Kiril Kondrashin

Biography

Born: March 6, 1914; Moscow, Russia   Died: March 7, 1981; Amsterdam, The Netherlands  
Kiril Petrovich Kondrashin was internationally the best-known conductor of the Soviet Union and also the most prominent one to emigrate from that country. He was known for vigorous and solid performances of a wide repertory, particularly the Russian masters.

He was brought up with music, as his family included several orchestral musicians. He took piano lessons, and the family got him lessons in musical theory at the Musical Teknikum with
Read more Nikolai Zhilyayev, who had a strong influence on him. While still a student, he made his conducting debut in 1931 at the Children's Theater. He entered the Moscow Conservatory in 1934, where he studied conducting with Boris Khaikin. He graduated in 1936, but by then had obtained a job as assistant conductor at the Nemirovich-Danchenko Music Theater in 1934, debuting with the operetta Les cloches de Corneville by Planquette.

In 1936 he was conductor at the Maly Opera Theater in Leningrad, retaining that post until 1943. Along with other artists who were deemed important to the war effort, he was evacuated from besieged Leningrad after the German invasion of Russia. In 1943, he became a member of the conducting staff of the Moscow Bolshoi Theater, which was also in a wartime home outside the capital. He remained with the Bolshoi until 1956, making marked improvement in his interpretation that he attributed to working with the experienced conductors of the Bolshoi and to his being entrusted with several important new productions.

Meanwhile, a demand was building for him as a concert conductor. He received Stalin Prizes in 1948 and 1949. When he left the Bolshoi, it was with the intention of centering his career on the podium rather than in the pit. His fame grew greatly in 1958, when he led the orchestra in the prizewinning appearances of American pianist Van Cliburn at the Tchaikovsky International Competition. Cliburn charmed both his home country and his Russian hosts, and the resulting LP record of the Tchaikovsky First Piano Concerto, conducted by Kondrashin, was a long-time best seller. This led to his American and British debuts, making Kondrashin the first Soviet conductor to appear in the U.S.

In 1960 he was named artistic director of the Moscow Philharmonic, and as such participated in another piano concerto blockbuster recording with a U.S. piano star, the great Prokofiev Third Concerto recording for Mercury with Byron Janis, still considered by many the greatest interpretation of that brilliant work on disc. Kondrashin's performances were bright and dramatic, tending to programmatic interpretations that commentators saw as the legacy of his theater career. He was the U.S.S.R.'s finest interpreter of Mahler, leading all the symphonies with unusual restraint and with the expressive and dramatic qualities of the music seemingly enhanced by understatement.

He left the Moscow Philharmonic in 1975, turning to guest conducting. As a result of high demand outside the U.S.S.R., he decided to emigrate in 1978. He was named permanent conductor of the Amsterdam Concertgebouw in 1979, and immediately began making a notable series of recordings with them, but died in that city only two years later. Read less

There are 125 Kiril Kondrashin recordings available.

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Biography

Born: March 6, 1914; Moscow, Russia   Died: March 7, 1981; Amsterdam, The Netherlands  
Kiril Petrovich Kondrashin was internationally the best-known conductor of the Soviet Union and also the most prominent one to emigrate from that country. He was known for vigorous and solid performances of a wide repertory, particularly the Russian masters.

