Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra

Biography

Active: 1951 - ; Moscow, Russia
The Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra has generally been highly regarded among Russian orchestras of the twentieth and twenty first centuries. In the twentieth century, the St. Petersburg Philharmonic was, on the whole, viewed as the finest Russian orchestra, with the MPO probably a close second. In recent times, however, some critics have hailed the MPO as Russia's finest, comparing it with the Chicago Symphony and Cleveland Orchestras. Over the Read more years the MPO has concertized throughout the world, giving more than 4,000 concerts and making over 300 recordings. The list of conductors leading the ensemble has included some of the most respected artists and composers of the day: Samosud, Kondrashin, Mravinsky, David Oistrakh, Benjamin Britten, Stravinsky, Rozhdestvensky, Kitayenko, Maazel, Mehta, and Penderecki. Most of the MPO's early recordings were made available on the old Soviet label Melodiya, but many of those have been reissued on Brilliant Classics, Moscow Studio Archives, Live Classics, and Globe, while some of the MPO's efforts in the West, such as the Britten and Van Cliburn recordings, have been re-released on EMI and RCA. Newer recordings have appeared on Naxos and other major labels.

The Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra was founded in 1951, but did not adopt its current name until 1953. Its founder was veteran Bolshoi Opera conductor Samuel Samosud. The ensemble was initially established for broadcast performances of operatic music. But its mission quickly expanded in the early '50s, when it began playing much contemporary Russian music, as well as repertory standards.

In 1958 Kiril Kondrashin was appointed music director, and under his leadership the ensemble became one of the Soviet Union's finest and most prominent orchestras. Kondrashin used the MPO for the first International Tchaikovsky Competition, famously won (in the piano division) by American Van Cliburn.

Kondrashin recorded heavily with the orchestra, his Shostakovich symphony series being among his most memorable efforts. Dmitri Kitayenko succeeded Kondrashin in 1976, and led the ensemble until 1990. The MPO has had two additional music directors since: Mark Ermler (1996-1998) and Yuri Simonov, who took the helm in 1998.

Simonov has led the orchestra on highly successful tours of the U.S., U.K., and throughout much of Europe. The MPO's 2006-2007 concert schedule included tours of Japan, Germany, and Croatia. Among the MPO's later recordings is the 2004 Naxos CD of the Tischenko Symphony No. 7, led by the orchestra's principal guest conductor, Dmitry Yablonsky. Read less

There are 70 Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra recordings available.

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Biography

Active: 1951 - ; Moscow, Russia
The Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra has generally been highly regarded among Russian orchestras of the twentieth and twenty first centuries. In the twentieth century, the St. Petersburg Philharmonic was, on the whole, viewed as the finest Russian orchestra, with the MPO probably a close second. In recent times, however, some critics have hailed the MPO as Russia's finest, comparing it with the Chicago Symphony and Cleveland Orchestras. Over the Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante
III. Allegro vivacissimo
I. Meditation
II. Scherzo
III. Melodie
Requiem: Requiem aeternam
Requiem: Kyrie
Dies irae: Dies irae, dies illa
Dies irae: Tuba mirum
Dies irae: Mors stupebit
Dies irae: Liber scriptus
Dies irae: Quid sum miser
Dies irae: Rex tremendae
Dies irae: Recordare
Dies irae: Ingemisco
Dies irae: Confutatis
Dies irae: Lacrymosa
Offertorio: Domine Jesu
Offertorio: Hostias et preces tibi
Sanctus
Agnus Dei
I. Allegro deciso
II. Molto sostenuto
III. Allegro appassionato
I. Lemminkainen and the Maidens of the Island
II. The Swan of Tuonela
III. Lemminkainen in Tuonela
IV. Lemminkainen's Return
I. Molto Allegro
II. Largo
III. Allegretto
Schumann: Cello Concerto in A minor, Op.129 - 1. Nicht zu schnell
Schumann: Cello Concerto in A minor, Op.129 - 2. Langsam
Schumann: Cello Concerto in A minor, Op.129 - 3. Sehr lebhaft
Symphony for Cello and Orchestra Op. 68 (1997 Digital Remaster): I Allegro maestoso
Symphony for Cello and Orchestra Op. 68 (1997 Digital Remaster): II Presto inquieto
Symphony for Cello and Orchestra Op. 68 (1997 Digital Remaster): III Adagio
Symphony for Cello and Orchestra Op. 68 (1997 Digital Remaster): IV Passacaglia - Andante allegro
Cello Concerto No. 1 in E flat Op. 107 (1997 Digital Remaster): Allegretto
Cello Concerto No. 1 in E flat Op. 107 (1997 Digital Remaster): Moderato -
Cello Concerto No. 1 in E flat Op. 107 (1997 Digital Remaster): Cadenza -
Cello Concerto No. 1 in E flat Op. 107 (1997 Digital Remaster): Allegro non troppo
Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No.2 in C minor, Op.18 - 1. Moderato
Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No.2 in C minor, Op.18 - 2. Adagio sostenuto
Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No.2 in C minor, Op.18 - 3. Allegro scherzando
I. Allegro deciso
II. Molto sostenuto
III. Allegro appassionato
I. Adagio
II. Moderato
III. Allegro impetuoso
I. Heart of the earth
II. Ray of the sun
III. Suddenly evening
I. Not even the rain
II. Brief journey
III. Those we loved
IV. Lament
1. Moderato
2. Adagio sostenuto
3. Allegro scherzando
Introduction: Allegro vivace
Variation I (Precedente)
Tema: L'istesso tempo
Variation II: L'istesso tempo
Variation III: L'istesso tempo
Variation IV: Più vivo
Variation V: Tempo precedente
Variation VI: L'istesso tempo
Variation VII: Meno mosso, a tempo moderato
Variation VIII: Tempo I
Variation IX: L'istesso tempo
Variation X: Poco marcato
Variation XI: Moderato
Variation XII: Tempo di minuetto
Variation XIII: Allegro
Variation XIV: L'istesso tempo
Variation XV: Più vivo scherzando
Variation XVI: Allegretto
Variation XVII: (Allegretto)
Variation XVIII: Andante cantabile
Variation XIX: A tempo vivace
Variation XX: Un poco più vivo
Variation XXI: Un poco più vivo
Variation XXII: Un poco più vivo (Alla breve)
Variation XXIII: L'istesso tempo
Variation XXIV: A tempo un poco meno mosso
Piano Concerto No. 2 in B-Flat, Op. 83: Allegro non troppo
Allegro appassionato
Andante
Allegretto grazioso
Mozart: Sinfonia concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra in E flat, K.364 - 1. Allegro maestoso
Mozart: Sinfonia concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra in E flat, K.364 - 2. Andante
Mozart: Sinfonia concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra in E flat, K.364 - 3. Presto


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