Louis Spohr

Biography

Born: April 5, 1784; Braunschweig, Germany   Died: October 22, 1859; Kassel, Germany  
Although virtually unknown to general audiences, the musical legacy of German composer, conductor and violinist Ludwig Spohr (1784-1859) is far-reaching indeed. Little of his own music survives in the general repertoire, but he is remembered as one of the preeminent conductors of the first half of the nineteenth century and as a seminal figure in the development of modern violin playing. Also, in addition to having invented both the violin Read more chin-rest and rehearsal numbers/letters for printed music, he was the first major conductor to use a baton.

Born in northern Germany in 1784, Spohr showed early talent for the violin, and by age 15 he was a member of the ducal orchestra at Braunschweig. At 18 he was sent by the Duke for a year of study with well-known violinist Franz Anton Eck, at the end of which time Spohr was considered ripe for a concert tour of his own. By 1805 the young virtuoso had become something of a sensation throughout Germany, where audiences adored both Spohr's playing and his compositions. Between 1805 and his death in 1859, Spohr served in a number of court positions throughout Germany and Austria. He was the leader of the orchestra at Gotha from 1805-1812, leader of the orchestra at Theater an der Wien in Vienna from 1813-1815, director of the Frankfurt Opera from 1817-1819, and Hofkapellmeister at the city of Kassel from 1822 to 1857. He also remained a prominent figure on the international music scene, making no fewer than six tours of England throughout the years.

Over six and a half feet tall, Spohr must have been an imposing figure on the podium. His conducting repertoire was vast, including such then irregularities as J.S. Bach and Handel. A strong believer in new music, Spohr had a great impact on the careers of such progressive composers as Wagner and Berlioz. Spohr was one of the first to conduct Der fliegende Holländer (1842) and Tannhäuser (1853), though Spohr himself never fully accepted their musical aesthetic. Spohr's compositions never completely abandoned the blueprint of the Viennese masters; to the end he maintained that Mozart was the perfect composer. While his operas, such as Jessonda (1823), were popular during his lifetime, they have since disappeared from opera houses. Only a few of his works, notably the Eighth Violin Concerto -- a striking work in the form of an operatic scene -- and the four clarinet concertos are heard today. However, there were some signs of a growing interest in his chamber and orchestral music in the late twentieth century. Throughout his life Spohr was famous for being as generous and warm a person as he was profound a musician. He maintained an active interest in politics and was considered a skillful painter and chess player. Read less
Spohr: Clarinet Concertos Nos 1 & 3, Etc / Ottensamer
Release Date: 03/21/1995   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550688   Number of Discs: 1
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Spohr: Clarinet Concertos Nos 2 & 4, Etc / Ottensamer
Release Date: 03/21/1995   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550689   Number of Discs: 1
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Spohr: Music For Violin And Harp Vol 1 /Langdon, Webb, Dorey
Release Date: 07/17/2001   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8555364   Number of Discs: 1
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Spohr: Violin Concertos No 7 & 12 / Pesek, Nishizaki, Et Al
Release Date: 09/18/2001   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8555101   Number of Discs: 1
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Spohr: String Quintets Op 33 No 1 & 2 / Danubius Quartet
Release Date: 06/18/2002   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8555965   Number of Discs: 1
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There are 189 Louis Spohr recordings available.

