Leopold Ludwig

Biography

Born: January 12, 1908; Witkowitz, Moravia   Died: April 25, 1979; Lüneburg, Germany  
Leopold Ludwig was a leading Austrian conductor. Particularly well known as an opera conductor, he was also one of the first to make stereo LP recordings of symphonies of Gustav Mahler.

He learned piano as a boy and continued to study the instrument at the Vienna Conservatory with Emil Pauer. He began his conducting career in the traditional German manner, working himself up through a number of coaching and then conducting positions
Read more in provincial opera houses in south Germany and in Brno, Czechoslovakia.

He became the Music Director of the Oldenburg Staatsoper (State Opera) in 1936. Frequent guest conducting appearances in Berlin brought him to national attention, leading to his appointment as Principal Conductor of the Vienna Staatsoper in 1939. He became Principal Conductor of the Berlin Städtische Oper in 1943. After the war he continued in that position until 1951, and also frequently conducted at the Berlin Staatsoper. ("Städtische" means "Municipal"; the prefix "Staats-" means "State." The Berlin Städtische Oper is now the Deutsche Opera Berlin.)

In 1950, Ludwig was appointed General Music Director of the Hamburg Staatsoper, effective 1951. This was the base for his expanding international reputation, and he remained there until 1971. He was an active and effective administrator, and improved its artistic and musical standards. In 1952, he took it on an important festival visit, to the Edinburgh Festival in the United Kingdom, beginning a practice of taking to major foreign venues and festivals. (Another of the company's most important overseas visits was to the Lincoln Center Festival in New York in 1967). He also modernized and broadened the company's repertory.

He also made notable guest conducting appearances. He debuted in the United States at the San Francisco Opera in 1958, frequently returning there through 1968. He led the Glyndebourne (England) Festival Opera's first production of Richard Strauss' Der Rosenkavalier in 1959. He championed Paul Hindemith's opera Mathis der Maler in a series of performances in 1967, though a series of cuts he made in it were considered questionable. His first appearance with the Metropolitan Opera House in New York was in 1970, leading Wagner's Parsifal.

He conducted in concerts with many leading orchestras. With the London Symphony Orchestra he made a pioneering recording of Mahler's Ninth Symphony, and conducted such leading orchestras as the Amsterdam Concertgebouw Orchestra. He was known for his calm platform demeanor and lack of flashiness. He was always praised for his competence and way with balancing orchestral sounds to make outstanding effects, though some detractors sometimes rated him as highly competent and sometimes less than inspired. Read less

Biography

Born: January 12, 1908; Witkowitz, Moravia   Died: April 25, 1979; Lüneburg, Germany  
Leopold Ludwig was a leading Austrian conductor. Particularly well known as an opera conductor, he was also one of the first to make stereo LP recordings of symphonies of Gustav Mahler.

He learned piano as a boy and continued to study the instrument at the Vienna Conservatory with Emil Pauer. He began his conducting career in the traditional German manner, working himself up through a number of coaching and then conducting positions
Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 4 in G Op. 58 (1996 Remastered Version): I. Allegro moderato
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 4 in G Op. 58 (1996 Remastered Version): II. Andante con moto
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 4 in G Op. 58 (1996 Remastered Version): III. Rondo (Vivace)
32 Variations in C minor on an original theme WoO80 (1996 Remastered Version): Variations XIX - XXII
32 Variations in C minor on an original theme WoO80 (1996 Remastered Version): Variations XXIII - XXV
32 Variations in C minor on an original theme WoO80 (1996 Remastered Version): Variations XXVI & XXVII
Piano Concerto No. 4 in G Op. 58 (2005 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro moderato
Piano Concerto No. 4 in G Op. 58 (2005 Digital Remaster): II. Andante con moto
Piano Concerto No. 4 in G Op. 58 (2005 Digital Remaster): III. Rondo (Vivace)
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 5, 'Emperor' Op. 73 (2005 Digital Remaster): Allegro
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 5, 'Emperor' Op. 73 (2005 Digital Remaster): Adagio un poco mosso
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 5, 'Emperor' Op. 73 (2005 Digital Remaster): Rondo (Allegro)
Wagner: Wesendonk Lieder - Five Poems for Female Voice - 1. Der Engel "In der Kindheit frühen Tagen"
Wagner: Wesendonk Lieder - Five Poems for Female Voice - 2. Stehe still "Sausendes,brausendes Rad der Zeit"
Wagner: Wesendonk Lieder - Five Poems for Female Voice - 3. Im Treibhaus "Hochgewölbte Blätterkronen"
Wagner: Wesendonk Lieder - Five Poems for Female Voice - 4.Schmerzen "Sonne,weinest jeden Abend Dir die schönen Augen rot"
Wagner: Wesendonk Lieder - Five Poems for Female Voice - 5. Träume "Sag', welch wunderbare Träume"
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 3. Allegro con fuoco


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