Luigi Cherubini

Biography

Born: September 14, 1760; Florence, Italy   Died: March 15, 1842; Paris, France  
Much admired by musicians, Cherubini was Beethoven's favorite contemporary composer. What Beethoven and many others particularly admired was Cherubini's ability to weave his polyphonic virtuosity, Classical stylistic polish, and a truly Romantic sense of drama into music of extraordinary depth and dramatic power. The work that made Cherubini's famous as a dramatist of exceptional psychological acumen was the opera Medée, based on the harrowing Read more tragedy by Euripides. Cherubini also excelled as a church composer. In his sacred music, particularly the later works, Cherubini combined his profound knowledge and skill as a contrapuntalist with an ability to express, tempering a passionate dramatic impulse with the discipline of religious contemplation, the tremendous experience of faith.

Born in Florence, on September 14, 1760, Cherubini started studying music with his father; his first work, a mass and Credo, was performed in 1773. Five years later, he went to study with Giuseppe Sarti, composing his first opera, Il Quinto Fabio, during this apprenticeship. Returning to Florence in 1782, Cherubini continued composing operas. In 1785, following a successful visit to London, Cherubini traveled to Paris, permanently establishing himself in the French capital. His first work for the French stage, the opera Démophon, was produced in 1788. The following year, which marked the beginning of the French Revolution, Cherubini was named director of a new opera company, an enterprise initiated under the auspices of King Louis XVI's brother, who later ruled France as Louis XVIII. In 1791, Cherubini produced his opera Lodoïska, which was received with tremendous enthusiasm. In 1792, however, the opera company, viewed by revolutionaries as a royalist relic, ceased to exist, and Cherubini found refuge at a friend's country house in Normandy. Nevertheless, he returned to the capital in 1793, hoping, despite the dangerous political situation, to resume his career. Having made the proper political connections, Cherubini won an appointment at the Institut National de Musique. When the Institute became the Conservatoire National in 1795, Cherubini became one of its inspectors. During this period, Cherubini composed ephemeral works glorifying the new government.

A turning point in Cherubini's career was the 1797 production of Medée. As Philip G. Downs has observed, Medée is a brilliant synthesis of the opéra comique (with spoken dialogue), the tragédie lyrique (with a story from mythology), Gluck's opera, and the allegorical opera during the French Revolution. Medea, the mythological sorceress who murders her children, is traditionally portrayed as a demonic figure. Significantly, Cherubini's work, while conveying the sheer horror of Medea's actions, focuses on the chilling, sinister, yet profoundly human, nature of his protagonist's rage.

In 1805, Cherubini traveled to Vienna, where he met Haydn, Beethoven, and Napoleon, who had come to Vienna as a conqueror. The French Emperor, who never fully appreciated Cherubini's music, urged the composer to return to Paris. After his return, Cherubini fell into a deep depression, lost all interest in music, retired to the chateau of the Prince of Chimay, and turned to painting and botany. Fortunately, he was asked to compose a mass for the church in Chimay, and this request prompted him to return to music. His inspiration as powerful as ever, Cherubini devoted himself to composing music for the Church. In 1822, Cherubini became director of the Paris Conservatory, gaining the reputation of an excellent administrator. Although extremely busy at the Conservatory, Cherubini continued composing, writing, among other works, his profound Requiem in D minor. First performed in 1836, Cherubini's Requiem was also played at his funeral -- according to his wishes. Read less

There are 151 Luigi Cherubini recordings available.

