Leopold Stokowski

Composers

Biography

Born: Apr 18, 1882; England   Died: Sep 13, 1977; England  
Leopold Anthony Stokowski, one of the true conducting luminaries of the twentieth century, was born in London in 1882. His father was Polish, his mother Irish, but he was raised as an Englishman. His famous, vaguely foreign, accent somehow appeared later in his life. The young Stokowski was a precocious musician, and as a child learned to play the violin, piano, and organ with apparently little effort. At the age of 13, he became the youngest Read more person to have been admitted to the Royal College of Music.
By 18, Stokowski had been appointed organist and choirmaster at St. James', Piccadilly. He attended Queen's College, Oxford, receiving a Bachelor of Music degree in 1903. He moved to the United States in 1905, but returned to Europe each summer for further musical studies in Berlin, Munich, and Paris. When a conductor fell ill in Paris in 1908, he made his debut as an emergency substitute. The impression he made led to a position with the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra in which he quickly achieved notable success. However, a more tempting prospect faced him when he was asked to take over the Philadelphia Orchestra in 1912. It was during his long and fruitful association with this ensemble that Stokowski established himself as one of the leading musicians of his day.
Stokowski gave the orchestra an entirely new sound, popularly known as the "Philadelphia Sound" or the "Stokowski Sound." Its foundation was a luxuriant, sonorous tone and an exacting attention to color. He pioneered the use of "free" bowing, which produced a rich, homogenized string tone. A relentless innovator, Stokowski experimented with orchestral seating, famously lining up the string basses across the rear of the stage and, in an early instance, massing all the violins on the left side of the orchestra and the cellos on the right. He also had spotlights directed on his hands and his impressively prominent hair to enhance his dramatic, theatrical aura. One of the first modern conductors to give up the use of the baton, Stokowski employed graceful, almost hypnotic, hand gestures to work his magic.
Indeed, Stokowski was the first conductor to become a true superstar. He was regarded as something of a matinee idol, an image aided by his appearances in such films as the Deanna Durbin spectacle One Hundred Men and a Girl (1937) and, most famously, as the flesh-and-blood leader of the Philadelphia Orchestra in Walt Disney's animated classic Fantasia (1940). In one memorable instance, he appears to be talking to the cartoon figure of Mickey Mouse, the "star" of a sequence featuring Dukas' The Sorcerer's Apprentice. In a clever parody, when the slumbering apprentice dreams of himself directing the forces of Nature with the masterful sweep of his hands, Disney artists copied Stokowski's own conducting gestures.
Following his tenure in Philadelphia, Stokowski directed several other ensembles, including the All-American Youth Orchestra (which he founded), the NBC Symphony Orchestra and the New York Philharmonic (both as co-conductor), the Houston Symphony Orchestra (1955-1960), and the American Symphony Orchestra, which he organized in 1962. He continued to make concert appearances and studio recordings of both standard works and unusual repertoire (including the first performance and recording of Charles Ives' decades-old Symphony No. 4) well into his nineties. He made his last public appearance as conductor in Venice in 1975, remaining active in the recording studio through 1977. He died on September 13, 1977, in Nether Wallop, Hampshire, England. Read less
Dawson: Negro Folk Symphony; Brahms / Stokowski
Release Date: 04/10/2007   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 000860902   Number of Discs: 2
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There are 187 Leopold Stokowski recordings available.

