Merry gathering of the country folk) -
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68: IV. Allegro (Storm and tempest) -
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68: V. Allegretto (Shepherds' Song. Happy and thankful feelings after the storm)
I. Maestoso
II. Adagio: sehr feierlich
III. Scherzo: Nicht schnell - Trio: Langsam
IV. Finale: Bewegt, doch nicht zu schnell
1. Frühling
2. September
3. Beim Schlafengehen
4. Im Abendrot
1. Frühling
2. September
3. Beim Schlafengehen
4. Im Abendrot
1. Un poco sostenuto - Allegro - Meno allegro
2. Andante sostenuto
3. Un poco allegretto e grazioso
4. Adagio - Piu andante - Allegro non troppo, ma con brio - Piu allegro
I. Andante - Allegro ma non troppo
II. Andante con moto
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace
IV. Allegro vivace
Requiem
Kyrie
Dies Irae
Tuba Mirum
Rex Tremendae
Recordare
Confutatis
Lacrimosa
Domine, Jesu Christe
Hostias
Sanctus
Benedictus
Agnus Dei
Communio
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Kyrie: Chorus: Kyrie Eleison
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Kyrie: Duet: Christe eleison
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Kyrie: Chorus: Kyrie Eleison
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Chorus: Gloria in excelsis
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Chorus: Et in terra pax
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Aria: Laudamus te
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Chorus:Gratias agimus tibi
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Duet: Domine Deus
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Chorus: Qui tollis peccata mundi
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Aria: Qui sedes ad dexteram Patris
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Aria: Quoniam tu solus sanctus
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Gloria: Chorus: Cum Sancto Spiritu
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Credo in unum Deum
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Credo in unum Deum, Patrem omnipotentem
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Duet: Et in unum Dominum
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Et incarnatus est
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Crucifixus
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Et resurrexti
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Aria: Et in Spiritum Sanctum
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Confiteor
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Credo: Chorus: Et expecto resurrectionem
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Sanctus: Chorus: Sanctus
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Sanctus: Chorus: Osanna in excelsis
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Sanctus: Aria: Benedictus qui venit
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Sanctus: Chorus: Osanna (da capo)
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Agnus Dei: Aria: Agnus Dei
Mass in B minor BWV232 (2004 Digital Remaster), Agnus Dei: Chorus: Dona nobis pacem
Requiem Op. 48: Introit et Kyrie
Requiem Op. 48: Offertoire
Requiem Op. 48: Sanctus
Requiem Op. 48: Pie Jesu
Requiem Op. 48: Agnus Dei
Requiem Op. 48: Libera Me
Requiem Op. 48: In paradisum
Symphony of Psalms: Exaudi orationem meam, Domine
Symphony of Psalms: Expectans expectavi Dominum
Symphony of Psalms: Alleluia. Laudate Dominum
Scheherazade Op. 35: I. The Sea and Sinbad's Ship
Scheherazade Op. 35: II. The Story of the Kalendar Prince
Scheherazade Op. 35: III. The Young Prince and Princess
Scheherazade Op. 35: IV. Festival at Baghdad. The Sea. Shipwreck. Conclusion
Symphony No. 1 in D Op. 25 'Classical' (2004 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro
Symphony No. 1 in D Op. 25 'Classical' (2004 Digital Remaster): II. Larghetto
Symphony No. 1 in D Op. 25 'Classical' (2004 Digital Remaster): III. Gavotta: Non troppo allegro
Symphony No. 1 in D Op. 25 'Classical' (2004 Digital Remaster): IV. Finale: Molto vivace
Symphony No. 5 in B flat Op. 100: I. Andante
Symphony No. 5 in B flat Op. 100: II. Allegro marcato
Symphony No. 5 in B flat Op. 100: III. Adagio
Symphony No. 5 in B flat Op. 100: IV. Allegro giocoso
Bruckner: Symphony No.5 in B flat major - 1. Introduction. Adagio - Allegro
Bruckner: Symphony No.5 in B flat major - 2. Adagio. Sehr langsam
Bruckner: Symphony No.5 in B flat major - 3. Scherzo. Molto vivace (Schnell) - Trio im gleichen Tempo
Bruckner: Symphony No.5 in B flat major - 4. Finale. Adagio - Allegro moderato
Piano Concerto in A minor Op. 54: Allegro affettuoso - Andante espressivo - Tempo 1 - Cadenza - Allegro molto
Piano Concerto in A minor Op. 54: Intermezzo (Andantino grazioso)
Piano Concerto in A minor Op. 54: Allegro vivace
Piano Concerto No. 1 in B flat minor Op.23: Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Piano Concerto No. 1 in B flat minor Op.23: Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Piano Concerto No. 1 in B flat minor Op.23: Allegro con fuoco
1. Allegro moderato
2. Scherzo. Allegro moderato - Trio. Langsam
3. Adagio. Feierlich langsam, doch nicht schleppend
4. Finale. Feierlich, nicht schnell
I. Allegro con brio
II. Marcia funebre: Adagio assai
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace
IV. Finale: Allegro molto
I. Adagio - Allegro molto
II. Largo
III. Scherzo: Molto vivace
Ein deutsches Requiem Op. 45: I. Selig sind, die da Leid tragen (Zemlich langsam)
Ein deutsches Requiem Op. 45: II. Denn alles Fleisch es ist wie Gras (Langsam, marschmässig)
Ein deutsches Requiem Op. 45: III. Herr, lehre doch mich (Andante moderato)
Ein deutsches Requiem Op. 45: IV. Wie lieblich sind deine Wohnungen (Mässig bewegt)
Ein deutsches Requiem Op. 45: V. Ihr habt nun Traurigkeit (Langsam)
Ein deutsches Requiem Op. 45: VI. Denn wir haben hie keine bleibende Statt (Andante)
Symphony No. 1 in C minor Op. 68: I. Un poco sostenuto - Allegro
Symphony No. 1 in C minor Op. 68: II. Andante sostenuto
Symphony No. 1 in C minor Op. 68: III. Un poco allegretto e grazioso
Symphony No. 1 in C minor Op. 68: IV. Adagio - Allegro non troppo ma con brio
Applaus - brahms Symphony no.1 close/Celibidache
Applaus - brahms Symphony no.2 opening/Celibidache
