Lyon National Orchestra

Biography

Active: Lyon, France -
The National Orchestra of Lyons is one of the oldest and most respected orchestras in France. With the implementation of a French government policy establishing a system of national orchestras in the major regions of the country, it has gained a strong international reputation as well.

Lyons is an ancient city, founded by the Romans at the confluence of the Rhône and Saône Rivers in southeastern France as the capital of Gaul. For more
Read more than the first millennium of the Christian era it was the site of the primate of France. It voted for direct rule of the French crown in 1271, but retained considerable independence for five hundred years. All this made it a musical center in the region. According to its tax records of the seventeenth century, the city routinely supported over a hundred instrumentalists.

In 1713 the town council established a permanent opera house and an academy for arts and concerts. The academy's concerts continued to be successful through most of the century. The academy ended upon the revolution, but under the Directory concert life resumed, with "revolutionary" works such as those of Grétry being played by an amateur orchestra. The 1800s saw a succession of concert societies. These were the Concerts Symphoniques (f. 1833), the Concerts Populaires Symphoniques (1873), the Concerts Symphoniques du Grand Theâtre (1898).

In 1903, another of these groups was founded: The Societé Symphoniques des Grands Concerts, which gave its first concert in 1904.Subsequently renamed the Societé des Concerts Philharmoniques, it was a semi-professional orchestra, but over the years it enjoyed the guest leadership of such distinguished conductors as Ernest Ansermet, Charles Munch, André Cluytens, Pierre Monteux, and Paul Paray.

In 1969 the city stepped in to support the orchestra in its efforts to become a permanent professional ensemble and the name was changed again, to the Société Philharmonique de Lyon. At that time Louis Frémaux was appointed its resident conductor; he was succeeded in 1971 by Serge Baudo, who remained until 1986.

His era saw the orchestra obtain its permanent concert hall. The Lyon Auditorium is a modernistic, 2090-seat hall, named the Maurice Ravel Auditorium. (It was acoustically less than perfect, with most defects cured by a renovation begun in 1996.) One of its attractions is a historical organ originally built in 1878 by Aristide Cavaillé-Coll for the Palais du Trocadéro at a World Fair.

French national policy resulted in a change in the orchestra's government support and its renaming to the National Orchestra of Lyons. It is now a permanent organization of 102 musicians, which gives a full concert schedule at home and frequently tours and records. Its tours have taken it to the United States, Japan, and Germany and it frequently performs at international festivals. It does not function as the orchestra of the Lyon Opera, which has its own orchestra.

In 1987, Emmanuel Krivine replaced Baudo on its podium, remaining until the beginning of the 2001-2002 season, when he was to be replaced by David Robertson. Both Baudo and Krivine had strong interest in contemporary music, a tradition shared by the orchestra, which claims the only composer in residence on the staff of any French orchestra. Perhaps as a result it is one of the few symphony orchestras in the world whose audience is growing consistently younger. Read less

Biography

Active: Lyon, France -
The National Orchestra of Lyons is one of the oldest and most respected orchestras in France. With the implementation of a French government policy establishing a system of national orchestras in the major regions of the country, it has gained a strong international reputation as well.