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Composers

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Biography

Born: Apr 18, 1882; England   Died: Sep 13, 1977; England  
Leopold Anthony Stokowski, one of the true conducting luminaries of the twentieth century, was born in London in 1882. His father was Polish, his mother Irish, but he was raised as an Englishman. His famous, vaguely foreign, accent somehow appeared later in his life. The young Stokowski was a precocious musician, and as a child learned to play the violin, piano, and organ with apparently little effort. At the age of 13, he became the youngest Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Allegro moderato
II. Romance: Andante
III. Allegro con fuoco - Allegro moderato
Concerto No. 5 in E-Flat Major for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 73, Emperor: I. Allegro
II. Adagio un poco mosso
III. Rondo: Allegro ma non tanto
I. Introducción y escena (Introduction and Scene)
II. En la cueva - La Noche [in the Cave (Night-time)]
III. Canción del amor dolido (Song of Love's Sorrow)
IV. El Aparecido (The Apparition)
V. Danza del terror (Dance of Terror)
VI. El circulo mágico (The Magic Circle)
VII. A media noche - Los sortilegios (Midnight - Witchcraft)
VIII. Danza ritual del fuego (Ritual Fire Dance)
IX. Escena (Scene)
X. Canción del fuego fatuo (Song of the Will o' the Wisp)
XI. Pantomima (Pantomime)
XII. Danza del juego de amor (Dance of the Game of Love)
XIII. Final - Las campanes del amanecer (Finale - The Bells of Morning)
I. Allegro
II. Affettuoso
III. Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Adagio un poco mosso
III. Rondo: Allegro ma non tanto
I. Prelude: Maestoso
II. Allegretto
III. Fugue: Andante moderato
IV. Largo maestoso
Les Toréadors. Allegro giocoso (Introduction to Act I)
Prélude. Andante moderato (Prelude to Act I)
Aragonaise. Allegro vivo (Prelude to Act IV)
Intermezzo. Andantino quasi Allegretto (Prelude to Act III)
Seguedille. Allegretto (Act I)
Les dragons d'Alcala. Allegro moderato (Prelude to Act II)
Marche des Contrebandiers. Allegro moderato (Act III)
Habanera. Allegretto quasi Andantino (Act I)
La Garde montante. Allegro (Act I)
Danse bohčme. Andante quasi Allegretto (Act II)
I. Prelude. Allegro deciso (Tempo di Marcia) - Andantino
II. Minuetto. Allegro giocoso
III. Adagietto. Adagio
IV. Carillon. Allegro moderato - Andantino - Tempo I
I. Pastorale. Andante sostenuto assai - Andantino - Tempo I
III. Menuet. Andantino quasi Allegretto
IV. Farandole. Allegro deciso (Tempo di Marcia) - Allegro vivo e deciso
I. Andante, ma non troppo; Allegro energico
II. Andante (ma non troppo lento)
III. Scherzo. Allegro
IV. Finale (Quasi una Fantasia). Andante
Introduction (Prologue)
Act III: Polacca
Pas de Six (Prolgue)
Act II: Scene; Danse des Duchesses; Danse des Marquises
Act II: Farandole; Danse - Tempo di Mazurka
Act III: Pas de Quatre
Act III: Pas de Caratčre - Chaperon Rouge et de Loup
Act III: Pas de Quatre
Act III: Coda - The Three Ivans
Act III: Pas de Deux
Act III: Finale - Tempo di Mazurka; Apothéose
I. Allegro vivace
II. Andante con moto
III. Con moto moderato
IV. Saltarello: Presto
I - Allegro vivo
II - Adagio
III - Allegro vivace
IV - Allegro vivace
I. Allegro non troppo
II. Adagio non troppo
III. Allegretto grazioso
IV. Allegro con spirito
Escales (2002 Remastered Version): Rome-Palermo
Escales (2002 Remastered Version): Tunis-Nefia
Escales (2002 Remastered Version): Valencia
I. Lento - Allegro moderato
II. Adagio ma non troppo
III. Allegro
I. Moderato
II. Tempo di valse
III. Scherzo: Vivace
IV. Larghetto
V. Finale: Allegro vivace
I. Moderato
II. Allegretto
III. Largo
IV. Allegro non troppo
I. Largo
II. Allegro
III. Presto
Passacaglia and Fugue in C minor BWV582 (1997 Digital Remaster): Passacaglia
Passacaglia and Fugue in C minor BWV582 (1997 Digital Remaster): Fugue
Toccata and Fugue in D minor BWV565 (arr. Stokowski) (1997 Digital Remaster): Toccata
Toccata and Fugue in D minor BWV565 (arr. Stokowski) (1997 Digital Remaster): Fugue
Music for Strings, Percussion & Celesta, Sz106 (1986 Digital Remaster): I Andante tranquillo
