Michael Haydn

Biography

Born: September 14, 1737; Rohrau, Austria   Died: August 10, 1806; Salzburg, Austria  
Michael Haydn's fame is now considerably overshadowed by that of his older brother, Franz Joseph Haydn, but he was a prolific composer who in his day was much admired. Further, the passage of time has allowed an appreciation of his music's impact upon succeeding generations; he influenced both Mozart and Schubert, and he was the teacher of such notable composers as Carl Maria von Weber, Anton Diabelli and Sigismund Neukomm.

Like Franz
Read more Joseph, Michael Haydn was born in Rohrau, in Lower Austria. Although the exact date of his birth is unknown, he was baptized on September 14, 1737. He left home around 1745 to attend the choir school at St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna, where he received instruction in general subjects, singing, keyboard and violin. It was at St. Stephen's that Haydn gained a reputation for his unusually clear and beautiful voice, as well as for its extremely large range of three octaves. He was dismissed from St. Stephen's when his voice broke.

In 1757, after a precarious few years (probably in Vienna), Haydn was appointed Kapellmeister to the Bishop of Grosswardein in Hungary, now Oradea, Romania. He served the Bishop until 1763, when he accepted the position of court musician and Konzertmeister to Archbishop Sigismund Schrettenbach in Salzburg, who was renowned as a generous patron of the arts. This appointment put Haydn in a position to have a profound impact on the young Mozart, who spent his formative years in Salzburg. It was also through this appointment that Haydn met the woman who would become his wife, Maria Magdalena Lipp, a singer in the archbishop's court and daughter of the court organist Ignaz Lipp. The two were married in 1768. The couple's only child, Aloysia Josepha, was born in 1770; however, she died within a year.

With the death, in 1777 of Anton Cajetan Adlgasser, the first organist at the Dreifaltigkeitskirche (Trinity Church), Haydn was appointed to the post. Concurrently, Mozart became the organist at the cathedral. When Mozart left the employ of the Archbishop Hieronymus Colloredo in 1781, Haydn took over at the cathedral as well. During the last years of his life, Haydn was frequently ill. He died in Salzburg on August 10, 1806. He was buried in the cemetery at St. Peter's, where, in 1821, his friends erected a memorial in his honor.

Haydn was an extremely versatile composer who wrote in both the stile antico, represented by the music of Fux, and in more modern styles; his masses followed the tradition of concluding the Gloria and Credo with fugues. Although he wrote a great deal of secular music for use at court (he was one of the first composers to write unaccompanied German part-songs for male chorus), Haydn made his greatest contribution in the area of sacred music. Although his compositions in this genre show the impact of the church reforms of the period, they are representative of a distinct personal voice. Joseph's reforms demanded a reduction in the number of religious services, and a simplification of those that remained. There were also edicts against the use of instrumental music in the church, and against the use of highly florid, soloistic material. Always concerned with liturgical propriety, Haydn's sacred compositions follow the guidelines of the reforms in their reduced instrumental forces, and in their frequent use of the stile antico. Read less
Joseph & Michael Haydn: Horn Concertos / Felix Kleiser
Release Date: 06/30/2015   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 300647   Number of Discs: 1
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There are 141 Michael Haydn recordings available.