He was brought up with music, as his family included several orchestral musicians. He took piano lessons, and the family got him lessons in musical theory at the Musical Teknikum with
Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Allegro energico, ma non troppo. Heftig, aber markig
II. Scherzo: Wuchtig
III. Andante moderato
IV. Finale: Allegro moderato - Allegro energico
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 3. Allegro con fuoco
I. Molto Allegro
II. Largo
III. Allegretto
Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto In E Minor, Op.64 - 1. Allegro molto appassionato
Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto In E Minor, Op.64 - 2. Andante
Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto In E Minor, Op.64 - 3. Allegretto - Allegro molto vivace
Glazunov: Violin Concerto in A minor, Op.82 - 1. Moderato
Glazunov: Violin Concerto in A minor, Op.82 - 2. Andante - Tempo I
Glazunov: Violin Concerto in A minor, Op.82 - 3. Allegro
Prokofiev: Violin Concerto No.1 in D, Op.19 - 1. Andantino
Prokofiev: Violin Concerto No.1 in D, Op.19 - 2. Scherzo. Vivacissimo
Prokofiev: Violin Concerto No.1 in D, Op.19 - 3. Moderato
Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade, Op.35 - The Sea and Sinbad's Ship
Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade, Op.35 - The Story of the Calender Prince
Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade, Op.35 - The Young Prince and the Young Princess
Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade, Op.35 - Festival at Bagdad - The Sea - The Shipwreck against a rock surmounted by a bronze warrior (The Shipwreck)
Borodin: Symphony No.2 in B minor - 1. Allegro
Borodin: Symphony No.2 in B minor - 2. Scherzo (Prestissimo - Allegretto - Tempo I)
Borodin: Symphony No.2 in B minor - 3. Andante
Borodin: Symphony No.2 in B minor - 4. Finale (Allegro)
Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No.2 in C minor, Op.18 - 1. Moderato
Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No.2 in C minor, Op.18 - 2. Adagio sostenuto
Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No.2 in C minor, Op.18 - 3. Allegro scherzando
Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade, Op.35 - The Sea and Sinbad's Ship
Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade, Op.35 - The Story of the Calender Prince
Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade, Op.35 - The Young Prince and the Young Princess
Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade, Op.35 - Festival at Bagdad - The Sea - The Shipwreck against a rock surmounted by a bronze warrior (The Shipwreck)
Borodin: Symphony No.2 in B minor - 1. Allegro
Borodin: Symphony No.2 in B minor - 2. Scherzo (Prestissimo - Allegretto - Tempo I)
Borodin: Symphony No.2 in B minor - 3. Andante
Borodin: Symphony No.2 in B minor - 4. Finale (Allegro)
No. 1. Danse: Con moto
No. 2. Excentrique: Moderato
No. 3. Cantique: Largo
No. 4. Madrid: Allegro con moto
I. Allegro
II. Moderato
III. Presto
IV. Largo
VI. Allegretto
I. Prelude a la nuit
II. Malaguena
III. Habanera
IV. Feria
1. Moderato
2. Adagio sostenuto
3. Allegro scherzando
Waltz
Nocturne
Mazurka
Romance
Galop
The Comedians, Op. 26: Prologue
Comedians' Gallop
March
Waltz
Pantomime
Intermezzo
Little Lyrical Scene
Gavotte
Scherzo
Epilogue
Capriccio espagnol, Op. 34: Alborada
Variazioni
Alborada
Scena e canto gitano
Fandango asturiano
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 3. Allegro con fuoco
1. Allegro maestoso
2a. Quasi adagio
2b. Allegretto vivace - Allegro animato
3. Allegro marziale animato
1. Adagio sostenuto assai - Allegro agitato assai
2. Allegro moderato
3. Allegro deciso - Marziale un poco meno allegro
4. Allegro animato
Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade, Op.35 - The Sea and Sinbad's Ship
Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade, Op.35 - The Story of the Calender Prince
Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade, Op.35 - The Young Prince and the Young Princess
Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade, Op.35 - Festival at Bagdad - The Sea - The Shipwreck against a rock surmounted by a bronze warrior (The Shipwreck)
Introduction: Allegro vivace
Variation I (Precedente)
Tema: L'istesso tempo
Variation II: L'istesso tempo
Variation III: L'istesso tempo
Variation IV: Più vivo
Variation V: Tempo precedente
Variation VI: L'istesso tempo
Variation VII: Meno mosso, a tempo moderato
Variation VIII: Tempo I
Variation IX: L'istesso tempo
Variation X: Poco marcato
Variation XI: Moderato
Variation XII: Tempo di minuetto
Variation XIII: Allegro
Variation XIV: L'istesso tempo
Variation XV: Più vivo scherzando
Variation XVI: Allegretto
Variation XVII: (Allegretto)
Variation XVIII: Andante cantabile
Variation XIX: A tempo vivace
Variation XX: Un poco più vivo
Variation XXI: Un poco più vivo
Variation XXII: Un poco più vivo (Alla breve)
Variation XXIII: L'istesso tempo
Variation XXIV: A tempo un poco meno mosso
Piano Concerto No. 2 in B-Flat, Op. 83: Allegro non troppo
Allegro appassionato
Andante
Allegretto grazioso
Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso
Andantino simplice
Allegro con fuoco
1. Adagio - Allegro molto
2. Largo
3. Scherzo (Molto vivace)
4. Allegro con fuoco
Mozart: Sinfonia concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra in E flat, K.364 - 1. Allegro maestoso
Mozart: Sinfonia concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra in E flat, K.364 - 2. Andante
Mozart: Sinfonia concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra in E flat, K.364 - 3. Presto


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