Lennox Berkeley

Biography

Born: May 12, 1903; Boars Hill, Oxford, England   Died: December 26, 1989; London, England  
Though his profile outside the United Kingdom was overshadowed somewhat by the illustrious careers of Walton, Tippett, and Britten, Sir Lennox Berkeley left an indelible mark on British music in the twentieth century. A student of Nadia Boulanger with an ear for songlike lyricism, Berkeley established a style that combined French melodic elegance with English triadic sonority and neo-Classical clarity.

Berkeley was born into an
Read more aristocratic family, but lost out on his inheritance because his birth had preceded his parents' marriage. He nonetheless enjoyed a relatively comfortable childhood and eventually arrived at Oxford, where he studied French. (This academic background lent his later songs on French texts a particularly elegant contour.) Ravel, upon examining some of Berkeley's student compositions, encouraged him to focus on musical studies and recommended him for study with Nadia Boulanger. Berkeley was well-suited to Boulanger's infamously methodic, craft-like approach, and thrived under her tutelage. Works such as his Serenade, Op. 12, and the Divertimento, Op. 18, which remain in the British orchestral repertoire, resonate with Boulanger's influence; Peter Dickinson has described the Finale of the latter piece as "a cross between Haydn and Poulenc." Berkeley's piano works and chamber pieces demonstrate a similar disposition. Also, during his time in Paris, he converted Catholicism, a decision that would infuse his later vocal and choral works, such as the Missa brevis, with a particular spiritual fervor. As a young composer he maintained his friendship with Ravel, and also made the acquaintance of Poulenc; in fact, much of his music betrays the influence of Les Six.

Berkeley was employed for a time as a programmer for the BBC during World War II, then in 1946 took a position at the Royal Academy of Music, where he remained on the faculty for over two decades and mentored a number of important figures in the subsequent generation, including Bennett, Maw, and, most familiar to non-Brits, John Tavener. Berkeley counted Britten among his closest friends, and, following Britten's revival of British opera, he wrote a number of operatic works as well, including the successful A Dinner Engagement. A subsequent opera, Faldon Park, remained incomplete in the composer's later life. In fact, his faculties gradually deteriorated over the course of several years preceding his death in 1989. His last years were spent, rather, receiving the honors due him; subsequent to his knighthood in 1974, he received numerous accolades and an honorary degree from the international musical community. Read less
Lennox Berkeley: Chamber Works / Berkeley Ensemble
Release Date: 05/12/2015   Label: Resonus Classics  
Catalog: 10149   Number of Discs: 1
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There are 103 Lennox Berkeley recordings available.

