Marin Marais

Biography

Born: May 31, 1656; France   Died: Aug 15, 1728; France   Period: Baroque
Marais was the preeminent bass viol player in turn-of-the-seventeenth century France. Although he composed four operas, he is primarily remembered for his some 600 compositions for various combinations of bass viols. These works were in the French tradition of collections of various pieces, rather than the Italian concertos and sonatas. The collections, ranging from seven to 41 pieces each, consist primarily of dances, fantasies, chaconnes, Read more rondeaux, tombeaux, and pièces de caractère. These last are short, colorful works including descriptive titles such as Les voix humaines and Cloche ou carillon. There is even one work that is meant to describe an operation for the removal of a bladder stone. Marais intended these pieces to be played on any instruments, but they are in fact idiomatically suited for the bass viol and represent the finest collection of pieces for that instrument. Among Marais' numerous other compositions, his Pieces en trio pour les flûtes, violon, et dessus de viole (Trios for flute, violin and highest viol) of 1692 was the first published set of trio sonatas in France.
Marais spent his entire life in Paris. Little is known of his childhood other than his having studied with Sainte-Colombe, the most prominent violist and teacher at the time. In 1679, he became the "Regular Violist for the King," a position he held until his retirement in 1725. Marais also studied composition with Lully and subsequently worked with him throughout his career as a violist in his ensemble. Lully probably encouraged Marais to compose his four operas, Alcide (1693), Ariane et Bacchus (1696), Alcione (1706), and Sémélé (1709). All four are rather typical five-act tragedies very much in Lully's style, and seemed to have been considerably successful, Alcione being staged as late as 1771. It is as the greatest and most important composer for the bass viol, however, that Marais is remembered today. Read less
Grand Ballet - Marin Marais / Paolo Pandolfo
Release Date: 05/21/2002   Label: Glossa  
Catalog: 920406   Number of Discs: 1
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There are 129 Marin Marais recordings available.

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Works

Marin Marais


MOST POPULAR WORKS
Prelude (111)
Allemande (112)
Courante (114)
Pavan selon le gout des anciens compositeurs de luth (116)
Gavotte (117)
Gigue (118)
Rondeau en vaudeville (123)
Chaconne (124)
WORKS
Prologue: Ouverture
Prologue: Air pour les Faunes et les Driades
Act I: Premier Air pour les Eoliens: Gravement et pique
Act I: Deuxieme Air: Sarabande pour les memes
Act I: Gigue pour les memes
Act II: Premier Air pour les magiciens
Act II: Deuxieme Air pour les magiciens
Act III: Marche pour les matelots
Act III: Deuxieme Air pour les memes
Act III: Troisieme Air: Tambourin pour les memes
Act IV: Deuxieme Air pour les pretresses de Junon
Act IV: Tempete
Act V: Chaconne pour les Tritons et les Nereides
Prelude lentement (81)
Chaconne en rondeau (82)
Suite en la majeur du Deuxième livre: Prélude
Suite en la majeur du Deuxième livre: Allemande
Suite en la majeur du Deuxième livre: Boutade
Suite en la majeur du Deuxième livre: Allemande
Suite en la majeur du Deuxième livre: Courante
Suite en la majeur du Deuxième livre: Sarabande
Suite en la majeur du Deuxième livre: Menuets I et II (3e livre)
Suite en la majeur du Deuxième livre: Allemande 'la Gotique' (3e livre)
Suite en la majeur du Deuxième livre: Gigue 'L'inconstante' (3e livre)
Suite en la majeur du Deuxième livre: Fantasie
Prelude (111)
Allemande (112)
Courante (114)
Pavan selon le gout des anciens compositeurs de luth (116)
Gavotte (117)
Gigue (118)
Rondeau en vaudeville (123)
Chaconne (124)
Prelude (111)
Allemande (112)
Courante (114)
Pavan selon le gout des anciens compositeurs de luth (116)
Gavotte (117)
Gigue (118)
Rondeau en vaudeville (123)
Chaconne (124)
Prelude
Sarabande I
Gigue
Menuet I - II
Plainte
Petitte Passacaille
Air
No. 1. L'Agreable
No. 2. La Provencale
No. 3. La Musette
No. 4. La Matelotte
No. 5. Le Basque


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