Music for Strings, Percussion & Celesta, Sz106 (1986 Digital Remaster): II Allegro
Music for Strings, Percussion & Celesta, Sz106 (1986 Digital Remaster): III Adagio
Music for Strings, Percussion & Celesta, Sz106 (1986 Digital Remaster): IV Allegro molto
Escales (2002 Digital Remaster): Rome-Palermo
Escales (2002 Digital Remaster): Tunis-Nefia
Escales (2002 Digital Remaster): Valencia
Trios Nocturnes (2000 Digital Remaster): I. Nuages
Trios Nocturnes (2000 Digital Remaster): II. Fetes
Trios Nocturnes (2000 Digital Remaster): III. Sirenes
Iberia - Images Pour Orchestra No. 2 (2000 Digital Remaster): I - Par Les Rues At Par Les Chemins
Iberia - Images Pour Orchestra No. 2 (2000 Digital Remaster): II - Les Parfums De La Nuit
Iberia - Images Pour Orchestra No. 2 (2000 Digital Remaster): III - Le Matin D'Un Jour De Fete
Symphony No. 11 in G minor, ("The Year 1905") Op. 103 (1994 Digital Remaster): The Palace Square (Adagio)
Symphony No. 11 in G minor, ("The Year 1905") Op. 103 (1994 Digital Remaster): January 9th (Allegro)
Symphony No. 11 in G minor, ("The Year 1905") Op. 103 (1994 Digital Remaster): Eternal Memory (Adagio)
Symphony No. 11 in G minor, ("The Year 1905") Op. 103 (1994 Digital Remaster): Alarm (Allegro non troppo)
Holst: The Planets, Op. 32 (2000 Digital Remaster): I. Mars, The Bringer Of War
Holst: The Planets, Op. 32 (2000 Digital Remaster): II. Venus, The Bringer Of Peace
Holst: The Planets, Op. 32 (2000 Digital Remaster): III. Mercury, The Winged Messenger
Holst: The Planets, Op. 32 (2000 Digital Remaster): IV. Jupiter, The Bringer Of Jollity
Holst: The Planets, Op. 32 (2000 Digital Remaster): V. Saturn, The Bringer Of Old Age
Holst: The Planets, Op. 32 (2000 Digital Remaster): VI. Uranus, The Magician
Holst: The Planets, Op. 32 (2000 Digital Remaster): VII. Neptune, The Mystic
Symphony No. 3 in B minor, Op. 42 "Ilya Murometz": I. Ilya Murometz and Svyatogor, the Mighty Hero
Symphony No. 3 in B minor, Op. 42 "Ilya Murometz": II. Ilya Murometz and Solvei, the Brigand
Symphony No. 3 in B minor, Op. 42 "Ilya Murometz": III. Ilya Murometz and Prince Vladimir
Symphony No. 3 in B minor, Op. 42 "Ilya Murometz": IV. The Heroic Deeds and Petrification of Ilya Murometz
Petrushka - Suite (1987 Digital Remaster): 1. Russian Dance
Petrushka - Suite (1987 Digital Remaster): 2. The Shrove-tide Fair (near evening)
Petrushka - Suite (1987 Digital Remaster): 3. Dance of the Wet Nurses
Petrushka - Suite (1987 Digital Remaster): 4. Dance of the Peasant and the Bear
Petrushka - Suite (1987 Digital Remaster): 5. Dance of the Gypsy Girls
Petrushka - Suite (1987 Digital Remaster): 6. Dance of the Coachmen and Grooms
Petrushka - Suite (1987 Digital Remaster): 7. The Masqueraders
Rapsodie espagnole (1994 Digital Remaster): I. Prélude ŕ la nuit
Rapsodie espagnole (1994 Digital Remaster): II. Malagueńa
Rapsodie espagnole (1994 Digital Remaster): III. Habanera
Rapsodie espagnole (1994 Digital Remaster): IV. Feria
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), Fortuna Imperatrix Mundi: No. 1 - O Fortuna
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), Fortuna Imperatrix Mundi: No. 2 - Fortune Plango Vulnera
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), I - Primo Vere: No. 3 - Veris Ieta Facies
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), I - Primo Vere: No. 4 - Omnia Sol Temperat
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), I - Primo Vere: No. 5 - Ecce Gratum
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), Uf Dem Anger: No. 6 - Tanz
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), Uf Dem Anger: No. 7 - Floret Silva
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), Uf Dem Anger: No. 8 - Chramer, Gip Die Varwe Mir
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), Uf Dem Anger: No. 9 - Reie
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), Uf Dem Anger: No. 10 - Were Diu Werlt Alle Min
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), II - In Taberna: No. 11 - Estuans Interius
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), II - In Taberna: No. 12 - Olim Lacus Colueram