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 73: I. Allegro non troppo
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 73: II. Adagio non troppo
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 73: III. Allegretto grazioso (Quasi andantino) - Presto, ma non assai
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 73: IV. Allegro con spirito
Applaus - Brahms Symphony no.2 close/Celibidache
Symphony No. 3 in F Op. 90: I. Allegro con brio - Un poco sostenuto
Symphony No. 3 in F Op. 90: II. Andante
Symphony No. 4 in E minor Op. 98: I. Allegro non troppo
Symphony No. 4 in E minor Op. 98: II. Andante moderato
Symphony No. 4 in E minor Op. 98: III. Allegro giocoso
Symphony No. 4 in E minor Op. 98: IV. Allegro energico e passionato
Applaus - Brahms Symphony no.4 close/Celibidache
Symphony No. 8 in C Minor: I. Allegro moderato
Symphony No. 8 in C Minor: II. Scherzo (Allegro moderato) & Trio (Langsam)
Mass No. 3 in F Minor: Kyrie
Mass No. 3 in F Minor: Gloria
Mass No. 3 in F Minor: Credo
Mass No. 3 in F Minor: Sanctus
Mass No. 3 in F Minor: Benedictus
Mass No. 3 in F Minor: Agnus Dei
Symphony No. 4 in E Flat, 'Romantic': I. Bewegt, nicht zu schnell
Symphony No. 4 in E Flat, 'Romantic': II. Andante quasi allegretto
Symphony No. 4 in E Flat, 'Romantic': III. Scherzo (Bewegt) & Trio (Nicht zu schnell)
Symphony No. 4 in E Flat, 'Romantic': IV. Finale (Bewegt, doch nicht zu schnell)
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Overture
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Heil ihm, ihm, unseren Alkiden!
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Heute sollen Agyptens Fluren
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Curio, Caesar kam, er sah und siegte
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Es bietet Ptolemaus seinem
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Himmel, ist's moglich?
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Schandlicher, sag' ich dir
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Die Ohnmacht wiecht
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Aller Trost ist mir genommen
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Eitel ist alles Klagen
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Herrschen will Cleopatra!
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Verzweifle nicht, wer weiss?
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Hore, mein Herr!
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Frevler, Verhasster, Verruchter
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Seele des grossen Pompeius
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Voll Ehrerbeitung sucht ein edles Madchen
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Ich seh' im grunen Haine
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Cleopatra, du siegtest
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Hier im Herzen
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Doch wie!
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Susse Hoffnung meiner Seele
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): An die eigne Rettung
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Caesar, in deiner Rechten
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Will er die Beute fallen
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Konig, mit Sextus, dem Sohne
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Du Geliebte meines Herzens
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Mutter!
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Tatst du alles, Niren?
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Horst du?
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Komm nur, wenn es dir recht ist
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Weint nur, weint, ihr truben Augen
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Schonste, bleibe nur ruhig
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Willst du dich fugsam zeigen
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Sag mir, ist dir zuwider?
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Nun, warum zaudern?
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Lass' nun ab von Seufzen, Klagen
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Kein rechter Sohn
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Bald muss er jetzt doch kommen
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Was seh' ich, ihr gotter?
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Mit blitzenden Waffen
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Was hor' ich, ihr Gotter?
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Wenn ihr mir nicht Mitleid spender
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Schone Gottinnen meines Herzens
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Wieder ist alle Hoffnung
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Sinfonia
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Du bist geschlagen beim ersten Streich
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): An einem Tag verlor ich allen Glanz
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Aus den tuckischen Wogen
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Lange sucht' ich Ptolemaus
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Talwarts sturtzt sich der Bach
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Meine Hoffnung lebt auf
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Ja, meine treuen Madchen
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Kommt das Schiff
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Cornelia, es wird nun Zeit
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Ja, jetzt kenn' ich dich wieder
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Sinfonia & March
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Ja, Curio hat gesiegt
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Liebster! Aus keinem Antlitz
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Nun geniesse Agypten
Handel: Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare): Es wohnen neu in unserem Herzen
Serenade in E Major for Strings, Op. 22: I. Moderato
II. Tempo di Valse
III. Scherzo: Vivace
IV. Larghetto
V. Finale: Allegro vivace


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