Lyons is an ancient city, founded by the Romans at the confluence of the Rhône and Saône Rivers in southeastern France as the capital of Gaul. For more
Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Harold aux Montagnes. Scenes de melancolie, de bonheur, et de joie: Adagio
II. Marche de pelerins chantant la priere du soir: Allegretto
III. Serenade d'un montagnard des Abruzzes a sa maitresse: Allegro assai
IV. Orgie de brigands. Souvenirs des scenes precedentes: Allegro frenetico
I. Modere
II. Assez lent
III. Modere
IV. Assez anime
V. Presque lent
VI. Assez vif
VII. Moins vif
Epilogue
I. Ondine
II. Le gibet
III. Scarbo
No. 1. Prelude
No. 2. Forlane
No. 3. Menuet
No. 4. Rigaudon
I. Prelude a la nuit
II. Malaguena
III. Habanera
IV. Feria
I. Reveries: Largo - Passions: Allegro agitato e appassionato assai
II. Un Bal (Valse): Allegro non troppo
III. Scene aux Champs: Adagio
IV. Marche au Supplice: Allegretto non troppo
V. Songe d'une nuit du Sabbat: Larghetto - Allegro -
V. Dies irae -
V. Ronde du sabbat -
V. Dies irae et Ronde du Sabbat (ensemble)
I. Des profondeurs de l'abime, je crie vers toi, Seigneur: Seigneur, ecoute ma voix!
II. Le Christ, ressuscite des morts, ne meurt plus; la mort n'a plus sur lui d'empire
III. L'heure vient ou les morts entendront la voix du Fils de Dieu ...
IV. Ils ressusciteront, glorieux, avec un nom nouveau, dans le concert joyeux des etoiles et les acclamations des fils du Ciel
V. Et j'entendis la voix d'une foule immense ...
No. 1. De l'aube a midi sur la mer
No. 2. Jeux de vagues
No. 3. Dialogue du vent et de la mer
I. Doctor Gradus ad Parnassum
II. Jimbo's Lullaby
III. Serenade for the Doll
IV. The Snow is Dancing
V. The Little Shepherd
VI. Golliwogg's Cake-Walk
No. 1. Gigues
No. 2. Iberia: Par les rues et par les chemins -
No. 2. Iberia: Les parfums de la nuit -
No. 2. Iberia: Le matin d'un jour de fete
No. 3. Rondes de printemps
No. 1. La cour de lys (from Act I: Prelude)
No. 2. Danse extatique et Final (from Act I)
No. 3. La Passion (from Act III)
No. 4. Le bon pasteur (from Act IV)
Prelude: Le sommeil de la boite (The Toy-box Asleep)
Tableau 1: Le magasin de jouets (The Toy Shop)
Valse: Danse de la poupee
Tableau 2: Le champ de bataille (The Field of Battle)
Tableau 3: La bergerie a vendre (The Sheepfold for Sale)
Tableau 4: Apres fortune faite
Epilogue
I. Pour invoquer Pan, dieu du vent d'ete
II. Pour un tombeau sans nom
III. Pour que la nuit soit propice
IV. Pour la danseuse aux crotales
V. Pour l'egyptienne
VI. Pour remercier la pluie au matin
I. Avec emportement
II. Lent. Sombre
III. Scherzando
I. En bateau
II. Cortege
III. Menuet
IV. Ballet
I. Prelude
II. Menuet
III. Clair de lune
IV. Passepied
No. 1. Danseuses de Delphes
No. 2. Voiles
No. 3. Le vent dans la plaine
No. 4. Les sons et les parfums tournent dans l'air du soir
No. 5. Les collines d'Anacapri
No. 6. Des pas sur la neige
No. 7. Ce qu'a vu le vent d'ouest
No. 8. La fille aux cheveux de lin
No. 9. La serenade interrompue
No. 10. La cathedrale engloutie
No. 11. La danse de Puck
No. 12. Minstrels
I. Tres modere
II. Modere
No. 1. Brouillards
No. 2. Feuilles mortes
No. 3. La Puerta del Vino
No. 4. Les fees sont d'exquises danseuses
No. 5. Bruyeres
No. 6. General Lavine - eccentric
No. 7. La terrasse des audiences du clair de lune
No. 8. Ondine
No. 9. Hommage a S. Pickwick Esq. P.P.M.P.C
No. 10. Canope
No. 11. Les tierces alternees
No. 12. Feux d'artifice
No. 1. Danse sacree
No. 2. Danse profante
I. Andante ma non troppo
II. Lento e molto espressivo - Allegro molto
No. 1. Danse sacree
No. 2. Danse profante
Prelude: Le sommeil de la boite (The Toy-box Asleep)
Tableau 1: Le magasin de jouets (The Toy Shop)
Valse: Danse de la poupee
Tableau 2: Le champ de bataille (The Field of Battle)
Tableau 3: La bergerie a vendre (The Sheepfold for Sale)
Tableau 4: Apres fortune faite
Epilogue
I. Pour invoquer Pan, dieu du vent d'ete
II. Pour un tombeau sans nom
III. Pour que la nuit soit propice
IV. Pour la danseuse aux crotales
V. Pour l'egyptienne
VI. Pour remercier la pluie au matin
No. 1. La cour de lys (from Act I: Prelude)
No. 2. Danse extatique et Final (from Act I)
No. 3. La Passion (from Act III)
No. 4. Le bon pasteur (from Act IV)
Fanfare d'ouverture
Le sommeil de Lear
No. 1. Gigues
No. 2. Iberia: Par les rues et par les chemins -
No. 2. Iberia: Les parfums de la nuit -
No. 2. Iberia: Le matin d'un jour de fete
No. 3. Rondes de printemps
Book 1: No. 1. Action de graces
Book 1: No. 2. Paysage
Book 1: No. 3. La maison
Book 1: No. 4. Epouvante
Book 2: No. 5. L'epouse
Book 2: No. 6. Ta voix
Book 2: No. 7. Les deux guerriers
Book 2: No. 8. Le collier
Book 2: No. 9. Priere exaucee
Part I: Introduction
Part I: Danse religieuse
Part I: Les jeunes filles attirent Daphnis - Danse generale
Part I: Daphnis s'approche tendrement de Chloe
Part I: Danse grotesque de Dorcon
Part I: Danse legere et gracieuse de Daphnis
Part I: Danse de Lyceion
Part I: Une lumiere irreelle enveloppe le paysage
Part I: Danse lente et mysterieuse
Part I: Derriere la scene, on entend des voix
Part II: Anime et tres rude
Part II: Danse suppliante de Chloe
Part III: Aucun bruit que le murmure des ruisselets amasses par la rosee qui coule des roches
Part III: Chloe figure la jeune nymphe errant das la prairie
Part III: Devant l'autel des Nymphes - Danse generale
No. 1. Nuages
No. 2. Fêtes
No. 3. Sirènes
No. 1. De l'aube a midi sur la mer
No. 2. Jeux de vagues
No. 3. Dialogue du vent et de la mer
I. Doctor Gradus ad Parnassum
II. Jimbo's Lullaby
III. Serenade for the Doll
IV. The Snow is Dancing
V. The Little Shepherd
VI. Golliwogg's Cake-Walk
I. America - Before the War
II. Europe - During the War
III. After the War
I. -
II. -
III. -
I. -
II. -
III. -
IV. -
Symphony No. 3 in C Minor (Organ), Op. 78, I. Adagio, Allegro moderato
Symphony No. 3 in C Minor (Organ), Op. 78, II. Poco adagio
Symphony No. 3 in C Minor (Organ), Op. 78, III. Allegro moderato
Symphony No. 3 in C Minor (Organ), Op. 78, IV. Maestoso, Allegro, Molto allegro, Pesante


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