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), II - In Taberna: No. 13 - Ego Sum Abbas
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), II - In Taberna: No. 14 - In Taberna Quando Sumus
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), III - Cours D'Amour: No.15 - Amor Volat Undique
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), III - Cours D'Amour: No. 16 - Dies, Nox Et Omnia
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), III - Cours D'Amour: No. 17 - Stetit Puella
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), III - Cours D'Amour: No. 18 - Circa Mea Pectora
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), III - Cours D'Amour: No. 19 - Si Puer Cum Puellula
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), III - Cours D'Amour: No. 20 - Veni, Veni, Venias
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), III - Cours D'Amour: No. 21 - In Trutina
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), III - Cours D'Amour: No. 22 - Tempus Est Iocundum
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), III - Cours D'Amour: No. 23 - Dulcissime
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), Blanziflor Et Helena: No. 24 - Ave Formosissima
Carmina Burana (1994 Digital Remaster), Fortuna Imperatrix Mundi: No. 25 - O Fortuna
Pini di Roma (The Pines Of Rome) (1994 Digital Remaster): I. I pini di Villa Borghese
Pini di Roma (The Pines Of Rome) (1994 Digital Remaster): II. Pini presso una catacomba
Pini di Roma (The Pines Of Rome) (1994 Digital Remaster): III. I pini del Gianiclo
Pini di Roma (The Pines Of Rome) (1994 Digital Remaster): IV. I pini di Via Appia
Symphony No. 1 in F minor, Op. 10 (1994 Digital Remaster): I. Allegretto
Symphony No. 1 in F minor, Op. 10 (1994 Digital Remaster): II. Allegro ma non troppo
Symphony No. 1 in F minor, Op. 10 (1994 Digital Remaster): III. Lento
Symphony No. 1 in F minor, Op. 10 (1994 Digital Remaster): IV. Allegro molto
I. Andante - Allegro con anima
II. Andante cantabile con alcuna licenza
III. Valse: Allegro moderato
IV. Finale: Andante maestoso - Allegro vivace
I. Allegro
II. Intermezzo
III. Allegro
I. Allegro non troppo
II. Andante moderato
III. Allegro giocoso
IV. Allegro energico e passionate
The Sea and Sinbad's Ship
The Story of the Kalender Prince
The Young Prince and the Young Princess
Festival in Bagdad; The Sea; The Ship Goes to Pieces on a Rock Surmounted by a Bronze Warrior (Shipwreck); Conclusion
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op.67 - 1. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op.67 - 2. Andante con moto
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op.67 - 3. Allegro
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op.67 - 4. Allegro
Beethoven: Symphony No.7 in A, Op.92 - 1. Poco sostenuto - Vivace
Beethoven: Symphony No.7 in A, Op.92 - 2. Allegretto
Beethoven: Symphony No.7 in A, Op.92 - 3. Presto - Assai meno presto
Beethoven: Symphony No.7 in A, Op.92 - 4. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 in D minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 1. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 in D minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 2. Molto vivace
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 in D minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 3. Adagio molto e cantabile
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 in D minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 4. Presto - Allegro assai
Schubert: Symphony No.8 in B minor, D.759 - "Unfinished" - 1. Allegro moderato
Schubert: Symphony No.8 in B minor, D.759 - "Unfinished" - 2. Andante con moto
Brahms: Symphony No.1 in C minor, Op.68 - 1. Un poco sostenuto - Allegro - Meno allegro
Brahms: Symphony No.1 in C minor, Op.68 - 2. Andante sostenuto
Brahms: Symphony No.1 in C minor, Op.68 - 3. Un poco allegretto e grazioso
Brahms: Symphony No.1 in C minor, Op.68 - 4. Adagio - Piu andante - Allegro non troppo, ma con brio - Piu allegro


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