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Works

Luigi Cherubini


MOST POPULAR WORKS
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster): Sinfonia (Orchestra)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Che? Quando già corona Amor (Ancelle/Coro/Glauce)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: O Amore, vieni a me! (Glauce)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: No, non temer (Creonte/Glauce/Giasone)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: O bella Glauce
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Colco! Pensier fatal! (Glauce/Giasone/Creonte)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Or che più non vedrò (Giasone)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Ah, già troppo turbò (Creonte)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Pronube dive (Creonte/Coro/Glauce/Giasone)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Signor! Ferma una donna (Capo delle guardie/Creonte/Medea/Giasone/Glauce/Coro)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Qui tremar devi tu (Creonte/Glauce/Coro)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Taci, Giason (Medea/Giasone)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Dei tuoi figli la madre (Medea)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Son vane qui minacce (Giasone)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: .Nemici senza cor (Medea/Giasone)
Introitus et Kyrie: Requiem aeternam
Graduale: Requiem aeternam
Dies irae
Offertorium: Domine Jesu Christe
Sanctus
Pie Jesu
Agnus Dei
Sonata No. 2 in F for Horn and Strings (1996 Digital Remaster): I. Largo
Sonata No. 2 in F for Horn and Strings (1996 Digital Remaster): II. Allegro moderato
WORKS
I. Allegro Moderato - Presto
II. Lento Assai - Allegro - Moderato - Presto
III. Moderato - Allegro
IV. Moderato - Lento
V. Allegro
VI. Andantino
VII. Allegro - Allegro - Adagio - Adagio - Allegro
VIII. Adagio
IX. Allegro
Sonata No. 2 in F for Horn and Strings (1996 Digital Remaster): I. Largo
Sonata No. 2 in F for Horn and Strings (1996 Digital Remaster): II. Allegro moderato
Ouverture
Act I Scene 1: Approchez sans defiance (Titzikan, Chorus, 2 Tartares)
Act I Scene 2: Air: Triomphons avec noblesse (Titzikan)
Act I Scene 3: Air: Voyez la belle besogne (Varbel, Floreski)
Act I Scene 4: Quatuor: Etrangers, n'ayez point d'alarmes (Titzikan, Floreski, 2 Tartares, Varbel) - Scene 6: Arretez! Respectez ces etrangers (Titzikan)
Act I Scene 6: Trio avec choeur: Jurons quoi qu'il faille entreprendre (Titzikan, Floreski, Varbel, Chorus) - Scene 7: Ma foi, Seigneur je n'en reviens pas (Varbel, Floreski)
Act I Scene 7: Polonaise: Souvent pres d'une belle (Varbel, Floreski)
Act I Scene 8: Finale: Floreski! (, Floreski, Varbel)
Act I Scene 9: Eh bien! Qu'allons-nous entreprendre (Floreski, Varbel)
Act I Scene 10: Etrangers, pourrait-on s'intruire? (Altamoras, Floreski, Chorus, Varbel)
Act II Scene 2: Vous voyez comme on nous traite (Lysinka, )
Act II Scene 2: Air: Helas! Dans ce cruel asile ()
Act II Scene 3: Lysinka, sortez et laissez-nous seuls! (Dourlinski) - Scene 4: J'ai resolu d'obtenir votre main (Dourlinski, ) - Scene 5: Viens, ma Lysinka (, Dourlinski)
Act II Scene 5: Non, non perdez - Scene 6: Tu n'appartiendras jamais - Scene 7: Introduis-les - Scene 9: Qui etes vous? - Scene 10: Aux approches (Dourlinski, , Lysinka, Chorus)
Act II Scene 10: Trio: Ciel ce que je lui propose (Floreski, Dourlinski, Altamoras) - Scene 11: Tyran! (Floreski)
Act II Scene 11: Air: Rien n'egale sa barbarie (Floreski) - Scene 12: Seigneur ce que je viens d'entendre (Varbel)
Act II Scene 13: Finale: Helas! Qu'allons-nous entreprendre? (Floreski, Varbel, 3 Emissaires, Dourlinski, Altamoras, Chorus)
Act III Scene 1: Il faut tenter ce dernier moyen (Dourlinski) - Scene 3: Cruel! Que me voulez-vous encore (, Dourlinski)
Act III Scene 3: Air: Tournez sur moi votre colere ()
Act III Scene 4: ! Reconnais ton malheureux amant (Floreski, , Dourlinski, Altamoras) - Scene 5: Seigneur, ces coups (Altamoras, Floreski)
Act III Scene 6: Mais que signifie cette allarme (Floreski) - Scene 7: Finale: Tyran, au nombre de tes crimes (Titzikan, Dourlinski, Floreski, , Chorus, Lysinka, Altamoras)
Messe solonnelle pour le courennement de Charles X in A: I. Kyrie
Messe solonnelle pour le courennement de Charles X in A: II. Gloria
Messe solonnelle pour le courennement de Charles X in A: III. Credo
Messe solonnelle pour le courennement de Charles X in A: IV. Offertory
Messe solonnelle pour le couronnement de Charles X in A Major: V. Sanctus
Messe solonnelle pour le courennement de Charles X in A: VI. O salutaris hostia
Messe solonnelle pour le courennement de Charles X in A: VII. Agnus Dei
Messa Solenne in D minor (per il Principe Esterhazy), Agnus Dei: Agnus Dei qui tollis - Andante moderato -