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Works

Lennox Berkeley


MOST POPULAR WORKS
I. Allegro moderato
II. Aria I
III. Aria II
IV. Vivace
I. Andantino - Allegretto - Meno vivo - Un poco meno vivo
II. Lento - Tranquillo
III. Allegro con brio - Un poco meno vivo - Lento - Allegro moderato - Tempo I
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante
III. Vivace [alla breve]
Introduction
Allegro
No. 1. If, Lord, Thy love for me is strong
No. 2. Shepherd, shepherd, hark that calling!
No. 3. Let mine eyes see Thee
No. 4. Today a shepherd and our kin
I. Lauds (Among the leaves the small birds sing)
II. O Lurcher-loving collier
III. What's in your mind, my dove, my coney?
IV. Eyes look into the well
V. Carry her over the water
No. 1. Allegro
No. 2. Andante
No. 3. Allegro moderato
No. 4. Allegretto
No. 5. Allegro
No. 6. Andante
I. Vivace
II. Andantino
III. Allegro moderato
IV. Lento
I. Allegretto
II. Lento
III. Rondo: Allegro non troppo
I. Moderato
II. Adagio
III. Allegro moderato
Theme: Moderato
Variation 1: Allegro
Variation 2: Allegretto
Variation 3: Lento
Variation 4: Andante
Variation 5: Allegro
Variation 6: Lento (Epilogue)
I. Allegro
II. Lento
III. Tema and Variations
WORKS
Scene 1: Salt, pepper, olive oil (Lord Dunmow, Lady Dunmow, Boy)
Scene 1: I'm sorry, Milady, I came through the front door (Mrs. Kneebone, Lady Dunmow, Lord Dunmow)
Scene 1: In the summer of my time (Lord Dunmow, Lady Dunmow, Mrs. Kneebone)
Scene 1: At Missis Ellibank's in Wimbledon (Mrs. Kneebone, Lady Dunmow, Lord Dunmow)
Scene 1: Mother, please can I help? (Susan, Lady Dunmow, Mrs. Kneebone, Lord Dunmow)
Scene 1: He was a quiet little boy (Lady Dunmow, Susan, Mrs. Kneebone, Lord Dunmow)
Scene 1: Prenez 6 belles tomates (Lady Dunmow, Lord Dunmow, Mrs. Kneebone, Susan)
Scene 1: Is this the residence of the Earl and Countess of Dunmow? (Prince Philippe, Mrs. Kneebone)
Scene 2: So this, dear Lady Dunmow, is your drawing room (Duchess, Lady Dunmow, Prince Philippe, Lord Dunmow)
Scene 2: I never moved a muscle (Lord Dunmow, Lady Dunmow, Duchess, Prince Philippe)
Scene 2: Forgive my curiosity, but is your servant that young girl ...? (Prince Philippe, Lord Dunmow, Lady Dunmow, Duchess)
Scene 2: Come and see our little garden (Lady Dunmow, Lord Dunmow, Prince Philippe, Duchess)
Scene 2: This way, Ma'am, through the back door (Lord Dunmow, Duchess, Prince Philippe, Susan)
Scene 2: Oh, shall I kneel in shame ... ? (Susan, Prince Philippe)
Scene 2: I like to imagine how these must have looked (Susan, Prince Philippe)
Scene 2: Mon aimee attend la lune (Prince Philippe)
Scene 2: Kiss her at once! (Duchess, Prince Philippe, Susan, Lord Dunmow, Lady Dunmow, Boy)
Scene 2: Let her beauty be her dowry (Duchess, Susan, Prince Philippe, Lord Dunmow, Lady Dunmow, Boy, Mrs. Kneebone)
Scene 2: My Lords, Ladies, Duchess and gentlemen! (Mrs. Kneebone, Prince Philippe, Susan)
I. Allegro moderato
II. Aria I
III. Aria II
IV. Vivace
I. Molto moderato - Allegro - Lento
II. Theme and Variations: Theme: Moderato -
II. Theme and Variations: Variation 1: Allegro ma non troppo -
II. Theme and Variations: Variation 2: L'istesso tempo -
II. Theme and Variations: Variation 3: Allegro -
II. Theme and Variations: Variation 4: Adagio -
II. Theme and Variations: Variation 5: Vivace -
II. Theme and Variations: Variation 6: Andante - Poco meno mosso -
II. Theme and Variations: Variation 7: Tempo di valse - Un poco meno vivo -
II. Theme and Variations: Variation 8 (Orchestra tacet): Allegro -
II. Theme and Variations: Variation 9 (Pianos tacet): Lento -
II. Theme and Variations: Variation 10 (Orchestra tacet): Andante con moto -
II. Theme and Variations: Variation 11: L'istesso tempo
I. Allegro moderato - Cadenza - Andante - Un poco piu lento
II. Presto
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro vivace ? Meno vivo ? Tempo I ? (Cadenza) ? Presto
I. Andantino - Allegretto - Meno vivo - Un poco meno vivo
II. Lento - Tranquillo
III. Allegro con brio - Un poco meno vivo - Lento - Allegro moderato - Tempo I
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante
III. Vivace [alla breve]
Introduction
Allegro
Eripe me, Domine
Veni sponsa Christi
Regina coeli
Magnificat
Nunc dimittis
Kyrie
Gloria
Sanctus
Benedictus
Agnus Dei
No. 1. Allegro
No. 2. Allegretto
No. 3. Allegro - Un poco meno vivo - Tempo I
Kyrie
Gloria
Sanctus
Benedictus
Agnus Dei
I. Moderato (in tempo rubato)
II. Lento
III. Allegro
No. 1. Etude: Allegro moderato