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Works

Louis Spohr


MOST POPULAR WORKS
I. Adagio - Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Rondo: Vivace
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Rondo alla Polacca
Concerto No.4 in E Minor, woo20: Allegro Vivace
Concerto No.4 in E Minor, woo20: Larghetto
Concerto No.4 in E Minor, woo20: Rondo al Espagnol
I. Allegro
II. Scherzo: Vivace
III. Larghetto
IV. Finale: Allegro molto
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Menuetto. Allegro
3. Andante con variazioni. Tema di Händel
4. Finale. Allegretto
I. Allegro moderato
II. Larghetto
III. Scherzo: Moderato - Presto
I. Adagio - Allegro vivace
II. Andante - Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Rondo
No. 1. Sei Still Mein Herz
No. 2. Zwiegesang
No. 3. Sehnsucht
No. 4. Wiegenlied
No. 5. Das Heimliche Lied
No. 6. Wach Auf
No.1 Abendfeier "Leise schleich ich mich am Abend"
No.2 Jagdlied "Seht ihr's dort funkeln"
No.3 Töne "Worte hab' ich nicht"
No.4 Erlkönig "Wer reitet so spät"
No.5 Der Spielmann und seine Geige "Von Gottes Aug'"
No.6 Abendstille "Der Tag hat sich zur Ruh' gelegt"
I. Bach-Handel'sche Periode, 1720: Largo grave - Allegro moderato
II. Haydn-Mozart'sche Periode, 1780: Larghetto
III. Beethoven'sche Periode, 1810: Scherzo
IV. Allerneueste Periode, 1840, Finale: Allegro vivace
WORKS
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Rondo: Allegretto
I. Allegro
II. Andantino
III. Allegretto
I. Adagio - Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Rondo: Vivace
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Rondo alla Polacca
I. Allegro moderato
II. Adagio
III. Vivace non troppo
Concerto No.4 in E Minor, woo20: Allegro Vivace
Concerto No.4 in E Minor, woo20: Larghetto
Concerto No.4 in E Minor, woo20: Rondo al Espagnol
I. Allegro vivace
II. Siciliano
III. Polonaise
I. Adagio - Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Rondo: Vivace
I. Adagio - Allegro vivace
II. Adagio
III. Rondo: Allegretto
I. Larghetto con moto
II. Tempo di Polacca
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Rondo grazioso
I. Allegro moderato
II. Adagio
III. Alla Polacca
II. Adagio
III. Rondo
I. Adagio - Allegro
I. Allegro moerato
II. Adagio
III. Rondo: Allegretto
I. Allegro moderato
II. Adagio ma non troppo
III. Rondo: Allegretto
II. Siliciano: Andante
III. Rondo: Alla polacca
I. Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Rondo: Allegretto
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Allegretto - Rondo
Overture
Act I: Bergauf, bergab, von Felz zu Schlucht (Zigeuner, Lopez)
Act I: Aria: So bin ich verraten, verstossen, verlacht (Paola)
Act I: Duet: Sie ist's (Paola, Inez)
Act I: Recitative: Doch still, wer nahet? (Paola)
Act I: Recitative and Aria: O welcher Reiz dies holde Bild (Alonzo)
Act I: Ich folg' umsonst der Freude Spuren (Ramiro, Ziguener, Alonzo, Chorus)
Act I: Fort ist er (Alonzo, Vasquez, Inez)
Act II: Recitative and Duet: Es ist schon spat (Ramiro, Paola)
Act II: Recitative and Aria: Ha! Welch ein Plan! (Paola)
Act II: Arietta: Der Abend neigt sich zu der Erde nieder (Inez)
Act II: So offne Deine schonen Augenlider (Alonzo, Inez)
Act II: Sieh jene Schar (Inez, Alonzo, Zigeuner, Lopez)
Act II: Recitative: Flieht nicht, Senora (Lopez, Alonzo, Paola)
Act II: Abuhamet (Paola, Zigeuner, Inez, Chorus)
Act II: Finale: De bebst, Geliebte? (Alonzo, Inez, Paola, Lopez, Ziguener, Vasquez, Ramiro)
Act III: Vision (Vasquez, Inquisitor)
Act III: Recitative and Aria: Vor meine Richter wird' ich bald gefuhrt (Vasquez)
Act III: Fliehe nicht vor Mannerschritten (Zigeuner, Ramiro, Inez, Paola)
Act III: Weh' mir! (Inez, Ramiro, Zigeuner)
Act III: Finale: Auf gold'nen Wolken naht der Morgen (Volk, Alonzo, Inez, Lopez, Ramiro, Vazquez, Paola)
Part I: Overture
Part I: Gott, unserer Vater, hor die Bitten (Chorus of Jews)
Part I: Recitative: Oh, wie vertraut sind meinen Ohren (Daniel)
Part I: Aria: Gedenke, Herr, was uber uns gekommen (Daniel)
Part I: Der Lowe ist vom Lager gesprungen (Chorus of Jews)
Part I: Recitative: Judas Gott hat geredet (Cyrus)