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Works

Michael Haydn


MOST POPULAR WORKS
Concerto in D Major for Trumpet and Orchestra: I. Adagio
II. Allegro
I. Allegro moderato
II. Adagio
III. Allegro molto
I. Allegro
II. Menuet
III. Aria - Adagio
IV. Menuet
V. Andante - Theme and Variations
VI. Presto
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Rondo con spirito
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Allegro non troppo
I. Allegretto
II. Adagio
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Allegro moderato
II. Adagio
III. Allegro (ma non troppo) con variazioni
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Benedictus
Agnus Dei
I. Andante
II. Allegro con spirito
III. Menuet
IV. Finale: Prestissimo
I. Allegro molto
II. Menuetto - Trio
III. Andante -
IV. Finale: Allegro molto
I. Allegro assai
II. Andantino
III. Menuet - Trio
IV. Finale: Allegro molto
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Menuetto
IV. Finale: Presto assai
WORKS
Flute Concerto in D: I. Allegro moderato
Flute Concerto in D: II. Andante
Flute Concerto in D: III. Allegro assai
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante
III. Allegro assai
Concertino for Horn and Orchestra in D MH134 (P134) (1996 Digital Remaster): I. Larghetto
Concertino for Horn and Orchestra in D MH134 (P134) (1996 Digital Remaster): II. Allegro non troppo
Concertino for Horn and Orchestra in D MH134 (P134) (1996 Digital Remaster): III. Menuet & Trio
I. Andantino
II. Menuet and Trio
III. Presto
M. Haydn: Trumpet Concerto No.2 in C - Cadenza: Hardenberger - 1. Adagio
M. Haydn: Trumpet Concerto No.2 in C - Cadenza: Hardenberger - 2. Allegro molto
Concerto in D Major for Trumpet and Orchestra: I. Adagio
II. Allegro
M. Haydn: Violin Concerto in A - 1. Allegro ma non troppo
M. Haydn: Violin Concerto in A - 2. Adagio
M. Haydn: Violin Concerto in A - 3. Rondeaux (Presto)
I. Allegro moderato
II. Adagio
III. Allegro molto
Introduction
Recitative: Mach auf, mein liebstes Weib! (Bartl, Liesl)
Aria: Du Mehlhund! pack dich fort vom Haus (Liesl)
Recitative: Gibst denn heut' garr nicht nach? (Bartl)
Aria: Wie? was ich soll heut' ubernachten (Bartl)
Recitativo stromentato: Au weh, jetzt hat mein Mann (Liezl)
Aria: Ach leider, ich bin einzig schuld (Liesl)
Recitative: Wie? wer hat mir s'Haus versperrt (Liesl, Bart)
Duet: Mein lieber Mann! (Liesl, Bartl)
I. Allegro
II. Menuet
III. Aria - Adagio
IV. Menuet
V. Andante - Theme and Variations
VI. Presto
I. Allegro molto
II. Andante
III. Minuet
IV. Presto
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Rondo con spirito
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Allegro non troppo
I. Allegretto
II. Adagio
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Allegro moderato
II. Adagio
III. Allegro (ma non troppo) con variazioni
Menuetto in A major
Menuetto in C major
Menuetto in B flat major
Menuetto in G major
Menuetto in D major
Menuetto in E major
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Benedictus
Agnus Dei
I. Kyrie: Allegro moderato
II. Gloria: Vivace
III. Gloria: Allegro molto
IV. Credo: Allegro
V. Et resurrexit: Presto
VI. Sanctus: Andante
VII. Benedictus: Allegretto
VIII. Agnus Dei: Adagio
IX. Dona nobis pacem: Allegro Brioso
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Benedictus
Agnus Dei
I. Allegro
II. Menuetto
III. Adagio
IV. Finale: Presto
Perfice gressus meos
Dominus firmamentum
I. Andante
II. Allegro con spirito
III. Menuet
IV. Finale: Prestissimo
I. Allegro molto
II. Menuetto - Trio
III. Andante -
IV. Finale: Allegro molto
I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante cantabile
III. Menuetto
IV. Presto
I. Spirituoso
II. Andante
III. Fugato: Vivace molto
I. Allegro molto
II. Concertino per il Fagotto
III. Menuet
I. Grave - Allegro con spirito
II. Andante
III. Finale (Presto)
I. Vivace
II. Adagietto: Cantabile
III. Menuetto: Allegro
IV. Finale: Presto ma non troppo
I. Allegro assai
II. Andantino
III. Menuet - Trio
IV. Finale: Allegro molto
I. Allegro con spirito
II. Andante
III. Finale: Fugato (Molto vivace)
I. Allegro spiritoso
II. Tempo di Menuetto: Trio
III. Andante
IV. Presto assai
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Menuetto
IV. Finale: Presto assai
I. Introduction: Adagio - Allegro molto
II. Andante
III. Finale: Presto
I. Allegro assai
II. Andantino
III. Fugato: Presto ma non troppo
I. Adagio - Allegro spiritoso
II. Andante sostenuto
III. Finale: Vivace molto
I. Vivace assai
II. Finale: Presto
I. Allegro brillante
II. Andantino
III. Rondeau: Presto scherzante
I. Allegro spiritoso
II. Adagietto affettuoso
III. Finale: Presto
I. Allegro con brio
II. Adagietto -
III. Finale - Fugato: Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Menuetto
IV. Allegro con spirito
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Menuetto
IV. Presto
I. Adagio - Presto
II. Andante
III. Rondo: Vivace assai
I. Allegro assai
II. Andante cantabile
III. Presto
I. Allegro molto
II. Adagio ma non troppo
III. Rondeau: Vivace
I. Allegro molto
II. Andante
III. Menuetto
IV. Finale: Prestissimo
I. Allegro con spirito
II. Andante sostenuto
III. Finale: Allegro molto
I. Allegro spiritoso
II. Rondeau: Allegro molto
III. Finale: Fugato - Vivace assai
I. Allegro assai
II. Andante
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro molto
V. Largo


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