No. 2. Berceuse: Allegretto
No. 3. Capriccio: Allegro
No. 1. Moderato ma con brio
No. 2. Andante con moto
No. 3. Lento [Mouvement de sarabande]
No. 4. Allegro, energico
No. 1. If, Lord, Thy love for me is strong
No. 2. Shepherd, shepherd, hark that calling!
No. 3. Let mine eyes see Thee
No. 4. Today a shepherd and our kin
I. Lauds (Among the leaves the small birds sing)
II. O Lurcher-loving collier
III. What's in your mind, my dove, my coney?
IV. Eyes look into the well
V. Carry her over the water
No. 1. Allegro
No. 2. Andante
No. 3. Allegro moderato
No. 4. Allegretto
No. 5. Allegro
No. 6. Andante
I. Allegro - Moderato
II. Andante non troppo - Lento
III. Scherzo: Vivace
IV. Theme and 6 variations: Moderato
I. Allegro moderato
II. Lento
III. Allegro
I. Allegro moderato
II. Allegro vivace
III. Lento
IV. Molto vivace
I. Andante - Allegro
II. Scherzo: Allegro vivace
III. Intermezzo: Andante
IV. Allegretto
Scene 1: A mountainous place near Bethlehem
Scene 1: Once more I see your green and golden hills, O Judah! (Naomi, Ruth, Orpah)
Scene 1: Turn back, my daughters (Naomi, Ruth, Orpah)
Scene 1: Almighty Father, let my cry come unto thee! (Naomi, Orpah, Ruth)
Scene 1: Ah, must I leave thee? Must we part? (Orpah, Naomi, Ruth)
Scene 1: Whither thou goest, I will go (Ruth, Naomi)
Scene 1: See! Is this Naomi!? (Women, Naomi)
Scene 1: Ah, call me not Naomi, let Mara be my name (Naomi)
Scene 1: Where, ah, where is Naomi? (Women, Naomi, Ruth)
Scene 2: A harvest field belonging to Boaz - Gold grows the barley on hillside and valley (Men)
Scene 2: Greetings, men of Judah! (Women, Head Reaper)
Scene 2: The scatter'd ear of corn (Women, Men)
Scene 2: Come, let us go forth together (Head Reaper, Women, Men, Ruth)
Scene 2: Stay, men of Judah! (Boaz, Men, Women, Head Reaper, Ruth)
Scene 2: I had no wish to anger them (Ruth, Boaz, Head Reaper)
Scene 2: Ah, let not anger fill your eyes! (Ruth, Boaz)
Scene 2: Whence cometh this to me, that thou should'st deign to notice me? (Ruth, Boaz)
Scene 2: The scatter'd ear of corn (Women, Men, Boaz)
Scene 3: A threshing-floor, at night - This is the place! Come, daughter (Naomi, Ruth)
Scene 3: Fear not, beloved Ruth! (Naomi, Ruth)
Scene 3: Golden ripe the barley grows (Women, Men, Naomi, Ruth, Head Reaper, Boaz)
Scene 3: Lord of the Harvest, what are thy commands? (Men, Head Reaper, Women, Boaz)
Scene 3: Winter time is time to plough, aie, the wind does bite! (Men, Women)
Scene 3: Across the field the long slow line of reapers goes a-reaping (Women)
Scene 3: Dance, come dance, dance within the ring (Women, Men, Head Reaper)
Scene 3: O clap your hands, all ye people! (Boaz, Women, Men)
Scene 3: Go now, my daughter (Naomi, Ruth)
Scene 3: Master! (Ruth, Boaz)
Scene 3: Thou comest in the stillness of the night (Boaz, Ruth)
Scene 3: Lo, my beloved, my soul's delight, to thee I give my hand (Boaz, Ruth)
Scene 3: Ho there, my people! (Boaz, Ruth, Naomi, Women, Men)
Scene 3: Behold this maid (Boaz, Ruth, Naomi, Head Reaper, Women, Men)
Scene 3: Rejoice, O Israel, rejoice (Head Reaper, Women, Men, Ruth, Naomi, Boaz)
I. Vivace
II. Andantino
III. Allegro moderato
IV. Lento
I. Andante
II. Allegro moderato
III. Allegro
IV. Andante
V. Allegro
I. Lento
II. Allegro vivace - Meno vivo - Tempo I - Un poco meno vivo
III. Aria: Adagio
IV. Canzonetta: Andantino
V. Allegro - Meno vivo - Tempo I - Meno vivo - Tempo I
I. Moderato - Poco meno mosso - Lento
II. Presto
III. Adagio
IV. Introduction - Allegro - Tempo del introduzione - Allegro
I. Allegretto
II. Lento
III. Rondo: Allegro non troppo
I. Allegro Moderato
II. Andante
III. Allegro
I. Moderato
II. Adagio
III. Allegro moderato
I. Allegro moderato - Meno mosso
II. Allegretto
III. Lento
IV. Allegro - Un poco piu vivo
I. Lento - Allegro - Poco meno mosso - Lento
II. Allegro vivace - Meno vivo - Tornando al tempo I
III. Lento - Piu vivo - Largamente - Tempo I
IV. Allegro
Allegretto moderato - Un poco meno vivo - Tempo I - Piu lento -
Lento -
Allegro
I. Lento - Allegro - Lento - Allegro appassionato
II. Andante
II. Variation 1: Allegretto ?
II. Variation 2: Allegro ?
II. Variation 3: Lento ?
II. Variation 4: Allegro moderato - Lento ?
II. Variaiton 5: Adagio
III. Allegro - Meno vivo - Tempo I - Meno vivo - Tempo I
Theme: Moderato
Variation 1: Allegro
Variation 2: Allegretto
Variation 3: Lento
Variation 4: Andante
Variation 5: Allegro
Variation 6: Lento (Epilogue)
I. Allegro
II. Lento
III. Tema and Variations


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