Part I: Aria: Grosser Geist, vor deinem Willen (Cyrus)
Part I: Aria: Uber Babylon soll flammen (Cyrus, Chorus)
Part I: Aria: Mein susses Kind (A Jewish Woman)
Part I: Recitative: Freude, Freude bring ich dir (A Man)
Part I: Duet: Juda, Juda, deines Vaters Liebe ... (Jewish Man and Woman)
Part I: Hoch empor, du Siegesfahne! (Chorus of Persian Soldiers)
Part I: Recitative: Grosse Konigin der Stadte (Cyrus)
Part I: Herr, wir fleh 'n in tiefem Leiden (Chorus of Jews)
Part I: Recitative: Der Tag ist gekommen (Daniel)
Part I: Trio: Kundet laut die grosse Rettung
Part I: Aria: Nicht langer wird die Herde (A Jewish Woman)
Part I: Siehe, Ich will dich heimsuchen (Chorus of Jews)
Part II: Die festliche Tafel (Chorus)
Part II: Oh, ewiger Bel (Chorus of Priests)
Part II: Auf, lasst uns die festlichen Brauche (Chorus of Women)
Part II: Recitative: Ha! Die verhassten Sklaven (Belsazar)
Part II: Recitative: Du trotzest mit verruchter Wut (Nicotris, Belsazar, Chorus)
Part II: Recitative: Jetzt fullt mir den weiten Becher (Belsazar)
Part II: March: Oh machtiger Konig (Chorus of Soldiers and Jews)
Part II: Recitative: Erhab 'ner Gott von Israel (Cyrus)
Part II: Aria: Was ist der Mensch (Cyrus)
Part II: Quartet of Jews: Lass tonen die Harfen
Part II: Herr, dich furchten deine Volker (Chorus of Jews)
Part II: Welche Bilder schaut mein Blick (Daniel)
Part II: Recitative: Die Erlosten des Herrn (A Jewish Woman)
Part II: Final Chorus: Frohlocket mit Handen (Chorus)
Spohr: Die letzten Dinge - No.1 Ouvertüre: Andante grave - Allegro
Spohr: Die letzten Dinge - No.2 Chor und Soli: "Preis und Ehre ihm"
Spohr: Die letzten Dinge - No.3&4 Arie und Rezitativ: "Steige herauf" - Chor: "Heilig ist Gott der Herr"
Spohr: Die letzten Dinge - No.5-8 :"Und siehe, ein Lamm" - "Weine nicht" - "Und die Ältesten" - "Das Lamm, das erwürget ist"
Spohr: Die letzten Dinge - No.9&10 Rezitativ: "Und alle Kreatur" - Solo und Chor: "Betet an!"
Spohr: Die letzten Dinge - No.11&12 Rezitativ: "Und siehe" - Soli und Chor: "Heil! dem Erbarmer Heil"
Spohr: Die letzten Dinge - No.13 Sinfonia: Allegro - Andante grave - Tempo primo
Spohr: Die letzten Dinge - No.14 Arioso und Rezitativ: "So spricht der Herr"
Spohr: Die letzten Dinge - No.15 Duett: "Sei mir nicht schrecklich"
Spohr: Die letzten Dinge - No.16 Chor: "So ihr mich von ganzem Herzen suchet"
Spohr: Die letzten Dinge - No.17&18 Arie: "Die Stunde" - Chor und Solo: "Gefallen ist Babylon"
Spohr: Die letzten Dinge - No.19 Quartett und Chor: "Selig sind die Toten"
Spohr: Die letzten Dinge - No.20&21 Rezitativ: "Sieh'einen neuen Himmel" - "Und siehe"
Spohr: Die letzten Dinge - No.22 Chor und Soli: "Groß und wunderbarlich" - "Wer sollte dich nicht fürchten" - "Sein ist das Reich"
I. Allegro
II. Scherzo: Vivace
III. Larghetto
IV. Finale: Allegro molto
I. Allegro vivace
II. Menuetto and Trio
III. Larghetto
IV. Allegretto
I. Andante - Allegro vivace
II. Andante - Allegretto - Andante - Allegretto - Andante
I. Allegro vivace
II. Larghetto
III. Scherzo
IV. Rondo
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Menuetto. Allegro
3. Andante con variazioni. Tema di Händel
4. Finale. Allegretto
I. Allegro spiritoso
II. Menuetto: Allegretto
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Menuetto: Moderato
III. Adagio molto -
IV. Allegro - Adagio molto - Allegro
I. Allegro moderato
II. Larghetto
III. Rondo: Allegretto
I. Allegro moderato
II. Poco adagio
III. Scherzo: Allegro
IV. Finale: Rondo: Vivace
I. Allegro vivace
II. Larghetto con moto
III. Scherzo
IV. Rondo: Allegretto
I. Allegro vivace
II. Larghetto
III. Allegretto con variazioni
IV. Finale: Allegretto
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Scherzo: Vivace
IV. Finale: Presto
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Alla Polacca: Moderato
IV. Finale: Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Scherzo: Vivace
IV. Finale: Andante - Allegro
I. Allegro moderato
II. Adagio
III. Rondo
I. Allegro vivace
II. Adagio
III. Scherzo
IV. Allegro molto
I. Allegro moderato
II. Larghetto
III. Scherzo (Allegro)
IV. Finale (Presto)
I. Allegro
II. Adagio molto
III. Scherzo: Presto
