Léo Delibes

Composition Types

Biography

Born: 1836   Died: 1891   Country: France   Period: Romantic
Léo Delibes was the first notable composer of ballet to emerge after the death of Rameau, the art of ballet composition having suffered a period of neglect in the interim. Delibes was the first to craft a full-length ballet score with the care and distinction already common among the best opera composers; not only could he produce buoyant, memorable tunes, but he delivered them in sparkling orchestrations. He also wrote several operas, of which Read more Lakmé -- which generated one popular aria (the "Bell Song") and a now-ubiquitous duet -- is the best known.

Delibes studied at the Paris Conservatory under Adolphe Adam. In 1853, he became accompanist at the Théâtre-Lyrique, moving to the same position at the prestigious Paris Opéra ten years later. His great success as a composer of music for the theater in the 1870s and early 1880s gained him a professorship in composition at the conservatory in 1881, and membership in the French Institute in 1884.

The French did not place much value on instrumental music during Delibes' youth, so the emerging composer concentrated on light-hearted operettas and farces in the manner of Offenbach. His first opportunity to work on a large ballet score came in 1866, when he collaborated with Ludwig Minkus on La Source. The success of this ballet led eventually to commissions for the two works that would again raise ballet music to its highest level: Coppélia (1870), based on a story of E.T.A. Hoffmann, and Sylvia (1876), based on a mythological theme. The former is still produced regularly; both light, graceful works generated concert suites that, although not as common in the concert hall as they might be, have been frequently recorded.

Meanwhile, Delibes honed his skill as an opera composer. Most notable are his opéra comique Le Roi l'a dit (1873) and his more serious, exotic Lakmé (1883). Delibes's church music (he once worked as an organist) has fallen by the wayside, as have most of his colorful songs, with the exception of Les Filles de Cadiz, which exudes the same Franco-Spanish air as Bizet's Carmen.

His most important work, clearly, was for the stage, particularly those two 90-minute ballet scores. Their significance, beyond their own merits, is the direct influence they had on Tchaikovsky, whose mastery of the symphonic ballet owes everything to Coppélia and Sylvia. Read less

There are 437 Léo Delibes recordings available.

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Composition Types

Léo Delibes


WORKS
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 1 - Prélude - Mazurka
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 1 - No. 1 Valse
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 1 - No. 2 Scène (Swanilda et Frantz)
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 1 - No. 3 Mazurka
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 1 - No. 4 Scène (Préparatifs de fête)
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 1 - No. 5 Ballade de l'épi
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 1 - No. 6 Thème slave varié
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 1 - Czardas (Danse hongroise) - Sortie
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 1 - No. 8 Final
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 2 - Entr'acte - Valse
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 2 - No. 9 Scène (L'atelier de Coppélius)
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 2 - No. 10 Scène
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 2 - No.11 Musique des automates - scène
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 2 - No. 12 Scène
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 2 - No. 13 Chanson à boire - Scène
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 2 - No.14 Scène et Valse de la Poupée
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 2 - No. 15 Scène
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 2 - No. 16 Boléro
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 2 - No. 17 Gigue
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 2 - No. 18 Scène (Final)
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 3 - No. 19 Marche de la cloche
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 3 - No. 20 Fête de la cloche (Divertissement)
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 3 - No. 20 Fête de la cloche: 1) Valse des heures
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 3 - No. 20 Fête de la cloche: 2) L'aurore
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 3 - No. 20 Fête de la cloche: 3) La prière
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 3 - No. 20 Fête de la cloche: 4) Le travail (La fileuse)
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 3 - No. 20 Fête de la cloche: 5) L'hymen (Noce villageoise)
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 3 - No. 20 Fête de la cloche: 6) La discorde et la guerre
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 3 - No. 20 Fête de la cloche: 7a) La paix
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 3 - No. 20 Fête de la cloche: 7b) Danse de fête
Delibes: Coppélia - Tableau 3 - No. 20 Fête de la cloche: 8) Galop final
Delibes: Lakmé - Prélude
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 1 - A l'heure accoutumée
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 1 - Blanche Dourga, pâle Siva!
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 1 - Lakmé, c'est toi qui nous protèges
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 1 - Viens, Mallika, ... Dôme épais (Flower Duet)
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 1 - Miss Rose, Miss Ellen, respectez les clôtures
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 1 - Quand une femme est si jolie
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 1 - Leur vertu si bizarre manque d'apparat
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 1 - Prendre le dessin d'un bijou... Fantaisie aux divins
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 1 - C'est elle ... c'est Lakmé
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 1 - Les fleurs me paraissent ... Pourquoi dans les grands
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 1 - D'où viens-tu? Que veux-tu?
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 1 - C'est le dieu de la jeunesse
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 1 - Entr'acte
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 2 - Allons, avant que midi sonne
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 2 - Ils sont assourdissants!
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 2 - Dances- Terana/Rektah/Persian
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 2 - Voyez donc ce viellard
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 2 - Lakmé, ton doux regard se voile
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 2 - Ah! c'est de ta douleur
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 2 - Où va la jeune Indoue (Bell song)
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 2 - La rage me dévore
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 2 - Au milieu des chants d'allégresse
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 2 - Le maître ne pense qu'à sa vengeance
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 2 - Lakmé! Lakmé! C'est toi!
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 2 - Dans le forêt près de nous
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 2 - O Dourga, toi qui renais
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 2 - Voyez cette ville en fête
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 2 - Entr'acte
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 3 - Sous le ciel tout étoilé
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 3 - Quel vague souvenir abourdit ma pensée ...Ah! viens
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 3 - Là, je pourrai t'entendre ... Desendons la pente
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 3 - Vivant! Ah! Frédéric!
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 3 - Ils allaient deux à deux
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 3 - Tu m'as donné le plus doux rêve
Delibes: Lakmé / Act 3 - C'est lui! C'est lui!


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