Messa Solenne in D minor (per il Principe Esterhazy), Agnus Dei: Dona nobis pacem - Allegro
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': Kyrie eleison
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': Christe eleison
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': Kyrie eleison
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': Gloria in excelsis Deo
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': Laudamus te
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': Gloria in excelsis Deo
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': Qui tollis
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': In gloria Dei patris Amen
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': Credo
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': Et incarnatus est
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': Crucifixus
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': Et resurrexit
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': Et expecto
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': Et vitam venturi saeculi Amen
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': Sanctus
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': Benedictus
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': Agnus Dei
Mass in F Major 'di Chimay': Dona nobis pacem
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster): Sinfonia (Orchestra)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Che? Quando già corona Amor (Ancelle/Coro/Glauce)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: O Amore, vieni a me! (Glauce)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: No, non temer (Creonte/Glauce/Giasone)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: O bella Glauce
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Colco! Pensier fatal! (Glauce/Giasone/Creonte)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Or che più non vedrò (Giasone)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Ah, già troppo turbò (Creonte)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Pronube dive (Creonte/Coro/Glauce/Giasone)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Signor! Ferma una donna (Capo delle guardie/Creonte/Medea/Giasone/Glauce/Coro)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Qui tremar devi tu (Creonte/Glauce/Coro)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Taci, Giason (Medea/Giasone)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Dei tuoi figli la madre (Medea)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: Son vane qui minacce (Giasone)
Medea (2002 Digital Remaster), Act I, Scene 1: .Nemici senza cor (Medea/Giasone)
I. Adagio - Allegro agitato
II. Larghetto sans lenteur
III. Scherzo: Allegretto moderato
IV. Finale: Allegro assai
I. Lento - Allegro
II. Lento
III. Scherzo (Allegro assai)
IV. Finale (Allegro vivace)
I. Allegro comodo
II. Larghetto sostenuto
III. Scherzo (Allegro)
IV. Finale (Allegro risoluto)
I. Allegro maestoso
II. Larghetto
III. Scherzo
IV. Finale (Allegro assai)
I. Moderato assai
II. Adagio
III. Scherzo
IV. Allegro vivace
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andantino grazioso
III. Scherzo: Allegro
IV. Finale: Allegro affettuoso
Introitus et Kyrie: Requiem aeternam
Graduale: Requiem aeternam
Dies irae
Offertorium: Domine Jesu Christe
Sanctus
Pie Jesu
Agnus Dei
Cherubini: Requiem No.2 in D minor - 1. Introitus et Kyrie
Cherubini: Requiem No.2 in D minor - 2. Graduale
Cherubini: Requiem No.2 in D minor - 3. Dies irae
Cherubini: Requiem No.2 in D minor - 4. Offertorium
Cherubini: Requiem No.2 in D minor - 5. Sanctus
Cherubini: Requiem No.2 in D minor - 6. Pie Jesu
Cherubini: Requiem No.2 in D minor - 7. Agnus Dei
Messa solenne per soli, coro e orchestra Mi-maggiore: Kyrie
Messa solenne per soli, coro e orchestra Mi-maggiore: Gloria
Messa solenne per soli, coro e orchestra Mi-maggiore: Credo
Messa solenne per soli, coro e orchestra Mi-maggiore: Sanctus
Messa solenne per soli, coro e orchestra Mi-maggiore: O salutaris hostia
Messa solenne per soli, coro e orchestra Mi-maggiore: Agnus Dei
Messe solonnelle pour le sacre de Louis XVIII in G major: I. Kyrie
Messe solonnelle pour le sacre de Louis XVIII in G major: II. Gloria
Messe solonnelle pour le sacre de Louis XVIII in G major: III. Credo
Messe solonnelle pour le sacre de Louis XVIII in G Major: IV. Sanctus & O salutaris hostia
Messe solonnelle pour le sacre de Louis XVIII in G major: V. Agnus Dei
Sonata No. 2 in F for Horn and Strings (1996 Digital Remaster): I. Largo
Sonata No. 2 in F for Horn and Strings (1996 Digital Remaster): II. Allegro moderato
Symphony in D Major: Largo: Allegro
Larghetto cantabile
Menuetto: Allegro non tanto
Allegro assai


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