IV. Finale: Molto allegro
I. Adagio - Allegro
II. Larghetto con moto
III. Menuetto
IV. Finale (Allegro)
I. Allegro
II. Romanze: Andantino
III. Menuetto: Moderato
IV. Allegro non troppo
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Menuetto
IV. Finale
I. Allegro vivace
II. Andante
III. Menuetto: Allegretto
IV. Rondo: Presto
I. Allegro moderato
II. Scherzo: Allegro vivace
III. Finale: Largo - Allegro molto
I. Allegro moderato
II. Adagio
III. Menuetto: Allegretto
IV. Finale: Vivace
I. Allegro
II. Scherzo: Vivace
III. Adagio
IV. Finale: Allegro
I. Allegro moderato
II. Scherzo
III. Adagio
IV. Finale: Vivace
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Minuetto - Moderato
IV. Finale: Allegretto
I. Allegro
II. Scherzo
III. Andante con Variazioni
IV. Finale: Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Scherzo
III. Adagio
IV. Rondo
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Menuetto & Scherzo: Presto
IV. Finale: Presto
I. Allegro moderato
II. Larghetto
III. Scherzo
IV. Finale pastorale: Allegro molto
I. Allegro
II. Scherzo: Vivace
III. Adagio
IV. Finale: Presto
I. Allegro moderato
II. Larghetto
III. Menuetto
IV. Finale: Allegro moderato
No. 1. Barcarole
No. 2. Scherzo
No. 3. Sarabande
No. 4. Siciliano
No. 5. Air varie
No. 6. Mazurka
I. Allegro moderato
II. Larghetto
III. Scherzo: Moderato - Presto
I. Adagio - Allegro vivace
II. Andante - Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Rondon (Allegretto)
I. Allegro vivace
II. Andante: Potpourri on Themes from The Magic Flute
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Rondo
No. 1. Sei Still Mein Herz
No. 2. Zwiegesang
No. 3. Sehnsucht
No. 4. Wiegenlied
No. 5. Das Heimliche Lied
No. 6. Wach Auf
No.1 Abendfeier "Leise schleich ich mich am Abend"
No.2 Jagdlied "Seht ihr's dort funkeln"
No.3 Töne "Worte hab' ich nicht"
No.4 Erlkönig "Wer reitet so spät"
No.5 Der Spielmann und seine Geige "Von Gottes Aug'"
No.6 Abendstille "Der Tag hat sich zur Ruh' gelegt"
I. Adagio - Allegro
II. Larghetto con moto
III. Scherzo: Allegro
IV. Finale: Allegretto
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Scherzo: Allegretto
IV. Finale: Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Scherzo: Presto - Trio I-II
IV. Finale: Vivace
I. Andante - Grave - Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Scherzo: Trio
IV. Finale: Allegro
I. Andante. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Scherzo - Trio - Scherzo
IV. Presto
I. Bach-Handel'sche Periode, 1720: Largo grave - Allegro moderato
II. Haydn-Mozart'sche Periode, 1780: Larghetto
III. Beethoven'sche Periode, 1810: Scherzo
IV. Allerneueste Periode, 1840, Finale: Allegro vivace
I. Adagio - Allegro
II. Poco adagio
III. Scherzo: Allegretto - Trio: Un poco meno allegro
IV. Finale: Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Andante con moto
III. Rondon: (Allegretto)
I. Moderato
II. Larghetto
III. Scherzo
IV. Finale: Vivace
I. Allegro moderato
II. Larghetto
III. Scherzo
IV. Finale: Vivace
I. Allegro
II. Menuetto
III. Poco adagio
IV. Finale: Presto
Act I: Overture - Introduction: Wo schwarz die Wolken ziehn (Voices, Sander, Ali)
Act I: Dialogue: Master, fear is gripping me by the throat (Ali, Sander)
Act I: Air: Ich furchte nichts! (Sander)
Act I: Dialogue: Maybe life doesn't mean anything to you ... (Ali, Sander)
Act I: Aria: Mit neuem Mute, neuer Kraft (Ali)
Act I: Dialogue: Ali, the storm is over (Sander, Ali)
Act I: Trio: Wehe! Wer die Rose brach (Voices, Sander, Ali, Azor)
Act I: Dialogue: Ingrate! You were welcomed here as a guest (Azor, Sander, Ali)
Act I: Trio: So nimm aus meinen Handen die Rose nun zuruck (Azor, Sander, Ali)
Act I: Aria: Nein, ich will nicht klagen (Azor)
Act I: Trio: Die schwarzen Schatten fliehen (Fatme, Lisbe, Zemire)
Act I: Dialogue: Sisters! Father has returned! (Zemire, Sisters, Fatme, Sander, Lisbe)
Act I: Aria: Rose, wie bist du reizend und mild (Zemire)
Act I: Dialogue: I wish I could share your joy, Zemire! (Sander, Zemire, Ali)
Act I: Finale: Sprich, guter Ali, sprich (Zemire, Ali, Sander, Sisters)


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