Kurt Weill


Born: March 2, 1900; Dessau, Germany   Died: April 3, 1950; New York, NY  
The son of a cantor, Kurt Weill was born in Dessau into a family that took in operatic performances as a main form of entertainment. When Weill was in his teens the director of the Dessau Hoftheater, Albert Bing, encouraged him in the study of music. Weill briefly studied composition with Engelbert Humperdinck and was already working professionally as a conductor when he attended composer Ferruccio Busoni's master classes in Berlin. Delighted to Read more see the positive responses of an audience to his first collaboration with playwright Georg Kaiser, Der Protagonist (1926), he thereafter resolved to work toward accessibility in his music. In 1926 Weill married actress Lotte Lenya, whose reedy, quavering singing voice he called "the one I hear in my head when I am writing my songs."

In 1927 Weill began his collaboration with leftist playwright and poet Bertolt Brecht; their first joint venture, Mahagonny-Songspiel (1927), launched the number "Alabama Song," which, to their surprise, became a minor pop hit in Europe. The next show, Die Dreigroschenoper (The Three-Penny Opera, 1928) was a monstrous success, in particular the song "Moritat" (Mack the Knife). Nonetheless, strain in their association was already being felt, and after the completion of their magnificent "school opera" Der Jasager (1930), the two parted company. Brecht and Weill were brought together once more in Paris to create Die Sieben Todsünden (The Seven Deadly Sins) (1934). In the meantime, Weill collaborated with Caspar Neher on the opera Die Bürgschaft (1931) and Georg Kaiser again on Der Silbersee (1933), works that garnered the hostile attention of the then-emerging Nazi party. With the rise to power of Hitler, Weill and Lenya were forced to dissolve their union and flee continental Europe. Weill found his way to New York in 1935; rejoining Lenya, Weill became a citizen and devoted himself to American democracy with a vengeance, preferring his name pronounced like "wile" rather than "vile." After a series of frustrating flops, Weill hit his stride with playwright Maxwell Anderson, producing his first hit, Knickerbocker Holiday (1938). In the dozen years left to him, Weill's stature on Broadway grew with a series of hit shows, including Lady in the Dark (1941), One Touch of Venus (1943), Love Life (1948), and Lost in the Stars (1949). Weill had ambitions to create what he regarded as "the first American folk opera"; the closest of his American works to reach that goal is Street Scene (1946), a sort of "urban folk opera" based on a play by Elmer Rice with lyrics by Langston Hughes.

On April 3, 1950, Weill unexpectedly suffered a massive coronary and died in Lenya's arms. Weill's estate was valued at less than 1,000 dollars, and Lenya realized that his contribution to musical theater was likewise undervalued. She commissioned composer Marc Blitzstein to adapt an English-language version of Die Dreigroschenoper; it opened off-Broadway in 1954 and ran for three years, touching off a Weill revival that continues. Read less
Weill: Street Scene / Original Broadway Cast
Release Date: 10/25/1990   Label: Cbs Masterworks  
Catalog: 44668   Number of Discs: 1
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The Singing Apes - Sandstrom, Britten, Holst, Weill, Et Al
Release Date: 11/19/1996   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 733   Number of Discs: 1
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Cabaret Songs - Bolcom, Weill, Holl¿nder & Britten / Ernman, Lundin
Release Date: 11/27/2001   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1154   Number of Discs: 1
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Weill: Berliner Requiem, Vom Tod Im Wald, Violinkonzert
Release Date: 07/10/2007   Label: Harmonia Mundi Musique D'abord  
Catalog: 1951422   Number of Discs: 1
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Weill: Kleine Dreigroschenmusik, Violin Concerto / Raudales, Mueller-Lorenz
Release Date: 11/21/2000   Label: Orfeo  
Catalog: 539001   Number of Discs: 1
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There are 260 Kurt Weill recordings available.

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Composition Types

Kurt Weill

Moritat von Mackie Messer
Morgenchoral des Peachum
Dialog: Herr Macheath hat meine Tochter
1. Dreigroschenfinale
Mackie Messer . . . Melodram: Ach Mac, reiß mir nicht
Polly's Lied
Ballade von der sexuellen Hörigkeit
Ballade vom angenehmen Leben
Arie der Lucy: Wut, Liebe und Furcht zugleich
Macheath ist entkommen . . . Als der ägyptische König
2. Dreigroschenfinale
Lied von der Unzulänglichkeit menschlischen Strebens
Ruf aus der Gruft
Gang zum Galgen: Verehrtes Publikum, wir sind so weit
3. Dreigroschenfinale
1. Andante con moto
2. (a) Notturno: Allegro con poco tenuto - (b) Cadenza: Moderato - Vivace - (c) Serenata: Allegretto
3. Allegro molto, un poco agitato

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